Tag Archives: Jefferson County Kentucky

How Can City Directories Help Genealogy Research?

William Franklin Linton standing in front of his grocery store about 1899.


City directories are a marvelous source of genealogy information.  Not only do they list who lives in a particular city, and their residential address, but it lists their place of work and that address as well!  I have used city directories in several instances, not only to prove where people lived, but to prove they weren’t living in a particular city.

The following examples are from Louisville, Kentucky.  This was research complied for my dear friend Richard Linton about ten years ago.

The Linton’s listed below are the grandsons of Moses Linton and Nancy Pead.  Moses was the son of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, and came to Kentucky a few years before his father made the move from Loudoun County, Virginia, to Washington County, in 1818.  Moses moved to neighboring Nelson County, but later in life moved back to Washington County, although his children remained in Nelson and raised their families.  In the book I’m reading on Frankfort, Kentucky, they spoke about how the Depression of 1893 hit the state hard.  Perhaps these men who had worked as farmers for years, with their fathers, felt a new location and a different job would help them support their families.

The cast of characters:  William Yerby Linton, Moses Fillmore Linton and Benjamin Clark Linton – all sons of Moses Linton and Nancy Pead.  Those who moved to Louisville, Kentucky:

  • James Monreo Linton – son of William Yerby Linton
  • William Franklin Linton, John Kennedy Linton, Joseph F. Linton – sons of Moses Fillmore Linton.
  • James Fenton Linton – son of Benjamin Clark Linton

Now let’s see how jobs and home addresses change throughout this six year period.

1894 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. and James Fenton Linton), grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • James Fenton Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 226 7th
  • James Kennedy Linton, packer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 511 22nd
  • James Monroe Linton, engineer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 226 7th
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 2401 Slevin

1895 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. Linton) grocers, 1324 W. Broadway
  • John Kennedy Linton, packer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2401 Slevin
  • Joseph Fenton Linton (J. F. and J. M. Linton), grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • Joseph Fenton and James Monroe Linton (J.F. & J. M. Linton) grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • James Monroe Linton (J. F. and J. M. Linton) business 2401 Slevin
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 1324 W. Broadway

1898 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. Linton) grocers, 1324 W. Broadway
  • James Monroe Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove, residence 1816 Todd
  • John Kennedy Linton, porter, Robinson-Pettet Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, driver, Bridge-McDowell Company, residence 2828 Cleveland Avenue
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 1324 W. Broadway

1899 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • James M. Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2136 Duncan
  • John Kennedy Linton, porter, Robinson-Pettet Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, grocer, 1628 W. Madison
  • William F. Linton, grocer, 1324 W. Broadway

1900 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • James M. Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2136 Duncan
  • John Kennedy Linton, packer, Carter Dry Goods Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, clerk, W. F. Linton, residence 1851 Lytle
  • William F. Linton, grocer, residence 1322 W. Broadway

Philipp Ziegler – More Than A Biography and An Obituary

I began this post with the biography of Philipp Ziegler, but with just a little research found so much more!  He and his wife Sara Mehohoff were married November 9, 1880, in Jefferson County.  In May of 1885 their daughter, Alice, was born; in October of 1888 a son, Philipp, Jr., was born. 

from Kentucky – A History of the State, Perrin, 1888

Jefferson County

Philipp Ziegler is one of the self-made German citizens of Louisville.  He came here a poor boy, and by dint of his own energy, honesty and industry has secured an independent fortune.  He was born in the province of Baden, in 1854, and at the age of eighteen years came to the United States, and to Louisville.  He soon obtained a position as clerk, first for John Hehl, contractor and builder, and afterward with H. Wedenkind & Co., wholesale grocers.  In the fall of 1878 he went into the grocery business for himself, at his present stand, corner of First and Gray Streets – at first with Charles Klein as partner; but he soon after bought him out, and has since carried on the business alone.  In 1881 he was married to Miss Sarah Mehohoff, a daughter of Henry C. and Mary Mehohoff, of Louisville.  Henry Mehohoff is the largest dairyman in the state, keeping always on hand from 250 to 300 cows.  His dairy is located on Preston Street road, and comprises 173 acres of choice land just back of the House of Refuge.  Mr. and Mrs. Ziegler have but on child – a girl, three years of age – named Alice.  Mr. Ziegler visited the ‘Faderland’ last summer with his family, and spent several months traveling over the southern and northern parts of Europe.

