Category Archives: Old Documents

1798 Survey for Robert Wood – Christian County

I think we need a little background on county formation to understand where this property was in 1798, since today it is located on the border of Caldwell and Lyon Counties.  What was to become the state of Kentucky, and originated as part of Fincastle County, Virginia, became Kentucky County, Virginia in 1776.  This did not include the Jackson Purchase counties – Ballard, Calloway, Carlisle, Fulton, Graves, Hickman, Marshall and McCracken – they were still Chickasaw land at this time.  In 1780 Kentucky County, Virginia, was divided into three counties – Fayette, Jefferson and Lincoln.  Lincoln County consisted of the lower portion of the state, south of Fayette and Jefferson.  In 1792, when Kentucky became a state, Logan County was created from Lincoln.  If you drew a line from Louisville to the southern part of the state, Logan was everything west of that line.  In 1796 Logan County was divided into thirds, Christian County became the largest third and furthest west.  In 1799 Livingston County was parceled from Christian, the Ohio River being its western boundary.  In 1809 Livingston was divided to include the new county of Caldwell.  And in 1854 Caldwell was divided to include Lyon County.  This seems like a long introduction, but it is very important to know the parent counties when researching.  Our survey was made in 1798 – which county was this property in at that time?  It was still Christian County, and to look for original records you would go to the Christian County Courthouse. 

It all seems a bit confusing, doesn’t it?  I use the AniMap software program.  It includes all fifty states.  It’s a basic program and easy to use.  You can download the program to your computer (which I did), or you can have the CD mailed to your home.  The first map of each state gives the start date and the county or counties that were included at that time.  Double click on another date and it will show you which counties were included at that time.  The Gold Bug offers this for sale.

Eddy Creek in Lyon (on the left) and Caldwell Counties.  My dark blue line is beneath the creek.

Delivered to the owner the 2nd November 1798

Surveyed for Robert Wood, 158 acres of land by virtue of the Commission Certificate No. 4074, on the Big Eddy [Creek] beginning at an Elm and Red Bud, standing on the bank of the creek, corner to Joseph Thompson, thence East 156 poles to a Dogwood, Red Oak and two Gums.  Corner to Joseph Thompson and in a line of Benjamin Kivell’s, thence South 160 poles.  With said line to a White Oak, corner to Edward Mitcherson, thence West with said line, 174 poles to a White Walnut, White Oak and Sugar Tree, standing on the bank of the creek, thence N 4, East 10 poles, thence N 71, East 13 poles, thence N 51, East 8 poles, thence N 64 East 26 poles, thence N 47, West 10 poles, thence, N 12, W 27 poles, thence N 74 E18 poles, thence N 54, W 17 poles, thence N 28, East 21 poles, thence South 62, West 8 poles, thence N 29, W 20 poles, thence N 15, E16 poles, thence N 5 W 14 poles, thence N 70, E 10 poles, thence N 5 poles to the beginning, the 10th November 1798

Jesse Ford

James Thompson, James T. White

Inventory of Edward Barber Edwards – Washington County

Edward Barber Edwards is my 4th great-grandfather.  He married Nancy Linton, a daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason.  Edward moved his family to Washington County, Kentucky, two years before the captain, perhaps making plans and preparing for their removal from Loudoun County, Virginia, two years later.  When he arrived in Springfield, the county seat, on November 27, 1816, he made oath the he ‘removed to Kentucky with intention to become a citizen, that he brought with him four slaves named Stephen, Hannah, Polly and Charles.’  The four slaves that are listed on this inventory.

Edward was the son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber, born April 21, 1768.  Of their eight children six were born in Virginia – Susan Clark, John L., Catherine Kitural, Jonathan Joseph, Benjamin Mason, Mary Jane – and the last two in Kentucky – Martha L. and Sarah Barber Edwards.

Wife Nancy Linton Edwards lived another 36 years, passing away in 1861.

