Tag Archives: Loudoun County Virginia

DAR Application Based On Captain John Linton

Today I share with you the original National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution working sheet for application of Adelaide Linton Cartier.  She is a cousin, along with being a cousin of Garwood Linton, my good friend (and cousin!) from Logan County and Jefferson County.  He brought Adelaide’s boxes of research to me several years ago.  Adelaide, of course, entered the DAR through our mutual great-great-grandfather, Captain John Hancock Linton, lieutenant and then captain of the Loudoun Militia.  He was born in Prince William County, Virginia, in 1750, before the county of Loudoun was formed.  John married Ann Mason, a daughter of Benjamin Mason and Elizabeth Berkeley.  During the last few years of the 18th century and the first few years of the 19th century, several of John and Ann’s children (along with a few of her brothers and sisters) came to Kentucky.  The Masons settled in Nelson County, along with Moses Linton.  The rest of the Linton’s made roots in neighboring Washington County.  In 1818, the remaining children came with the Captain.  I can just see that long line of children, grandchildren, slaves, packhorses, coming through the Cumberland Gap!  John Linton lived to the grand age of 86, his wife, 82.  They, along with other family members, are buried in the Linton Cemetery on Hwy 555.

Now for Adelaide’s application.

Mrs. Adelaide Linton Cartier, wife of Roderic Walter Cartier, descendant of Captain John Linton.

  1. I am the daughter of Hugh Walter Linton, born February 22, 1883, at Logan County, Kentucky, died at Hopkinsville, Kentucky, on March 21, 1945, and his only wife, Lydabel Garnett, born on October 12, 1891, at Hopkinsville, Kentucky, married on February 5, 1913.
  2. The said Hugh Walter Linton was the child of John Wesley Linton, born on November 14, 1843, at Logan County, Kentucky, died at Russellville, Kentucky, on July 4, 1930, and his only wife Emma Adelaide Proctor, born on October 11, 1850, at Logan County, Kentucky, died at Russellville, Kentucky, on May 10, 1928, married on November 11, 1869.
  3. The said John Wesley Linton was the child of Benjamin Burkett Linton, born on April 29, 1821, died at Logan County, Kentucky, on July 23, 1894, and his first wife, Nancy Jane Newman, born on March 6, 1822, at Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, died at Logan County, Kentucky, on July 7, 1879, married February 2, 1843.
  4. The said Benjamin Burkett Linton was the child of Rev. Benjamin Franklin Linton, born on June 10, 1777, at Virginia, died at Springfield, Kentucky, in 1861 and his wife Lucy Crewdson, born in 1785, died at Logan County, Kentucky, on August 13, 1837, married 1800.
  5. The said Benjamin Franklin Linton was the child of Captain John Linton, born in 1750, at Prince William County, Virginia, died at Springfield, Kentucky, December 4, 1836, and his wife Ann Mason, born in Virginia, died at Springfield, Kentucky, in 1832, married about 1770.

Details showing the family descent.  Give reference to verify the above statement of birth, marriage and death, by volume and page of reference is made to published work, and a duplicate certified or attested copy of facts where reference is made to Family Bible, tombstone, or other unpublished authority.  Statements based upon tradition cannot be considered.

File Case of John Linton, Virginia and Kentucky

2nd generation – Birth, death and marriage dates from Family Bible, shown in affidavit No. I.  Marriage is also shown in Logan County Court Records, Book 3, Page 100.

3rd generation – Birth, death, marriage dates from Family Bible and on tombstones at Bibbs Chapel Cemetery, sworn to in affidavits I and II.

4th generation – Birth place and date on B. F. Linton found in St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal, January and February issue 1867.  His death date on tombstone near Springfield, Kentucky, sworn to in affidavit No. II.  His wife’s birth and death dates found on tombstone at Kennerly Chapel in affidavit No. II.  Affidavit No. I shows B. B. Linton was son of B. F. Linton.

Ancestor’s Services

The said Captain John Linton was lieutenant in Militia for Loudoun County, Virginia.  Commissioned in February 8, 1779, recommended August 1778.  Commissioned Captain of the Militia in Loudoun County, Virginia, April 10, 1781, recommended February 1781.  He was Lieutenant in the Third Continental Dragoons.  The said Captain John Linton is the ancestor who assisted in establishing American Independence, while acting in the capacity of lieutenant in the Militia for Loudoun County, Virginia, from February 8, 1779, to April 10, 1781, when he was commissioned captain of the Militia for Loudoun County, Virginia.

