Tag Archives: Albemarle County Virginia

George Rogers Clark and Locust Grove – Jefferson County

Locust Grove decorated for Christmas in the traditional manor of the 1810’s.

Information on the family of George Rogers Clark is taken from articles written for The Filson Club History Quarterly 1935-1940, by Rogers Clark Ballard Thurston.  In his latter years, General Clark lived with his sister, Lucy, who married William Croghan.  Their home was Locust Grove, located on Blankenbaker Road near the Ohio River.  Ritchey and I love to visit Locust Grove – in addition to being open all year, special events are held – a spring garden show in May, a Jane Austen festival in July, an 18th Century Market Fair the last week in October and Christmas at Locust Grove in December.  I will share some photos we’ve taken.

Tea during the Christmas festivities.

George Rogers Clark was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, in 1752.  Within a few years his family moved to Caroline County, Virginia.  Parents John Clark and Ann Rogers had ten children, all born in Virginia:  Jonathan; George Rogers; Ann; John, Jr.; Richard; Edmund; Lucy; Elizabeth; William and Frances Eleanor.  Some of the general’s family moved to the Louisville area of Kentucky – including his parents.  His parents home, Mulberry Hill, was on the eastern outskirts of Louisville, on Beargrass Creek.  Of the six sons of John and Ann Clark, five served as commissioned officers and the youngest, William, was one-half of the Lewis and Clark duo whose famous expedition to the northwest was made 1804-1806.

Cooking Carolina rice and his Lordship’s beef – delicious together in a bowl – at the 18th Century Market Fair!

With bread and cheese we had quite a sumptuous meal!

George Rogers Clark was a surveyor and as early as 1772 made a trip down the Ohio River.  By 1776 he stayed in Kentucky and became the one to whom others in the state looked to for advice and leadership.  For a short time Clark was at Ford Harrod in Mercer County.

Ritchey talking about cannon and shot.

The general and I discussing his last visit to Washington City.

And jugglers!

In 1809 General Clark stumbled and fell at the fireplace and one of his legs was burned.  Erysipelas set in and his leg was amputated above the knee.  It was at this time that he came to live with his sister and brother-in-law at Locust Grove.  He lived an additional nine years, dying February 13, 1818.  Immediate survivors were his brother William, in St. Louis, and three sisters, Ann Gwathmey, Lucy Croghan and Fanny Fitzhugh.  He was buried in the Croghan family cemetery at Locust Grove.

General George Rogers Clark, November 9, 1752, died February 13, 1818.  Croghan Family Cemetery, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky.

In 1869, from a bequest from Isaac Clark, son of Jonathan, lots were procured in Cave Hill Cemetery, and many of the graves were moved to that location, including General Clark’s.

General George Rogers Clark’s burial spot at Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky.



Lincoln County Pioneer Families – Woods

Interior Journal, Stanford, Lincoln County, Kentucky

Tuesday, July 22, 1952

Lincoln County Pioneer Families

By H. W. Mills

Woods Family

The Woods family of Virginia and Kentucky descends from the immigrant, Michael Woods.  Of him, Rev. Edgar Woods, in his History of Albemarle County, Virginia, states (page 351):  ‘The first Woods who settled in Albemarle was Michael, who was born in the North of Ireland in 1684, and with his wife, Mary Campbell, and most of his children, came to this country sometime in the decade of 1720.  Landing on the banks of the Delaware, he spent some years in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, thence ascended the Valley of Virginia, and crossed the Blue Ridge by Woods’ Gap in 1734.  In 1737 he entered more than 1300 acres on Mechum’s River and Lickinghole, and the same day purchased 2000 acres patented two years before by Charles Hudson and situated on the head waters of Ivy Creek.  It is believed he was the first settler in western Albemarle, and perhaps anywhere along the east foot of the Blue Ridge in Virginia.  His home was near the mouth of Wood’s Gap.  He died in 1762 and was interred in the family burying ground about a hundred yards from the dwelling.  His tombstone was standing just after the Civil War, when it was broken to pieces and disappeared; but a fragment discovered a few years ago indicated the year of his birth.  His will is on record, in which are mentioned three sons and three daughters, Archibald, John, William, Sarah the wife of Joseph Lapsley of Rockbridge, Hannah, the wife of William Wallace, and Margaret, the wife of Andrew Wallace.’

