Tag Archives: Boyle County Kentucky

General Bragg’s Official Report of The Battle of Perryville

The Battle of Perryville was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War, and the largest fought in Kentucky.  There were so many dead that there was not enough wood to make enough coffins, and many bodies were not buried for a number of days.  Wounded were sent to surrounding cities – Harrodsburg, Springfield and Danville.  Many of the wounded died and were buried in these cities.  Confederate casualties were 3,401; Union, 4,276 – killed, wounded, captured or missing.

The Maysville Weekly Bulletin, Mason County, Kentucky

Thursday, November 6, 1862

The Battle of Perryville – General Bragg’s Official Report

Headquarters Department No. 2, Bryantsville, Kentucky, October 12, 1862

Sir:  Finding the enemy pressing heavily in his rear, near Perryville, Major General Hardee, of Polk’s command, was obliged to hold and check him at that point.  Having arrived at Harrodsburg from Frankfort, I determined to give him battle there, and accordingly concentrated three divisions of my command – the Army of the Mississippi, now under Major General Polk, Cheatham’s, Buckner’s and Anderson’s – and directed General Polk to take command on the 7th, and attack the enemy next morning.  Wither’s division had gone the day before to support Smith.  Hearing, on the night of the 7th, that the force in front of Smith had rapidly retreated, I moved early next morning, to be present at the operations of Polk’s forces.

The two armies were formed confronting each other on opposite sides of the town of Perryville.  After consulting the General, and reconnoitering the ground and examining his disposition, I declined to assume the command, but suggested some changes and modifications of his arrangements, which he promptly adopted.  The action opened at half-past twelve p.m., between the skirmishers and artillery on both sides.  Finding the enemy indisposed to advance upon us, and knowing he was receiving heavy reinforcements, I deemed it best to assail him vigorously, and so directed.

The engagement became general soon thereafter, and was continued furiously from that time to dark, our troops never faltering and never failing in their efforts.

For the time engaged it was the severest and most desperately contested engagement within my knowledge.  Fearfully outnumbered, our troops did not hesitate to engage at any odds, and, though checked at times, they eventually carried every position, and drove the enemy about two miles.  But for the intervention of night we should have completed the work.  We had captured fifteen pieces of artillery by the most daring charges, killed one and wounded two Brigadier Generals, and a very large number of inferior officers and men estimated at no less than four thousand, and captured four hundred prisoners, including three staff officers with servants, carriage and baggage of Major General McCook.

The ground was literally covered with the dead and wounded.  In such a contest our own loss was necessarily severe – probably not less than 2,500 killed, wounded and missing.  Included in the wounded are Brigadier Generals Wood, Cleburn and Brown – gallant and noble soldiers – whose loss will be severely felt by their commands.  To Major General Polk, commanding the forces; Major General Hardee, commanding the left wing, two divisions, and Major Generals Cheatham, Buckner and Anderson, commanding divisions, of this memorable field.  Nobler troops were never more gallantly led.  The country owes them a debt of gratitude which I am sure will be acknowledged.

Ascertaining that the enemy was heavily reinforced during the night, I withdrew my force early the next morning to Harrodsburg, and thence to this point.  Major General Smith arrived at Harrodsburg with most of his force and Wither’s division the next day, the 10th, and yesterday I withdrew the whole to this point, the enemy following slowly, but not pressing us.

I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant.

Braxton Bragg, General Commanding

Thomas Madison Lillard and Mary Bright

The Advocate-Messenger, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Sunday, April 24, 1983

According to a family history, Thomas Madison Lillard was born December 5, 1815, near the small town of Kirksville on Silver Creek in Madison County.  He was one of five children of Thomas Lillard, a native of Culpeper County, Virginia, and Elizabeth Rider, a native of Madison County, Virginia.  The Lillards moved from Culpeper County to Madison County, Kentucky, in 1808.

When Thomas Madison Lillard was three months old, his father died, then in 1829 his mother died.  He was 14 years old, without patrimony and with no legacy, except a clear head, an honest heart, a good constitution, and well-directed energy and industry.

He as described as six feet tall, weighing about 200 pounds.  He had dark gray eyes, a Roman nose, a good set of teeth and black curly hair.  He was a French Huguenot.  Because he only attended school three months, his reading was poor.

As a young man, Lillard worked as a drover and stock trader, spending winters in Charleston, South Carolina, and summers herding livestock to the markets in New York.