State authority for service claimed by volume and page – Order Book ‘G’, Folio 130, page 134-135.  History of Loudoun County, Virginia, Vol. 9, Page 22, 54, Virginia County Records.

I need to research the Third Continental Dragoons before I could positively say that John Linton was a part of that group.  Today I sent an email to the Loudoun County Clerk for more information.  I will let you know what I find.

1770 Indenture Between Sarah Foster and Benjamin Mason

An indenture is another word for deed – used mainly in colonial days and the early days of our country.  I wanted to share this, first for the wording of indenture, and for the handwriting.  Like today, everything is precisely written, facts mentioned several times, to make sure all the T’s were crossed, and I’s dotted. 

The handwriting of this indenture is beautiful, quite different from most I’ve seen.  Each letter and word is so exact, today it could be a font.  Would you have guessed the last name of the seller to be Foster?  The capital ‘F’ is very elaborate, and you must look carefully at the ‘s’, otherwise you may think it a second ‘o’.  The G’s, whether upper or lowercase swoop back in an elaborate half circle.  The uppercase L looks much like an S, there, again, having an elongated tail on the end – and they are all exactly the same.  The uppercase S is quite ordinary in comparison.

Benjamin Mason is my fifth great-grandfather.  His daughter, Ann Mason, married Captain John Linton in this same year, 1770.  Benjamin was a vestryman for Cameron Parish.  He was also a lawyer according to page 400 of the Loudoun County 1784-1785 Deed Book – ‘Know all men by these presents that I, Henry Alexander, of County of King George in the Commonwealth of Virginia, by these presents do nominate, constitute and appoint, my trusty friend, Benjamin Mason of Loudoun County, my true and lawful attorney.’

Benjamin Mason died in 1795.

This Indenture made the thirteenth day of January in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and seventy, and between Sarah Foster, of the County of Prince William of the one part, and Benjamin Mason, the son of George Mason, deceased, of the other part.  Witnesseth that for and in consideration of the sum of seventy-seven pounds current money of Virginia, to the said Sarah Foster in hand paid by the said Benjamin Mason, at or before the sealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt whereof doth hereby acknowledge and thereof doth release, acquit and discharge the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs, executors and administrators by these presents, she, the said Sarah Foster hath granted, bargained, sold, aligned, released and confirmed and by these presents doth grant, bargain, sell, align, release and confirm unto the said Benjamin Mason in actual possession now being by virtue of a bargain and sale to him thereof made by the said Sarah Foster for one whole year by indenture bearing date the day next before the day of the date of these presents and by for of the status for transferring into possessions and his heirs all that tract or parcel of land situated, lying and being in Cameron Parish in the County of Loudoun and bounded as followeth.  Beginning at a white oak on Broad Run being corner tree to Neilson and Waters, extending then with their line south

Forty-eight, west one hundred and forty poles to a small red oak, then south sixteen, east twenty-six poles to a branch of the said Broad Run, then up the said river and binding therewith south eighty-six, west sixty poles, then north eighty, west sixteen poles to a white oak, corner tree to William Byles, then with his line south one hundred and six poles to a red oak in the line of Sampson Turley, then with Turley’s line and binding therewith north seventy and west one hundred and forty-eight poles to an elm on Piney Branch, then north fifteen, east ninety-two poles to two red oak, corner to James Murray, still continue the same course north fifteen, east with Murray’s line one hundred and thirty-six poles to Cork’s line, then with his line south sixty eight, east one hundred and five poles to his corner near the lands of Abraham Warford, then with Warford’s line north twenty-two, east one hundred and eighty-two poles to a white oak, hickory and dogwood, his corner near the main Broad Run, then down the said run and binding there with being routed to a straight line in south sixty-nine, east to the beginning, containing two hundred and twenty-six acres, and all houses, buildings, orchards, ways, waters, profits, commodities, appurtenances whatsoever to the said premises hereby granted or any part thereof belonging or in any wise appertaining and the revision and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents and profits thereof and also all the estate right and the interest use, trust property claim and demand whatsoever of him, the said Benjamin Mason, of in and to the said premises and all deeds, evidences and writings touching or in any wise removing the same, to have and to hold the land hereby conveyed and all and singular other the premises hereby granted and released and every part and parcel thereof, with their and ever of their appurtenances unto the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs and assigns for ever to the only proper use and behoof of him, the said Benjamin Mason and of his heirs

