Tag Archives: Revolutionary War

Thomas Kyle – Minister and Revolutionary War Veteran

A few days ago I published some Mercer County marriage returns by a Rev. Thomas Kyle.  I have found that he was also a Revolutionary War soldier, and is buried in the Old Mud Cemetery, along with many other veterans.  Thomas Kyle was a son of James Kyle and Mary McArthur, of Pennsylvania.  At the young age of seventeen he joined the Revolutionary army and fought in many battles.  He came to Kentucky about 1800.  The following is his request for pension for his military service.

State of Kentucky – Mercer County Court

On this 6th day of May 1833 personally appeared in open court Thomas Kyle, Sr., a resident citizen and clergyman in Mercer County and State of Kentucky, aged seventy-five years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declarations in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June the 7th 1832.

That he left home in July 1775, then in his seventeenth year, and entered the army at Bunker Hill and in a very short time thereafter we fought the battle, this was his own voluntary act, he belongs to no particular detachment in this battle, he then remained with the main army until the Battle of Long Island when I became detached to General Putnam and rode as an express for him until the Battle of White Springs, after which we were driven out of the York State and through the Jersey State across the Delaware into Pennsylvania, when we received reinforcements and re-crossed the Delaware and came up with the Hessians at Trenton and defeated them with dreadful loss, and in a few days after we defeated the British at Princeton from which place we marched to Kingston and tore up the bridge and got to Somerset that night and the next morning we drew rations the first that we had got for three days.  General Washington then went into winter quarters with the main army at Morristown and Putnam with his detachment at Princeton.  Then I returned home to rest and get some clothing.  And in the winter of 1777, I volunteered for a militia tour under my friend and acquaintance Captain James Gibson of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and marched to Philadelphia and got our arms repaired and from thence we marched to Princeton and I saw General Putnam whose headquarters was in a Stockton brick house, and remained with him upwards of

four months when we were honorably discharged by General Putnam from his brigade, and we returned home.  The British having come around and landed at the head of Elkton and marched in the direction of Brandywine.  I without delay joined the detachment of General Armstrong and marched and we met the enemy at Brandywine when we were defeated.  I remained with the army until after the Battle of Germantown, both which battles were fought in 1777, after which I returned home, and in the year aforesaid, I cannot recollect the month, I joined Captain Crouch’s Company of volunteers and served a militia tour of three months during this tour we were marched to a place called White March Mills above Germantown, from this place we marched under General Irvine and attacked the British at Chestnut Hill and were defeated with the loss of General Irvine taken prisoner and 15 or 20 killed and wounded and we retreated into this country and our tour of three months having expired we were discharged at Lancaster in Pennsylvania and returned home.  And in the year 1778 or 9, I cannot recollect which, I volunteered with Captains Brady and Campleton and marched up the western branch of the Susquehanna, when the Indians had broke out and were committing murders and depredations upon the inhabitants and succeeded in rescuing the inhabitants.  During this time we suffered very much being exposed to all kinds of weather.  Again in the year 1779 I volunteered and under Captain Campleton a tour of three months our principal station was at Wallace Mills.  We marched up the eastern branch of the Susquehanna and acted as security and spies against the Indians and built stockades and block houses and gathered in the inhabitants.  He states that he would have had sufficient evidence of his service during the War of the Revolution, but he met with the

loss of having his house burned up together with money and papers he will recollect of having his discharges filed away in his desk, and that he has no documentary evidence of his service.  He hereby relinquishes every other claim whatever to a pension except this present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Thomas Kyle

We, Jesse Head, a clergyman residing in Mercer County, and Peter Huff, residing in the same county and state, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Thomas Kyle, a faithful and pious clergyman, who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration that we believe him to be the age he states himself to be in his declaration, and we do know that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a brave and faithful soldier of the Revolution.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Jesse Head, Peter Huff

Mercer County May County Court 1833

And the said Court do hereby declare this a pension after the investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogation prescribed by the War Department that the above named application was a Revolutionary soldier and served as he states and that the Court further certifies that it appears to them that Jesse Head, who has signed the preceding certificate is a clergyman resident in Mercer County and that Peter Huff, who has also signed the same is a resident citizen in said county and is a credible person and that their statement is entitled to credit, and we do further certify that Thomas Kyle, the applicant for a pension herein, and Jesse Head, a clergyman, and Peter Huff, severally came into Court and swore to the statements by them respectively subscribed.

I, Thomas Allin Jr., Clerk of the Mercer County Court, do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Thomas Kyle for a pension.

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office this 6th day of May 1833.  Thomas Allin, Jr., Clerk Mercer County Court


Statement shewing the service of Thomas Kyle, Mercer County Kentucky

Entered July 1775, private, given one year of service.  Fought during the battles of bunker Hill, Long Island, Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine and Germantown.

Thomas Kyle, Private, General Putnam’s Brigade, Pennsylvania Line, Revolutionary War.  1757-1846.  Bunker Hill, Trenton, Germantown.  Old Mud Cemetery, Mercer County, Kentucky.

Martha Southard Jolly – 100+ Years of Age

When Ritchey and I visited Oakland Cemetery in Johnson County, Iowa, about fifteen years ago, we were mainly interested in his Hertz and Leuenberger families.  But there was one stone that caught my eye – that of Martha Jolly who died at the age of 100 years, almost 101!  It was first the name that drew my attention, since Ritchey’s grandfather was a Jolly.  In fact, his grandmother, Esther Hertz Jolly, is buried in Oakland Cemetery.  Since we knew very little about the Jolly family at that time I thought perhaps this may be useful in our research at a later time.  Then when I saw the dates I knew this woman would have an interesting story to tell – whether it was part of Ritchey’s family, or not.  She is not related.