(It is said that Michael Woods, the immigrant, was son of John Woods of Scotland, and his wife, Elizabeth Worsopp, the latter a descendant of Sir Adam Lohos, Archbishop of Ireland.  Tradition is that Mary Campbell, wife of Michael Woods, was of the Duke of Argyle line.)

Captain John Woods (son of Michael, the immigrant), was born February 19, 1712, and died October 14, 1791.  He married Susanna Anderson, daughter of Rev. James Anderson, whom he knew as a child in Pennsylvania.  Their children were as follows:

  1. Michael Woods, married Esther Carothers; removed from Albemarle County to Nelson County, Virginia; children: William M., Mary (married Hugh Barclay); Susan (married Nathaniel Massie); John, James and Samuel.
  2. James Woods (born 1748; died 1823), was an officer in the American Revolution. He married Mary Garland, daughter of James Garland of Albemarle County, and removed to Lincoln (now Garrard) County, Kentucky, where they reared a family of 12 children.
  3.  Susan Woods, married Daniel Miller, and removed to Kentucky.
  4. Mary Woods, married John Reid.
  5. Luty Woods (born February 29, 1752; died March 26, 1823, Garrard County, Kentucky) married on September 9, 1779, to Samuel Reid, born January 25, 1754; died November 26, 1835, in Garrard County, Kentucky. Their children:  1) Alexander; 2) Mary, 3) James; 4) Susanna; 5) John, born October 25, 1783, Hustonville, Kentucky, died there October 3, 1861; married April 10, 1810, Jane Murrell, born October 6, 1787; died September 15, 1850, daughter of Col. George Murrell, member of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1799 and Kentucky Senate, 1813, and had issue:  Amanda, James, George, Eliza, Sarah, Samuel, William and John.  John Murrell, born November 16, 1823; died March 13, 1895, married Elizabeth Ann Devonshire Hays, born November 26, 1830; died December 18, 1911, and had issue:  Frances, Dr. Hugh, James Campbell, Elizabeth and Mary.

(Authorities:  Woods’ History of Albemarle County, Virginia; Morton’s History of Rockbridge County, Virginia; family notes from a descendant in Kansas; records from Miss Esther Burch, Stanford, Kentucky.)

More on the Wood’s family in the coming days.

Archibald Woods, Sr. – Revolutionary War Veteran

The Richmond Climax, Madison County, Kentucky

Wednesday, January 3, 1900

Historic Ancestor

Archibald Woods, Sr., of Madison County, Kentucky

Archibald Woods, known in after life as “Senior,” to distinguish him from a son of that name, who was a prominent lawyer of Madison County, Kentucky, was the fourth son of Col. William Woods, of Virginia, and Susannah Wallace his wife.  He was born in what is now Albemarle County, Virginia, on the 27th of January 1749, and was married on the 5th of August 1773, to Miss Mourning Shelton, a daughter of William Shelton and Lucy Harris – Lucy Harris being the daughter of Major Robert Harris and Mourning Glenn; and Robert Harris, the son of William Harris and Temperance Overton.  William Harris was the only son of Robert Harris, an immigrant from Wales in 1651, who married a widow Rice (nee Claiborne).  Temperance Overton was the daughter of William Overton and Mary Waters, and William Overton was the son of Col. Overton, who commanded a brigade of Ironsides at Dunbar, under Cromwell.

In 1774, Archibald Woods, Sr., moved to Monroe County, Virginia, being then a resident of Montgomery County, Virginia.  He entered the military service of the United States, as Captain of Virginia militia and at once set out from what is now Monroe County, Virginia, under Col. Russell, on a march of 200 miles to the relief of Fort Watauga.  This expedition lasted about six weeks and the return march was hastened by an express bringing the intelligence that the Shawnee Indians had commenced hostilities.  On reaching home he found the people forted, and he was placed in command of the fort and local defenses until spring.  After this, except during intervals of inclement winter weather, he was almost constantly employed in the frontier defenses – first under Col. Samuel Lewis, then under Col. Andrew Donnelly, and lastly under Col. James Henderson, until after the surrender of Cornwallis in 1781.  He then surrendered his commission as Captain of Virginia militia to the Greenbriar County Court, and never saw it afterward.

