Tag Archives: Elizabeth Thornton

Mithlin – Thornton 1799 Marriage Bond – Jessamine County

I’ll have to admit the writing of the groom’s name is a little confusing.  The first time the clerk writes it at the top of the bond it looks like ‘Miller’, the second time perhaps ‘Milter’.  The groom’s signature looks like Mithlin or Mithlin.  What do you think?

Know all men by these presents that we, Frederick Mithlin and Benjamin Scott are held and firmly bound unto James Garrard, Esq., Governor of Kentucky, and his successors, in the just and full sum of fifty pounds good and lawful money of Kentucky, to which payment well and truly we bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 14th day of November 1799.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above Frederick Mithlin and Elizabeth Thornton.  Now if there should be no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage then to be void, else to remain in full force and virtue.

Friederich Mithlin, Benjamin Scott

Teste.  John McMurry, Jr.

Jessamine County, Kentucky

Woodford County 1849 Marriage Records

img_0953This is the fourth Woodford County Courthouse to be built.  The first was built of logs in 1790 by Jesse Graddy, at a total cost of $22.50!  The second, built in 1794, was built of stone by James and Henry Thompson.  The third, built of brick, was finished 1812-1813, with a cupola and clock added by 1846.  That structure burned in 1954, and the present courthouse was completed in 1970 by Gault Brothers of Lexington.  I love the history of our courthouses!

img_0954As you can see from the following list copied at the Woodford County Clerk’s Office from the 1849 marriage book, this is a list of brides and grooms, with the bond date, and on the following page a certification of those marriages by ministers or justices of the peace.  Notice that not all marriages are signed by one of the above personages – a few marriage certificates were never returned.


  • April 10, 1849 – Robert Andrews to Amanda M. Edwards
  • April 17, 1849 – Daniel H. Harrison to Minerva Norwood.  I do hereby certify that I celebrated the matrimony between Daniel H. Harrison and Minerva Norwood on this 17th day of April, 1849.  John N. Payne
  • April 25, 1849 – Stephen S. Scott to Elizabeth Walker.  I hereby certify that I celebrated the rites of matrimony between Stepehn S. Scott and Elizabeth Walker this 25th day of April, 1849.  P. V. Ferrie, M.G. (Minister of the Gospel)
  • May 4, 1849 – Park Cornet to Mrs. Catharine Garret
  • May 8, 1849 – David O. Harris to Mary H. McKinney (very hard to read).  Duly solemnized May 8, 1849.  W. M. Scott, M.G.
  • May 17, 1849 – Joseph Tyson to Frances Taylor.  I do certify that I celebrated the rites of matrimony between Joseph Tyson and Frances Taylor this 18th day of May, 1849.  Sandridge Arnett
  • May 19, 1849 – Bernard Hayedson to Sally Ann White
  • May 24, 1849 – Ulysses Turner to Elizabeth Thornton.  I do certify that I celebrated the rites of matrimony between Ulysses Turner and Elizabeth Thornton on the 24th day of May, 1849.  H. H. Kavannaugh, Minister of M. E. Church South.
  • June 13, 1849 – Abram Searcy to Jane Gibson (both of color).
  • June 13, 1849 – Orange Reed Gaines to Sarah Ann Gaines.
  • June 20, 1849 – Benjamin F. Stark and Sarah Simmons.  This is to certify that I solemnized the rites of matrimony between Benjamin F. Starks and Sarah Cummens on the 21st of June, 1849.  C. Smith, V.D.M.  (Verbi Dei Minister – Minister of the Word of God).
  • June 28, 1849 – Richard R. Hawkins to Amanda Shouse.  This is to certify that I solemnized the rites of matrimony between Richard R. Hawkins and Amanda Shouse on the 28th of June, 1849.  C. Smith, V.D.M.
  • July 19, 1849 – John H. Slaughter to Sarah P. Ruiley.  I do certify that I celebrated the rites of Matrimony between the within named John H. Slaughter and Sarah P. Ruiley, given under my hand this 19th day of July, 1849.  J. H. Jivley (Zivley?).
  • July 23, 1849 – Joseph S. Layson to Jemtha Watts.  J do certify that I celebrated the rites of Matrimony between Joseph L. Lawson and Jemtha Watts this 25th day of July, 1849.  C. Kendrick.
  • July 25, 1849 – John W. Sargent to Sarah Elizabeth Hantems (?).
  • August 8, 1849 – Hawkins Mitchell to Elizabeth Sanders.
  • August 13, 1849 – Richard Scott to Rebecca Allen.  I hereby certify that I this day, August 14, 1849, solemnized the rites of matrimony between Richard Scott and Rebecca Allen agreeable to license issued at your office.  James M. Bayless, Pastor of Pisgah Church.



Thornton Family Buried At Versailles Cemetery

IMG_1183Thornton stone, Versailles Cemetery, Woodford County, Kentucky

David Thornton was born January 1, 1796, in Delaware.  He made is way to Kentucky, and on June 3, 1823, married Charlotte Railey, born March 29, 1805, daughter of Charles Railey and Mary Mayo.  Charlotte’s parents were born in Virginia, her grandfather, John Railey, a colonel in the Revolutionary War.