Martha Southard, the daughter of Benjamin and Temperance Platt Southard, of Long Island, New York, was born in Dearborn County, Indiana, March 1, 1813.  Benjamin and Temperance had at least three other children, Rebecca, Isaac and Jane.

Martha Southard married Charles Jolly 2 May 1833, having their license issued 26 April 1833, in the County of Dearborn, State of Indiana.  John Godbey, Justice of the Peace, performed the ceremony.  The family lived together in the same county and state until Charles’ death in 1873, a total of one son and seven daughters.  In 1870, Martha’s sister, Jane Southard, 56, lived with them.

William Henry Jolly, only son, was wounded at the Battle of Vicksburg, and died August 31, 1863.  A copy of a letter sent to his family just before his death will appear in another blog.

The daughters were Mary Temperance, Susan J., Rebecca, Sarah, Lydia, Charlesetta and Annabella.

Charles died in 1873 at the age of 70.  By this time daughter Rebecca had married William Martin.  They moved to Johnson County, Iowa, and her mother, Martha, came to live with them.  In the 1880 census for Johnson County is William Miller, 39; wife, Rebecca, 39; their son Harley, 6, born in Iowa; Martha Jolly, 67, listed as mother-in-law; and Charlesetta, 26, sister-in-law, who was a dressmaker.

The following article was published in 1909, when Martha Jolly was 96 years of age.  She lived another 4+ years!

The Iowa City Press, Johnson County, Iowa

Wednesday, April 28, 1909

Old Settlers of Johnson County

Martha Southard Jolly

Living in quiet retirement at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Rebecca Miller, two miles north of Solon, Mrs. Martha Jolly is spending the declining years of her life in peace and content.  This aged lady is remarkable – for her years, and for the experiences through which she has lived.  Grandma Jolly, as she is familiarly called, can lay claim to being the oldest woman in Johnson County.  On March 1, 1909, she rounded her ninety-sixth milestone and her health is such as to warrant the hope that she may live to round out her century.  Except for a slight dimming of the eye and ear and a certain lameness in her joints, she is as well as ever.  Moderation has been her practice for many years, in work, in eating, in all things.  To that and to the good care that is always hers from her daughters’ hands can be attributed her preservation and any longevity.

It is indeed a pleasure and a rare privilege to one of the second or third generation removed, to talk to her and listen to the story of a remarkable life.  Her mind is still keen and bright, so that her story sounds like a revelation to us so far removed in years.  Few people there are who are pioneers of two commonwealths, living for a number of years in each.  Mrs. Jolly is such a person.  From 1875 Iowa has been her home and previously she lived in Indiana, arriving there from Long Island, while it was yet a territory in 1816.

March 1, 1813, Martha Southard was born at Hempstead, Long Island.  James Madison was then president and the War of 1812 was raging.  Her father, Benjamin Southard, was a farmer and wagon maker and had a large family.  Immediately after the war, eastern people began moving ‘out west’ to Ohio and Indiana, and in 1816, Benjamin Southard sold his farm, loaded his family into a wagon and started for the west.  The rough, slow journey over the ‘mountains’ took three weeks – now a matter of a few hours.  A thief robbed him of his money, one of the horses died, the roads were rough and the settlements few and far between, yet he kept on.  Cincinnati was their goal, was then a struggling village of a few hundred people, strung out along the Ohio River.

Hearing of the rich lands in the Whitewater River bottoms of Indiana Territory, the family yet pushed on, finally settling on Farmers Creek, Dearborn County, Indiana.  In reaching this spot, they passed North Bend, Ohio, the home of General William Henry Harrison, long afterward elected president.  But settlers were few on Farmers Creek.  The tired, homesick family found temporary refuge with a settler in his one room log cabin, while Mr. Southard secured his land and erected a rude cabin.  For ten months sixteen children and four grown people lived in that one-room cabin!

The story of those pioneer days of early Indiana are even more the story of a wild frontier life than that which our early Iowans experienced.  This part of Indiana was ‘big woods,’ covered by a heavy growth of mammoth trees.  Bear, wolves, deer and the dreaded panther were its inhabitants, sharing the wilds with these few hardy white settlers and the native red man.  The Indians had not yet forsaken their old haunts.  Indeed, it was just five years before that General Harrison beat Tecumseh so badly at Tippecanoe.  It was over a mile through big woods, over a rough trail, to the Southard’s nearest neighbors.  As time wore on, however, more settlers came in.

Was money common?  Whenever a piece was secured it was carefully hoarded to be used when the very occasional trip to Cincinnati, 30 miles east, was made and the few necessities they could not produce were purchased there.  Such conditions forced the settlers to be practically self-sufficient.  Mr. Southard made rude plows, wagons, spinning wheels, rope machines and kitchen utensils, not only for himself, but for neighbors for miles around.  He and his family spun and wove their own cloth and made it into clothing, tanned leather and made shoes, made them hats and caps, indeed, almost everything they needed.  The forest and the small clearing furnished meat and grain.  As cradles had not yet come into use, wheat was cut with a sickle.  Such was pioneer life in Indiana.