He first came to Kentucky in December 1781.  He returned to Virginia in February 1782, and removed with his family to Estill Station, Madison County, Kentucky, in the fall of that year.  The next year, 1783, he made his first Kentucky crop on Pumpkin Run where he had contracted with Col. Estill for 400 acres of land, including a spring represented to be everlasting, but, the spring going dry that year, the contract with Col. Estill was cancelled, and in January 1784 he bought land on Dreaming Creek, a few miles north of the present site of Richmond, where he built Woods’ Fort and lived between 25 and 26 years.  The first land he bought in Madison County is described by him in a deposition as “1,000 acres of as good land as any in the Estill Station survey,” and the price paid for it was a rifle gun.

The original commission of Patrick Henry, Governor of Virginia, appointed him with nine others, “Gentlemen Justices of the Peace” for Madison County, Kentucky, to take effect August 1, 1785 – the natal day of that county – is still preserved in the possession of Judge William Chenault, of Richmond, Kentucky.  The same document also appoints the same persons “Gentlemen Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer,” with full jurisdiction to try and punish slaves for all penal and criminal offenses – including the infliction of capital punishment.

He was still a magistrate in 1798 and as such voted for the removal of the county seat from the Old Town, or Millford, and presided at the court that established and named the town of Richmond, making it the county seat and became one of its first Trustees.  He was appointed sheriff of Madison County, May 4, 1801.

After a long litigation and possession of a quarter of a century, he was finally evicted of his home and land on Dreaming Creek in a suit brought by one Patrick, and being disgusted with the land-laws of Kentucky that in the afternoon of his life, took from him his home and the bulk of his estate, on a mere technicality, he moved with his family in the fall of 1809 to Williamson County, on Beans Creek, middle Tennessee.  In that state his wife, Mourning Woods, died September 7, 1817, aged 61 years and 8 months.  On January 30, 1818, he married Dorcas Henderson and lived for a time in Franklin County, Tennessee.  This marriage proved a very unhappy one, and a separation having occurred, he returned to Madison County, Kentucky, in 1820.  In January 1833, being then a feeble old man of 84 years, and well-nigh stripped of his property, he filed an application at Washington for a pension for military service in the war of Independence, and was promptly granted a pension of $480 per annum, to date from March 4, 1831.  But for the affidavits of himself and witnesses then living, in this application, and the pension, no documentary proof could now be had of his military service except the Virginia military land warrant.  He died December 13, 1836, aged 87 years, 10 months and 17 days, at the residence of his son, Archibald Woods, Jr., Fort Estill, Madison County, Kentucky.  Archibald Woods, Sr., was a fine specimen of the old Virginia gentleman.  He maintained his carriages, horses and driver up to his death.  He was a man of marked intelligence, great personal pride and dignity.  The hospitality of his home was proverbial and his life public and private, was pitched on the highest ideals of manhood and patriotism.

Archibald Woods, born January 29, 1749, died December 17, 1836.  Richmond Cemetery, Madison County, Kentucky.

William Malcolm Miller Obituary

William Malcolm Miller, born February 16, 1810, died July 26, 1889.  Mary Jane Patterson, wife of William M. Miller, born February 13, 1824, died April 19, 1876.  Richmond Cemetery, Madison County, Kentucky.

from The Richmond Climax, Madison County, Kentucky

Wednesday, July 31, 1889

William Malcom Miller died in Madison County, Kentucky, at 4 o’clock on Friday morning, July 26th, 1889, of flux.  He had been sick only a few days and his death was unexpected until a few hours before it happened.  The funeral was preached at Mr. Zion Christian Church, on Saturday afternoon by Professor Hagerman and Elder Reynolds, and the remains were deposited in the family lot in Richmond Cemetery.

William Malcolm Miller was born February 16th, 1810, in Madison County, and never resided elsewhere.  He was a prominent man of considerable property and once represented the county in the Legislature.  He was twice married and reared a large family.  Among his children were County Judge William C. Miller, and Leslie Miller, both deceased, John C. and M. M. Miller and Mrs. Samuel Lackey.  Considering the long and useful career of deceased, he had more friends and fewer enemies than most men.

