Tag Archives: Washington County Kentucky

1902 Washington County School Census Report

During my visit to the Washington County Clerk’s office on the 14th, I happened to notice grey boxes of school census reports on one of the top shelves.  Since I had not looked at these before I chose 1902 – hoping to find my grandparents listed.  Amazingly I did!  My paternal grandfather, Jessie Hill, is listed below.  This report is for District 39 – I found all but one grandparent in the other reports.

This is a great source for birthdates – given by the parents – since there are no birth records at this date.  In addition, ages of children are also stated.  Two sets of twins are listed on this page!

Washington County School Census Report 1902

District 39


Ben Hagen

  1. Joseph Hagen, February 20, 1883 age 19
  2. Jesse Hagen, August 18, 1889, age 13

James Daniel and Mary Boone

  1. Will Boone, September 29, 1884, age 17
  2. Mary Boone, September 29, 1886, age 15
  3. Sallie Boone, September 29, 1886, age 15
  4. Lettie Boone, January 17, 1891, age 11
  5. Robert Boone, August 21, 1893, age 9

Ludd F. and Mary Yankey

  1. Sady Yankey, February 3, 1883, age 19
  2. Fred Yankey, February 3, 1883, age 19
  3. Eliza Yankey, July 6, 1885, age 17
  4. Maggie Yankey, May 14, 1887, age 15
  5. Lillie Belle Yankey, November 29, 1889, age 13
  6. Becky Lee Yankey, May 31, 1892, age 10
  7. James Anderson Yankey, August 27, 1895, age 7

Frank and Mollie Yankey

  1. Mattie Yankey, February 26, 1888, age 14
  2. Robert Yankey, September 18, 1889, age 12
  3. Mary Yankey, April 16, 1892, age 10
  4. Lettie Yankey, September 16, 1895, age 7

John Buckman

  1. Mattie Buckman, September 27, 1883, age 19
  2. Mary Lill Buckman, March 10, 1886, age 16

Calebel R. and Eliza Bennington

  1. Clotill Bennington, December 25, 1885, age 17
  2. Tansia Bennington, March 11, 1888, age 14 – Female
  3. William Bennington, January 23, 1890, age 12
  4. Ezra Bennington, May 29, 1892, age 10
  5. Bessie Bennington, January 5, 1895, age 7

James M. and Fannie Chandler

  1. Richard Chandler, January 4, 1888, age 14
  2. Ivia Chandler, February 25, 1891, age 11 – Female
  3. James Chandler, June 15, 1894, age 8

John H. and Martha Thompson

  1. Florence Thompson, September 26, 1883, age 19

Isaiah and Lydia Ann Hill

  1. Isaiah Hill, January 16, 1885, age 17
  2. Lydia Hill, March 7, 1887, age 15
  3. Alfa Hill, November 2, 1890, age 12
  4. Jessie Hill, August 8, 1894, age 8

Hays and Hattie May Hill

  1. Jesse Eddy Hill, October 2, 1895, age 7 – Female

Ran and Catherine Bell Hill

  1. Thomas Hill, October 17, 1891, age 10

Bill and Elizabeth Hill

  1. Effie Ann Hill, October 23, 1891, age 10
  2. Mary Lee Hill, February 12, 1896, age 6

Frank and Bertha Montgomery

  1. Lizzie Montgomery, November 1, 1892, age 10
  2. Leo Montgomery, March 17, 1895, age 7

Marshall and Katey Smith

  1. Burnett Smith, April 1, 1884, age 18
  2. Annie Bell Smith, April 14, 1886, age 16

Jeff and Sally Carrico

  1. Claud Carrico, December 12, 1881, age 19
  2. Maggie Carrico, December 5, 1883, age 17
  3. Agnes Carrico, October 23, 1885, age 15
  4. Lee Carrico, July 23, 1888, age 13
  5. Jennie Carrico, December 24, 1890, age 11
  6. Sam B. Carrico, October 4, 1892, age 9

John and Sue Knott

  1. Mamie Knott, March 13, 1890, age 12
  2. John F. Knott, October 19, 1892, age 10
  3. Ernestine Knott, August 22, 1894, age 8

James and Clara Butler

  1. Sophia Butler, February 25, 1891, age 11
  2. Thomas Butler, November 17, 1893, age 9
  3. Durwood Butler, April 24, 1894, age 8

Robert Parrott, Guardian

  1. Robert Ross, June 1, 1887, age 15

Where Were Those Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes and Tintypes Taken?