Nor were schools common.  Mrs. Jolly states that she was twenty and married before a three-months’ subscription school was started.  What little education the Southard children could get was at home and at the short occasional private schools.  Martha learned to read from the New Testament – her only reader.  A crude speller and an arithmetic were the only text books for the family.  Books were indeed precious.  No newspapers came into those parts for many long years.

But the Southard children did not grow up ignorant and idle.  What they lacked in schools the parents furnished out of their own minds and experiences.  They were all trained to useful occupations.

The mother trained her daughters to be skilled house-folk – especially with the needle.  ‘Don’t e ashamed to meet anything you have made,’ was her advice often given and much practiced.  It is a pleasure to see Grandma Jolly’s face light up and her eyes sparkle as she talks of her sewing – her specialty – her hobby all her long life.  By twelve, because of the thoroughness of her mother’s methods, she could sew as regularly as a machine of today.  ‘If I saw a piece of work anywhere, I could go home and make it myself,’ she says.  That she has not lost her skill with the needle is shown by her recent achievements – seven quilts, two of them silk ones, which she has cut and pieced since she turned ninety, besides doilies and other things she had made.  One quilt which she made when 95, was exhibited and took first prize in open competition at the Johnson County Fair last fall.  ‘The young people of now-a-days can’t use the needle as we used to,’ is her comment on affairs of today.  Before her eyesight became dim she could knit the finest of lace, one specimen being made of No. 7000 linen thread after she was eighty years old.

Mary 2, 1833, Martha Southard was married to Charles Jolly, a native of ‘Jersey’ as these old people called New Jersey, born in 1803.  His grandfather was one of the martyrs of the famous ‘Sugar House,’ the British prison at New York City during the Revolution.  Soon after their marriage they removed to Logan, Dearborn County, where they lived until Mr. Jolly’s death.  Eight children were born to them:  William, the only son, died at Memphis, Tennessee, during the Civil War, a sacrifice to patriotism; Mary, married R. A. Keen, came to Iowa in 1861, lives in Iowa City; Mrs. Rebecca Miller, Solon, Iowa; Mrs. Susan Martin, Iowa City; Mrs. Sally Hays, died at Topeka, Kansas; Mrs. Lydia Matthews, Olathe, Kansas; Etta [Charlesetta], of Chicago; and Mrs. Annabelle Pratt, Summit, South Dakota.  This aged lady has now 22 grandchildren and about 12 great-grandchildren.

In 1873 Charles Jolly died and the old, happy Hoosier home was finally broken up.  The widow came to Iowa, whence most of her daughters had preceded her, and has since made her home with Rebecca.  Although the experiences of pioneer life, such as she knew in Indiana were gone, many changes have occurred in Iowa since she came here in ’75.  It is marvelous to think that such old people are able to grasp new things when they come up.  The modern school books, newspapers, free delivery, the railroad, telegraph, and many, many other things are all newer than Grandma Jolly, yet she is happy and glad to be alive in the 20th century.  May her remaining years be calm, happy ones.

After this article was published in 1909, each year, on the date of her birth, March 1, an article appears mentioning her long life.  In 1910 it was said she ‘celebrated her birthday quietly at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Rebecca Miller.’  In 1911 is mentions she is very active ‘for one of such advanced age and takes a keen interest in current events, being a great reader.’  In 1912, when she was 99 it was mentioned that she ‘was born at Hempstead, Long Island.  She resided in Cincinnati when it was a log village.’

The Daily Times, Tuesday, March 11, 1913

The Des Moines Register, Tuesday, January 13, 1914.

Martha Jolly, born March 1, 1813, died January 12, 1914.  Oakland Cemetery, Johnson County, Iowa.

What a wonderful, long life!



Matthew Harris Jouett’s Portrait of Governor Isaac Shelby

One section of the Hall of Governors at the Kentucky History Center.  Governor Isaac Shelby is at the top, far left.

Last week Ritchey and I visited the Kentucky History Center in Frankfort.  This was not so much a research trip as a photography session!  In a previous blog I wrote about Matthew Harris Jouett – the Mercer County native that became a famous portrait painter shortly after fighting in the War of 1812.  Isaac Shelby, the first governor of Kentucky, was one of his subjects, and the portrait painted in 1820 hangs in the Hall of Governors of the history center.

Governor Isaac Shelby, 1750-1826

This is Governor Isaac Shelby’s portrait, by Jouett.  Since it hangs in the upper section it was rather difficult to get a good shot, without having glare from the lights.  I think it a very good portrait by someone with very little formal training (Matthew Jouett studied with Gilbert Stuart for one year in Boston).  The tie and cravat, with its multitude of ruffles, are interesting, but it is the face of Governor Shelby that captures our attention.  He looks a very no-nonsense man – which I’m sure he was.  There was no time for nonsense in those very early days of Kentucky, creating our state and keeping his citizens safe from Indian raids.  This was after fighting the Indians earlier in Virginia and the Revolutionary War!

Isaac Shelby was governor from 1792-1796.  He served a second term in 1812-1816, during the War of 1812.  It was believed that no one else could lead us through to victory.  Shelby actually led troops during the war, and was not always in the state.  He gave battle beside William Henry Harrison, Commander of the American Northwest Army, and Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry.