The father of deceased was William Miller, born in Virginia in 1776, died in Kentucky in 1841, and his mother was Hannah Lackey, born in 1783, died in 1814.

The grandfather of William Malcolm Miller was John Miller, born in Albemarle County, Virginia, 1750, married Jane Delaney, 1774, removed to Kentucky in 1784 and erected the first house, not far from the big spring down on what is now Main Street in Richmond.  He was a Captain in the Continental army, was with Washington at Yorktown in 1781, was one of the first three delegates sent from Kentucky County to the Virginia Legislature, and was one of the first representatives from Madison County in the Legislature of Kentucky.  He died in 1808, and his wife in 1844, aged 93 years.

Captain Darwin Bell Biography

from Kentucky – A History of the State, Perrin, 1884

Christian County

Captain Darwin Bell

Among the many hospitable and genial men of Christian County, there are none to be found more companionable that the gentleman whose name appears at the head of this sketch.  He was born, January 1, 1828, in the first house reared in Christian county, Kentucky, where James Davis made his pioneer settlement.  His father, Dr. John F. Bell, was born in Orange County, Virginia, in 1796; removed to Christian County, Kentucky, in 1810, where he died in 1878; he was a prominent physician of extensive information, and in his life amassed a fine property.  Dr. John F. Bell was the son of Captain John Bell, a Revolutionary soldier of Orange County, Virginia, who died in 1805, at the age of sixty-eight years.  Captain John was the son of William Bell, of Orange County, where he died.  William was the son of John Bell, who emigrated from Ireland in an early day.  Subject’s mother, Catherine B. Bocock, daughter of Douglas and Mildred Bocock, of Albemarle County, Virginia, was born in 1805, and died in Christian County, Kentucky, in 1838.  To her and her husband, Dr. John F. Bell, were born:  Elizabeth M., John H., subject, Evelina M. (Quarles), Fannie S. (Henry), Cincinnatus D., Catherine B. and Mary A. (Henry).  Subject was married, December 28, 1857, to Miss Mary W., daughter of Charles H. Meriwether, of Albemarle County, Virginia, and to them have been born:  Catherine E. (Manson), Gilmer M., Margaret (Williams) and John F.  Captain Bell’s educational advantages were of the best that the county afforded, and he has continued his habits as a student, having a fine and extensive library, until he is regarded by others as one of the best posted men in southern Kentucky.  At the age of eighteen years, in 1847, Mr. Bell enlisted in Company A., Texas Rangers, Chevallier’s Battalion, at San Antonio, and entered General Taylor’s army, and remained in service until July, 1848, when he was mustered out at Camargo, Mexico.  In 1861 he entered, as Lieutenant, Company A., 1st Kentucky Cavalry, and was soon promoted to the rank of Captain, which position he held until the end of the late war.

John Lambert Pension Application

from Pioneer History of Washington County, Kentucky, by Baylor

John Lambert, S 16443, S.C. State of Kentucky, Mercer County, June 9, 1832

The above soldier a resident of Washington County, Kentucky, age 72 and would be 73 in February next, born in Albemarle County, Virginia, and resided in the county of Bedford in the same state when the war was commenced, called into service in the month of April 1781 volunteered in Captain Clemons Company of Nose Wards (?) battalion and marched to Salisburg on my way to 96 in South Carolina, one tour of three months, and upon reaching Salisburg I was detached and joined the company of Captain Jeremiah Pate and marched on to 96 and joined General Gree’s army and finding that we could not take 96 we marched back to Broad River from which place my company returned home at the expiration of my term and I was discharged on the 1st of August 1781.  I volunteered in Captain Charles Calloway’s Company in Colonel William Campbell’s regiment, commanded at the time by Major Arthur Campbell.  The colonel being sick we marched to Little York against Lord Cornwallis and aided in his capture.  I was present at the surrender of Cornwallis October 1781.

