Tag Archives: cholera

Graham Springs – Famous Waters Bring Many To Mercer County

Who knew Harrodsburg had the reputation of one of the best mineral springs anywhere around?  Graham Springs and its hotel saw many of important and famous people visit both before the Civil War and after the turn of the 20th century.  It is said its guest registers hold the names of everyone who visited; and one was used in a murder trial in the 1850’s to locate the whereabouts of certain witnesses at the time of the murder.  You guessed it – they were at the Graham Springs Hotel.

Begun in 1820, a large hotel was built in 1843.  In 1853 the property was sold to the US government, and burned in 1865.  In 1911 the idea of the Graham Springs Hotel was reborn with another building, and continued through 1932 when the property was purchased by Glave Goddard.  In 1946 it was decided to build the James B. Haggin Hospital on the site of the Grahm Springs Hotel.

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Sunday, November 17, 1929

Autumn At Graham Springs

To the Editor of The Courier-Journal

Graham Springs Hotel stands upon a beautiful wooded hilltop overlooking the historic town of Harrodsburg, itself one of the oldest and most famous resort hotels in the South.

Twenty-five acres of almost virgin forestry surround it, in unusual beauty of location, its site superb, and its outlook majestic.  As the changing seasons come and go in Kentucky, they write a progressive record of the sylvan beauty upon these woods that thrill an observer with the sheer loveliness of it.  The bluegrass has a marvelous power of resurrection which no amount of scorching in summer drouths can destroy, and late rains of the fall season have laid an aftermath of tender green upon the sunlit slopes in Graham Springs woods.  Upon walnut trees of unusual size and symmetry dark clumps of mistletoe hang in profusion, their waxen berries turning to pearl in a setting of shimmering dark green leaves.  It is no wonder that the Druids worshipped the mistletoe, with its suggestion of everlasting life!  From oak and elm and walnut trees, brilliant autumn colors are flaunted in the face of on-coming winter, with a brave abandon.  As one by one, scarlet, gold and russet-brown leaves float softly to earth, in the still sunlight, a sense of peace and restfulness falls like soothing balm upon the spirit of anyone who may walk there.

In 1820, Dr. C. C. Graham erected a classic building resembling an old world castle upon these grounds, close to the famous Graham0 Springs, whose marvelous curative waters still attract people in search of health and pleasure.  It does not need a page from the United States Dispensary, which states that, ‘Graham Springs and Saratoga are the only saline waters of true worth to be found in America,’ to convince one who has tasted it.  Many have declared it equal to the waters at Baden-Baden.  Kentucky has an asset in this mineral water which she cannot afford to overlook, and progress will surely present it to the world in the fullest measure.  In 1865, that year of the War Between the States anguish, the old hotel was burned.  Its romantic memories, its charm and prestige, however, which are things of spiritual permanence, still cling about the place.

It was in Harrodsburg that George Rogers Clark planned his famous army for the conquest of the Northwest, in commemoration of which event, Old Fort Harrod has been made a State park.  It was within the hotel grounds that a beautiful pageant, representing the early history of Kentucky, was given in celebration of the centennial anniversary of the founding of Harrodsburg, several years ago.  A priceless old record book of Graham Springs Hotel shows names of men famous in the making of America.  Henry Clay was a frequent guest and left his name upon its register.  Pages might be printed of other famous signatures found there.

Old Dr. Graham himself, with his snow-white beard and princely bearing, was a conspicuous figure in the annals of Kentucky, not only leaving a record of his fame at Graham Springs, but at old Transylvania University at Lexington, where he received his education.  Dr. Ephraim McDowell at Danville, and Dr. C. C. Graham at Harrodsburg were men who measured up to the highest standards in the world’s medical records.  The wise old doctor saw to it that his guests had a full measure of exercise and pleasure as well as curative waters to tone up the human system.  A series of dances were inaugurated at Graham Springs before the War Between the States, which became famous for their brilliancy and aristocratic patronage.  The musicians were colored slaves of Dr. Graham, highly trained and gaily liveried.  The singing of ‘spirituals’ before an audience began, in the old South, upon these occasions.

The grave of the unknown girl who died of a heart attack at one of the balls given at Graham Springs.  Her grave is well-tended today.