On October 23, 1848, at the age of 33, he married Mary Bright Williams, a young widow of 25 years of age of Stanford.  After spending the winter in Charleston, South Carolina, the couple returned to Kentucky on May 27, 1849.

Eight months later, Lillard purchased 200 acres of land in Boyle County, part of the present homestead.  He later added to the farm to bring it to 500 acres in Boyle and Lincoln counties.  After his marriage he turned to farming.  He raised livestock, hay, and orchard grass seed, his money crop.

The family lived in a log house on the farm un1860 when the new house was ready.

Mary Bright Lillard was born March 16, 1823, on a farm owned by her parents, John Bright and Elizabeth Morrison, in Lincoln County.  Mary Bright Lillard is described as short – about five feet two inches – and stout.  She weighed 120 pounds in her younger days and 20 pounds in her most vigorous days.  Mrs. Lillard had dark brown hair and eyes.  She was one of nine children.

Thomas M. Lillard and his wife, Mary Bright, had 11 children – Elizabeth, Sarah F., John T., Henrietta, Mary T., Pet, Katherine, Thomas, Nannie B., S. J. and William H.

The youngest sons, Thomas and Wiliam acquired Spring Hill farm at their father’s death in 1891 and kept it until 1901.

Thomas Madison Lillard, born in Madison County, Kentucky, December 5, 1815, died in Boyle County, Kentucky, May 7, 1891.  ‘The friend of man, the friend of truth, The friend of age, the friend of youth.  Few hearts like his with virtue warmed, few heads with knowledge so informed.’  His wife, Mary Bright Hillard, March 16, 1823 – April 6, 1907.  Bellevue Cemetery, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky.

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Friday, May 8, 1891

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Monday, April 8, 1907

Husband and Wife? Brother and Sister?

Samuel N. Caldwell, December 15, 1857 – February 9, 1922.  Bettie A. Caldwell, September 2, 1849 – November 22, 1918.  Bellevue Cemetery, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky.

At first glance this gravestone looks like any other.  A couple with their births and dates; most would think it husband and wife.  I did – until I searched for obituaries for them.  Now we would all be forgiven for thinking that, but Samuel and Bettie are actually brother and sister – children of James Barnes and Sarah J. (Crawford) Caldwell – old bachelor and maid that lived their lives together – with two other siblings.  The single life just seems to run in some families – such as my Linton and Montgomery lines.  The point I would like to make today, check original sources.  So important.  But a little more about Samuel and Bettie.

James B. Caldwell, September 16, 1822 – February 12, 1911.  Sarah J. Caldwell, December 26, 1823 – June 9, 1903.

Bettie was the first born of her parents.  She is listed in the Marion County births, born June 17, 1853, in that county near Cartrites Church (probably Cartright).  I’ve not heard of this church, although there were early settlements on Cartwright’s Creek.  There could have been a church there at one time.  Samuel was the fifth child, born December 15, 1857.

Sarah J. Crawford was born in Marion County, her husband in Green County.  Before the 1870 census the couple and their family of seven moved to Boyle County, where they spent the remainder of their days.  A daughter, Maggie, is listed in the 1870 and 1880 census, but I could find no further information.  Daughter Kate married Wood Walker.  Daughter Harriet (Haggie in the census) lived at home.  Daughter Susan married a Newbolt.

After the deaths of their parents John Crawford, Samuel Nelson, Harriet and Bettie A., lived together, until their end days.  John Crawford Caldwell was the last to pass away, in 1938.

Harriet E. Caldwell, December 12, 1860 – May 27, 1912.

The Advocate Messenger, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Tuesday, May 28, 1912

Miss Harriet Caldwell died at the home of her brother, John C. Caldwell, on the Alum Springs Road, yesterday.  She was in the fifty-third year of her age.  The funeral will be at the residence at 4 o’clock this afternoon, followed by interment in Bellevue Cemetery.  Deceased was a member of the Second Presbyterian Church and the funeral will be conducted by the pastor.  She is survived by three sisters and two brothers, Miss Bettie Caldwell, Mrs. G. P. Newbolt, Mrs. W. B. Walker, Mr. John C. Caldwell and Mr. S. N. Caldwell.

The Advocate Messenger, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Friday, November 22, 1918

Miss Bettie A. Caldwell died in a Lexington Hospital this morning.  The body will be brought to Danville and funeral services will be held at the grave in Bellevue Cemetery tomorrow (Saturday) at 2:30 p.m.