I’m always fascinated to read an inventory, see what was owned.  This inventory seems normal, stock, farming implements, dishes, furniture.  I’m not sure about the tea board – was this a small table or buffet holding a teapot and cups?  Since I enjoy my cup of tea so very much, I hope so!

I took photos of the original inventory to give a good idea of what it looked like – the coloring of the paper, the ink and the handwriting.  The names of the appraisers are all familiar to me – John Rudd’s family married into the Montgomery family; Thomas Janes’ son married Edward’s daughter, Mary Jane Edwards; and Thomas Hagan married a Linton.

Washington County, Kentucky

Will Book D, Pages 21-22

An Inventory of the Estate of Edward B. Edwards, deceased, taken at his late dwelling house on the 13 March 1824 by Thomas Janes, Thomas Hagan and John Rudd.

  • Slave Stephen – $200
  • Slave Charles – $250
  • Slave Polly – $150
  • Slave Hannah – $200
  • Wagon and gear – $80
  • One horse – $3
  • One horse – $40
  • One horse – $25
  • One horse – $6
  • One horse – $5
  • One horse – $5
  • One horse – $30
  • Twelve head of cattle – $60
  • Five calves – $7.50
  • Forty-four hogs – $44
  • Eight sheep – $8
  • Three sows and pigs – $9
  • Wheat fan – $5
  • Four shovel plows – $4
  • Two barshear plows and four single trees – $3
  • Two iron wedges – $0.75
  • Grindstone – $1.50
  • Three scythes and cradles – $4
  • Lot of old iron – $1.50
  • Five axes – $5
  • Seven hoes and mattock – $3
  • Crosscut saw and file – $4
  • Hand saw, drawing knife and two augers – $2
  • Three linen wheels – $3
  • Three large wheels – $3
  • Eight tubs – $2
  • Wooden ware – $0.75
  • Two kettles and hooks – 44
  • One loom – $5
  • Cupboard and furniture – $8
  • Six Windsor chairs – $6
  • Six chairs – $1
  • Knives and forks – $0.75
  • Pewter – $1.50
  • Two tables – $4
  • Looking glass – $0.75
  • Tea board – $1.50

  • One real – $0.50
  • One bedstead and furniture – $20
  • Two bedsteads and furniture – $40
  • Three trunks – $0.37
  • One teakettle and shovel – $1.50
  • One basket – $0.25
  • One chest – $1.50
  • Bed covering – $30
  • One bedstead and furniture – $15
  • Two bedsteads and furniture – $15
  • Three stays – $0.75

John Rudd, Thomas Janes, Thomas Hagan

At a County Court began and held for Washington County at the Court House in Springfield, on Monday the 14th day of June 1824.

This Inventory and appraisement of the Estate of Edward B. Edwards, deceased, was returned and ordered to be recorded which has accordingly been recorded in Will Book D, Page 21.

Att. John Hughes, Jr., W. C. C.

Revolutionary War Papers For Loudoun County Virginia March 1778 – October 1779

About six weeks ago I ordered copies of the Revolutionary War records of my 5th great-grandfather, John Linton.  He was recommended as Lieutenant in 1778 and Captain in 1781.  I share with you today the lists of those soldiers recommended for changes in rank for March of 1778 through October 1779. Hopefully you can use this information!

One other note, several others on this list are very familiar to me.  Daniel Lewis is a relative of Captain John, Scarlett Berkeley is his half-brother.  Joseph Butler is a cousin of the captain’s wife, Ann Mason, and George Mason her brother.