Shelby was known as the old Indian fighter.  He lived near Danville at his home called ‘Traveler’s Rest.’  He was escorted from Danville to Lexington, for his inauguration, by a detachment of Lexington horse troops – to his lodging at the Sheaf of Wheat Inn.  This was before Frankfort became the state capital.

In his autobiography Shelby wrote only one line about his terms as governor, since he felt his military career was more important.  But governorship and wars were not what Isaac Shelby truly wanted to do.  He wanted to be a farmer and raise good cattle, living in the spot where he had pitched a tent at the age of twenty-five, in the wilderness of Kentucky!

Colonel Joseph McDowell of Boyle County

The McDowell name is well known to those of us in Mercer and Boyle counties.  The Danville hospital, Ephraim McDowell, is visited by many in the area, named for the eminent doctor of the same name, and brother to Colonel Joseph McDowell.  Following are a couple of old newspaper articles about the McDowell family, the first concerning the colonel’s daughter, Anna.

The Olive Branch and Danville Advertiser, Boyle County, Kentucky

Thursday, December 15, 1825

Married – On Thursday evening last, by he Rev’d Samuel K. Nelson, Mr. Abram I. Caldwell, to Miss Ann McDowell, daughter of Col. Joseph McDowell – all of this vicinity.

The second concerns family members moved from a family cemetery to Bellevue Cemetery in Danville.

Interior Journal, Stanford, Lincoln County, Kentucky

Friday, June 3, 1892

Col. Nicholas McDowell, commissioner of agriculture, completed Tuesday the removal of two of his ancestors from the old Gov. Adair farm, in Mercer County, to the Danville Cemetery [Bellevue].  They were Samuel McDowell, who died in 1830, and his wife, who died in 1816.  A portion of Mrs. McDowell’s coffin was well preserved, showing the walnut wood and velvet bound to wood by brass tacks.  From this same Mercer County farm the remains of Gov. Adair and wife were 16 years ago taken to the Frankfort Cemetery.  In the Danville cemetery, in addition to those placed there Tuesday, and in the same lot, are the bodies of Col. Joseph McDowell and wife, Judge Samuel McDowell, the eminent jurist, and wife.  The dust of Dr. Ephraim McDowell, another of this prominent pioneer family, is in the old cemetery, now called McDowell Park, adjoining the First Presbyterian Church.  Mr. Samuel McDowell, the father of the commissioner, who died in 1859, and his wife, are also buried in the Danville cemetery.

I checked my photographs taken in Bellevue Cemetery, but had none for the McDowell family – I see another trip there in the future!

Historic Families of Kentucky, Green, 1889

Colonel Joseph McDowell of Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

The fifth son of Judge Samuel McDowell and Mary McClung, Joseph, was born September 13, 1768.  A child when the Revolution commenced, and still a boy when it ended, yet was his character molded by the stirring events transpiring around him, and by the patriotic deeds to the narration of which he was an eager listener.  Coming to Kentucky, with his father, in 1784, his youth was passed in intimate association with the men who, in Danville conventions, prepared the way for separation from Virginia, and who established and gave its peculiar tone to the commonwealth.

In the Indian campaigns, in which Kentuckians were engaged in the North-west, between the dates of his attaining the age for military service and the treaty which followed the victory of ‘Mad Anthony’ Wayne, he was a prompt and brave participant.  He was a private in Brown’s company, in Scott’s expedition of 1791.  He was in both expeditions under General Hopkins, 1812.  The reputation for good sense, sound judgement, military capacity and courage won therein, induced his appointment, by Shelby, to the position of adjutant-general upon the staff of that hard fighting commander.  He served from the beginning to the close of Shelby’s campaign in the North-west, and was at the Thames, where Tecumseh fell.  For good conduct and valuable service rendered in that campaign and battle, he received complimentary mention, not only by his immediate commander, but also from General Harrison.

The occupation of Colonel Joseph McDowell was that of a farmer.  Disdaining all shams, and himself one of the most unassuming of men, his was eminently a veracious character; in the perfect uprightness and simplicity of his life, there was a constant beauty.  One of the most amiable, quiet and unobtrusive of men, of all his sex there was none more resolute and determined.  A ruling elder of the Presbyterian Church for many years, and devoutly religious, in his observance thereof there was no parade.  In the decline of his honorable life, after he had withdrawn from all active participation in public affairs, the writer was witness to the respectful deference shown him by the entire community among whom he lived.  He died, in Danville, June 27, 1856, at the good old age of eighty-eight years.

The excellent wife of Colonel Joseph McDowell was Sarah Irvine, sister to Anne Irvine, who married his brother, Samuel – a relative, whose symmetrical character made her, in every way, worthy of such a man.  Samuel, their oldest son, married, first, Amanda Ball, granddaughter of John Reed, already mentioned, and a cousin of James G. Birney.  Of this marriage, the sole issue was a daughter, who was the wife of Dr. Meyer, of Boyle County.  This Samuel McDowell, married, secondly, Martha Hawkins, by whom he had children, among them Samuel and Nicholas, both farmers in Boyle County.

Colonel Joseph McDowell’s oldest daughter, Anna, married Abram I. Caldwell, descended from one of the most reputable of the Scotch-Irish families of the Valley, and a farmer of Boyle; they have a number of children living in that county.