To this day the weekly dances at Graham Springs are social events of importance in Kentucky, during the season.  Perhaps a mention of the ante-bellum balls may not be complete without reference to the beautiful ‘Unknown’ who danced so gaily and so long at one of them, that she died of a heart attack on the same summer night.  Her grave, marked first by Dr. Graham, and afterward by the City of Harrodsburg, is shown to tourists who never fail to respond to the pathetic appeal of her story.

Mrs. James Harrod, widow of the hardy old pioneer who founded Harrodsburg, lived to a very old age, and was an honored guest at Graham Springs on the first anniversary celebration held there.

Nancy Lewis Greene, Harrodsburg, Kentucky

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Thursday, January 1, 1942

Where Southern Gentry Met to Freshen, Fatten and Flirt

This article of 1942 talks about the many ‘watering places’ or mineral springs located in Kentucky, and used before the advent of the Civil War.  It is said physicians strongly recommended taking the waters and were advertised as being ‘especially beneficial to persons suffering from diseases of the stomach, live and kidneys, as well as from asthma, gout, dyspepsia, rheumatism, bilious disorders, neuralgia, autumnal fevers and general debility.’  I believe that takes in almost anyone!

In 1803 John Kennedy’s stagecoach lines helped bring patrons from the city to the country where they might take the waters.

At Olympian Springs, in Bath County it was said ‘there was much flirting, sometimes by ‘married charmers, thirsting for universal dominion.’  Disputes between the ladies often involved ‘pillows, bolsters, fingernails and the poignant sarcasm of the tongue,’ and, at time, the dueling pistols of sensitive gentlemen could be heard in a nearby woodland settling ‘affairs of honor.’

‘Dr. Christopher Columbus Graham, veteran of the War of 1812 and “for many years the champion off-hand rifle shot of the world,” purchased the Greenville Springs in 1827, and the following year bought the “Harrodsburg or Sutton Springs” from his father-in-law, Captain David Sutton, for $10,000.  Dr. Graham then combined these two watering places under the name of Harrodsburg or Graham’s Springs.

‘A guest, viewing the Springs in retrospect, said of them: “The walk to the spring before breakfast was very fashionable, a long board-walk covered with tan-bark and shaded with locust trees, their branches meeting and arching overhead the whole distance.  The belles and beaux walked up and down the long portico of the hotel in what seemed to me a fair procession.  The ladies with their beautiful elaborately dressed hair in the New Orleans fashion, as from there we got the styles, and their organdy muslins, which were not then to be bought outside of New Orleans.  The envy of all were the exquisite wide embroidered collars and cuffs worn by the Southern belles.  A score of Creole beauties, prim and particular in their lovely, fleecy, muslin dresses were always present.  The ballroom at night was a scene of enchantment; old Dr. Graham, the proprietor, was the master of ceremonies and the life of the party.”’

It was said that during the summer months of 1833, when the Asiatic cholera was rampant in Kentucky, many came to the springs for healing.  ‘Dr. Graham, at Harrodsburg, announced: “These Springs are perfectly free from the cholera and they never have been otherwise,” and “the many who visited the Springs, from the various cholera districts, with the disease upon them, have all quickly recovered.”’

‘By the middle ‘40’s the watering places of the state were in their heyday.  To keep abreast of the times, Dr. Christopher Graham of Harrodsburg Springs erected an elegant and commodious hotel during the late fall of 1842 and winter of 1843.  This splendid building, costing $30,000, was acclaimed by many to the “the finest edifice in the West.”’

And this July 19, 1851, note in The Courier-Journal gives a rousing description of the dance in the Graham Springs Hotel ball room.  ‘Returning from the ball room, brilliantly illuminated by the sparkling eyes, rivaling the stars in their dazzling brilliancy, methought, if in the cool evening zephyrs that continually fanned my brown, (such were a possibility) to collect, my thoughts scattered in the whirling waltz, to the northern extremity of my brain.  Truly the poet says there’s a “magical influence in the wafted breeze;” but I am afraid (like the charming coquette) she has her favorites, for in spite of all my efforts, my thoughts continue to revert to the ball room!  What a potent charm there is in the dance, and how delightfully sounds the music!’