After writing the blogs last week about the very old family photographs I have, I couldn’t help but think – where did they have these photos taken?  This lead to another search.  Located in Washington County, I believe they must have gone to Louisville.  It would have been the nearest large city, so that was where I focused my research.

Thomas Jefferson Dobyns was a daguerreotypist, ambrotypist and merchant, active in Memphis, Tennessee, as early as 1845.  He opened a studio in Louisville in 1847, and one in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1848; two years later Vicksburg and Nashville contained his studios, as well as New Orleans in 1851 and New York in 1853.

According to From Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide, by Peter E. Palquist and Thomas R. Kailbroun, Dobyns opened his ‘Daguerreian gallery in Memphis across from the Continental Hotel in late August 1845, in time to take advantage of the crowds of delegates in town to attend the Western and Southwestern Convention’ and as of June 1846, advertised that ‘he had a camera large enough to execute pictures of any size.’

As the above ad in The Louisville Daily Courier, Thursday, February 8, 1855, says, the studio is opened again and with reduced prices.  It lists itself as the oldest gallery in the city, located at the corner of Main and Third Streets.  Dobyns’ partner in Louisville was John Hewett.

This advertisement from an August 21, 1855, Louisville Daily Courier, lists several galleries.  W. A. McGill list prices beginning at 50 cents for a 1/9 size daguerreotype.  He also offers miniatures set in rings, lockets, pins, etc.  50 cent daguerreotypes are also offered by Carpenter and Swymmer.  And Theodore Harris offers photographs in 15 seconds!

I love this advertisement from August 28, 1855, since it gives more information on the types of photographs you can choose – upon a metal plate, glass or paper, from Webster’s Gallery.

Mammoth Gallery says, ‘A blue and white Double Quick Work Sky Light, just introduced by Roesberg, at his well-known Mammoth Daguerrean Gallery, which enables him to take Pictures in a few seconds, and for the reduced price of fifty cents and upwards.  It also is one of the best lights ever known to produce a correct likeness, either of children or adults.  The red hair and blue eyes which heretofore have always been so difficult to produce, are now no longer any trouble, to give them the real artistic disposition of light and shade.’  In addition, he adds, ‘All medium size pictures that are badly taken by other artists, will be retaken over at 50 cents, and if not bettered no charge is made for trying.’

At Brown’s Gallery, an athanotype is ‘a photograph on glass, a picture of exquisite beauty, holding place above daguerreotypes or the ordinary photograph.  The picture is held between plates of glass, and securely protected from all influence of atmosphere, dampness, and even acids, hence it bears every guarantee of durability.’

John M. Hewett, in collaboration with T. J. Dobyns, was located on Main Street between Third and Fourth Streets.  From The Encyclopedia of Louisville, by John E. Kleber, gives us an 1848 description of Hewitt’s studio, ‘as one of the most magnificent in the United States, with a reception room, 65 by 63 feet, furnished with the most costly furniture, including a ‘splendid pianoforte’ kept for the entertainment of visitors.  A separate ‘ladies’ toilet’ was similarly furnished.  Both of these areas were separate from the room where likenesses were taken, which had a ‘magnificent light and is equal to the other rooms spoken of.’  All were ornamented with likenesses ‘of the most eminent men and the most beautiful ladies in the United States.  The Filson Club owns a fine set of daguerreotype portraits by Hewitt, and his work is also found in Louisville family collections.  The studio does not appear in directories after 1856.  In 1852, 23 people engaged in making daguerreotypes that year – only eight studios are listed in the city directory for 1851-52, so they employed an average of two to three individuals.’