Sarah, the second daughter of Colonel Joseph McDowell, married Michael Sullivant, of Columbus, Ohio.  Of wonderful energy and the most sanguine temper, Mr. Sullivant engaged in gigantic agricultural enterprises, first upon his inherited acres in Ohio, and afterwards in Illinois.  He is best known to the world as the once owner of the princely estates of ‘Broadlands’ and ‘Burr Oaks,’ in the latter state.  Throughout the most tremendous operations, and amid the saddest vicissitudes, he preserved an untarnished honor and the sunniest of tempers.  Large hearted as well as of herculean stature; free handed as he was unreserved and cordial in manner; frank, generous, hospitable and cheery, his image will continue with the living as the most pleasant of memories.  The only son of Sarah McDowell and Michael Sullivant, Joseph McDowell, is a prosperous farmer near Homer, Illinois.  Annie, one of their daughters, is the wife of E. L. Davison, now of Louisville; and Lucy, another daughter, is the wife of Wm. Hopkins, a grandson of General Samuel Hopkins, and resides in Henderson, Kentucky.

Margaret Irvine McDowell, the third daughter of Colonel Joseph, of Danville, was the first wife of Joseph Sullivant, of Columbus, a younger brother of Michael.  Mr. Joseph Sullivant’s second wife was Mary Eliza Brashear, granddaughter of Judge William McDowell.  He was a man of cultivated tastes, devoted to scientific pursuits, too public spirited for his own welfare in a pecuniary sense, and did much to develop literary and scientific ambitions and enterprises in his native Columbus.  In many ways a public benefactor, in all ways he was a useful citizen, and at all times a gentleman.  He lived to a venerable and respected old age.  His first wife died in giving birth to their only child, Margaret Irvine Sullivant, the wife of Henry B. Carrington, a brigadier-general of volunteers in the Union army, colonel of the Eighteenth Regular Infantry, now on the retired list – a gallant and capable officer.  Mrs. Carrington is dead; two worthy sons survive her.

Magdalen, the fourth daughter of Colonel Joseph McDowell, of Danville, married Caleb Wallace, a lawyer, of Danville; her husband was a grandson of Judge Caleb Wallace, of the Kentucky Court of Appeals, whose wife was a sister of Colonel William Christian.  Mrs. Magdalen Wallace is still living, in Danville, blessed with two manly sons, McDowell and Woodford.

Obituaries for Albert Howard and Parents

Albert H. Howard, July 6, 1868 – February 8, 1915.  Rosa L. Howard, May 26, 1872 – December 9, 1962.  Machpelah Cemetery, Mt. Sterling, Montgomery County, Kentucky.

Albert Howard was the son of James Howard and Theresa ‘Thurzy’ Clem, born July 6, 1868, in Montgomery County.  James and Theresa married late in life, December 8, 1861, when he was 41 and she was 34 – a first marriage for each.

Albert’s gr-gr-grandfather, John Beale Howard, Sr., fought in the Revolutionary War.  His wife was Rebecca Boone.  Albert’s father, James Howard, followed in the family footsteps of service to his country by fighting in the Mexican War.

Albert married Rosa Lee Powers.  The couple had three children who lived to adulthood – Roy, Stella and Buford.  Rosa Powers Howard lived an additional 47 years before her death, at the age of 90, in 1962.  I could find no obituary for her.

The Mt. Sterling Advocate, Montgomery County, Kentucky

Tuesday, January 8, 1901

Howard – After an enfeeblement for some months caused by paralysis, Mr. James Howard died at his home near Spencer on Monday night, December 31, 1900.  He was 81 years and 11 months old and was the last of his generation.  His aged wife, feeble and almost blind, survives him, with her son Albert Howard.  The deceased was a highly respected and worthy citizen; the community loses a good citizen.  Burial service at Machpelah was conducted by B. W. Trimble.

The Mt. Sterling Advocate, Montgomery County, Kentucky

Wednesday, November 11, 1914

Mrs. Thyrza Howard Died Last Friday

Mrs. Thyrza Howard, aged 89 years, died at the home of her son, James [Albert] Howard, near Spencer Station, this county, last Friday of infirmities incident to old age.

Mrs. Howard was one of the best known women in the county and the news of her death will be heard with regret.  She was a woman of lovely christian character.  She was the widow of James Howard, a Mexican War veteran, who died several years ago.  Deceased was widely connected through this section of the state.  Burial took place Saturday in Machpelah Cemetery.

The Mt. Sterling Advocate, Montgomery County, Kentucky

Wednesday, February 10, 1915

Victim of Pneumonia

Prominent Farmer and Stockman of Spencer Neighborhood Died Monday Afternoon

Mr. Albert Howard, aged 47 years, died at his home near Spencer Station, in this county, Monday afternoon after a short illness of pneumonia.  Mr. Howard was one of the largest land owners in that section of the county and was a farmer and stockman on large scale.  He was a son of the late James and Thurzy Howard, and is widely connected throughout Montgomery and surrounding counties.

He is survived by his wife and three children.

Mr. Howard was a kindhearted gentleman, a good neighbor and friend, and will be missed by his many friends.

Funeral services will be held this morning at eleven o’clock at the grave in Machpelah Cemetery, conducted by Rev. B. W. Trimble.

We join the friends of the family in extending sympathy.