And assigns forever.  And the said Sarah Foster, for herself, her heirs, executors and administrators, doth covenant, promise and grant to and with the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs and assigns by these presents that the said Sarah Foster, now at the time of sealing and deliver of the presents hath good power and lawful and absolute authority to grant and convey the same to the said Benjamin Mason in manner and form aforesaid.  And that the same promises now are and so forever after shall remain and be foresaid clear of and from all former and other gifts, grants, bargains, sales, dower rights and

Title of dower, judgements, executions, titles, troubles, charges and ? whatever made and committed or suffered by the said Sarah Foster or any claimant in by or under her, them or any of them the quit rents hereafter to grow and payable to the chief Lord of the ?, his heirs and successors for and in respect of the premises only, excepted and foreprized.  And lastly that the said Sarah Foster, her heirs, all and singular, the premises hereby granted and released with the appurtenances unto the said Benjamin Mason, his heirs and assigns against her, the said Sarah Foster and her heirs or any other person claiming in by her, them or any of them, and will forever warrant and defend the same by these presents.  In witness whereof the said Sarah Foster hath hereunto set her hand and seal the day and year first above written

Sarah Foster

Sealed and delivered in the presence of Howson Hooe, Patrick Hamrick, William Foster, James Foster, Benjamin Mason, John Howell

Received of Benjamin Mason seventy-seven pounds, the full consideration within mentioned this 13th day of January 1771.

Sarah Foster

Test – Howson Hooe, Patrick Hamrick, William Foster, James Foster, Benjamin Mason, John Howell

At a Court held for Loudoun County April the 8th 1771

This indenture together with the receipt thereon endorsed was proved by the oaths of

Benjamin Mason, Sr., William Foster and James Foster, three of the subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.

Test.  Charles Binns, Clerk of the Court

‘Uncle Billy’ Moredock Summoned

One feat accomplished on our western Kentucky trip – we found the Lewis Cemetery in Hancock County!  We tried to find it in June, with no success.  But with the help of Google Earth and a page from Glenn Hodges book, Daybreak On Old Fortification Creek, we pinpointed the location!  This was another cemetery back a gravel road, onto farmland.  It is a small cemetery, just for family, about 35 people are thought to be buried here.

William Moredock married Hannah Amanda House, granddaughter of the John Lewis and Elizabeth Brown that moved from Loudoun County, Virginia, to what was then Breckinridge County, Kentucky (later Hancock County).  John Lewis was a brother to William Joseph Lewis, who married Captain John Linton’s sister, Catherine Jennings Lewis.  Joseph and Catherine Linton Lewis’ son, William Linton Lewis, also moved to Hancock County, and is buried in this cemetery.

The Breckinridge News, Breckinridge County, Kentucky

Wednesday, May 20, 1908

“Uncle Billy” Moredock Summoned

Genial Man And Aged citizen Dies At Hardinsburg – Respected And Loved By Young And Old

Once Lived In Hancock

Hardinsburg, Ky., May 18 – (Special) –

After an illness of several weeks, William T. Moredock, one of our aged and most highly respected citizens quietly breathed his last at two o’clock Wednesday morning, May 13.

Mr. Moredock was born near Hardinsburg, March 5, 1834.  After learning the trade of cabinet maker with the Hon. G. W. Beard and Judge Eskridge, he moved to Hancock County, where his life was spent, with the exception of the last two years here with his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. George W. Evans, at the Commercial Hotel.

A part of the time he was a farmer in Hancock County, the other part found him in business at Lewisport.

In 1856 he was married to Miss Hannah A. House, of Hancock County, and for fifty years they lived happily together, a happiness broken only by his death.  Besides his wife he is survived by these children:  James William, of Macon, Georgia; Samuel H., of Tampa, Florida; B. H. Moredock, of Louisville; and Mrs. Evans, of Hardinsburg.

He was noted for his social, genial disposition.  His home was ever open to his friends and crowds of young people loved to visit there and enjoy the hospitality and sunshine within its walls and nothing pleased him more than to know that he was adding to the pleasures of others.