I do not know of any person by whom I can prove this last tour, I further state that besides Mr. Joshua Richardson and Richard Bunch, who was with me, I am acquainted with Caleb Sims and William Kelly who are my neighbors and who can testify as to my character as a man of veracity.  I also relinquish all claim to a pension or annuity except the present.

Joshua Richardson and Richard Bunch made affidavit that said John Lambert is the identical man that with whom they marched in April 1781 as a soldier in Captain Clemons Company of the Virginia militia of Major Ward’s Battalion in North Carolina, and from thence to the siege of 96 which later fact is well known to said Joshua Richardson who accompanied the said Lambert and returned home with him at the expiration of his tour of the three months to the said Richard Bunch knows that he was a soldier as far as Salisbury at which place he was detached and he also knows that said Lambert did not return until the expiration of his time.  The other tour of three months at the capture of Lord Cornwallis.  We were not with him, but we have often heard Mr. Lambert speak of it not long afterwards and of his having performed that tour, many years ago, so we have no doubt as he is a man of the truth and reputed to have been a soldier.





The Garnett Family Biography

from Perrin’s County of Christian, Kentucky, Historical and Biographical, 1884

The Garnett Family

To mark the progress in the history of Christian County during the last three-quarters of a century, one need only compare the condition of the country at the present time, with its flourishing villages and growing cities; its farms with their waving crops, their blooming orchards, groves and hedges, and substantial dwellings; its system of schools; its railroads and its net-work of telegraphic wires, to its condition over seventy-five years ago, when its soil was unbroken by the hand of industry, and the stillness of its forests was undisturbed, save by the noise of the hunter’s tread, and the crack of the Indian’s rifle.  It was at this early day that James Garnett, a native of Virginia and of English parentage, a prominent farmer, and at the head of the Garnett family, in 1821 came to Kentucky and settled in Pembroke Precinct, where, after passing through the different phases of a pioneer’s life, he died, leaving a large family.

Eldred Brockman Garnett, son of James Garnett, was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, on the 10th of May, 1813.  He came to this county with his parents when he was eight years of age; he spent his early life at home, assisting to till the farm, and receiving such an education as could be obtained from the subscription schools of the period.  Arriving at his majority, he embarked on his career in life as a farmer, and become one of the most substantial agriculturists of the county.  Of busy men, he became about the busiest, not for a greed of gain, but because he had an instinct of activity and a fondness for business.  He was the owner of about 500 acres of land in the county; he died July 18, 1870; was a member of the Baptist Church and bore a name and reputation which is an honor to his descendants; he was married, September 23, 1834, to Miss Frances A., daughter of John and Fanny J. (Thompson) Pendleton, early settlers of Christian County.  Mrs. Garnett is a native of Orange County, Virginia, born January 30, 1810; her early education was received under the preceptorship of her father, but, developing an early taste for reading, and having access to a good library, she acquired a good education.  She has led a useful life, and though now over seventy years of age, she still retains a vigorous mind, and is an constant a reader as in her younger days.  She is now residing with her son, W. W. Garnett, enjoying the fruits of a well-spent life.  She is the mother of the following children:  Helen L., wife of Rev. R. W. Morehead; Virgil A., William W., John P., and James B.

Helen L. was born in Christian County, Kentucky, July 31, 1835.  She attended first the common schools of the neighborhood, and was a favorite with the teachers on account of her easy and rapid progress.  When about fifteen years of age she attended for one or more terms the high school at Hopkinsville, Kentucky.  After this she attended the Female College at Clarksville, Tennessee, where she completed her education.  About this time she united with the Baptist Church at Bethel.  She was fond of reading, and after completing her education took a thorough course in general literature.  She was married to Rev. R. W. Morehead February 5, 1863.  This marriage was blessed with five children:  Robert W., died in infancy; Clarence G., born May 10, 1865; John P., died in infancy; Charles S., born June 16, 1869, and Fanny G., born December 18, 1871.  She now resides in Princeton, Caldwell County, Kentucky, where her husband is the pastor of two churches – New Bethel and Harmony.

