Tag Archives: Civil War

1902 Will of George W. Duncan – Simpson County

George W. Duncan served during the Civil War as a Confederate surgeon.  He was a lifetime physician of Simpson County, Kentucky, located on the Tennessee border.  Several members of his family are buried in Green Lawn Cemetery in Franklin, the county seat of Simpson, a beautiful small town.  A continuance of yesterday’s post.

Will of George W. Duncan

Book 1, Pages 397-398

I, George W. Duncan, being of sound mind and disposing memory, do make, ordain and publish this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all other wills made by me.

1st.  I will that all my just debts be paid and that my body receive a decent burial.

2nd.  I have made heretofore the following advancements to my children, viz.

To my son Charles A. Duncan twenty-five hundred dollars $2,500.  To my daughter Mary Sandford Brevard, I have advanced in all twenty-five hundred and ninety-seven dollars $2,597, consisting of one house and lot valued at $1,500, four hundred dollars cash, see checks, one hundred and seventy-five dollars for horse and buggy, and hundred and forty-two dollars advanced in her recent illness, making the amount above specified.  To my son George H. Duncan, I have advanced five hundred dollars, and to my son William A. Duncan, five hundred dollars.

3rd.  I will, bequeath and devise to my wife, Dorinda Duncan, all of my estate, real, personal and mixed, absolutely and in fee simple to be used and disposed of just as she may please.  I will leave it with her, my wife, to make all of my children equal with each other, and request her to do so at a time and under circumstances which will not embarrass her.

4th.  I nominate and appoint my wife, Dorinda, to be the Executrix of this my will, and having the utmost confidence in her, I request the County Court not to require her or give any bond as executrix, and ask my friend,

George C. Harris to endorse her whenever she desires it.

In testimony whereof, witness my signature this the 15th day of November 1902.

George W. Duncan

Simpson County Court

October Term October 16th, 1905

The foregoing instrument of writing purporting to be the last will and testament of George W. Duncan, was this day produced in open Court, and offered for probate, whereupon the same was proven to be wholly in the handwriting of George W. Duncan, both as to the body of same and as to the signature, by the oaths of Charles (?) and H. K. Mitchell, whereupon this was submitted to probate and recognized as the last will and testament of George W. Duncan, deceased, whereas it is done accordingly.

F. Saunders, Clerk

Two Civil War Soldiers From Scott County

Today we are going to Scott County.  Just in case you are a little unfamiliar with the counties of Kentucky, Scott is in the north central portion of the state, just above Fayette and Woodford.

The Frazer family is buried in the little cemetery of St. Francis Catholic Church, first settled by Marylanders who arrived in 1786.  Many Irish are also buried here.  Robert Frazer was born in Comber, County Down, Ireland June 19, 1800.  He married Catherine Miller about 1832, since their first child was born in 1834.  Catherine was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In the 1850 census of Scott County Robert is 51, a watch maker; wife Catherine is 34.  Children in the family are John C., 16; James K., 12; William K., 8; Frank, 6; and Mary, 2.  Daughter Susan was born in 1852.  Robert was a son of James Frazer and Susannah Kennedy (the initial ‘K’ in James and William’s names is for Kennedy, in honor of their grandmother).  In the 1860 census Robert is listed as a jeweler.

But then the Civil War upended the lives of all those who lived in the United States.  Two sons of Robert and Catherine entered the war – James Kennedy Frazer and William Kennedy Frazer.

Robert Frazer, born in  Comber, Ireland, June 19, 1800; died January 23, 1863.  ‘A kinder father and husband, a truer friend and a better christian, never lived.’  St. Francis Catholic Cemetery, Scott County, Kentucky.

Robert Harris died in January of 1863.  He was spared the sorrow of knowing that both sons who entered the war were killed in the same year.  James Kennedy died May 21, 1863; William Kennedy died December 24, 1863.  Their mother, two brothers and two sisters were left to mourn them.

J. K. Frazer, born March 31, 1838, died May 21, 1863.  W. K. Frazer, born June 18, 1841, died December 24, 1863.

Catherine Miller Frazer lived a decade after the deaths of her husband and two sons.

C. E. Frazer, wife of Robert Frazer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 15, 1813, died December 9, 1873.  ‘During life she praying said, oh Lord, I suffer grievious pains, but I am well content to suffer because I fear thee.  Thus she died leaving the memory of her death an example of virtue and fortitude.’