March 1778

  • James Whaley, Jr. – Second Lieutenant
  • William Carnan – Ensign
  • Daniel Lewis – Second Lieutenant
  • Hugh Douglass – Ensign
  • Isaac Vandeventer – Lieutenant
  • John Dodd – Ensign

May 1778

  • William McClellan – Captain
  • Francis Russell and James Beavers – Lieutenants
  • George Summers and Charles Eskridge – Colonels
  • Samuel Cox – Major
  • Robert McClain – Captain
  • Scarlett Berkeley and Moses Thomas – Lieutenants
  • Henry Farnsworth and John Russell – Lieutenants
  • Gustavus Eligin and John Miller – Lieutenants
  • Samuel Butcher and Joshua Botts – Lieutenants
  • William Elliot – Ensign
  • John Williams and George Taylor – Lieutenants
  • Richard Shore – Ensign
  • John Henry – Captain
  • Nathaniel Adams and George Mason – Lieutenants
  • Peter Benham – Ensign

August 1778

  • Thomas Marks, William Robinson and Joseph Butler – Lieutenants
  • Joseph Wildman – Ensign
  • John Linton – Lieutenant
  • George Asbury – Ensign

September 1778

  • John Shrieve – Ensign

April 1779

  • Francis Russell – Lieutenant

May 1779

  • Joseph Wildman – Lieutenant
  • Francis Elgin, Jr. – Ensign

June 14th 1779

  • Jacob Caton – Ensign
  • George Kilgore – Lieutenant

July 12th 1779

  • John Debell – Lieutenant
  • William Hutchison – Ensign

October 11th 1779

  • Francis Russell – Captain

 

Civil War Pension Application for Widow of Captain John W. Hill

John W. Hill, of Hartford, Ohio County, Kentucky, enlisted in the Civil War in August of 1862.  His wife, of three years, Mary Elizabeth Stevens, bore him one daughter, Antha Hill, before John was killed during the Battle of Knoxville, in 1863.  Mary married Alexander Ellis as her second husband in 1868.  After his death she requested a widow’s pension from her first husband.  Captain John W. Hill is buried in the National Cemetery in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Claimant’s Affidavit

State of Kentucky, County of Ohio

In the matter of the claim for restoration of pension of Mary E. Ellis, John W. Hill, Company G, 12th Kentucky Cavalry, #27064.

On this 27th day of April 1905, personally appeared before me a notary public within and for the County and State aforesaid, Mary E. Ellis, the claimant, who, after being first duly sworn by me, declares as follows:  Claimant says she has only been married one time since the death of the soldier, John W. Hill, and that was to Alexander Ellis, and he died on the 29th March 1905, and that she is now a widow.  Claimant says her late husband, Mr. Ellis, died not render any military or naval service and that claimant is not in receipt of pension from the U.S.  Claimant says she has the following property.  Claimant says she has a life estate in about 90 or 100 acres of land situated near Hartford, Kentucky, of the value of about $1,000.  And that the same is encumbered by a mortgage debt of about $700, one horse and one mule of the value of $130, two milk cows worth

$35, hogs worth $10, household and kitchen furniture worth $50, one road wagon worth $15.  Claimant says her income from all sources for month or years since April 8th 1905 has been very little and the total value of her land will not exceed $75 per year and that she has no person legally bound for her support.  Claimant says her post office is Hartford, Kentucky.

Mary E. Ellis

Subscribed and sworn so before me, the above day and date, by the affidavit, Mary E. Ellis, and I hereby certify that affidavit well knew the condition of the affidavit before and executed same and that she is creditable and that I am not concerned in this case whatever.

S. K. Cox, Notary Public, Ohio County, Kentucky

As Mary E. Hill, now Ellis, of Hartford, Ohio County, Kentucky, widow of John W. Hill, Captain, Company G, 12th Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry, the rate of $20 per month, commencing April 8, 1905.  Captain John W. Hill enlisted August 20, 1862, killed November 18, 1863.  Claimant’s marriage to soldier, January 17, 1859.  Claimant remarried March 31, 1868.  Second husband died March 29, 1905.

John W. Hill, Captain of Company G, 12th Kentucky Cavalry, was killed in action near Knoxville, Tennessee, November 18, 1863.  Company was there and then in action.