Phillip Morgan – Pension Application, Will, Bible

Today I share information about the pension application of Phillip Morgan, son of Reuben Morgan and Mary Wright, Revolutionary War veteran, originally from Georgia, married Martha ‘Patsy’ Puckett, daughter of Shippy and Mary Pukett, about 1784.  In the year 1790 or 1791 the Morgan family moved to Washington County, Kentucky.  Phillip and Patsy had a large family, one son, Reuben, and nine daughters.  Only one daughter, Patsy, died in infancy, and eleven years later a second daughter was named Patsy.  The couple’s last two daughters were given a multitude of names – Patsy Puckett Wright Morgan and Letitia Phillip Raney Morgan.  I suppose since there were no additional sons to carry these names they were given to the daughters.

Phillip Morgan’s will, written June 19, 1826, and proved October 23, 1826, lists his eight daughters, but not son Reuben.  It is quite possible Reuben received his inheritance at his marriage.  Reuben died during the cholera epidemic of 1833 – on July 4th of that year.  His wife, Mary, died four days previous on June 30, 1833. 

Five children of Reuben and Mary Morgan are listed in the family bible (see below).  Lucy Morgan, daughter of Phillip and Patsy, married William Sanders.  Nine of their children are listed in the bible.  There are also very early births listed, including Phillip’s grandparents: Reuben Morgan, son of Phillip and Mary Morgan, was born in September of 1724; his wife, Mary Wright, son of John and Jean Wright, was born October 4, 1728.

We will start with Phillip Morgan’s will, since the pension application was initiated after the deaths of both Phillip and wife Patsy.

In the name of God, amen.  I, Phillip Morgan, of the County of Washington and State of Kentucky, knowing the uncertainty of life and the certainty of death, being weak in body but perfect in mind do make and ordain this my last will and testament, that is to say, my desire is that my debts should be collected and after my funeral expenses and past debts are paid, I bequeath unto my beloved wife Patsy Morgan, my plantation, for her natural life time or widowhood.  I also bequeath to my wife Patsy my gray mare, one bedstead and furniture, the household and kitchen furniture, all my stock of cattle and sheep, five head of killing hogs, one brood sow, such as she may choose.  I bequeath to my daughter, Jenny Morgan, one bedstead and furniture, my cow and yearling, Nelly, and fifteen dollars in cash.  I bequeath to my daughter, Patsy P. W. Morgan, one bedstead and furniture, my black filly yearling colt and fifteen dollars in cash.  I bequeath to my daughter Letitia P. R. Morgan one bedstead and furniture, my bay yearling filly colt and thirty-five dollars in cash to make them equal to the rest of my children that is married and left me, the money out of my estate, the remaining part of my personal property that is not otherwise disposed of to be sold and within twelve months, after paying my just debts and expenses, the balance of the money, if any, to be paid out on interest after my wife’s death or marriage, my desire is that my plantation should be sold in a length of twelve months and all the balance of my estate left in my wife’s hands to be sold and the money among thereupon after all my expenses are paid to be equally divided between my children to wit, Mary Covert, Nancy Taylor, Betsy Strange, Sally Morgan, Lucy Sanders, Jenny Morgan, Patsy P. W. Morgan, Letitia P. R. Morgan.  I likewise constitute, ordain and appoint my wife, Patsy Morgan, my Executrix, and my friends Jesse Peters and William Walter, Sr., my Executors, to this my last will and testament.  In witness whereof, I have set my hand and seal this 19th day of June 1826.

Phillip Morgan

Teste.  Alexander McDonald, Daniel McDonald

At a county court began and held for Washington County at the Courthouse in Springfield on Monday, the 23rd day of October 1826.  This last will and testament of Phillip Morgan, deceased, was exhibited in court and proved by the oaths of Alexander McDonald and Daniel McDonald, the subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.

Att. John Hughes, W.C.C.

Since Phillip Morgan listed his daughters, with their married names, in his will it was easy to find their spouses and marriage dates in the Washington County marriage records.

  • Mary Morgan married David Covert December 12, 1809.
  • Nancy Morgan married Major William Taylor October 6, 1809.
  • Betsy Morgan married James Strange April 2, 1811.
  • Lucy Morgan married William Sanders July 26, 1821.

I could find no marriages for Sally, Jenny, Patsy or Letitia.

SterThe family bible was purchased by Jenny Morgan at the estate sale of her mother, for 50 cents.

Births of the Morgan Family

  • Reuben Morgan, son of Phillip Morgan and Mary Morgan, his wife, born September 1724.
  • Mary Morgan, daughter of John and Jean Wright, wife to the above Reuben Morgan, was born October 4, 1728.
  • Phillip Morgan, son of Reuben Morgan and Mary, his wife, was born March 17, 1758.
  • Patsy Morgan, daughter of Shippy A. Puckett and his wife, was born November 27, 1759.

Children of Phillip Morgan and Patsy Puckett Morgan

  • Mary Morgan, daughter of Phillip and Patsy Morgan, his wife, was born March 14, 1785.
  • Reuben Morgan, son of Phillip and Patsy Morgan, his wife, was born September 9, 1786.
  • Nancy Morgan was born March 22, 1788.
  • Betty Morgan, March 18, 1792.
  • Sally Morgan, September 9, 1793.
  • Lucy Morgan, August 10, 1796.
  • Jane Morgan, November 14, 1800.
  • Patsy Puckett Wright Morgan born December 22, 1803.
  • Letitia Phillip Raney Morgan born February 18, 1806.

Births of the Morgan Family

  • Patsy Elender Morgan, daughter of Sally Morgan, born September 29, 1815.
  • Son of Shippy Puckett was born May 31, 1762, died January or June 22, 1802.