From the same book, we learn that during the 1850’s several studios were founded – Webster and Brother (Edward Z. and Israel B. Webster), Theodore Harris, Daniel Stuber and Edward Klauber.

It would be wonderful to know for sure which studio(s) my family visited for their daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and tintypes!

Bland-Hughes 1796 Washington County Marriage Bond

Friday I went to the Washington County Clerk’s office for a little research – some for the blog, some for myself.  Down the winding staircase, into the dungeon, to the old, old records!  First I checked for the oldest marriage records in the locked room.  I was interested in those marriages starting in 1792.  They were not to be found.  The original marriage bonds are kept in large grey boxes, divided into folders by years.  These old marriage bonds, along with consents, have been laminated to protect them – a good move on the part of the clerk!  The first box contains 1792-1799.

I searched and searched, finally went upstairs to ask the clerk and she came down with me.  Finally found them on the bottom shelf of the tax records!  What a scare!  I decided to spend most of my time making copies of those early records – so now I have copies of all the original marriage bonds of Washington County from 1792 through 1800!  Just a little crazy, huh?

Know all men by these presents that we, Daniel Bland and Robert Hughes, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency, the Governor of Kentucky, in the sum of fifty pounds current money, to the payment of which well and truly to be made to the said governor and his successors.  We bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 12th day of January 1796.

The Condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound Daniel Bland and Elizabeth Hughes, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the said marriage then this obligation to be void, or else remain in full force and virtue.

Daniel Bland, Robert Hughes

Witness, John Reed

Washington County, Kentucky

Two Examples of Ambrotype Photographs

The second type of early photographs were ambrotype photos.  Ambrotypes look very similar to the later tintype photos.  An easy way to test them is to use a magnet – even through the case you can fell the attraction of the magnet with the iron used for the tintype.  The glass of the ambrotype feels no pull from the magnet.

An ambrotype was created on a piece of glass – and looked like a negative until a black background was added.  Begun about 1855, the earlier ambrotypes had the photograph on one piece of glass, with an additional piece of glass covered with a tar-like pitch.  About 1858 the varnish covers the back of the glass with the photo on front or sometimes a colored class was used.  In 1859 the clear glass has a black cloth at the back of the image.  I have one with the double glass and one with the black varnish on back of the photo.

This photograph of my 4th great-grandmother, Nancy Linton Edwards, was probably taken about 1855.  There are two pieces of glass in the case – one with the photo, and another with the black pitch on back.  Unfortunately, the glass containing the photograph was broken, but it still gives us a good idea of her features.  Nancy was the daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1778.  She married Edward Barber Edwards, with whom she raised a large family.  On the way through the Cumberland Gap, from Virginia to Kentucky, her horse was spooked by a cougar or bobcat, causing her to fall and break her leg.  She traveled in a litter the rest of the way to Washington County, and never walked again.

Nancy’s cotton cap was used by older women during the 1850’s, younger women using a bonnet.  She wears the older fashions of the 1840’s.  Looking at her white hair, face and neck you could easily guess her age of about 77.  But look at her fingers – they look long and very elegant.  There is just a hint of color in her cheeks.

As you can tell from this photo, the scan is not generally good unless you remove the photograph from the case, but I wanted you to see the mat that is used with this photograph.  It is called a nonpareil mat, due to the shape, and was used between 1850 and 1859.  The preserver (around the edge) is still rather simple, but a little more decorative than with the daguerreotype photos.

The case is lined with red velvet and is decorated on front and back with the same design.  The case is 3 ¼ x 3 ¾.

This next ambrotype is a great photo of a youngish man with great hair and beard!  His collar and tie are from the 1850’s – as are the wide lapels of his coat and the overall larger look of the suit.  I believe this to be Edward Edwards Taylor, son of John Compton Taylor and Susan Clark Edwards, my 3rd great-grandparents.  Edward was a brother to my Catherine Elizabeth Taylor who married Edward Edwards Linton – a little confusing with those middle names!  This photo has only one piece of glass, with the varnish on back, so we can date this photo to about 1858.  In that year Edward, or ‘Ned’ as he was called, would have been 27 years of age.  Also, his ears look very much like those of his father, John Taylor.