1770 Indenture Between Sarah Foster and Benjamin Mason

An indenture is another word for deed – used mainly in colonial days and the early days of our country.  I wanted to share this, first for the wording of indenture, and for the handwriting.  Like today, everything is precisely written, facts mentioned several times, to make sure all the T’s were crossed, and I’s dotted. 

The handwriting of this indenture is beautiful, quite different from most I’ve seen.  Each letter and word is so exact, today it could be a font.  Would you have guessed the last name of the seller to be Foster?  The capital ‘F’ is very elaborate, and you must look carefully at the ‘s’, otherwise you may think it a second ‘o’.  The G’s, whether upper or lowercase swoop back in an elaborate half circle.  The uppercase L looks much like an S, there, again, having an elongated tail on the end – and they are all exactly the same.  The uppercase S is quite ordinary in comparison.

Benjamin Mason is my fifth great-grandfather.  His daughter, Ann Mason, married Captain John Linton in this same year, 1770.  Benjamin was a vestryman for Cameron Parish.  He was also a lawyer according to page 400 of the Loudoun County 1784-1785 Deed Book – ‘Know all men by these presents that I, Henry Alexander, of County of King George in the Commonwealth of Virginia, by these presents do nominate, constitute and appoint, my trusty friend, Benjamin Mason of Loudoun County, my true and lawful attorney.’

Benjamin Mason died in 1795.

This Indenture made the thirteenth day of January in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and seventy, and between Sarah Foster, of the County of Prince William of the one part, and Benjamin Mason, the son of George Mason, deceased, of the other part.  Witnesseth that for and in consideration of the sum of seventy-seven pounds current money of Virginia, to the said Sarah Foster in hand paid by the said Benjamin Mason, at or before the sealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt whereof doth hereby acknowledge and thereof doth release, acquit and discharge the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs, executors and administrators by these presents, she, the said Sarah Foster hath granted, bargained, sold, aligned, released and confirmed and by these presents doth grant, bargain, sell, align, release and confirm unto the said Benjamin Mason in actual possession now being by virtue of a bargain and sale to him thereof made by the said Sarah Foster for one whole year by indenture bearing date the day next before the day of the date of these presents and by for of the status for transferring into possessions and his heirs all that tract or parcel of land situated, lying and being in Cameron Parish in the County of Loudoun and bounded as followeth.  Beginning at a white oak on Broad Run being corner tree to Neilson and Waters, extending then with their line south

Forty-eight, west one hundred and forty poles to a small red oak, then south sixteen, east twenty-six poles to a branch of the said Broad Run, then up the said river and binding therewith south eighty-six, west sixty poles, then north eighty, west sixteen poles to a white oak, corner tree to William Byles, then with his line south one hundred and six poles to a red oak in the line of Sampson Turley, then with Turley’s line and binding therewith north seventy and west one hundred and forty-eight poles to an elm on Piney Branch, then north fifteen, east ninety-two poles to two red oak, corner to James Murray, still continue the same course north fifteen, east with Murray’s line one hundred and thirty-six poles to Cork’s line, then with his line south sixty eight, east one hundred and five poles to his corner near the lands of Abraham Warford, then with Warford’s line north twenty-two, east one hundred and eighty-two poles to a white oak, hickory and dogwood, his corner near the main Broad Run, then down the said run and binding there with being routed to a straight line in south sixty-nine, east to the beginning, containing two hundred and twenty-six acres, and all houses, buildings, orchards, ways, waters, profits, commodities, appurtenances whatsoever to the said premises hereby granted or any part thereof belonging or in any wise appertaining and the revision and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents and profits thereof and also all the estate right and the interest use, trust property claim and demand whatsoever of him, the said Benjamin Mason, of in and to the said premises and all deeds, evidences and writings touching or in any wise removing the same, to have and to hold the land hereby conveyed and all and singular other the premises hereby granted and released and every part and parcel thereof, with their and ever of their appurtenances unto the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs and assigns for ever to the only proper use and behoof of him, the said Benjamin Mason and of his heirs