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Friday, February 10, 1922

The Advocate deeply regrets to chronicle the death of Mr. Samuel Nelson Caldwell, which occurred last night at 6 o’clock at the home of his brother, Mr. John C. Caldwell, on the Alum Springs Pike, where he had made his home for the past several years.  For a number of years the deceased was in the grocery business in Danville, where by his universal courteous treatment and square dealing he won for himself a host of staunch friends, all of whom will read of his demise with the deepest regret.  The funeral will be held at the home tomorrow morning on the Alum Springs Pike at eleven o’clock and will be conducted by the Rev. Frank J. Cheek, of this city, who has been a friend of the family since boyhood.  The deceased was a member of long standing of Old Caldwell Church and always lived up to the Presbyterian faith.  He was in his sixty-fourth year and had lived all of his splendid life in this county, where he was born.  He is survived by one brother, Mr. John C. Caldwell, and two sisters, Mrs. G. P. Newbolt and Mrs. W. D. Walker, both of whom live in this county.  After the funeral ceremony the burial will follow in Bellevue Cemetery.

Sue C. Newbolt, June 17, 1863 – July 1, 1933.

The Advocate Messenger, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Monday, July 3, 1933

Mrs. Newbolt Is Taken By Death

Mrs. Sue C. Newbolt, 80 years old, died at the home of her brother, John C. Caldwell, on the Alum Springs Road, at 8 o’clock Saturday night after an illness of some duration, brought on by advanced years.

Funeral services were held at 10 o’clock this morning by Dr. George E. Sweazey, pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, followed by interment in Bellevue Cemetery here.  Casketbearers were:  Sam C. Walker, George l. Mahan, Ben Clark, Will Caldwell, S. H. Nichols, Ned Wiseman.

Mrs. Newbolt, who was a member of an old and distinguished Boyle County family, is survived by one brother, Mr. Caldwell, and one sister, Mrs. W. D. Walker, of Perryville.

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Friday, December 16, 1938

John C. Caldwell Is Buried Today

Funeral services for John Crawford Caldwell, 87 years old, former Danville merchant and Boyle County farmer, who died at 1:30 o’clock Sunday afternoon at the Danville and Boyle County hospital, were conducted at 2:30 o’clock this afternoon in the chapel of Stith Funeral home on West Main Street by Dr. William E. Phifer, Jr., pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, followed by interment in Bellevue Cemetery.

The deceased was in the dry goods and notion business in Danville under the firm name of Roberts and Caldwell.  both gentlemen were held in highest esteem in this city by all who did business with their house, which was that now occupied by Dr. M. D. Spoonamore, local druggist.

Bearers were:  Ben Clark, William Caldwell, J. B. Nichols, Sr., Nicholas McDowell, Joseph Irvine and Charles Caldwell.

Mr. Caldwell was born November 27, 1851, in Boyle County, the son of the late James Barnes Caldwell and Sarah Jane Crawford Caldwell of Marion County.  He was a member of the First Presbyterian Church of Danville.

Surviving are two nieces and two nephews, Miss Maude W. Adams, Amityville, R.I., Mrs. J. W. Craft, Hazard, Kentucky, James B. Walker, Flint, Michigan, and J. C. Brown, Atlanta, Georgia, and one great-nephew, Marshall Mahan of Wheelwright, Kentucky.

 

 

1863 Reno-Taylor Marriage – Marion County

Marriage Bond

The Commonwealth of Kentucky

Be it known, that we, J. W. Reno as principal, and J. M. Halen, as surety, are jointly and severally bound to the Commonwealth of Kentucky, in the sum of one hundred dollars.

The Condition of this Bond is as follows:

That, whereas Marriage is intended to be solemnized between the above bound J. W. Reno and Lizzie Taylor.  Now, if there is no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage, this bond shall be void, otherwise it shall remain in full force and effect.

Dated at Lebanon, Marion County, this 12th day of September 1863.

J. W. Reno and J. M. Halen

Attest:  J. M. Hidler, Clerk, Marion County Court

Male

  • Date of marriage – Tuesday, 15th day of September 1863
  • Name of groom – James W. Reno
  • Residence of groom – Haysville, Kentucky
  • Age of groom – 24 years
  • No. of marriage of groom – first
  • Occupation – physician
  • Birth-place of groom – Hardin County, Kentucky
  • Birth-place of groom’s father – Bourbon County, Kentucky
  • Birth-place of groom’s mother – Virginia

Female

  • Name of bride – Lizzie Taylor
  • Residence of bride – Marion County, Kentucky
  • Age of bride – 22 years
  • No. of marriage of bride – first
  • Birth-place of bride – Marion County, Kentucky
  • Birth-place of bride’s father – Boyle County, Kentucky
  • Birth-place of bride’s mother – Boyle County, Kentucky
  • Remarks – Bride’s consent given in writing attested by oath of J. M. Hourigan

To be married at Bannister Taylor’s on 15th day of September 1863.