The mat with this photo is oval, with much decoration.  The preserver, not shown in this photo, is also more decorated, with semi-reinforced corners.  The case is similar to Nancy Edwards’ case, but the photograph is smaller – 2 3/8 x 2 7/8.

Next up, tintypes!

Lyons-Alvey 1820 Marriage Bond and Consent

Know all men by these presents, that we, Richard Lyons and Stephen Spalding, are held and firmly bound unto the Commonwealth of Kentucky in the just and full sum of fifty pounds current money, to the payment of which well and truly to be made to the said Commonwealth, we bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 23 day of December 1820, the condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is shortly a marriage intended between the above bound Richard Lyons and Miss Ann Alvey, daughter of John Alvey, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage then the above obligation to be void, else to remain in full force and virtue in law.

Richard Lyons, Stephen Spalding

Mr. John Hughes, Esquire

Sir, please to grant license for matrimony to Richard Lyons and my daughter Ann Alvey and in so doing you will oblige your friend.

John Alvey

Test. Henry Alvey, Jamiah Alvey

December 23, 1820

Stephen Spalding

Springfield Weddings In November 1903

The following weddings took place in the month of November 1903, involving brides and/or grooms from Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky.

The zibeline suit worn by Miss Mary Mayes consists of a soft, thick fabric, usually made of wool, such as mohair or alpaca.  It is usually used for bridal and evening dresses.

from The News-Leader, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky

Thursday, November 12, 1903


Cards are out announcing the approaching nuptials of Miss Anna B. Leahy of Louisville, to Mr. Walter E. Leachman of this place.  The wedding will take place at St. Francis Church at Crescent Hill on Wednesday the 18th inst.  It will be an elaborate affair.  Following the ceremony, a reception will be given the bridal party at the home of the bride’s parents after which the bride and groom will take the train for Springfield via Lebanon, where they will make their home with the groom’s mother, Mrs. M. I. Leachman.  Miss Leahy, the bride-to-be, has many friends in Springfield, she, having visited here several times.  She is the daughter of Mr. John K. Leahy, a prominent business man of Louisville.  She is a young woman of many charms of person and character.  Mr. Leachman is a Springfield man with a host of friends and is coming to the front as one of the town’s leading merchants, having recently become engaged in the furniture business.

Miss Mary Mayes of this place and Mr. John Mahon of Penick Station, Marion County, will be married here on Wednesday, November 25th, in the afternoon.  The wedding will be a quiet home affair and will take place at the residence of the bride’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Mayes.  The bride elect is a young lady of many fine traits of character and accomplishments, and has a large circle of friends who wish her all happiness possible.  Mr. Mahon is a well-to-do and enterprising young farmer of Marion County and has a home ready prepared for the reception of his bride and where they will begin housekeeping immediately after the wedding.

Thursday, November 19, 1903

Miss Bell Smith and Richard Keene, and Julia Badgette and Joseph Medley, were married at half past twelve o’clock Wednesday the 18th.

Thursday, November 26, 1903


A beautiful yet simple home wedding was that of Miss Mary Mayes and Mr. John Mahon, which took place yesterday afternoon at the home of the bride’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Mayes of this place.  The parlors of the Mayes home were decorated with mistletoe and holly which made a very pretty setting for the bridal scene.  The bridal pair entered the parlor at 3 o’clock and approached the improvised altar where Rev. Clarence Crawford, in a very graceful ceremony, pronounced them husband and wife.  The bride was attired in a blue zibeline tailored suit with hat to match.  Only a few relatives and intimate friends of the contracting couple were present to witness the ceremony and after a few minutes of congratulations from these the bridal party left for the home of the groom’s parents near Lebanon, where they were given a reception.  They will begin housekeeping immediately at the farm residence of the groom in Marion County.  The bride was the recipient of many and costly presents from her friends and relatives, testimonials of the esteem in which she is held.