In 1887 Philipp Ziegler obtained a passport for the purpose of traveling to Europe.  It says he will be accompanied by his wife, Sarah, and infant child, one year and nine months.

The most interesting part is the description given – age 32 years, 5′ 7″, medium forehead, blue eyes, straight nose, round chin, dark hair and fair complexion.

The letter accompanying his application for passport was written on his store letterhead!  ‘Gray Street Market, office of Philipp Ziegler, dealer in staple and fancy groceries, game, fish, oysters and fresh meats.  Cash paid for all country produce.’

In the 1900 census the family is living on First Street, in Louisville.  Philipp is 46, Sarah is 37, Alice is 15 and little Philipp is 11.  Evidently there was another child, since Sarah is listed as having three children, with two living (I have seen that this child’s name was Carl).  Brother Fred Ziegler, 24, is living with the family.

from The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky
Tuesday, July 9, 1907

Philip Ziegler, aged fifty-three years, of 2324 Floyd Street, died at 5 o’clock yesterday morning at his home after an illness of two months. Mr. Ziegler, who is a native of Germany, conducted a grocery at First and Gray streets for thirty years, and was well known in the East End.
He was born in the province of Boden, Germany. For a time he was in business in Frieburg, Germany, but came to this country in 1871. He leaves, besides a wife, one son, Philip. Jr., and a daughter, Alice Ziegler. He also leaves three brothers living in Louisville, Jacob, George, and Fred, and a fourth brother, the Rev. William Ziegler, who, with his father and mother, still live in Nonnenweier, Germany.
The funeral will take place to-morrow afternoon at 8:30 o’clock at the residence, the Rev. Theodore F. Johns, of St. John’s Evangelical church, assisted by the Willis Stuart Lodge of Masons, of which Mr. Ziegler was a prominent member, having charge of the services. After the Masonic rites the burial will be in Cave Hill cemetery.

Eusebius C. Bainbridge Biography and Obituary

from Kentucky: A History of the State, Battle, 1887

Owen County

Eusebius C. Bainbridge, was born in Owen County, Ky., November 14, 1828. He is the son of Erastus B. and Sarah M. (Foster) Bainbridge. Erastus Bainbridge was born in Fayette County, near Lexington, December 1, 1801.  He came to Owen County in 1826, and located on the farm where the subject of this sketch now lives. He was married in 1823, and was the father of three children. Absalom Bainbridge, paternal grandfather of our subject,
was a native of Virginia, and settled in Kentucky at an early day. He was a physician, and a preacher of the Baptist denomination. Isaac Foster, the maternal grandfather of Eusebius C. Bainbridge, was a native of Maryland and a pioneer of Kentucky. He was a farmer by occupation. E. C. Bainbridge was reared in Owen County, where he received his primary education, receiving his literary education at Transylvania University, at Lexington, Ky. In 1846 he began the study of medicine under Drs. Turnbull and Brooks, at Philadelphia, Penn., and attended lectures at Jefferson Medical College, where he graduated in 1850. He then engaged in the practice of his profession in Cincinnati, Ohio, five years, when he married Miss Sarah A. Doxon, of Newport, Ky. He then returned to Owenton and settled on the old homestead farm of 600 acres, where he now lives. He still practices medicine, but devote a part of his time to raising fine stock. He has three children: Hattie, Erastus and Paul.  Politically, Dr. Bainbridge is a Democrat, and represented his county in the State Legislature in the session of 1877-78.
from The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County,Kentucky

Friday, July 21, 1905


Had Been Conspicuous Many Years – Father of Mrs. L. O. Cox.

Dr. E. C. Bainbridge, aged seventy-six years, died of a liver complaint yesterday morning at 6:30 o’clock at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. L. O. Cox, after a long illness. He is survived by two sons and one daughter, Erastus Bainbridge, of Owen County, Paul Bainbridge, of Louisville, and Mrs. L. O. Cox, wife of L. O. Cox, president of the Union National Bank.