And assigns forever.  And the said Sarah Foster, for herself, her heirs, executors and administrators, doth covenant, promise and grant to and with the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs and assigns by these presents that the said Sarah Foster, now at the time of sealing and deliver of the presents hath good power and lawful and absolute authority to grant and convey the same to the said Benjamin Mason in manner and form aforesaid.  And that the same promises now are and so forever after shall remain and be foresaid clear of and from all former and other gifts, grants, bargains, sales, dower rights and

Title of dower, judgements, executions, titles, troubles, charges and ? whatever made and committed or suffered by the said Sarah Foster or any claimant in by or under her, them or any of them the quit rents hereafter to grow and payable to the chief Lord of the ?, his heirs and successors for and in respect of the premises only, excepted and foreprized.  And lastly that the said Sarah Foster, her heirs, all and singular, the premises hereby granted and released with the appurtenances unto the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs and assigns against her, the said Sarah Foster and her heirs or any other person claiming in by her, them or any of them, and will forever warrant and defend the same by these presents.  In witness whereof the said Sarah Foster hath hereunto set her hand and seal the day and year first above written

Sarah Foster

Sealed and delivered in the presence of Howson Hooe, Patrick Hamrick, William Foster, James Foster, Benjamin Mason, John Howell

Received of Benjamin Mason seventy-seven pounds, the full consideration within mentioned this 13th day of January 1771.

Sarah Foster

Test – Howson Hooe, Patrick Hamrick, William Foster, James Foster, Benjamin Mason, John Howell

At a Court held for Loudoun County April the 8th 1771

This indenture together with the receipt thereon endorsed was proved by the oaths of

Benjamin Mason, Sr., William Foster and James Foster, three of the subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.

Test.  Charles Binns, Clerk of the Court

Nicholas County Deaths – 1855 – Part 1

Listed below are deaths in Nicholas County from 1855.  Birth and deaths were located in the county unless otherwise stated.

  • James Crow, age 3 months, son of William and Nancy Crow, died December 55, 1855, cause unknown.
  • Nancy Ann Wilson, age 2 years, daughter of Harry and Hester Wilson, died July 15, 1855, cause unknown.
  • Tolney Foster, age 34, farmer, born in Fayette County, son of Henry and Esther Foster, died September 20, 1855, of cholera.
  • Esther Foster, age 59, born in Ohio, daughter of John and Sarah Whittington, died September 20, 1855, of cholera.
  • John W. Bishop, age 5, son of Silas and Rose Ann Bishop, died November 12, 185, of whooping cough.
  • Charlotte E. Bishop, age 1, daughter of Silas and Rose Ann Bishop, died October 4, 1855, of whooping cough.
  • Patrick Brady, age 82, born in Stafford County, Virginia, son of Joseph and Elizabeth Brady, died September 30, 1855, of cancer.
  • Sarah O. Redman, age 1, daughter of Washington and Rachel Redman, died September 23, 1855, of whooping cough.
  • Alexander Dampier, age 22, son of Henry and Martha Dampier, died October 6, 1855, by arson.
  • Thomas J. McCormick, age 12, slave of Thomas J. McCormick, died February 15, 1855, of consumption.
  • John H. McCormick, age 26, born in Bourbon County, son of Thomas J. and Sarah McCormick, died September 24, 1855, of diarrhea.
  • James Fulton, age 1, son of John L. and Elizabeth J. Fulton, died August 21, 1855, of whooping cough.
  • Hetty F. Brewer, age 2, daughter of John and Levinia Brewer, died November 20, 1855, of whopping cough.
  • Joseph Evans, age 48, son of John and Margaret Evans, died October 13, 1855, of cholera.
  • William H. Canon, age 2, son of Thomas and F. Canon, died April 13, 1855, cause unknown.
  • Mary Jane Marion, age 31, daughter of Thomas and Rebecca Hord, died April 22, 1855, ?
  • Christopher Kimes, age 12, son of Stephen and Mary Kimes, died November 5, 1855, of typhoid fever.
  • Columbus W. Congleton, age 5, son of Columbus and Walker Congleton, died August 15, cause unknown.
  • Agnes Haus, age 46, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Johnson, died October 3, 1855, of consumption.
  • Harrison Dale, age 35, born in Virginia, son of Solomon and Mary Dale, died August 10, 1855, cause unknown.
  • Joseph B. Bramble, age 3, son of John Mason and Mary Jane Bramble, died December 22, 1855, cause unknown.
  • Mary Collier, age 65, born in Montgomery County, daughter of Eliza Wells, died August 17, 1855, of congestive fever.
  • William Thomas, age 15, son of James and Nancy Thomas, died July 15, 1855, of typhoid fever.
  • Elizabeth Wilson, age 10 months, daughter of John and Elizabeth Wilson, died April 8, 1855, of pneumonia.
  • Preston Talbott, age 15, slave of Preston Talbott, died February 15, 1855, of typhoid fever.
  • Mary Ann Wilson, age 29, daughter of John and Rachel Rogers, died September 16, 1855, of disease of the lungs.
  • Wilson Branch, age 22, son of Abner and Ellen Branch, died August 6, 1855, of typhoid fever.