Deaths of the Morgan Family

  • Mary Puckett, [Shippy] his wife, died March 1809.
  • Reuben Morgan, son of Phillip and Mary Morgan died June 11, 1781, age 57.
  • Reuben W. Morgan, son of the above, died in July 1777.
  • Betsy Morgan, late of Nancy Morgan, died September 1793.
  • Benjamin Morgan, son of Reuben Morgan, died 1813.
  • Mary Morgan, daughter of John and Jane Wright, consort of the above.
  • Reuben Morgan died 13th January 1819, age 91.
  • Phillip Morgan died September 28, 1825, age 69.
  • Patsy Morgan, his wife, died July 24, 1839, age 78.
  • Patsy Morgan, daughter of P. P. Morgan, died April 6,1792.
  • Reuben Morgan, son of Phillip and Patsy Morgan, his wife, died July 4, 1833.
  • Mary Morgan, his wife, died June 30, 1833.
  • Sally Morgan, daughter of Phillip and Patsy Morgan, his wife, died October 27, 1832.

Births of the Morgan Family

  • Mary Morgan, consort of Reuben Morgan, was born August 9,1792.
  • William Nall Popham Morgan, son of Reuben Morgan Jr. and Mary, his wife, was born July 6, 1812.
  • Phillip Hawkins Morgan was born December 31, 1818.
  • Umphrey Hopkins Morgan was born March 12, 1815.
  • Eliza Jane Morgan was born November 12, 1817.
  • Betsy Ann Morgan was born January 12, 1821.
  • Patsy Emily Sanders, daughter of William Sanders and Lucy, his wife, was born March 21, 1823.
  • Minerva Jane Sanders born March 11, 1825.
  • Polly Ann Sanders born November 24, 1827.
  • William Preston Sanders March 22, 1829.
  • Lucy Ann Sanders May 17, 1831.
  • James W. Sanders January 26, 1836.
  • John E. Sanders January 26, 1836.
  • Cintha O. Sanders May 3, 1838.
  • Henry H. Sanders October 21, 1840.

The declaration of Jesse Peters, acting Executor of Phillip Morgan, deceased, for the benefit of the heirs of said Phillip Morgan, Washington County, State of  Kentucky, being of lawful age and sworn in the County Court Washington, makes the following statement that he, the said Peters, is at this time the acting executor, he was well acquainted with Phillip Morgan and his wife Patsy, for upwards of twenty-five years and that during that time they lived comfortably together as man and wife.  I have no recollection of their marriage.  They departed this life, Phillip Morgan, September 28, 1826, his wife, Patsy, departed this life the 24th day of July 1837, and that she remained widow until her death.  I found in his possession two discharges which will be forwarded to the commissioner of pensions.  I have no knowledge of his service or enlistment.  I know he possessed in the year 1815 upwards fifteen hundred dollars in property, two tracts of land, one 210 acres and the other 185, that I suppose one reason why he made no application for his pension that he was a very particular man with respect to fraud or any illegal practices to obtain unjust claims.  I have also produced the family record of the Bible in court for their examination and made copy for the Department of War, inspection there was nine children, two dead and seven living, the death ages will appear on the family record, all over sixteen ears of age, no guardian, the court will certify the character of Jesse Peters, he further states that the land requires a valuation of property and the pension depended on the amount of property.

Washington County, State of Kentucky

The affidavit of Sterling Morgan, being of lawful age and sworn in court as the law requires, makes the following statement, that he, a brother to Phillip Morgan, deceased, and that he well recollects that he was lawfully married to Patsy Morgan in the County of Mecklenburg, State of Virginia, and that he lived with my brother at my fathers for some time and ever lived near him.  I am acquainted of his being in the Army of the Revolutionary War with Great Britain, that he served the two terms of duty as stated.  I have no recollection of the time he served in the army, but recollect his being in service and that he is the identified Phillip Morgan as stated in the two discharges and performed the duty while living in the County of Mecklenburg, State of Virginia, and that he moved to the state of Kentucky and County of Washington in the year either 1791 or 1790, and has lived here ever since, and in the year 1815 that he owned upwards of fifteen hundred dollars of property.  I have often heard him say that he was justly entitled to both land and money as a pension and that ever since the war he had not received one cent of either money or land.  Also, I recollect his possession in his lifetime the family Bible as here produced in court.

Washington County, State of Kentucky

The affidavit of Sterling Morgan, being of lawful age upwards of seventy years, being infirm makes the following statement that the copy of the family bible here taken is a true copy, taken from the bible of my brother, Philip Moran and family, the  names of the children I perfectly recollect and a part of the record in the handwriting of my brother and the balance In the family as it fell in the hands of his widow and was sold by Jesse Peter the executor that the said bible is in the possession of the family at this time, given under my hand this 31st day of May 1842.

Sterling Morgan

Sworn to before me as a said Justice of the Peace for said county and stated given under my hand this 31st day of May 1842.

Robert S. Mitchell

State of Kentucky

Washington County

I, William B. Booker, Clerk of the County Court for the County aforesaid do certify that the within is a true copy of the affidavit of Sterling Morgan, filed in my office (on the application of Phillip Morgan’s heirs to get said Phillip Morgan’s pension) sworn to before me in open court.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Springfield this 31st day of May 1842

W. B. Booker

Augusta, November 27, 1777

Phillip Morgan, a private soldier in Capt. Isaac Hick’s company in the 3rd battalion of Continental Troops for the state of Georgia, in a bad state of health and not fit for duty is discharged from the said battalion, received all pay and account of payment.