This popularity of ‘taking the waters’ continued into the early 1850’s.  in 1853 Dr. Graham sold the Springs to the United States Government and it was turned into a military asylum for old and disabled soldiers.

In 1856 the main building burned.  And during the Civil War the buildings that remained were used as a hospital.  After the Battle of Perryville on October 8, 1862, in Boyle County, the ballroom was used as an operating room.

But the Springs did revive in the early days of the 20th century.

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Friday, April 21, 1911

It will be pleasant news to the people of Central Kentucky to learn that the far-famed historical old Graham Springs will be opened as a select summer resort the coming season.  The Cassell mansion, one of the most elegant brick buildings in the Blue Grass has been converted into a choice hotel.  Old fashioned cooking will be provided and food in abundance will be supplied.  The water that pours from Old Graham Springs is the finest in the world and it is a wonder that somebody has not long ago erected a hotel there sufficient to accommodate five hundred guests.  The property is now owned by Mr. Ben C. Allin and Editor T. Sanders Orr has charge of the publicity department.  The water from these springs should be bottled and shipped throughout the country.  Reasonable rates will be made.  Many Danville people will doubtless take advantage of the fine accommodations and benefit themselves by drinking the pure water that made Harrodsburg famous sixty years ago.

This 1923 advertisement for the Graham Springs Hotel touts its ‘tennis, croquet and shady grounds, is located on a high eminence with splendid views and amid beautiful scenery.’  Perhaps this was the first of what today is known as farm-to-table – ‘its table is supplied with the best of foods, old-fashioned cooking, chicken dinners, including pure Jersey milk from our own herd, fresh vegetables and fruit from our own gardens.’

It is also a tourist manual, giving ideas for outings in the surrounding country – ‘beautiful and full of historic interest.  The roads are ideal for riding, driving and motoring and short excursions may be made to the site of the old fort, to Daniel Boone’s Cave, High Bridge, Shakertown, Perryville Battlefield and other points of interest.’

This photo was taken during those early days of the 20th century.

This is what the area looks like today.

Hugh McElroy’s Diary

Hugh McElroy, born September 19, 1795, died February 8, 1877.  Susan Frances, wife of Hugh McElroy, born December 29, 1807, died June 22, 1844.  ‘She had a smile for the joyous, an ear of sympathy for ill, and in act of kindness for all within her reach.’  Cemetery Hill, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky.

If only all ancestors left diaries with the everyday happenings and the history they remember about their ancestors!

Pioneer History of Washington County, Kentucky, by Orval W. Baylor and Others, from newspaper articles

Hugh McElroy’s Diary

January 1, 1870.  This day I have read a long account of my grandfather, Anthony Hundley, and his family in the Christian Observer of December 22, 1869.  They moved from Charlotte County, Virginia, to this country in the year 1793, seventy years ago.  He settled on Pleasant Run near Sandusky’s Station.  The Indians were very troublesome on the road which they traveled.  They traveled with a large number of emigrants, as alone was very dangerous.  There was not a human habitation except a fort at Laurel River beyond the Cumberland Mountains and between Beams station at Crab Orchard in Kentucky.  Indian deprivations along the line were frequent.  On the route they saw the newly made graves of a large number of persons who had been massacred at night while encamped after a day’s journey.  My mother, then a young lady, and seventeen, was one of the company.  About the same time, my grandfather, Hugh McElroy, moved from Pennsylvania to this place and built the first brick house in the county.  Many of the bricks are now in this house I now live in, between the weatherboards and plastering.  My father helped to make them before I was born.  He married my mother in 1794 and I was born in 1795, 74 years ago.

June 30, 1873.  Sixty years the 20th of next November I came to this town (Springfield) to live, as a store boy with Mr. Elias Davison.  I lived with him six years.  I commenced my fourth year with him before I lost my first whole day.  My salary the first year was $50, the last year $100.  This has been a very wet, rainy Sabbath day and the first time I have been detained from Sunday School this year.

Deaths, 1873.  Ben E. Montgomery died last October, age 80 years.  Judge Booker on May 11th, age 87 years.  May York Sandusky on May 21st, age 80 years.  All these were neighbors.  Old Mrs. Briles died on the 9th June, age 97.

November 1, 1874.  Died this day, cousin William McElroy, 99.  July 18th Mr. Charles Powell died, age 83, and Presley Briles, age 74.

