Tag Archives: Captain John Linton

Tintypes – Last of the Cased Photographs

The last of the cased photographs are tintypes – which is actually a misnomer since they were not made of tin, but metal.  These were easy to make, inexpensive and durable.  An easy way to know if you have a tintype is to use a magnet – the pull will be felt even through the case.  Tintypes were made from about 1855 to 1880 – but once the carte-de-visite card photographs became popular in the 1860’s, fewer tintypes were made.  And after the 1860’s most of the tintypes were in paper envelopes instead of a case.

I have four tintypes.  The first is of a baby – Alice Clark Linton, daughter of Edward Edwards Linton and Catherine Elizabeth Taylor – in fact, their oldest child.  She is also the granddaughter of John Compton Taylor and Susan Clark Edwards; and William Linton and Eliza Lyon Moran.  The man holding Alice is a mystery.  I believe it might be her father, Edward Linton, but that is only a guess.  Alice Linton was born in 1855, and she looks to be about one to two years in this photo.  She wears a lovely dress made of beautiful material.  Her little cheeks are tinted.  The gentleman is gently holding her head for a clear photo – in which he succeeded – but her feet were not so still!

The next photo is that of John Compton Taylor.  He, his sons Edward and Benjamin, his daughter Margaret, his second wife, Susan Kimberlain, and their two daughters, Mary and Sarah, were soon to move to Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.  I believe these photos were taken before the journey began.  Catherine Elizabeth Taylor Linton, John Taylor’s oldest daughter, was the only child remaining in Kentucky.  These photos would be remembrances for those leaving, and those left behind.  This particular photo was said to be Captain John Linton.  However, he died in 1836, long before photographs were introduced into the United States.  After I came to that conclusion, I thought perhaps it could be his son, Rev. Benjamin Franklin Linton.  But I have recently seen a photograph of Benjamin Linton, and this is not his photo.

Then I put this photo next to one of John Compton Taylor.  There is absolutely no doubt.  In this photo, his hair is longer.  But look at the ears – John Taylor’s ears are very distinctive – and you can see them in both photos.  This is a carte-de-visite photo card.  Can you see the resemblance? You can see the decorative mat, the shape being a double elliptical with stamped decoration.  This was used from 1858 to 1860.  The reinforced corners and sides of the preserver also date to this time period.

The next two tintype photographs are of William Linton (son of Captain John Linton) and his wife, Eliza Lyon Moran.  William’s photograph is nicely tinted – his cheeks and his handkerchief.  He wears the clothing of the period (1858-1860), but is extra dapper with his light-colored vest.

William Linton’s mat is a double elliptical, with stamped decoration.  The preserver, not shown is decorative and has reinforced corners.

Eliza Lyon Moran Linton doesn’t see very happy in this photo, although neither was anyone else during this time-period.  Part of her problem, William was a handful to live with!  I suppose there is one in every family.  Eventually all their financial dealings were turned over to their son Edward Linton.  Eliza wears a very beautiful lacy cap.  It is hard to see the rest of her outfit due to deterioration, but if greatly enlarged there are little embroidered embellishments on her cape, with more on the actual dress.

Eliza Linton’s mat is an oval shape, nicely decorated.

These are such precious gifts from earlier generations.

 

Relationships to me:

Alice Clark Linton – 2nd great-aunt

Edward Edwards Linton and Catherine Elizabeth Taylor – 2nd great-grandparents

John Compton Taylor and Susan Clark Edwards – 3rd great-grandparents

William Linton and Eliza Lyon Moran – 3rd great-grandparents

Captain John Linton – 4th and 5th great-grandfather

Two Examples of Ambrotype Photographs

The second type of early photographs were ambrotype photos.  Ambrotypes look very similar to the later tintype photos.  An easy way to test them is to use a magnet – even through the case you can fell the attraction of the magnet with the iron used for the tintype.  The glass of the ambrotype feels no pull from the magnet.

An ambrotype was created on a piece of glass – and looked like a negative until a black background was added.  Begun about 1855, the earlier ambrotypes had the photograph on one piece of glass, with an additional piece of glass covered with a tar-like pitch.  About 1858 the varnish covers the back of the glass with the photo on front or sometimes a colored class was used.  In 1859 the clear glass has a black cloth at the back of the image.  I have one with the double glass and one with the black varnish on back of the photo.