Dr. Bainbridge was a graduate of Transylvania University, and also of the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. After having successfully practiced medicine in both Philadelphia and Cincinnati, he came back to his native county pf Owen, where he afterwards became prominent as a farmer. His constituents sent him to the Legislature, where he faithfully represented his district for a number of years.

Dr. Bainbridge’s character in whatever capacity he served was unimpeachable and his loss will be mourned by the host of those who knew him.

The funeral services were held at 5:30 o’clock yesterday afternoon at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. L. O. Cox, the Rev. Dr. J. G. Minnigerode, rector of Calvary Episcopal Church, officiating. The body will be taken to Owenton, his former home, for burial. The honorary pallbearers were as follows: Thomas W. Bullitt, William P. Otter, Gilmer Adams, T. R. Gordon, John C. Strother, John L. Helm, Henry Strater, H. C. Rodes and Oscar Fenley.


1790 Will of Valentine King

Valentine King had the first will recorded in Nelson County in 1790.  He was a son of William King, of Prince William County, Virginia, and Elizabeth Edwards, daughter of John Edwards and Jane Arrington of Westmoreland County, Virginia.  Along with Cuthbert Harrison and Benjamin Grayson these are all neighbors and relatives of my Captain John Linton from Loudoun County, Virginia, which was formed from Fairfax, which was formed from Prince William, County.  Many of these families moved to the Washington-Nelson counties of Kentucky.

I also think it interesting that Valentine King owned land on/around what is now Poplar Level Road in Louisville – worth a fortune today!

Will Book A, Page 1, Nelson County, Kentucky

Scan083In the name of God amen.  I, Valentine King, of Nelson County and district of Kentucky, being of sound mind and memory thanks be to God for the same, do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following.  That is to say, first of all I recommend my soul to God who gave it and my body to the earth from whence it came, to be buried in a Christian like manner at the discretion of my executors hereafter named, and as to the worldly estate it hath pleased God to give me I dispose of it in the following manner.

Imprimis.  My will and desire is that all my just debts and funeral charges be first paid and satisfied.

Item.  I give and bequeath to my beloved sister Eliza Owens, during the term of her natural life, one third of the profits arising from the plantation I purchased of Patrick McGee which said plantation after her decease goes to my brother John Edwards King.  I also give and bequeath to my said sister Eliza Owens during her natural life one Negro girl called Cate which said Negro after my said sister’s decease goes to my brother John E. King and I further give to my said sister Eliza Owens one half the increase of the said Negro

Scan085Cate, that shall be raised from her during the life of my said sister, to her and her heirs forever.

Item.  I give and bequeath to my beloved brother John Edwards King the plantation and land purchased of Patrick McGee, he paying annually to his sister Eliza Owens one third part the profits arising from the said plantation during her life, to him, his heirs and assigns forever.  I also give said brother John E. King, after the death of his sister Eliza Owens one Negro called Cate and one half her increase that shall have been raised from her to him and his heirs and assigns forever.  I further give my said brother John E. King two hundred acres of land in Jefferson County, known by the name of the Popular Level, to receive the same and have possession after the death of Eliza Crips to whom I have left the said land during her natural life and I further give to my brother John E. King my wearing apparel, with my saddle, bridle and saddle bags to him and his heirs forever.

Item.  I give and bequeath to Eliza Crips, daughter of Nancy Brashear, during her natural life two hundred acres of land, her choice, out of five hundred acres of my

Scan084land in Jefferson County, known by the name of the Poplar Level on Floyds Fork which said land at her death goes to my brother John E. King.  I also give to the said Eliza Crips my mare called Ferrier and three thousand weight of tobacco for her heirs and assigns forever.

Item.  My will and desire is that all the rest of my estate, real and personal, be equally divided between my beloved mother, Nancy, and my brothers William and Withers King, and that my mother’s part, at her decease, to my two brothers, William and Withers, to them, their heirs and assigns forever.  And lastly I do hereby appoint my trusty and beloved friends, George and Cuthbert Harrison, executors of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking and making void all other wills by me heretofore made, declaring this only to be my last will and testament.  In testimony whereat I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 22nd day of February, 1790.