This day, September 19, 1873, I am 78 years old, have lived in Springfield 60 years, have been a school teacher over 40 years and superintendent over schools 20 years.  The cholera has been bad in several counties.  Lebanon and Marion County has suffered much, 84 deaths, most in the county.  Our town has escaped and very few cases in the county.  The Yellow Fever is very bad in the towns south, particularly in Memphis and Shreveport.

In October 1871, while at Louisville, I met an old uncle, Joel Hundley, which I had not seen for 20 years, he had come to Louisville to see his sister, Aunt Jane Thomas.  Courier Journal describes the meeting as follows:  A Romantic Meeting.  Mr. Joel Hundley and Mrs. Jane Thomas, as brother and sister, met in this city at the house of John H. Thomas, son of the venerable lady on Saturday last, after an absence of 54 years.  Mrs. Thomas was born in Virginia at the Charlotte Courthouse, in 1793, he was born in 1791, making her 78 years old and him 80.  She arrived here from her residence in Litchfield, Kentucky, and he, being informed of the fact, started from his home in Mt. Washington, after a late breakfast, and walked to Louisville, a distance of 21 miles to see her.  The meeting of so long a separation was a happy one.  His walk is remarkable, considering his advanced age, but it is not the first long tramp he has taken.  In olden times, before steam boats and railroads were known, and when flat boats were the only means of transportation down the river, he often made the trip from New Orleans to Kentucky on foot.  Mrs. Thomas is the mother of O. W. and J. H. Thomas.  Mr. Hundley is the father of Doctor Hundley.

September 19, 1874.  This day is my birthday, 79 years old.  How thankful I ought to be.  I never had better health in my life and have no pains in my limbs, yet I cannot walk without help, owing to my getting crippled ten years since.  I ride to my counting room in town every day and have missed but one or two days from Sunday School this year.

Richard and Mary ‘Polly’ Duerson

IMG_1700_1Richard Duerson, July 29, 1790 – October 2, 1855.  Polly Duerson, September 18, 1809 – July 28, 1902.  Winchester Cemetery, Clark County, Kentucky.

This blog started with just the one photo of the gravestone of Richard and Polly Duerson, taken in Winchester City Cemetery in Clark County, Kentucky.  But, of course, that is only the beginning.  There were no other stones that I photographed with this last name.  The hunt was on!

1850 2In the 1850 census of Clark County Richard Duerson is listed as 59 years of age, born in Virginia; Polly, 40, born in Kentucky; along with the following children – Henry, 17; Eldred, 14; Maria, 13; Charles, 11; Mildred, 9; Catherine, 7; Lucy, 4; Richard, 2.  1850 is usually where I start in the census records – it’s the first that names all individuals living in the household.  In the 1850 Slave Schedule for Clark County Richard Duerson is listed as owning 12 individuals – 8 females and 4 males that range in age from less than a year to 57 years of age.

Let’s back up to 1830.  In that census 10 individuals are living in the household – one male 30-39 – that would be Richard; one male 20-29.  Since Richard and Polly married December 23, 1823, there would be no children of that age – unless Richard was previously married and had a son (he was more than 10 years older than Polly).  It could also be a younger brother of either of the couple.  One female 20-29 – that would be Polly; and three females under the age of 5 – three daughters!  There are 2 black males less than ten, a male 55-99 and one female 24-35.  It is quite possible those three young daughters were married and in homes of their own by the 1850 census twenty years later, or more likely, since the 1910 census tells us Polly had 13 children and only 7 were alive at that time, these three young daughters died before 1850.  Of course, they may have married and died during childbirth.

deaht 1This very tiny photo says that Richard Duerson, 63, farmer, no parents listed (although in a Clark County newspaper I found that Jack and Mary Bush Duerson were named as his parents), died September 30, of diarrhea.  Cholera was listed but marked out.  I’m not sure why.  Eight other individuals listed on that page died of cholera.  Of the 82 deaths in Clark County in 1855, 13 were caused by cholera – 16%.