Honoring a Civil War Veteran on Memorial Day In 2009

James Carr Potts, Private, Co. C, 14th Regiment Kentucky Cavalry.  December 12, 1830 – December 27, 1894.  Powell’s Valley Baptist Cemetery, Powell County, Kentucky.

This story makes me so happy!  Every veteran deserves a gravestone to mark his/her final resting place.

May 28, 2009

Family strives and succeeds in honoring a Civil War veteran

By James Cook, Citizen’s Voice & Time Editor

The Memorial Day holiday has special meaning to everyone who has lost a loved one. It has even deeper feelings for those who have lost someone who served this nation in the military. Parades, military bands and grand speeches fill the air to honor those brave men and women, who have fought and died for our freedoms. But imagine being forgotten.
The family of a local Civil War veteran felt as if their loved one may have been overlooked and decided to rectify that problem. But it did not come easily.
The final resting place of James Carr Potts is located on the small side of the Powell’s Valley Baptist Church Cemetery. He passed away on Dec. 27, 1894, just 15 days after he turned 64. Next to his gravesite is that of his second wife Susan Adams Potts, whose headstone shows the signs of aging as she was laid to rest in 1901. But for over 120 years Private Potts of the Kentucky Cavalry, Company C, 14th Regiment, did not even have a marker. All that changed Memorial Day weekend as family from Texas to Ohio to Florida came in to honor the man, as well as family and friends from Powell County who were also on hand.
“They were so poor and had so little, ” Pott’s great granddaughter Wilma Potts Delaney said as she watched family and friends gather at the cemetery for a special ceremony last Sunday. “They had his military pension and he went back to his trade as a carpenter after the war. But he worked at a lot of different jobs. It was tough back then.”
Delaney and one of her uncles, William Dawson, worked for nearly five years to get a headstone for their loved ones burial site. “It took a long time, a lot of phone calls and a lot of red tape to get him this. We called wrote letters and begged,” Delaney said. “After about five years, I talked to Bill and he spoke with his congressman in Ohio, then two weeks later they have a stone for us. I guess you have to have some pull.”
Dawson, one of only two of Potts grandchildren still alive, spoke to the crowd about his grandfather’s patriotism, loyalty and love of his country.” He went on and told how when the Union Army came looking for volunteers, Potts joined at the age of 32 back in the day when life expectancy was just under 50 years old. “He volunteered as a scout, because the Union needed them to scout this area. They knew the area and were sharpshooters as they hunted for game to feed their families in these hills,” Dawson said.
Potts served with the Union and Company C from May 1, 1863 to September 16, 1863. “He was discharged after he came down with malaria,” Dawson said as he looked over documents he received either from the Internet or from Washington about his grandfather’s service. “A lot of them boys got sick living and fighting in these hills in all kinds of weather and medicine not being what it is today. The records say he was given patented medicines, which were new medicines just coming out, ” Dawson added. “Everything I have ever learned about my grandfather says he was an honorable, gentle, patriotic man and I am thankful, humbled and honored to be able to tell you about my grandpa, a hard working family man.”
The Honor Guard from the American Legion Post 308 gave Potts a 21-gun salute and then played taps to honor the man who had been forgotten by he world but never by his family. “My mother is 97 and she insists we all come back to Clay City on Memorial Day to honor our family,” Delaney said.
The flag that accompanies such a ceremony was given to Dawson, who passed it on to Delaney. But she then donated it to the cemetery committee.
The hard work and time it took to finally get a headstone for her great grandfather was not easy, but Delaney believes it was all worth the effort. “I love history and I love my family and for him to be laying here with no headstone was just not right.” Delaney said as she looked at the new marker and the red, white and blue arrangements already placed at Potts grave. “It may have took a while to get it, but it was long past time. Our families and our veterans deserve that honor.”

1890 Veteran’s Schedules, Powell County, Kentucky.

James Carr Potts was born in Clark County, December 12, 1830, to Thomas Jefferson Potts and Mary Gholson Vivion.  Both parents were deceased before 1850.

December 22, 1852, James married Mary Elizabeth Jane Eaton, in Clark County.  Mary Eaton was the daughter of John and Viney Eaton, and was listed with them in the 1850 Census of Clark County.  She was 16.

By 1860 the couple were living in Estill County.  In the census for that year James is listed as 30; wife Mary E., is 26.  The couple have three children – David D., 15; Tempa F., 12; and James W., 9/12.  In the 1870 census we find that three more children have been born.  Their ages in the census – Albert M., 8; John, 4; and Olivia, 2/12.  Daughter Ada was born in 1873; and the last child, Nora, was born in 1876 and died a year later.  The couple’s first child, Sarah, was born in 1853 and died at the age of 3.