This photograph of my 4th great-grandmother, Nancy Linton Edwards, was probably taken about 1855.  There are two pieces of glass in the case – one with the photo, and another with the black pitch on back.  Unfortunately, the glass containing the photograph was broken, but it still gives us a good idea of her features.  Nancy was the daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1778.  She married Edward Barber Edwards, with whom she raised a large family.  On the way through the Cumberland Gap, from Virginia to Kentucky, her horse was spooked by a cougar or bobcat, causing her to fall and break her leg.  She traveled in a litter the rest of the way to Washington County, and never walked again.

Nancy’s cotton cap was used by older women during the 1850’s, younger women using a bonnet.  She wears the older fashions of the 1840’s.  Looking at her white hair, face and neck you could easily guess her age of about 77.  But look at her fingers – they look long and very elegant.  There is just a hint of color in her cheeks.

As you can tell from this photo, the scan is not generally good unless you remove the photograph from the case, but I wanted you to see the mat that is used with this photograph.  It is called a nonpareil mat, due to the shape, and was used between 1850 and 1859.  The preserver (around the edge) is still rather simple, but a little more decorative than with the daguerreotype photos.

The case is lined with red velvet and is decorated on front and back with the same design.  The case is 3 ¼ x 3 ¾.

This next ambrotype is a great photo of a youngish man with great hair and beard!  His collar and tie are from the 1850’s – as are the wide lapels of his coat and the overall larger look of the suit.  I believe this to be Edward Edwards Taylor, son of John Compton Taylor and Susan Clark Edwards, my 3rd great-grandparents.  Edward was a brother to my Catherine Elizabeth Taylor who married Edward Edwards Linton – a little confusing with those middle names!  This photo has only one piece of glass, with the varnish on back, so we can date this photo to about 1858.  In that year Edward, or ‘Ned’ as he was called, would have been 27 years of age.  Also, his ears look very much like those of his father, John Taylor.

The mat with this photo is oval, with much decoration.  The preserver, not shown in this photo, is also more decorated, with semi-reinforced corners.  The case is similar to Nancy Edwards’ case, but the photograph is smaller – 2 3/8 x 2 7/8.

Next up, tintypes!

Daguerreotype, Ambrotype and Tintype – What Kind of Photograph Do You Have?

Yesterday I brought out my old photographs in wood and leather cases, lined with red velvet – photographs taken of several of my 3rd and 4th great-grandparents, and assorted aunts and uncles.  I have looked at these photographs many times, but I was determined to learn more about them.

In my research, I found three types of photos that were encased as mentioned above – 1) Daguerreotype, 1840-1855, the photograph is made on a silver coated piece of copper.  2) Ambrotype, 1855-1865, the photograph is created on a piece of glass.  3) Tintype, 1855-1880, the photograph is made on a thin piece of iron.  But what did I have in my collection?  Actually, I have photographs of all three processes.

The oldest of my photographs are two daguerreotypes – photos of John Edwards and his wife, Milly Linton Edwards, my fourth great uncle and aunt.  John was a brother to Susan Clark Edwards, my 3rd great-grandmother.  This couple is buried in the Linton Cemetery in Washington County, along with Captain John Linton and other family members.

An easy way to tell if your photograph is a daguerreotype is to move it side to side – this particular type of photo has a reflection like a mirror when moved from side to side.  The photos are in a double case that folds to look like a modern photo album, lined with red velvet.

The case is made of leather and has mother-of-pearl in-lay on the front.  On the spine is gold filigree with the word ‘Memento’.

It must have been rather expensive to have such nice photos and a case of this caliber.  John Edwards was the eldest son, and he and Nancy had only one daughter.  Perhaps this gave them an advantage for purchasing extras.

I believe this photo to be taken during the 1840’s – possibly about 1848.  It was a period not only of modesty, but included a popular trend toward extreme bodily constriction.  I think Milly looks very uncomfortable in her dress – notice the extremely tiny waist – how could she breathe? In the photo below you can see the chair slats and wall – and tell just how small that waist was!