Gaitskill 1 2Polly was left a widow at the age of 46 – much like her mother, Ann Gaitskill, who was left a widow in 1812.  Ann was appointed guardian to ‘Susan, Sally, Nancy, Betsy, Emily, Polly and Mariah Gaitskill, orphans of Henry Gaitskill, deceased, whereupon she, together with James Stewart and Thomas Wright her securities, entered into and acknowledged their bond in the penalty of $10,000 conditioned according to law.’  Seven young daughters!  Could their father have been killed during the War of 1812?  This may also explain why Polly Gaitskill married at such a young age!

It was so exciting to find so many court/probate records for this family after the father’s death.  The first is a list of ‘articles promised and set apart for the use and benefit of the widow and infant children of Richard Duerson, deceased’.

admin 23 1Some of the items listed are two horses and gear, one plow and gear, two cows and calf, two beds, bedding and furniture; one loom and spinning wheel and card.  One pot and one oven, no stove on premises, six plates, six cups and saucers, one coffee pot and tea pot (thank heavens for that!  couldn’t be without tea!).  One half dozen knives and forks, one table, family Bible.  One saddle and appendages and bridle.  Six chairs, all the poultry on the farm, ten head of sheep, wheat, one two year old heifer for beef.  This was written October 18, 1855 – less than two weeks after Richard’s death.

Notice the children are listed as ‘infant children’.  I believe this would be any child under the age of twenty-one.  The children’s actual ages are Henry, at age 22 in 1855, down to Richard, aged 7.

admin 79 1The next interesting find was a map of Richard Duerson’s land showing the allotment of dower – Mary is now listed with her christian name rather than nickname – I suppose since she is head of household that raises her in the eyes of the public!  Notice the map shows where the ‘Mansion house’ was on the 254 acres of land.  There are several named roads on the map – Mt. Sterling Road, Winchester and Mt. Sterling Turnpike, Red Rive Ironworks Road – and a railroad, the Lexington and Big Sandy.  Mary also owns 38 acres of land next to the railroad.  In addition to all this information, the people living adjacent to her property are listed!  John Weaver, Thomas Hart, Philip B. Winn, John W. Redmon and a Mr. Kelly are her neighbors!

admin 80Another tract of land.

admin 81 2The division of slaves gives Mary Duerson the following – Austin, aged 35; Sarah, aged 14; Patsey, aged 9; and Delpha, aged 63.  We will return to this in 1870!

guardian 507 2Each of the children except Henry had guardians that looked after the portion of the estate given to their wards.  The above is one piece of information from April 4, 1857, for Maria.  Eldred and Catherine were wards of William Henry Duerson, probably their uncle.  Maria and Charles were wards of J. N. Winn, a neighbor.  Mildred was the ward of H. G. Poston; and Lucy and Richard were wards of William Halley Smith.

1860 2In the 1860 census Mary is listed with five of her children, each of which have their portion of their father’s estate listed.  Maria and Charles were probably married at this point.  Maria married a Mr. Bean and Charles became a doctor.

1870 2In 1870, the first census after the Civil War, it is interesting to note that Henry is back home, living with his mother; the other children all married and in homes of their own.  But the most important piece of information is Sarah and Bush Hall and their children that live with Mary Duerson.  Bush is a farm laborer and Sarah is a domestic servant.  Remember the young slave, Sarah, who was part of Mary’s dower?  I believe this to be the same woman, now employed rather than a slave.

In 1880 Mary Duerson is living alone, but in the 1900 census she is a boarder with Olivia Sewell.  Mary is listed as born in 1809, aged 90, a widow, gave birth to 13 children, 7 living, both parents born in Virginia.  Mary died two years later.

from The Winchester Democrat, Clark County, Kentucky

Tuesday, July 29, 1902

 Death of Mrs. Duerson

Mrs. Mary Gaitskill Duerson died yesterday morning of the decay incident to old age, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Maria Bean, on College Street, in the ninety-fourth year of her age. The remains will be buried this afternoon in the Winchester cemetery, services at the grave by Rev. J. J. Gilbert.

She was a native of this county, and before her marriage was Miss Gaitskill. Her husband, Richard Duerson, died in 1874.

She leaves three sons, Dr. Chas. Duerson, of Mt. Sterling, Henry and Eldred Duerson, of this city; also four daughters, Mrs. Maria Bean, Mrs. W. D. [Mildred] Thomson and Mrs. Chas. E. [Lucy] Stuart, of this city and Mrs. Kate Hieronymus of Mt. Sterling. She was perhaps the oldest white person in the city and was highly respected by all who knew her.