Valentine King

Signed, sealed, published and declared by this testator in presence of Anthony Foster, Paul Kester, Cuthbert Harrison

Scan086At a court held for Nelson County on Tuesday the 13th day of April 1790.

This last will and testament of Valentine King, deceased, was presented in court by Cuthbert Harrison, one of the executors herein named and proved by the oaths of Anthony Foster, Paul Kester and Cuthbert Harrison, subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to record.

Teste.  Benjamin Grayson, Ct. Clerk


Jefferson County 1794 Marriages

1794 Marriages

Jefferson County, Kentucky

  • Samuel Mackey married Elizabeth Kilpatrick – January 20, 1794
  • Jacob Lytle married Ann Finley – January 28, 1794
  • Davis Floyd  married Susanna Lewis – February 14, 1794
  • Abraham Hornback married Jenny Bryan – April 13, 1794
  • Tunis Applegate married Eleanor McGrew – February 16, 1794
  • Thomas Johnson married Sarah Currey – February 13, 1794
  • Henry Walker married Rachel Beddle – March 25, 1794
  • Jacob Lurton married Sally Tuley – March 30, 1794
  • Cornelius Lucas married Sarah Phelps – March 13, 1794
  • Jacob Peacock married Elizabeth White – April 21, 1794
  • Daniel White married Sarah Robinson – April 17, 1794
  • Tunis Newkirk married Catherine Drake – April 24, 1794
  • James Brown married Salley Dunbar – June 15, 1794
  • Joseph Shaw married Nelly Goman – June 16, 1794
  • Timothy Condite married Elizabeth Spangler – June 15, 1794
  • Nathaniel Sullivan married Sarah Ross – July 2, 1794
  • Francis Pumeroy married Elizabeth Wise – July 17, 1794
  • Yelverton Wells married Rebecca Prince – August 19, 1794
  • Edward Johnston married Jane Miller – August 20, 1794
  • Moses Oliver married Sarah Dunn – September 9, 1794
  • Matthew Love married Susanna Ross – September 9, 1794
  • William Thompson married Margaret Packston – September 26, 1794
  • James Wood married Margaret Smith – September 26, 1794
  • David Lindsey married Olivia Scantling – November 22, 1794
  • Benjamin Wash married Elizabeth Peters – December 1, 1794
  • Caleb Hail married Sarah Clines – December 2, 1794