I certify that the above is correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.  Witness my hand, this 12 day of September 1863

J. W. Reno

Attest:  J. M. Hidler

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Wednesday, June 5, 1918

 

Golden Wedding Anniversary Celebrated In Danville In 1910

Newspaper articles from years ago give us a good insight into the lives of the citizens of its reach.  Wedding anniversaries are always a favorite of mine since they generally give much family information along with the happy occasion.

This particular one does not give information on the couple that reached the milestone anniversary of fifty years.  With just a bit of research it was easy to turn up the information.

Nicholas McDowell and Elizabeth McElroy received their marriage bond from Washington County on May 1, 1860, and married that day or shortly afterwards.  They appear in the 1860 census of Boyle County, Nicholas aged 26 and Elizabeth, 19 (not quite the 25 at her marriage as listed in the article!).  The couple had five children.  Annie, Nicholas, Susan and Bessie are listed in the census records with their parents, and to my knowledge never married.  In the latter census records it was listed that Nicholas and Elizabeth had five children, five living.  Finally, in the obituary for Nicholas, this fifth child is listed as Mrs. Carl J. McKnight, a daughter.  The couple lived in Shanghai, China, at one time, as well as New Jersey and New York, as mentioned in other articles.  I did find that this daughter was named Sallie, more formally, Sarah McDowell.

After celebrating their 50th wedding anniversary, Nicholas McDowell lived another three years, passing away March 7, 1913, at the age of 79.  He was born February 6, 1834, the son of Samuel McDowell and Martha Hawkins.

Elizabeth McElroy McDowell, lived on until January 6, 1922, dying at the age of 81.  She was born January 10, 1841, the daughter of Anthony McElroy and Ann Rice (not Sarah as listed in the article).

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Friday, May 27, 1910

Fiftieth Anniversary

Of the Marriage of Colonel and Mrs. Nicholas McDowell Fittingly Celebrated at Their Hospitable Home on Maple Avenue, This City, Yesterday Afternoon

Like the horizon that is gilded by the rays of the declining sun on the evening of some perfect Autumn day, when a holy calm pervades the atmosphere and the face of Nature is as peaceful as that of a sleeping infant, are the lives of those whom God hath joined together in the holy bonds of matrimony and who have journeyed the rugged road of life’s pathway peacefully and lovingly together until the fiftieth milestone of the highway is reached, blessed with the affection and adoration of loving and dutiful children and crowned with the respect and the esteem of true and devoted friends.

And such is the record of Col. and Mrs. Nicholas McDowell, who on yesterday afternoon, at their beautiful home on Maple Avenue, this city, surrounded by their children and kinspeople and friends from this and other states, fittingly celebrated their Golden Wedding.

Fifty years ago, in the county of Washington, a double ceremony was pronounced which united in marriage two brothers, Nicholas and Samuel McDowell, and two sisters, Elizabeth and Martha McElroy, the first named of the brothers passing into the great beyond more than twenty years ago.

No less a rare occurrence than a golden wedding anniversary is the fact that Mrs. Nicholas McDowell is one of a family of ten children, born to Anthony and Sarah McElroy, of Springfield, Kentucky, all of whom are now living.  Mrs. McDowell being the fifth child, now in her seventy-fifth year, and seven of them being present at the happy occasion of yesterday afternoon.  Mrs. Mary McElroy Hughes, of Bloomfield, is the oldest, eighty-five, and John T. McElroy the youngest, sixty-three.

This is the fourth golden wedding that has been celebrated in this family within the last ten years, namely:  Charles McElroy, of Springfield, and his wife, who was Miss Mary Shuck; Sarah McElroy Grundy, of Springfield, and her husband, Palmer Grundy; Anthony McElroy, of Springfield, and his wife, Margaret Irvine, who was a native of Boyle County.

Mr Hugh McElroy, of Kansas City, had manufactured to his order ten cut glass tumblers, and under each glass at the wedding yesterday afternoon he caused to be placed fifty dollars in gold, a present to each of the brothers and sisters with their names in letters of gold upon the tumblers.  This unique remembrance was one of the features of the anniversary.