He was a Methodist, a Christian gentleman, a man whose citizenship enriched the neighborhood in which he lived.

The remains were laid to rest at Lewisport on Thursday.

Mrs. Moredock goes to Louisville where she will remain for some time with her son.

William T. Moredock, March 5, 1834 – May 13, 1908.  Hannah A. Moredock, February 24, 1840 – October 21, 1909.  Lewis Cemetery, Hancock County, Kentucky.

1824 Receipt of John L. Edwards

‘Received of John L. Edwards the amount of my account against Edward Edwards except nine dollars 25 cents for which he has given me his note March 27, 1824.  C Rice’

This is another of the precious little pieces of paper saved by my great-grandmother Frances Barber Linton Montgomery.  Edward Barber Edwards, mentioned in the above note, was Frances’ great-grandfather, my 4th.  Edward Barber Edwards was born in Maryland, April 21, 1768, the son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber.  He married Nancy Linton, daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason.

Edward, Nancy and family arrived in Washington County, Kentucky, from Loudoun County, Virginia, in November 1816, two years before the Captain and other members of the family made the move.  We know this because November 27, 1816, Edward B. Edwards made oath ‘he removed to Kentucky with intention to become a citizen, that he brought with four slaves named Stephen, Hannah, Poland and Charles, and not with intention to sell, testified by S. D. Roman, Washington County Justice of the Peace.’  Every man who brought slaves into Washington County had to make this statement.  Captain John Linton made the same statement two years later.

Edward and Nancy had six children when they made the trek from Virginia, all born in Loudoun County, Virginia – Susan Clark, John Linton, Catherine Kitural, Jonathan Joseph, Benjamin Mason and Mary Jane Edwards.  Two daughters were born in Kentucky – Martha Linton in 1817 and Sarah Barber in 1822.  This was a family that used family surnames when naming their children!

Edward Barber Edwards died two years after his youngest child was born.  His will was written January 16, 1824, and proved in court March 8, 1824.  I do not know the cause of his death.  He was 55 years.  In his will Edward gives Nancy the land that he lives on, with all the stock and Negroes, and household and kitchen furniture, except for 100 acres of land he gives to his eldest son, John Linton Edwards, at the expiration of seven years from the date of the will.  At Nancy’s death the rest of the land is to go to son Benjamin, the rest of the estate to be equally divided between his daughters and son Jonathan.  Wife Nancy, and son, John, were named executrix and executor.  The will was witnessed by William Caldwell, John Linton and John Linton.  One of the John Linton’s was Captain John, the other his son.

This note of 1824 is only one piece of the settlement of the estate of Edward Barber Edwards.  I can only be thankful that these small pieces of paper from so long ago were treasured through the years and kept as part of our family heritage.  What do you have that is a family treasure?



Two Examples of Ambrotype Photographs

The second type of early photographs were ambrotype photos.  Ambrotypes look very similar to the later tintype photos.  An easy way to test them is to use a magnet – even through the case you can fell the attraction of the magnet with the iron used for the tintype.  The glass of the ambrotype feels no pull from the magnet.

An ambrotype was created on a piece of glass – and looked like a negative until a black background was added.  Begun about 1855, the earlier ambrotypes had the photograph on one piece of glass, with an additional piece of glass covered with a tar-like pitch.  About 1858 the varnish covers the back of the glass with the photo on front or sometimes a colored class was used.  In 1859 the clear glass has a black cloth at the back of the image.  I have one with the double glass and one with the black varnish on back of the photo.

This photograph of my 4th great-grandmother, Nancy Linton Edwards, was probably taken about 1855.  There are two pieces of glass in the case – one with the photo, and another with the black pitch on back.  Unfortunately, the glass containing the photograph was broken, but it still gives us a good idea of her features.  Nancy was the daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1778.  She married Edward Barber Edwards, with whom she raised a large family.  On the way through the Cumberland Gap, from Virginia to Kentucky, her horse was spooked by a cougar or bobcat, causing her to fall and break her leg.  She traveled in a litter the rest of the way to Washington County, and never walked again.

Nancy’s cotton cap was used by older women during the 1850’s, younger women using a bonnet.  She wears the older fashions of the 1840’s.  Looking at her white hair, face and neck you could easily guess her age of about 77.  But look at her fingers – they look long and very elegant.  There is just a hint of color in her cheeks.