Irwin Dugan Biography

Scan_Pic1659from Kentucky – A History of the State by Perrin, 1888

Jefferson County, Kentucky

Irwin Dugan was born June 29, 1846, in Brown County, Ohio, and is a son of Robert C. and Elizabeth Bryant Dugan, of Scotch-Irish and Welsh extraction respectively.  The former was reared a Quaker in Chester County, Pennsylvania, and held many important positions of honor and trust in Brown County, Ohio, where he moved in 1817.  When the subject was five years old his parents removed to Covington, Kentucky, and in the schools of that city he was principally educated.  There his honored father died in 1876; his mother is still living in Louisville, and recently celebrated her eighty-first birthday.  He attended Commercial College at Cincinnati, and at the age of fourteen went to Bolivar, Tennessee, where he learned telegraphy, remaining there until the Civil War broke out.  He then returned to Kentucky, and re-entered the school at Covington.  In 1863 he went to Crothersville, Indiana, as telegraph operator for two years, then to Seymour as telegraph operator and ticket agent for two years, then to Holly Springs, Mississippi, and thence to Memphis, Tennessee.  In 1872 he went on the river, as clerk, and soon became captain of the steamer T. F. Eckert, and four years later was elected president of the Dugan Towing Transportation and Wrecking Company of Louisville, Kentucky, which position he held until 1885, in September.  He came to Louisville in 1876, and also engaged in the coal business as junior member of the firm Dugan and Co.  He was married in 1883 to Miss Mattie G. Dickson, daughter of Francis W. Dickson, a retired businessman of Louisville.  They have two children:  Frank Irwin and Martin Elizabeth.  Captain Dugan was appointed Supervising Inspector of Steam Vessels of the Sixth District, by President Cleveland, September 14, 1885, which district embraces the Ohio River from Carrollton, Kentucky, to Cairo, the Mississippi River from Greenfield, Missouri, to Greenville, Mississippi, and all navigable waters flowing in-between these points, including the Cumberland, Tennessee, White and Wabash in Indiana, White and Arkansas Rivers in Arkansas, and altogether about eight thousand miles of navigable water.  Captain Dugan has made a very efficient and popular inspector, and enjoys the universal respect of his subordinates as well as the men whose business brings him in contact with.  He was recommended to the President for appointment to the position he now holds, by nearly all the owners and managers of steam vessels (without regard to politics) from Pittsburgh to New Orleans, and by the underwriters at Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Louisville, Evansville, Indiana, St. Louis, Memphis, Vicksburg and New Orleans.  He has eight assistant (or local) inspectors, two stationed at each of the following cities:  Louisville, Kentucky, Evansville, Indiana, Memphis and Nashville, Tennessee, all of whom were appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury upon the recommendation of Captain Dugan, who selected them for their knowledge, skill and practical experience in the uses of steam for navigation, and their temperate habits and good character.  He is very tenacious of the rights of the traveling public, and his subordinate officers give him their hearty co-operation.  Unless a person be of temperate habits and qualified by experience to perform the duties of an officer on steam vessels he is refused a license.  That Captain Dugan has made no mistake in the selection of his staff officers is shown by the fact that since he assumed the duties of the office more than two and one-half millions of human beings have been carried annually on steam vessels in his district, with the loss of but one passenger, a record he may well be proud of.

Early Jefferson County Marriages

Early Jefferson County Marriages

  • James McGill married Sarah Postleright – January 18, 1793
  • Charles Tuley married Betsey Murray – January 19, 1793
  • George Johnson married Lucy Kindall – February 6, 1793
  • Nathaniel Shaver married Mary Lock – February 15, 1793
  • Stacey McDonnaugh married Catharine Huse – February 16, 1793
  • John Gilmore married Jane Falls – February 20, 1793
  • Joseph Mayo married Eleanor Murphy – March 5, 1793
  • Alexander Moore married Mary Kuykendall – March 5, 1793
  • Lemuel Baldwin married Elizabeth Applegate – March 9, 1793
  • William Thickstun married Eleanor Murphy – March 9, 1793
  • John Nelson married Mrs. Martha Patten Lollar – March 14, 1793
  • Nathaniel Floyd married Molly Thomas, widow – March 16, 1793
  • Daniel Rizley married Ruth Rizley – March 22, 1793
  • William Wheeler married Eliza Doling – March 25, 1793
  • Samuel Miller married Jane Chinoweth – April 20, 1793
  • Robert Ward married Sarah Stafford – April 24, 1793
  • William Frames married Amelia McKinney – May 29, 1793
  • Aaron Bowman married Sally DeMint – June 3, 1793
  • John Zuber married Betsey Gearnheart – June 10, 1793
  • William Batman married Margaret Patterson – June 12, 1793
  • Jehu Baldwin married Rosannah Coleman – July 19, 1793
  • Jesse Wilson married Sarah Quithomas – July 22, 1793
  • Henry Hawkins married Elizabeth Smith – July 26, 1793
  • Will Drennon married Ann Hillebrand – August 13, 1793
  • Jacob Shreader married Betsey Pottorff – August 24, 1793
  • James McManis married Martha Lambert – October 15, 1793
  • Joel Free married Christiana Kuykendall – October 17, 1793
  • John Asher married Jane Curry – October 17, 1793
  • Abner Field married Jane Pope – October 17, 1793
  • Mathias Hester married Susanna Huckleberry – November 8, 1793
  • William Stewart married Nancy Daniel – November 14, 1793
  • Richard Slider married Margaret Robinson – December 14, 1793
  • Anthony Phelps married Nancy Brashear – December 20, 1793