The corset she wears makes the bosom and stomach very flat.  I removed the photos from their case to get a good scan.  You can see markings from the oval mat.

There are four parts to each daguerreotype photo (apart from the case) – the daguerreotype plate, brass mat, cover glass and preserver (the thin, foil-like frame that holds all pieces together).  The oval brass mat is made from a heavy, stiff brass, with an inside bevel and a sandy texture, which can be dated from 1846 to 1850.  The preserver, the ‘frame’ around the edges wraps all the pieces together.  Preservers did not appear until 1847.  This simple one, with just slight notches on the sides, was used from 1847 to 1850.  Later they became more decorative.

John’s photo is of a very robust, tall, healthy man with broad shoulders – with wild hair!  Look at his eyes in this photo – quite vivid from so many years ago!  His white collar, just a hint turned down over his tie, is indicative of the 1840’s, as is his soft necktie, tied in a knot.  Do you notice just a hint of tinting – especially on his cheeks – but very well done.  Some tinting looks like a child colored on the photo!

We will discuss ambrotype photographs in the next post!  Do you have any of these old photographs in your collection?

A Day at the Kentucky History Center in Frankfort

Wednesday, I visited the Kentucky History Center in Frankfort, with two specific goals in mind.  I have tried to find a copy of the book Daybreak on Old Fortification Creek by Glenn Hodges.  It is a history of the John Lewis family – specifically John Lewis, the son of John Lewis and Elizabeth Brown, and grandson of Vincent Lewis and Ann Longworth of Loudoun County, Virginia; and his wife, Hannah Lewis, daughter of William Joseph Lewis and Catherine Jennings Linton (my Captain John Linton’s sister), and granddaughter of Vincent Lewis.  Yes, John Lewis, Jr., and wife Hannah Lewis were first cousins.

Kentucky was quite a call for the inhabitants of Loudoun County, Virginia, and especially for the Lewis, Linton, Mason, Hancock and Berkeley families that make up my lines.  John Lewis, Jr., was surveying in Kentucky about 1780, and finally moved his family in 1799.  The Mason family was in Nelson County in the 1790’s.  Captain John Linton and his children and grandchildren moved to Washington County in 1818, although several sons had come to Kentucky earlier.

One of the Lewis family members I am very interested in is William Linton Lewis, son of William Joseph and Catherine Linton Lewis – and nephew of Captain John Linton.  I was introduced to this man through Dorothy Thrawley, a lovely woman and exceptional genealogist, with whom I corresponded in the 1970’s and 80’s.  She told me of the horse hair trunk that William Linton Lewis used to carry important papers, and that it is now in the collection of Duke University.  Ritchey and I visited Duke University, made a few copies of the old letters and other paper in the collection – and the copier stopped working!  We must return.

My second goal was to find more information about Ritchey’s Thomas Jewell who married Grissell Fletcher about 1640.  Thomas Jewell arrived from England in the Planter in April 1635.  He settled in Braintree, Massachusetts.  Lands were assigned him December 24, 1639-40, for three heads – bringing that many settlers to the new world.  He and wife Grissell had the following children:  Joseph, born February 24, 1642; Thomas, December 27, 1643; Hannah, December 27, 1643; Nathaniel, February 15, 1648; Grissell, born January 19, 1651; and Mercy, born February 14, 1653.  Thomas died in 1654, and Grissell, with six very young children, quickly married Humphrey Griggs.  After Griggs death she married John Burney, Henry Kibbe and John Burge.  Interesting that they lived in Braintree – the home of John and Abigail Adams.  Could later descendants possibly have met the famous Adams?

Ritchey and Linton are camping in the White Mountains of New Hampshire later this year.  How could they just ‘happen’ to choose a campsite, nine miles from a cemetery in Whitefield, where John Jewell, Ritchey’s fourth great-grandfather is buried?  He wanted to be found!

My goals were accomplished.  But, of course, they just lead to other goals!  Happy researching!

Greathouse Cemetery in Hancock County

Isaac N. Greathouse, born November 18, 1792, died October 21, 1832.  Greathouse Family Cemetery, Hancock County, Kentucky.