Today In Genealogy History – August 22

William Peter Montgomery died 103 years ago – August 22, 1910 – in Washington County, Kentucky.  William was the son of William Peter Montgomery and Mary Polly Yates, born August 7, 1833, six weeks after his father died of cholera.  William married Martha Ann Carrico December 30, 1862.  They had 10 children:  John Thomas, Robert E. Lee, Anna Laura, William Edward, Mary C., Samuel Howard, Louise Mary “Lilly”, Charles Hampton, Frances B. and Sarah Isabelle Montgomery.

Washington County, Kentucky – Vital Statistics – Deaths – 1852-1860

Vital Statistics – Deaths – 1852-1860

Washington County, Kentucky

  • Lydia Moberly, age 3, female, single, resided and born Washington County, died August 17, 1852, cause not given, daughter of Edward F. and D. Moberly.
  • William H. Moberly, age 5, male, single, resided Washington County, born Madison County, died September 15, 1853, of scarlet fever, son of Samuel J. and Nancy Moberly.
  • Dorothy Mobley, age 45, female, died November 1, 1857, of consumption, daughter of Nancy Ross.
  • Mobley, not named, age 1 month, female, resided and born Washington County, died June 20, 1858, cause not given, daughter of S. and Jane Mobley.
  • Elizabeth Mock, age 1, female, died July 11, 1856, of flux, daughter of Daniel and Susan Mock.
  • Kitty Monarch, age 60, female, died October 15, 1857, cause unknown, parents unknown.
  • Eliza E. Monroe, age 2, female, single, resided and born Washington County, died July 16, 1853 of scarlet fever, daughter of Harrison and Besheba Monroe.
  • Ann Montgomery, age 70, female, married, farmer’s wife, resided, born and died near St. Catherine, August 19, 1858, of rheumatism, remarks:  “she was crippled”.
  • D. Montgomery, age 5, female, died August 1856 of flux, daughter of D. M. Scott.
  • D. Montgomery, age 70, female, died August 10, 1857, of flux, daughter of John and Nancy Maloney.
  • Jacob Montgomery, age 3, male, single, resided and born Washington County, died May 20, 1855, of hives, son of E. and E. Montgomery.
  • John W. Montgomery, age 2, male, died March 14, 1856, burnt, son of William Armstrong.
  • Lucy Montgomery, age 70, female, died Mary 12, 1856, of old age, daughter of Barton Montgomery.
  • Margaret Montgomery, age 80, female, widow, resided Washington County, born Virginia, died May 12, 1855, of old age, daughter of John and N. McCamic.
  • Nancy J. Montgomery, age 9, female, died 1857, cause unknown, daughter of William Montgomery.
  • Thomas A. Montgomery, age 12, male, resided and born Washington County, died October 1854, of white swelling, son of G. & S. Montgomery.
  • Thomas Montgomery, age 1 month, male, single, resided and born Washington County, died June 2, 1852, of croup, son of Thomas J. and Sarah E. Montgomery.
  • William Montgomery, age 2, male, died June 15, 1856, of flux, son of J. T. and Emily Montgomery.
  • Montgomery, not named, age 4 days, male, resided and born Washington County, died October 27, 1854, cause not given, son of J. B. Montgomery.
  • Montgomery, not named, age not given, male, died August 1858, cause unknown, son of L. Montgomery.
  • Edward Moore, age 3, male, resided and born Washington County, died June 3, 1854, cause not given, son of C. W. Moore.
  • Eliza A. Moore, age 9 months, female, resided and born Washington County, died November 28, 1854, of flux, daughter of John A. Moore.
  • Hartford P. Moore, age 2, male, single, resided and born Washington County, died March 8, 1852, of whooping cough, son of Harrison and Mary Moore.
  • John Moore, age not given, male, died December 28, 1853, cause not given, son of John and Elizabeth B. Moore.
  • Joseph Moore, age 82, male, farmer, died July 21, 1856, of old age, born Virginia, son of George and Elizabeth Moore.
  • Reuben P. Moore, age 29, male, died 1853.
  • S. C. Moore, age 3 months, female, resided and born Washington County, died October 1855 of flux, daughter of William and Elizabeth Moore.
  • Same Moore, age 2, male resided and born Washington County, died March 1855, cause not give, son of William and Elizabeth Lambert Moore, remarks:  “A few more and it will take the entire family.”
  • Luther Moore, age 4 years, male, single, resided and born near Glensville, died July 9, 1858, near Glensville, of scarlet fever, son of Henry Moore.
  • Virginia Moore, age 3 months, female, resided and born Washington County, died December 10, 1858, of erysipelas, daughter of W. P. Moore.
  • Moore, not named, age 3 months, male, died March 1856, cause unknown, son of William P. Moore.
  • Allen W. Morrison, age 10 months, female, died November 2, 1860, of scrofula, born, resided and died Hardins Creek, parent:  H. Morrison.
  • Eliza Jenny Mudd, age 35, female, married, resided and born Washington County, died July 1854 of consumption, daughter of Ben Montgomery.
  • Amanda Mullican, age 13, female, resided and born Washington County, died July 1, 1854, of cholera, daughter of Richard Mullican.
  • Edward Mullican, age 10 months, male, single, resided and born Washington County, died February 27, 1852, cause not given, son of William and Mary Mullican.
  • Lloyd Mullican, age 48, male, widowed, farmer, resided and born Washington County, died March 12, 1852, cause not given, son of Basil Mullican.
  •  Rosa Ann Murphy, age 44, female, widow, resided and born Washington County, died October 16, 1853, of consumption, daughter of Elijah and Martha Farris.
  • Nancy Murphy, age 30, female, married, resided Washington County, born Bourbon County, died August 23, 1854, of child birth, daughter of Charles and Frances Bunch.
  • Betsey Ann Myers, age 47, female, married, resided and born Washington County, died November 2, 1852, of consumption, daughter of Martin and Nancy Bottom.