As you can tell from this photo, the scan is not generally good unless you remove the photograph from the case, but I wanted you to see the mat that is used with this photograph.  It is called a nonpareil mat, due to the shape, and was used between 1850 and 1859.  The preserver (around the edge) is still rather simple, but a little more decorative than with the daguerreotype photos.

The case is lined with red velvet and is decorated on front and back with the same design.  The case is 3 ¼ x 3 ¾.

This next ambrotype is a great photo of a youngish man with great hair and beard!  His collar and tie are from the 1850’s – as are the wide lapels of his coat and the overall larger look of the suit.  I believe this to be Edward Edwards Taylor, son of John Compton Taylor and Susan Clark Edwards, my 3rd great-grandparents.  Edward was a brother to my Catherine Elizabeth Taylor who married Edward Edwards Linton – a little confusing with those middle names!  This photo has only one piece of glass, with the varnish on back, so we can date this photo to about 1858.  In that year Edward, or ‘Ned’ as he was called, would have been 27 years of age.  Also, his ears look very much like those of his father, John Taylor.

The mat with this photo is oval, with much decoration.  The preserver, not shown in this photo, is also more decorated, with semi-reinforced corners.  The case is similar to Nancy Edwards’ case, but the photograph is smaller – 2 3/8 x 2 7/8.

Next up, tintypes!

A Day at the Kentucky History Center in Frankfort

Wednesday, I visited the Kentucky History Center in Frankfort, with two specific goals in mind.  I have tried to find a copy of the book Daybreak on Old Fortification Creek by Glenn Hodges.  It is a history of the John Lewis family – specifically John Lewis, the son of John Lewis and Elizabeth Brown, and grandson of Vincent Lewis and Ann Longworth of Loudoun County, Virginia; and his wife, Hannah Lewis, daughter of William Joseph Lewis and Catherine Jennings Linton (my Captain John Linton’s sister), and granddaughter of Vincent Lewis.  Yes, John Lewis, Jr., and wife Hannah Lewis were first cousins.

Kentucky was quite a call for the inhabitants of Loudoun County, Virginia, and especially for the Lewis, Linton, Mason, Hancock and Berkeley families that make up my lines.  John Lewis, Jr., was surveying in Kentucky about 1780, and finally moved his family in 1799.  The Mason family was in Nelson County in the 1790’s.  Captain John Linton and his children and grandchildren moved to Washington County in 1818, although several sons had come to Kentucky earlier.

One of the Lewis family members I am very interested in is William Linton Lewis, son of William Joseph and Catherine Linton Lewis – and nephew of Captain John Linton.  I was introduced to this man through Dorothy Thrawley, a lovely woman and exceptional genealogist, with whom I corresponded in the 1970’s and 80’s.  She told me of the horse hair trunk that William Linton Lewis used to carry important papers, and that it is now in the collection of Duke University.  Ritchey and I visited Duke University, made a few copies of the old letters and other paper in the collection – and the copier stopped working!  We must return.

My second goal was to find more information about Ritchey’s Thomas Jewell who married Grissell Fletcher about 1640.  Thomas Jewell arrived from England in the Planter in April 1635.  He settled in Braintree, Massachusetts.  Lands were assigned him December 24, 1639-40, for three heads – bringing that many settlers to the new world.  He and wife Grissell had the following children:  Joseph, born February 24, 1642; Thomas, December 27, 1643; Hannah, December 27, 1643; Nathaniel, February 15, 1648; Grissell, born January 19, 1651; and Mercy, born February 14, 1653.  Thomas died in 1654, and Grissell, with six very young children, quickly married Humphrey Griggs.  After Griggs death she married John Burney, Henry Kibbe and John Burge.  Interesting that they lived in Braintree – the home of John and Abigail Adams.  Could later descendants possibly have met the famous Adams?

Ritchey and Linton are camping in the White Mountains of New Hampshire later this year.  How could they just ‘happen’ to choose a campsite, nine miles from a cemetery in Whitefield, where John Jewell, Ritchey’s fourth great-grandfather is buried?  He wanted to be found!

My goals were accomplished.  But, of course, they just lead to other goals!  Happy researching!