I’ve found birth records for three children.  Sally [Sarah] Ann Potts was born January 9, 1853, in Powell County, parents James Potts and Jane Eaton, residence Snow Creek in Powell County – but this birth is listed in the Clark County birth records for 1853.  James Potts was born there, but I can’t say why there is a record in Clark for a birth in Powell.

Dillard Potts was born June 20, 1854, in Powell County, to James C. Potts and Jane Eaton.

Tempa F. Potts was born May 18, 1857, in Powell County to James C. Potts and Mary E. Eaton.

The death certificate for daughter Olivia Potts Williams, March 19, 1870 – May 12, 1912, born in Estill County.  Father, James C. Potts, was born in Clark County; mother, Mary J. Eaton, was born in Powell County.

Mary Elizabeth Jane Eaton Potts was last found in the 1880 census of Powell County, age 46.  She must have died shortly after this date since James Potts married Susan J. Adams December 20, 1883.  I don’t believe there were any children from this marriage.

Susan, wife of James C. Potts, born May 2, 1850, died December 6, 1901


General Bragg’s Official Report of The Battle of Perryville

The Battle of Perryville was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War, and the largest fought in Kentucky.  There were so many dead that there was not enough wood to make enough coffins, and many bodies were not buried for a number of days.  Wounded were sent to surrounding cities – Harrodsburg, Springfield and Danville.  Many of the wounded died and were buried in these cities.  Confederate casualties were 3,401; Union, 4,276 – killed, wounded, captured or missing.

The Maysville Weekly Bulletin, Mason County, Kentucky

Thursday, November 6, 1862

The Battle of Perryville – General Bragg’s Official Report

Headquarters Department No. 2, Bryantsville, Kentucky, October 12, 1862

Sir:  Finding the enemy pressing heavily in his rear, near Perryville, Major General Hardee, of Polk’s command, was obliged to hold and check him at that point.  Having arrived at Harrodsburg from Frankfort, I determined to give him battle there, and accordingly concentrated three divisions of my command – the Army of the Mississippi, now under Major General Polk, Cheatham’s, Buckner’s and Anderson’s – and directed General Polk to take command on the 7th, and attack the enemy next morning.  Wither’s division had gone the day before to support Smith.  Hearing, on the night of the 7th, that the force in front of Smith had rapidly retreated, I moved early next morning, to be present at the operations of Polk’s forces.

The two armies were formed confronting each other on opposite sides of the town of Perryville.  After consulting the General, and reconnoitering the ground and examining his disposition, I declined to assume the command, but suggested some changes and modifications of his arrangements, which he promptly adopted.  The action opened at half-past twelve p.m., between the skirmishers and artillery on both sides.  Finding the enemy indisposed to advance upon us, and knowing he was receiving heavy reinforcements, I deemed it best to assail him vigorously, and so directed.

The engagement became general soon thereafter, and was continued furiously from that time to dark, our troops never faltering and never failing in their efforts.

For the time engaged it was the severest and most desperately contested engagement within my knowledge.  Fearfully outnumbered, our troops did not hesitate to engage at any odds, and, though checked at times, they eventually carried every position, and drove the enemy about two miles.  But for the intervention of night we should have completed the work.  We had captured fifteen pieces of artillery by the most daring charges, killed one and wounded two Brigadier Generals, and a very large number of inferior officers and men estimated at no less than four thousand, and captured four hundred prisoners, including three staff officers with servants, carriage and baggage of Major General McCook.

The ground was literally covered with the dead and wounded.  In such a contest our own loss was necessarily severe – probably not less than 2,500 killed, wounded and missing.  Included in the wounded are Brigadier Generals Wood, Cleburn and Brown – gallant and noble soldiers – whose loss will be severely felt by their commands.  To Major General Polk, commanding the forces; Major General Hardee, commanding the left wing, two divisions, and Major Generals Cheatham, Buckner and Anderson, commanding divisions, of this memorable field.  Nobler troops were never more gallantly led.  The country owes them a debt of gratitude which I am sure will be acknowledged.

Ascertaining that the enemy was heavily reinforced during the night, I withdrew my force early the next morning to Harrodsburg, and thence to this point.  Major General Smith arrived at Harrodsburg with most of his force and Wither’s division the next day, the 10th, and yesterday I withdrew the whole to this point, the enemy following slowly, but not pressing us.

I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant.