I cannot say if a pension was acquired for the children of Phillip Morgan.


The Life of Lucy Neville Blakemore Bragg

I’ve never been as interested in the life of a woman before meeting Lucy Neville Blakemore Bragg – metaphorically speaking.  We met at her gravestone in Vanceburg, Lewis County, Kentucky, two years ago.  Lucy died 156 years ago – but what a life she lived.  And the most important dates and information are on her stone for all to know a part of her story.

Lucy was the daughter of Thomas Blakemore and Ann Gibbs Neville, born in Frederick County, Virginia, April 8, 1764.  She married Thomas Bragg – a captain during the Revolutionary War.  They eventually moved their family to Lewis County, Kentucky.  Thomas Bragg died October 14, 1820.  Lucy lived on for another 42 years.

Lucy began life as a British subject, the daughter of Thomas Blakemore and Ann Gibbs Neville, born April 8, 1764, giving allegiance to King George III, and being a loyal subject until the war.  Her father and at least one brother fought during the Revolution, as well as her future husband, Captain Thomas Bragg, whom she married September 20, 1781.

Thomas and Lucy Bragg were in Lewis County before 1810, when they appeared in the census of that year.  This is twenty-seven years after the war, Lucy was 46 years of age.  In 1819 Thomas Bragg petitioned the court to open a tavern at his home in Vanceburg, and after his death in 1820, Lucy continued to keep the tavern.

In the 1850 census Lucy is head of her household, aged 86 years.  With her lives her son-in-law, Alexander Bruce, who married her daughter Amanda (who is deceased by this time).  Also in the household are two grandsons, children of Alexander and Amanda – Thomas J., 28, a boatman, and his new wife, Mary, 20; and Henry C., 26, also a boatman, and his new wife, Mary, 20.  Vanceburg sits right on the river and I’m sure many in the town and county worked on the water.  In the 1860 census Lucy is 96, Mary Bragg, 18, living with her – probably a great-granddaughter.

And she was living life to the very end.  In February of 1862, nine months before her death, she changed her will in favor of her grandson, Henry C. Bruce, in stead of grandson Horatio W. Bruce.  At first I thought there must have been a tiff in the family, but read that Horatio W. Bruce moved to Louisville, and perhaps Lucy decided Henry, living in the county, would keep the land and slaves in the family.  Just a guess.

Going from a British subject to a citizen of the United States, Lucy Blakemore Bragg lived through sixteen presidents!  From our first president, George Washington, down the line to Abraham Lincoln.  What an amount of history this woman experienced!  She lived through four major wars – Revolutionary War, 1775-1783; War of 1812, 1812-1815; Mexican War, 1846-1848; and the first two years of the Civil War. 

Think of the amount of changes and events that came about in her lifetime – a new country that was given ‘certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness’ – Lewis and Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase – the steamboat was invented – the city of Washington was burned by British troops in 1814 – James Monroe proclaimed his doctrine of manifest destiny – the California gold rush – the slavery issue is debated – the country grew from the original 13 states to 34 – the South secedes from the Union and the Civil War begins.  And that’s just to name a few.

Lucy outlived her husband, Thomas Bragg, by 42 years.  She outlived all but two of her children and they died within three years – John in 1863 and Harriet in 1865. 

How I would love to sit and talk with this woman!  What interesting things she could tell us about the infant days of our country and the way it changed in the ensuing 80 years!

Lewis County, Kentucky Will Book F, Pages 270-271

In the name of God, amen.

I Lucy Bragg, of Lewis County, State of Kentucky, knowing the uncertainty of life, the certainty of death, being frail in body though sound in mind, do make the following disposition of a part of my property.  I give to my grandson, Henry C. Bruce, of Blackrock Bottom, my Negro woman Minerva, her three children, or more if she has more children, and all their increase.  Also I give to my said grandson Henry C. Bruce a piece of land adjoining the town of Vanceburg and bounded on the north by the town of Vanceburg, on the east

by the state road, on the south by the lands belonging to the heirs of my late husband at my death, and on the west by the land of W. C. Halbert; said parcel of land namely bequeathed to Henry C. Bruce is the same land heretofore claimed by my grandson H. W. Bruce, and I ever give and bequeath said land and slaves or other to said H. W. Bruce in any former will I may have made heretofore I hereby revoke said will as far as it gives any property of any kind to said H. W. Bruce and all gifts or bequests heretofore made by me to said H. W. Bruce are hereby changed and said property of every kind thus given or bequeathed to said H. W. Bruce is hereby given to my grandson Henry C. Bruce, hereby revoking all former wills and testaments so far as may conflict with this.

In testimony hereby I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 14th day of February A.D. 1862.

Lucy Bragg

Signed, sealed, declared, published and delivered in presence of the undersigned who witnessed this in the presence and at the request of Mrs. Lucy Bragg:  W. C. Harnett, R. F. Waring

Lucy Blakemore, born in Frederick County, Virginia, April 8, 1764, married Thomas Bragg, September 20, 1781, and died in Lewis County, Kentucky, November 1, 1862, aged 98 years, 6 months and 23 days.  Vanceburg Cemetery, Lewis County, Kentucky.