Henry Hansmeyer, Biography

from Schuyler and Brown Counties

Henry Hansmeyer was born in Lippe-Detmold, Prussia, Germany, in 1833.  He came of pure German ancestry and of hardy stock.  His father, Fred Hansmeyer, married Wilhelmina Hoy of the same province.  In 1849 they took passage for America and landed in New Orleans after a seven-weeks voyage.  Thence the family came up the Mississippi, to St. Louis, where the mother and one child died of the cholera after being there one week.  The father and four children came on to Chicago, where Henry was attacked by the cholera and confined to the house for two weeks, later he joined his father and the other children at Watertown, and it was near there that the father died about one year later, being then in middle life.

Henry Hansmeyer is the second of the four sons yet living.  He came to this country in 1849 and lived on a farm in Jefferson County, Wisconsin, until 1851, working for $10 a month.  He came to Beardstown in 1851 and still worked by the month, for a time for $10; he saved his money, became a stock dealer and trader and did various things until he accumulated enough to purchase land.  In 1865 he found himself on safe ground for business, which he carried on successfully and extensively.  He was an active farmer and stock-raiser until 1880.  In that year he retired from business and moved into Beardstown.  He owns a fine farm of 306 acres, 250 acres of which is under the plow and the rest is pasture, good land and all supplied with first-class farm buildings.  He purchased this farm in 1865 and also owns some good residence prroperty in Beardstown, the opera house building at Mount Olive, Illinois, and other residence property there.

He was married in Beardstown, in 1857, to Miss Catharina Schmidt.  She was born in Hesse-Darmstadt.  She was the daughter of the Rev. George and Kate Schmidt, who came to the United States in 1856, settling in Beardstown, where they died.  Mr. Schmidt was for many years pastor of the Lutheran.  He was a fine minister and an anti-slavery advocate, a Republican in politics and a leader in his community.  Mrs. Hansmeyer is a great worker in the Lutheran Church and a very fine woman.  They have four children:  Augusta, wife of Henry Oetgen, a farmer in Schuyler County; Minna, wife of Henry Stock; Katie, wife of John Duvall, First State Bank of Beardstown; William, a miller by trade.  Mr. Hansmeyer is a public-spirited citizen, a Republican in politics and a member of the Fourth Street Lutheran Church, of which he has been a trustee for sixteen years.