Braxton Bragg, General Commanding

Brothers John Linton Edwards and William Mason Edwards in Union Army During the War Between the States

Two brothers, John L. and William M. Edwards entered the Union army November 21, 1861, at Lebanon, Marion County.  They entered service as privates, and were in Captain Bevill’s Company E, 10th Regiment of the Kentucky Volunteers.  John was 26 and William was 21.  The two brothers were sons of Jonathan and Nancy Linton Edwards.  The other five children were Alfred, Lucretia, Susan, Edward and Benjamin.  Their parents were part of the Linton/Edwards move to Kentucky in 1816-1818.

During the Civil War John and William remained in the same unit.  May 6, 1863, John was detailed as a brigade teamster.

August 10, 1863 he was sent to a hospital at Nashville, Tennessee, and was later moved to the hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.  This was during the occupation of middle Tennessee.

Again, June 16, 1864, he was sent to the hospital in the present campaign.  This was during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in Marietta, Georgia.

John Edwards appears on the Company Muster-out Roll, dated December 6, 1864, in Louisville.  He was due $100 plus $26.32 for clothing in kind.

William Edwards was sent to the hospital at Lebanon, Kentucky, October 26, 1862.  It is very likely William was wounded during the Battle of Perryville earlier in the month, and was sent to recuperate in nearby Lebanon.

On June 10, 1864, he was sent to the hospital on the present campaign, again at Kennesaw Mountain.

William Edwards was captured at Columbia between December 20, 1862 and January 10, 1863; was confined by General Morgan.  He was paroled between December 20, 1862 and January 10, 1863.

September 19-20, 1863, during the Battle of Chickamauga, William was wounded, a contusion in the back.  He was mustered-out the same date as his brother, August 6, 1864, and was due $100 plus $40.62 for clothing in kind.  I am sure John was horribly worried when William was wounded and taken prisoner by John Hunt Morgan.

J. L. Edwards, Co. E, 10 KY Infantry, Cemetery Hill, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky.

After the war John and William came back to Washington County to live with their parents.  In fact, six of he seven children lived with their parents, and never married.  Youngest children, Benjamin Edwards, married his first cousin, Lucy Edwards, only children of John L. Edwards and Milly Linton.  They had no children.  Alfred, Lucretia and Edward died before 1870.  In the 1880 census for Washington County, John L, Susan and William lived at home.  John L. died between 1880 and 1900, since he does not appear in that census; only William and Susan still lived on the old home place.  William died June 10, 1903.

W. M. Edwards, Co. E, 10 KY Infantry. 

The News-Leader, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky

Thursday, June 18, 1903

W. M. Edwards Dead

Mr. William M. Edwards, one of the county’s best citizens, died at his home two miles from Springfield on last Wednesday night after a long illness of a complication of diseases.  The deceased was about 63 years of age and was born and reared in Washington County.  He was never married and lived with a sister on a small farm near town.  He was an upright and honorable man, and none stood higher in the estimation of his neighbors than he.

Shortly after the war broke out Mr. Edwards enlisted in the cause of the Union, and was mustered in Company E, Tenth Kentucky Infantry at Lebanon, November 21, 1861.  He followed the fortunes of that regiment of which Col. John M. Harlan was first commander, and who was afterwards succeeded by Col. W. H. Hays, through three years of hard campaigning.  He was in the battles of Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Jonesboro, and other famous engagements.  On December 6, 1864, Mr. Edwards was mustered out of the army at Louisville, and returned to Springfield and soon engaged in farming.  He was a member of the Bevil Palmer Post G. A. R., and always took an interest in the affairs of that organization.  He was a good Christian man and joined the Presbyterian church during the war.

The funeral took place at the Springfield Presbyterian Church on Friday morning last and was conducted by Rev. G. A. Strickland.

The News-Leader, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky

Thursday, July 9, 1903

Public Sale

On the premises of the old Edwards place, the former home of the late W. M. Edwards beginning at 1 o’clock on Wednesday, July 15th, there will be sold three horses, two first class Jersey milk cows and calves, two heifers, a Jersey bull, sow and seven shoats, a crop of oats, farming implements and household and kitchen furniture.

Also, at the same time and place the Edwards farm containing about 75 acres will be offered for sale to the highest bidder on easy terms.

Ben Edwards, Agent

Col. R. E. Whane, Auctioneer

The News-Leader, Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky

Thursday, July 23, 1903

The sale of the personal property of the late Wm. Edwards took place on last Wednesday and was well attended, everything bringing good prices.  The Edwards farm containing about 75 acres of land was sold to Mr. Benedict Janes for $1692.