Professor Virgil A. Garnett was born in Christian County, Kentucky, February 10, 1837.  His educational advantages were afforded by the private schools in the neighborhood; under the instruction of Richard Durrett, a prominent teacher of the county (who taught in one place for over forty-five years), and Bethel College, Russellville, Kentucky.  He entered this institution in 1854 and graduated June 17, 1858, with the degree of A.B., and afterward that of A.M.  On the 8th of October, 1861, he enlisted in Company H, First Kentucky Cavalry, under the command of Col. Ben Hardin Helm and Captain H. C. Leavell; he was captured and held a prisoner of war at Louisville for three weeks; he received an honorable discharge from the service in 1863; since the war he has spent a portion of his time teaching school, and has been a teacher of the Pembroke schools since January, 1881.  He has also been engaged in farming, and is the owner of the homestead farm of his father, which is located three miles south of Pembroke.  He was married, October 8, 1872, to Miss Maggie, daughter of George O. Thompson, of Hopkinsville; he became a member of the order A.F. and A.M., Gasper River Lodge, No. 391, in 1861, and of the Pembroke Lodge, No. 288, in 1865.  He was a member of the Royal Arch Chapter, No. 75, of Fairview and of Clarksville Council, No. 4, and is now a member of the Moore Commandry, No. 6, Knights Templar of Hopkinsville.  In religion he is a Baptist and in politics a Democrat.

William Warfield Garnett, a prominent merchant, of the firm of W. W. and J. P. Garnett, Pembroke, Kentucky; was born in Christian County, Kentucky, November 9, 1838.  He was educated in the common schools of the neighborhood, and at Bethel College, Russellville, Kentucky.  At fourteen years of age he engaged as a clerk in a store for Faulkner and Slaughter, of Pembroke, and remained thus engaged, thought for different firms, until the spring of 1860, when he engaged in the mercantile business on his own account in the firm of W. H. Pendleton and Co., which was successfully carried on until the war, when it met with heavy losses and the firm was dissolved.  In 1861 he enlisted in Company H, First Kentucky Cavalry, under command of Col. Helm, and was honorably discharged from the service in 1862.  In 1866 he resumed business under the present name of the firm, and it has since continued to proper, and is now one of the solid firms of the county and carries a large and complete stock of general merchandise.  In connection with the mercantile business the partners own a farm of 200 acres in Pembroke district, which they carry on.  Mr. Garnett was married, Mary 3, 1870, to Miss Sally Bailey, a native of Todd County, and a daughter of Thomas G. and Amanda (Small) Bailey.  This union has been blessed with one child:  Fanny Bailey Garnett, born November 30, 1871.  Mr. Garnett and wife are members of the Baptist Church.  He was one of the original projectors, and assisted in the organization of the City Bank, Hopkinsville, Kentucky, in 1879; he was elected on the first Board of directors, and has been re-elected every year since that time.

John P. Garnett is a native of Christian County, Kentucky, and was born January 16, 1841.  He spent his early life at home on the farm, and received his education in the common schools, supplemented by a course at Bethel College; he remained at home engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1866, when he engaged in his present business in partnership with his brother.  He was married, on the 29th of October, 1872, to Miss Rosa, daughter of Drurey and Elizabeth (Mosley) Lacey, a native of Christian County.  They have three children:  Mary A., Sally W., and Anna L.  Mr. Garnett is a Democrat in politics, and with his wife unites with the Bethel Baptist Church; he was Postmaster of Pembroke from 1866 until January 1, 1884, when his increasing business in the store compelled him to resign; he is of a literary turn, and since the age of sixteen has been a regular contributor to many of the newspapers and magazines of the country, both in prose and verse.

James B. Garnett, Commonwealth Attorney, Cadiz, Trigg County, Kentucky, was born in Christian County, Kentucky, July 28, 1845; his early life was spent on the farm, and he there received the benefit of common schools; he afterward attended the Cumberland University at Lebanon, Tennessee, and graduated from the law department of that institution in 1867.  He then located at Cadiz, Kentucky, and engaged in the practice of his profession, and has served the people in the following offices:  County Attorney for one term; County School Commissioner for two years; State Senator, representing the counties of Trigg, Calloway and Livingston, and in 1880 was elected Commonwealth Attorney of the Sixth Judicial District for a term of six years.  He married Miss Virginia Hewett, a native of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, who died with her child one year after her marriage.