John Wesley Linton Family Photo

Today I share with you a photo of John Wesley Linton and wife Emma Adelaide Proctor, and two of their children.  With a bit of thought and research I believe I can tell you which of their five children are in the photo.  Let’s start with a little history.

John Wesley Linton’s grandfather was Benjamin Franklin Linton, who was born June 16, 1777, in Loudoun County, Virginia, the son of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason.  Benjamin F. Linton married Lucy Crewdson, April 12, 1805, in Fluvanna County, Virginia.  Even though his parents and other brothers and sisters moved to the Washington/Nelson County area in Kentucky, Benjamin settled in Logan County, Kentucky.

Benjamin and Lucy had twelve children – Mildred L., Moses Lewis, Nany M., John, Thomas Crewdson, William Crewdson, Elizabeth, Benjamin Burkette, John Newman, Lucy Crewdson, Burkette Lewis and George Thomas Linton.  Most of the older children moved away from Logan County, the younger ones stayed in Logan County.

Mildred married her cousin John L. Edwards, who lived in Washington County, Kentucky.  They are buried in the Linton Cemetery, along with the Captain and other members of the family.

Moses Lewis Linton married Ann Rachel Booker, from Washington County, became a doctor and moved his family to St. Louis, Missouri.  He taught at the university and was very widely known for his medical skills, as well as his charitable work.  In the new St. Louis Cathedral he is memorialized on the ceiling as a founding member of the St. Vincent de Paul Society.

Nancy Mason Linton married John Mize and lived in Logan County.

John Linton, also a doctor, moved to Iowa and lived among the Indians of that area, treating them and learning their ways.  He is featured in the Garnavillo Iowa Museum, with many of his doctor’s tools, vials, medicines, and other items.

I’m not sure where Thomas Crewdson Linton lived, or who he married.

William Crewdson moved farther than any of his siblings.  He kept moving west, finally making it to California, where he lived until his death.

The other children all lived in Logan County.  Benjamin Burkette Linton married Nancy Jane Newman.  They are the parents of John Wesley Linton, featured in the photo.  John Wesley Linton was born November 14, 1843.  He joined the southern cause during the Civil War, and was part of the Orphan Brigade.  So many members of his company died that he vowed if he returned home he would plant cedar trees for each and every one who did not return.  True to his word, John Wesley did plant those trees – and many are still growing on his farm today!

After the war, John Wesley Linton married Emma Adelaide Proctor on November 11, 1869.  The couple had five children, Benjamin Proctor, John Warder, James Thomas, Lucy N. and Hugh Walter Linton.  Unfortunately, Lucy died at the age of 22 in 1903.  The four sons lived until the 1940’s – Benjamin Proctor Linton died January 19, 1941; the other three brothers died in 1945 – the youngest, Hugh Walter Linton, died March 21; James Thomas Linton died November 13; and two weeks later John Warder Linton died November 27.

Now, back to the photo.  Looking at the clothing and examining the card leads me to believe this photograph was taken about 1883-1885.  The card has an uneven scalloped edge which is appropriate to that time period.  There is no image printed on the back, but a small, photo-like image is glued to the back.  If you look careful you can see Genelli, St. Louis, printed under the photo of the woman.  I found Genelli, Hubert Brothers, Proprietors, running a photographic studio at 923 Olive Street from 1885.

John Wesley Linton and his family lived in Logan County, Kentucky, near the town of Russellville.  But they had family who lived in St. Louis!  Dr. Moses Lewis Linton had died by this date, but his children lived there.  I’m convinced this was taken during a visit to cousins.

Our next obstacle – which two children are shown in the photo?  My guess would be James Thomas and Lucy.  If you enlarge the photo you can definitely see the child standing with her hand on her father’s shoulder is a little girl.  She wears a ring on the middle finger of her right hand, and a small necklace, and her hair is styled very similar to her mother’s.  The little boy looks a few years older.  In 1885 Lucy would have been five and Thomas, eight.  It could also be that the photo was taken a year or two earlier.  There is no photographer’s name at the bottom of the card, and that could be due to setting up shop.  Either way, I feel very confident in naming the two wee ones.  The older boys could have been left at home with relatives; and Hugh, who was born in February of 1883, may have been too young to travel.  Another reason to date this photo to 1884 was the death of Ann Rachel Booker Linton, Moses’ wife, March 5, 1884.

Always check the small clues that may help you date photographs.  They will help you get close to the date.