Among the relatives and friends from a distance who attended the wedding were Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Curry, Covington, Mr. and Mrs. N. L. Curry, Harrodsburg, Dr. and Mrs. J. T. Bohon, Hustonville, Mr. H. Y. Bolton, Louisville, Mr. and Mrs. James Mahon, Louisville; Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Gilkeson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Browne, Mr. and Mrs. John Crawford, Misses Mayme and Jennie McElroy, Irvine and Proctor McElroy of Lebanon.

Blake Arnold Family Buried in Old Union Baptist Cemetery

This small cemetery sits on a little knoll, just over the Marion County border in Boyle County.  I have wanted to visit this cemetery for years.  Old UnionBaptist Cemetery is just off US68 and I always passed it on my way to Danville, and still pass it visiting my sister.  Before my marriage it was always my idea to stop, never had the chance.  Then Ritchey and I have talked about it every time we pass.  So about 40 years later I finally made it!  In the above photo you can see a black plaque on the tallest gray stone.  It reads, ‘Site of Old Union Church in memory of Pioneers of the Doctors Fork Community, erected by the Harmon – Gray – Pipes Family Association.’

This marker reads – Doctor’s Fork Baptist Church, organized March 15, 1801.  the first permanent meeting house of this congregation was on this site in 1805 and remained so until 1957.  This marker has been erected for the occasion of the bicentennial of Doctor’s Fork Baptist Church in loving memory of the founding members of this church’s congregation and the family of faith that continues to serve her today.’  Across the way stands the new, brick Doctor’s Fork Baptist Church – which is ministered by a friend of ours!

Blake Arnold, born in the year 1803, died March 29, 1872.

Today we will talk about the family of Blake Arnold.  He was born in Virginia in 1803.  Blake first married Permelia Calvert in Washington County, Kentucky, August 15, 1828.   Together they had at least five children, since they are named in the 1850 census, John, Mary, Martha and Nancy.  Nancy was born in 1838.  Wife Permelia must have died shortly thereafter.  She is not listed in the 1840 census of Mercer County – the only 3 females are the daughters.

Know all men by these presents that we, Blake Arnold and Thomas Stewart, are held and firmly bound unto the Commonwealth of Kentucky in the penal sum of fifty pounds current money to the payment of which well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 17th day of August 1840.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a license about to issue for a marriage intended to be solemnized between the above named Blake Arnold and Martha Blagrave.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage then the above obligation to be void else to remain in  full force and virtue.

                              Blake Arnold, Thomas Stewart

Witness, John T. Allin, D. C.

On August 17, 1840, Blake Arnold married Martha Blagrave in Mercer County, Kentucky.  She is listed in the 1850 Boyle County Census with him, the five children mentioned above, and four children of there own – Samuel, Permelia (named for the first wife), James and Woodson Arnold.  In the 1860 Boyle County Census two additional children are listed – Robert and William Creed Arnold.

Martha J., wife of Blake Arnold, born April 25, 1818, died October 12, 1893.

Blake Arnold died March 29, 1872.  We will discuss his will tomorrow.  Martha lived another 21 years, raising the children.

Permelia, daughter of B. & M. Arnold, born September 16, 1842, died August 29, 1867.

Daughter Permelia died at the young age of 25.  She was probably taken away by consumption.

R. B. Arnold died July 26, 1883, aged 30 years and 5 months.

Son Robert also died at a young age.

John Arnold, July 30, 1828 – December 3, 1880.  Julia Arnold, August 6, 1833 – June 21, 1897.

Eldest son, John, died seven years after his father.

George Crane, October 15, 1835 – August 21, 1928.  Nancy Crane, April 30, 1836 – March 17, 1909.

Daughter Nancy, buried with husband George Crane.

This small cemetery was worth the wait!  It is beautifully cared for by the families mentioned above.  Thanks to them for their dedication to their ancestors!