Many of the other siblings of these two brothers lie buried close by in Cemetery Hill.

Stephen L. Chasteen – Civil War Soldier – Dies At 81 Years of Age

Stephen L. Chasteen, 1845-1926.  His wife, Millie Ann Davis, 1849-1924.  Pisgah Presbyterian Cemetery, Woodford County, Kentucky.

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky.

Sunday, October 17, 1926

Stephen Chasteen was a bugler in Company A, 6 Regiment Kentucky Cavalry, Union Army, during the Civil War.

According to the Company Descriptive Book he was 18 years of age when he joined the Union Army, six feet tall, of fair complexion, blue eyes and brown hair.  Stephen was born in Rockcastle County, Kentucky.  He was a farmer.

Stephen Chasteen was captured at Woodville, Alabama, August 25, 1863, and confined at Richmond, Virginia, September 26, 1863.  He was paroled at City Point, Virginia, March 7, 1864; reported at C. B. Maryland, March 9, 1864, sent to C. P. Maryland November 1864, where he reported the same day.  Sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, March 9, 1864.

Stephen mustered out December 23, 1864, at Louisville, Kentucky.  He was a soldier for three years, including one being prisoner of war.

Isn’t it impressive that he was with the Regimental Brass Band from August to November of 1864?



Confederate Soldier Buried In Green Lawn Cemetery Simpson County

H. D. Wade, 1861-1865, C.S.A.

According to his death certificate, Harvey David Wade was born in Allen County, Kentucky, February 17, 1836, and died September 22, 1911, due to heart problems.  Harvey and his family are buried in the Wade plot in Green Lawn Cemetery in Franklin, Simpson County, Kentucky.  His death certificate gives us little other information.  Both mother and father are listed as unknown.

Let’s move further back in time to see what we can discover.  In the 1860 census, Henry David Wade (H. D.) is living in Newton County, Missouri, with Henry Wade, aged 40, and Martha Wade, 38, with their six children.  Henry was born in Kentucky, Martha in Tennessee.  Remember that Simpson County is located on the Tennessee border.  The four older children were born in Kentucky.  Amanda, age 6, was born in Missouri, as well as younger sister, Eliza.  From Amanda’s date of birth of 1854, and her brother Henry’s birth in Kentucky in 1851, we can surmise the family moved to Missouri between those two dates – 1852-1854.  Next listed in the census record as living with the Wade family is Franklin Keath, 22, a farm laborer born in Georgia.  The last person living with the family is H. D. Wade, 23, a school teacher, born in Kentucky.  Some researchers believe Henry and Martha to be Harvey’s parents, but I do not.  If Harvey were their son the couple would have married very young, Martha being approximately 15 when Harvey was born.  Another consideration is the fact he is listed last in the census record, after a farm laborer.  If he were the first-born son he would have been named after his parents, not last in line.  I feel Henry was either an uncle, or an older brother, of Harvey.  But this gives a good reason for Harvey to have enlisted in the Confederate States Army in Newton County, Missouri.

This service record for H. D. Wade shows he is listed as an Ordinance Sergeant.  Since he dealt with weapons and ammunition he would have been a very valuable person within the regiment.

And from this record we find that H. D. Wade was on the roll of prisoners of war – ‘Company F, 8th Regiment Missouri Infantry, Confederate States Army, commanded by 2d Lieutenant Paul F. Peete, surrendered at New Orleans, Louisiana, to Maj. Gen. E. R. S. Canby, U.S.A., May 26, 1865, and paroled at Alexandria, June 7, 1865.  The date May 26, 1865 is significant since it was after Lee’s surrender.  Notice that his residence is given as Simpson County, Kentucky.

Mary Neely Wade, October 1, 1841 – September 12, 1868.

After the war Harvey Wade married Mary Neely, but she died within a year or two.  Could this have been during childbirth?

After the death of his first wife Harvey married Pauline Mahin.

Naomi M. Wade, October 12, 1873 – January 29,1880.

They were the parents of three children.

Tho’s M. Wade, April 13, 1875 – April 18, 1875.

All three died at less than eight years of age.

Charles D. Wade, June 22, 1877 – January 25, 1882.

The Tennessean, Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee.  Sunday, September 24, 1911.

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky.  Sunday, September 24, 1911.

Harvey, D. Wade, February 17, 1836 – September 22, 1911.

Harvey David Wade is buried between his two wives, his children beside their mother Pauline.

Pauline Wade died April 24, 1929.

Pauline Mahin Wade lived an additional 18 years, dying in 1929.