The Greathouse family cemetery is located on Hwy 1957, also known as Lee Henderson Road, close to where it T’s with Hwy 1605.  It is very close to the Henderson family cemetery, and both are marked with a road sign – although the cemeteries are easily visible from the road.

Isaac Newman Greathouse was born in Nelson County, Kentucky, November 18, 1792.  He was the son of Harmon Greathouse and Marcia Buche (she was also called ‘Mercy’ and her last name has been written as Bukey).  Harmon and Mercy moved from Frederick County, Maryland, to Nelson County, Kentucky.

Elizabeth B., wife of Isaac N. Greathouse, born July 14, 1799, died April 4, 1879.

Isaac Newman Greathouse married Elizabeth Berkeley Lewis in 1818.  Elizabeth was the daughter of John Lewis and his cousin, Hannah Lewis.  Hannah’s parents were William Joseph Lewis and Catherine Jennings Linton (a sister to my Captain John Linton).

Original stone for Isaac Greathouse.  To the memory of Dr. I. N. Greathouse who departed this life October 21, 1832, aged 40 years.

Hannah Amanda Linton Greathouse was a daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth.  She lived only fifteen years.

Hannah A. L. Greathouse, born April 15, 1821, died June 11, 1839.

William Linton Greathouse was a son of Isaac and Elizabeth.  He was born in 1832, either just before or after his father died.

William L. Greathouse, died July 16, 1901, aged 69 years.

Rodolphus B. Greathouse was a brother to Isaac Newman Greathouse.  He was born in 1801, probably in Nelson County, Kentucky.

In memory of Rodolphus B. Greathouse died 10 April 1838 in his 37th year.

Susannah E. Greathouse was the daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Greathouse.

Susannah E. Greathouse, died September 26, 1846, aged 21 years, 1 month and 18 days.

Isaac and Elizabeth Greathouse had four other children for whom we do not have gravestone photos.  Son John L. Greathouse was born in 1819, and died two years later.  Harmon Bukey Greathouse was born in 1822 and died 1889.  Joseph Linton Greathouse was born 1828 and died 1891.  John Fletcher Greathouse was born in 1830; in the Hancock County death records he is listed as dying November 11, 1852, in Rolls County, Missouri, of typhoid fever.  I do not know if they brought his body back to Kentucky for burial.

These photos were taken in the rain – we will return one day for sunshine and blue skies and retake!

 

 

 

John Wesley Linton Family Photo

Today I share with you a photo of John Wesley Linton and wife Emma Adelaide Proctor, and two of their children.  With a bit of thought and research I believe I can tell you which of their five children are in the photo.  Let’s start with a little history.

John Wesley Linton’s grandfather was Benjamin Franklin Linton, who was born June 16, 1777, in Loudoun County, Virginia, the son of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason.  Benjamin F. Linton married Lucy Crewdson, April 12, 1805, in Fluvanna County, Virginia.  Even though his parents and other brothers and sisters moved to the Washington/Nelson County area in Kentucky, Benjamin settled in Logan County, Kentucky.

Benjamin and Lucy had twelve children – Mildred L., Moses Lewis, Nany M., John, Thomas Crewdson, William Crewdson, Elizabeth, Benjamin Burkette, John Newman, Lucy Crewdson, Burkette Lewis and George Thomas Linton.  Most of the older children moved away from Logan County, the younger ones stayed in Logan County.

Mildred married her cousin John L. Edwards, who lived in Washington County, Kentucky.  They are buried in the Linton Cemetery, along with the Captain and other members of the family.

Moses Lewis Linton married Ann Rachel Booker, from Washington County, became a doctor and moved his family to St. Louis, Missouri.  He taught at the university and was very widely known for his medical skills, as well as his charitable work.  In the new St. Louis Cathedral he is memorialized on the ceiling as a founding member of the St. Vincent de Paul Society.

Nancy Mason Linton married John Mize and lived in Logan County.

John Linton, also a doctor, moved to Iowa and lived among the Indians of that area, treating them and learning their ways.  He is featured in the Garnavillo Iowa Museum, with many of his doctor’s tools, vials, medicines, and other items.

I’m not sure where Thomas Crewdson Linton lived, or who he married.