Emancipation of Three Slaves

Today I want to share with you three slave emancipations from Washington County.  Black family history is sometimes very difficult to follow.  Hopefully this can help just a bit.  I do not have the original documents, but am using Pioneer History of Washington County Kentucky by Orval W. Baylor.  Mr. Baylor wrote for the Springfield, Washington County newspapers for a number of years.  Next time I am at the courthouse I will ask about these papers and if I find the originals will add them to this blog.

Know all men by these presents that I, Martin D. McHenry, of the County of Washington in the State of Kentucky, do hereby emancipate, set free and forever discharge from slavery a small mulatto girl named Maria, about seven years old last fall, being the same that was raised in the family of my deceased father and being the child of a Negro woman, Phoebe, who lived in my father’s family, and a reputed child of Harry, a mulatto man, who was emancipated by my father.  Given under my hand and seal this 1 day of April 1835.

M D. McHenry

Teste. John R. Wharton, D. H. Spears

Know all men by these presents, that I, Ann Spalding, widow of John Baptist Spalding, deceased, possessing an entire estate during widowhood, by virtue of the last will and testament of the aforesaid John Baptist Spalding, in a mulatto man slave, named Phillip; and I Stephen Spalding, the only claimant to the remainder of the said slave, at the marriage or death of the aforesaid Ann Spalding, (the other claims to the remainder of the aforesaid being extinguished by purchase), do solemnly agree to relinquish and abandon, or several and respective rights and titles to the ownership of the aforesaid Phillip, and the said Phillip is by force of this instrument, freed and emancipated from all service, which we and our heirs, have a legal claim to.  In witness we hereto set our hands and seals, this 8th day of January 1804.

Ann Spalding, Stephen Spalding

At a County Court held for Washington County the 2nd day of February 1807.  This instrument of writing was acknowledged by the within named Ann Spalding and Stephen Spalding to be their act and deed and ordered to be recorded.

Teste. John Reed, Clerk, Washington County

Know all men by these presents, that I, Barnabas McHenry, of Washington County and State of Kentucky, do fully emancipate Harry Pile, a slave now belonging to me, to go out free December the twenty-fifth in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six:  I do hereby relinquish all right, title and claim to the aforesaid Harry after the date aforesaid, he shall not be free until he shall have made up all the time which he shall have absconded, by faithful services subsequently to the date aforesaid and repaid in the same way, all costs which may have been occasioned by his absconding, and then even in that case all my right, title and claim to him shall forever cease – he shall be free.  In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal on this second day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eight.

Barnabas McHenry

Acknowledged and recorded 2nd May 1808.  John Reed, Clerk Washington County