David and Charlotte had eleven children – half died before reaching adulthood.

IMG_1195Margaret A. Thornton, born February 23, 1826, died October 26, 1826.  Versailles Cemetery.

IMG_1196Catharine, born December 5, 1829, died August 27, 1835.  Versailles Cemetery.

IMG_1197William Henry, born March 1, 1833, died March 28, 1833.  Versailles Cemetery.

IMG_1198Florida, born November 27, 1842, died October 22, 1843.  Versailles Cemetery.

IMG_1199Charles Randolph, born July 11, 1847, died August 1, 1851.  Versailles Cemetery.

One daughter was named Pocohontas – I’ve never encountered this name before other than the original!  She was generally called ‘Hontas”, and is listed both ways in different census.

In the 1850 Census of Woodford County are listed David Thornton, 54, manufacturer, born in Delaware.  Charlotte, his wife, 43; James T., 16; Pocohontas, 12; Edwin Kavanaugh, 9; Woodford R., 6; and Charles R., 2.  Daughters Eleanor, who married David Porter (and moved to Missouri), and Elizabeth, who married Ulysses Turner, had homes of their own at this time.

In the 1860 census David is listed as 64, president of a bank.  Charlotte, 55; Pocohontas, 23; Woodford R., 16.  Three children with the last name Thornton are also living with the family.  they are listed with personal estate.  I feel like these are children of one of David’s brothers.  They are Agnes T., 17, $3,000; David, 15, $2,000; and Lizzie B., 14, $3,500.  Son Edwin is living with his sister Elizabeth and her husband Ulysses Turner, who is a lawyer – Edwin is listed as a clerk – in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri.  Interesting fact – Ritchey’s father was a lawyer in Independence, Missouri, for a time!  Listed with five children, the two youngest were born in Missouri, the older children in Kentucky – and one is named Hontas after her aunt!  Within a few years the Turner family returns to Woodford County, since they are listed in the 1870 census for that county.

In 1870 David, 70, is still president of a bank, Charlotte is 60, and daughter Pocohontas, 30, still lives with her parents.

IMG_1193David Thornton, born January 1, 1796, died February 6, 1873.  Versailles Cemetery.

After David’s death in 1873, Pocohontas married Edwin Craig.  They lived with her mother in the 1880 census.  Charlotte died in 1882.  She was buried beside her husband David.

IMG_1194Charlotte, wife of D. Thornton, born March 29, 1805, died January 31, 1882.  Versailles Cemetery.

By 1900 Pocohontas’ husband had died; she is living with a Jeanette Thornton – a probable relation.  Four widows live together.  In addition to the two previously mentioned are Jeanette’s daughter, Sallie Bailey, and a Mary Oliver.

IMG_1218Edwin S. Craig, born August 23, 1821, died May 25, 1882.  Versailles Cemetery.

IMG_1219Hontas Thornton, wife of Edwin S. Craig, September 14, 1837 – November 12, 1901.  Versailles Cemetery.

Pocohontas Thornton Craig died in 1901.  The last child of David and Charlotte Thornton to pass away was daughter Eleanor, who lived in Missouri.  I found the following excerpt in Genealogies of Kentucky Families from The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society:

‘Charlotte Railey, 6th of Charles Railey and Mary Mayo, was born in Woodford County, in 1805, and married David Thornton in 1823.  David Thornton was a banker at Versailles, Kentucky, for many years and served Woodford County in both branches of the Kentucky Legislature.  Their eldest daughter, Eleanor Thornton, married David I. Porter, of Versailles, Kentucky, in 1841.  She is still living at the advanced age of eighty-six years, with her daughter, Mar. Daniel cooper, at Sedalia, Missouri, and although quite old her mind is wonderfully clear and much of the data concerning the Randolph’s, Mayo’s and Railey’s was furnished by her as she received it from her grandparents and others of the old Railey’s in person.  All of her Kentucky relatives remember her as a woman of many lovable traits of character.  Her descendants are in Missouri, Texas and California.  Elizabeth Thornton was the second of David Thornton and Charlotte Railey.  She married Ulysses turner, a lawyer of Versailles, Kentucky, in 1849.  the most of their descendants live at Versailles, Kentucky.  their daughter, Mary Logan Turner, married William O. Davis, an attorney of Versailles, Kentucky.  Hontas Thornton, fourth of David Thornton and Charlotte Railey, married Edwin S. Craig, an attorney, at Versailles, Kentucky.

‘Edwin Kavanaugh Thornton and Woodford Railey Thornton, sons of David and Charlotte Thornton, were for many years bankers at Kansas City, Missouri, where their sons are now connected with banking institutions.’

Another family, telling a bit of their story, and photos of their final resting places.  In the first picture the Thornton stone says ‘Our Children’ on one side – on the other three sides are D. Thornton, Turner and Davis.  There are other family members also buried in Versailles Cemetery in Woodford County, Kentucky.