William Crewdson moved farther than any of his siblings.  He kept moving west, finally making it to California, where he lived until his death.

The other children all lived in Logan County.  Benjamin Burkette Linton married Nancy Jane Newman.  They are the parents of John Wesley Linton, featured in the photo.  John Wesley Linton was born November 14, 1843.  He joined the southern cause during the Civil War, and was part of the Orphan Brigade.  So many members of his company died that he vowed if he returned home he would plant cedar trees for each and every one who did not return.  True to his word, John Wesley did plant those trees – and many are still growing on his farm today!

After the war, John Wesley Linton married Emma Adelaide Proctor on November 11, 1869.  The couple had five children, Benjamin Proctor, John Warder, James Thomas, Lucy N. and Hugh Walter Linton.  Unfortunately, Lucy died at the age of 22 in 1903.  The four sons lived until the 1940’s – Benjamin Proctor Linton died January 19, 1941; the other three brothers died in 1945 – the youngest, Hugh Walter Linton, died March 21; James Thomas Linton died November 13; and two weeks later John Warder Linton died November 27.

Now, back to the photo.  Looking at the clothing and examining the card leads me to believe this photograph was taken about 1883-1885.  The card has an uneven scalloped edge which is appropriate to that time period.  There is no image printed on the back, but a small, photo-like image is glued to the back.  If you look careful you can see Genelli, St. Louis, printed under the photo of the woman.  I found Genelli, Hubert Brothers, Proprietors, running a photographic studio at 923 Olive Street from 1885.

John Wesley Linton and his family lived in Logan County, Kentucky, near the town of Russellville.  But they had family who lived in St. Louis!  Dr. Moses Lewis Linton had died by this date, but his children lived there.  I’m convinced this was taken during a visit to cousins.

Our next obstacle – which two children are shown in the photo?  My guess would be James Thomas and Lucy.  If you enlarge the photo you can definitely see the child standing with her hand on her father’s shoulder is a little girl.  She wears a ring on the middle finger of her right hand, and a small necklace, and her hair is styled very similar to her mother’s.  The little boy looks a few years older.  In 1885 Lucy would have been five and Thomas, eight.  It could also be that the photo was taken a year or two earlier.  There is no photographer’s name at the bottom of the card, and that could be due to setting up shop.  Either way, I feel very confident in naming the two wee ones.  The older boys could have been left at home with relatives; and Hugh, who was born in February of 1883, may have been too young to travel.  Another reason to date this photo to 1884 was the death of Ann Rachel Booker Linton, Moses’ wife, March 5, 1884.

Always check the small clues that may help you date photographs.  They will help you get close to the date.

Edward Barber Edwards Account With Elias Davison

Such a simple piece of browned paper, but one so very important to me.  This is a receipt given to my fourth great-grandfather, Edward Barber Edwards, by Elias Davison, after paying the amount due on his account.

Elias Davison was on the list of Springfield town lot owners in 1817, in the post that was published yesterday.  He owned one lot at a valuation of $6,000.  In the diary of Hugh McElroy he states that he engaged to keep store for Mr. Elias Davison, beginning in 1814.  An old plat of Springfield was found and mentions the lot owned by Mr. Davison, and that it was known by the appellation ‘Davison’s brick corner.’  At least this gives us an idea of why it was valued at $6,000.  I so wish we had just a little more information about what Edward Edwards was paying for!

Edward Barber Edwards was born in Maryland April 21, 1768, the son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber.   Edward moved to Loudoun County, Virginia, before 1795, when he sold land to George Smith.  Perhaps this was about the time he married Nancy Linton, daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Nancy Mason.   Edward and Nancy’s first child, my ancestor, Susan Clark Edwards was born in 1797.  All but one of their children was born in Loudoun County – John L., Catherine Kitural, Jonathan Joseph, Benjamin M., and Mary Jane.  The family moved to Washington County, Kentucky, in 1816, and daughter Sarah was born in 1822.

Edward died in 1824, in Washington County.  Nancy lived another 37 years.

Received this 5th day April 1821 of Mr Edward B. Edwards sixteen dollars fifty cents, it being the full amount of his account up to this date.

                                for Elias Davison, Sr., by Elias Davison, Jr.