At least one hundred and fifty guests assembled at the hospitable mansion to offer Colonel and Mrs. McDowell their congratulations and best wishes on this memorable occasion, and each and every one departed with the feeling that it was good to have been there and to have witnessed this anniversary of the blending of fifty years into two happy, well-spent and venerated lives, and with the sincere hope that their declining days may still be illumined with the sunshine of love and affection, knowing that their children and their children’s children will rise up and call them blessed, and that the divine plaudit awaits them when life’s fitful fever is o’er – ‘Well done, good and faithful servants, enter thou into the joys of they Lord.’

Reid’s Celebrate Golden Wedding Anniversary

I believe the celebration of a golden wedding anniversary – 50 years spent living together through good times and bad – is a milestone for any couple.  My paternal grandparents lived to celebrate their 62nd anniversary; my maternal grandparents their 40th.  For my great-grandparents it was 51st, 52nd, 49th and 37th.  Not bad!  Ritchey and I were married 37 years March 22nd, well on our way to make it for many of the monumental anniversaries!

An interesting note, the writer of this story, in 1928, talks about how nice it is in these days to see a couple who did not opt for the ‘trial marriages, quick divorces and again quick marriages.’  Sounds like our time of 2018.

Forestus Reid and Catherine Withers were married in 1878.  They were the proud parents of seven children – Virgil, Catherine, Dorothy, Mrs. Henry Banford, Mrs. Robert Hogsett, Forestus and Horace.

The Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky

Tuesday, September 11, 1928

Brilliant Golden Wedding Anniversary

Yesterday afternoon from the hours of 5 to 7 p.m. the Golden Wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Forestus Reid was duly celebrated at their hospitable home on Main and Fifth Streets, when a goodly number of their sincere friends of long standing called to pay respect, homage, good wishes and congratulations.

The home was made unusually pretty by a wealth of beautiful flowers, most of which were yellow, carrying out the golden thread of the golden wedding.  These flowers came from far and wide, sent in by loving friends, whose cards bore words of cheer and greeting.

All of the daughters, sons, daughters-in-law and sons-in-law were present, with one little grandson and other relatives to lend their presence to the happy occasion.  Each one of these helped to make the welcome guests more welcome.

The bride and groom did not look like the bride and groom of fifty year ago, but of today.  Mrs. Reid, carrying a beautiful bridal bouquet of lovely yellow roses, looked strikingly handsome and she has carried more than her share of beauty down through this long reach of time – she seems to have the beauty and grace that do not fade, but grow more charming with the fading years.  The groom is also holding his own well and he had a warm, cordial, handshake for all who entered their happy abode.

The long years, that have lived so splendidly and so happily, have left a pleasing impress upon this couple – God has blessed their union not only with long, peaceful, fruitful, happy years, but given to them children whom they can point to with justifiable pride; children who are daily reflecting honor upon Father and Mother and the same may be truthfully said of the sons and daughters-in-law.

In these days of strange ways, where old, honored customs are thrust aside, to give way to trial marriages, quick divorces and again quick marriages, it is really a relief to find a couple who have lived under the old, respectable and honorable regime all of these years and who can now almost hear in the dim distance the blessing fall from heaven, ‘Well Done, Thou Good and Faithful Servants’ – of such, truly, is the Kingdom of Heaven.

Mr. and Mrs. Reid, the bride and groom of fifty years ago, richly deserved all of the homage, all of the good wishes, all of the congratulations that were so genuine and so generously bestowed upon them yesterday by their hosts of sincere and loyal friends.

Dainty ices, which carried out the color scheme, were served throughout the evening to those who called to pay their respects.

The occasion, a most splendid one, will long be remembered by those who were present.  May the happy bride and groom of fifty years ago and of yesterday live to celebrate their Diamond Wedding is the wish of all in this vicinity.

Byars-Floyd 1842 Marriage Bond – Boyle County

Know all men by these presents, that we James D. Byars and David M. Bixler, are held and firmly bound unto the Commonwealth of Kentucky, in the sum of 50 pounds, to the payment whereof well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents.  Sealed with our seals and dated this 2nd day of May 1842.

The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas a marriage is shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound James Byars and Mary Jane Floyd of this county; now, shall it always hereafter appear, that there is no just cause to obstruct the said marriage, then the above obligation to be void, else to remain in full force and virtue.

James D. Byars, David M. Bixler

Test, W. Duff Greene, D. Clerk