Tag Archives: Marriage Bond

Bland-Hughes 1796 Washington County Marriage Bond

Friday I went to the Washington County Clerk’s office for a little research – some for the blog, some for myself.  Down the winding staircase, into the dungeon, to the old, old records!  First I checked for the oldest marriage records in the locked room.  I was interested in those marriages starting in 1792.  They were not to be found.  The original marriage bonds are kept in large grey boxes, divided into folders by years.  These old marriage bonds, along with consents, have been laminated to protect them – a good move on the part of the clerk!  The first box contains 1792-1799.

I searched and searched, finally went upstairs to ask the clerk and she came down with me.  Finally found them on the bottom shelf of the tax records!  What a scare!  I decided to spend most of my time making copies of those early records – so now I have copies of all the original marriage bonds of Washington County from 1792 through 1800!  Just a little crazy, huh?

Know all men by these presents that we, Daniel Bland and Robert Hughes, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency, the Governor of Kentucky, in the sum of fifty pounds current money, to the payment of which well and truly to be made to the said governor and his successors.  We bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 12th day of January 1796.

The Condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound Daniel Bland and Elizabeth Hughes, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the said marriage then this obligation to be void, or else remain in full force and virtue.

Daniel Bland, Robert Hughes

Witness, John Reed

Washington County, Kentucky

French-Callaway 1783 Lincoln County Marriage

James French and Keziah Callaway received their marriage bond on June 19, 1783, in Lincoln County, Virginia – later, Kentucky.  At this time, there were three counties – Jefferson, Fayette and Lincoln – of what was once Kentucky County, Virginia.  It has been said their wedding was the first celebrated at Fort Boonesborough. 

Quite interesting to share this particular marriage with you today since I just finished reading Sue Kelly Ballard’s My Blessed, Wretched Life, Rebecca Boone’s Story.  I heartily recommend this book.  Ms. Ballard gives us personalized characters and clear descriptions of the life lived during those tumultuous years.  I didn’t search for this marriage – just pulled it out of the file.

James French was born in November 1756 in Prince William County, Virginia, and died in April 1835 in Montgomery County, Kentucky.  Keziah ‘Cuzza’ Callaway was born August 8, 1768, in Bedford County, Virginia, and died September 26, 1845, in Montgomery County, Kentucky. She was the daughter of Col. Richard Callaway of Boonesborough, and Elizabeth Hoy, his second wife.  Two of their daughters, along with Jemima Boone, were captured by the Indians near Fort Boonesborough.  Richard Callaway and Daniel Boone left immediately to rescue the girls, which they did within two days.  Richard was killed in 1780 by a party of Shawnee Indians.  Elizabeth then lived with her daughter and son-in-law.  It was said that on May 24, 1840, Keziah was the honored guest of a reunion at Boonesborough where more than seven thousand residents of Madison and Clark counties, along with the Governor, attended the event.

James and Keziah had at least seven children – Catherine, Richard, Susannah, Stephen, Keziah, Theodosia and Livia French.

Notice the lovely handwriting of Elizabeth Callaway – a learned woman!

Know all men by these presents that we, James French and John Holly, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency, the Governor of Virginia, for the time being, in the sum of fifty pounds current money, to the payment whereof to be made to the Governor and his successors, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 19th day of June 1783.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound James French and Cuzza Callaway, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the said marriage then this obligation to be void or else to remain in full force.

James French, John Holly

Sealed and delivered in presence of Willis Green

Sir,

You have my approbation of, and request to issue a marriage license to Mr. James French and Miss Cuzza Callaway.  I am, sincerely yours.

Elizabeth Callaway, June 16, 1783

To the Clerk of Lincoln Court

Steen – Brenton 1786 Bourbon County Marriage

Know all men by these presents that we, William Steen and Adam Brenton, of Bourbon County, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency, Patrick Henry, Esq., Governor of this Commonwealth, and his successors in the penal sum of fifty pounds, to which payment well and truly to be made to the said Patrick Henry, Esq., or his successors, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this first day of December 1786.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas I, John Edwards, Clerk of the County of Bourbon, have this day issued a license for the marriage of William Steen and Ann Brenton, of this county.  If therefore, there is no lawful cause to obstruct the said marriage, and that no damages accrue by means of said license being issued, then the above obligation to be void, otherwise to remain in full force and virtue.

William Steen, Adam Brenton

Sealed and Delivered in presence of . . .

This is to certify that Ann Brenton has freely given her consent to wed with William Steen this 23rd day of November 1786.

Ann Brenton, her mark

Test.  John Miller, Alexander McKinzey

Lyons-Alvey 1820 Marriage Bond and Consent

Know all men by these presents, that we, Richard Lyons and Stephen Spalding, are held and firmly bound unto the Commonwealth of Kentucky in the just and full sum of fifty pounds current money, to the payment of which well and truly to be made to the said Commonwealth, we bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 23 day of December 1820, the condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is shortly a marriage intended between the above bound Richard Lyons and Miss Ann Alvey, daughter of John Alvey, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage then the above obligation to be void, else to remain in full force and virtue in law.

Richard Lyons, Stephen Spalding

Mr. John Hughes, Esquire

Sir, please to grant license for matrimony to Richard Lyons and my daughter Ann Alvey and in so doing you will oblige your friend.

John Alvey

Test. Henry Alvey, Jamiah Alvey

December 23, 1820

Stephen Spalding

1783 Marriage of James Stevens and Susannah Haydon

James Stevens was born in Orange County, Virginia, July 23, 1757, and died September 3, 1832, in Warren County, Kentucky.  He was a veteran of the Revolutionary War, enlisted in Orange County, and served in the Second Virginia Regiment.  Susannah Haydon, his wife, was born in Virginia, March 25, 1768, and died January 9, 1839, in Warren County.  They were married in Lincoln County, Kentucky (Virginia at the time), July 9, 1783.

I will mention that it was not Thomas Harrison that was Governor of Virginia at this time, but Benjamin Harrison.  He lived at his plantation home known as Berkeley. 

Ritchey and I visited this home last year while in Virginia – it is quite beautiful and commands a majestic view of the James River.  We had afternoon tea under the huge trees of the yard.

Know all men by these presents that we, James Stevens and Richard Beale, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency, Thomas Harrison, Esq., Governor of Virginia, in the sum of fifty pounds current money, the payment whereof to be made to the said Governor and his successors.  We bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 9th day of July 1783.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound James Stevens and Susannah Haydon, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the said intended marriage then the obligation to be void, or else to remain in full force.

James Stevens, Richard Beale

Sealed and delivered in presence of Willis Green

Lincoln County

Sir,

Please to grant Mr. James Stevens his license to marry my daughter, Susannah Haydon, and oblige, sir, your humble servant.

John Haydon, July 9th 1783

Mr. Willis Green

Test. John Conner, Abner Haydon

McDougal and Farquhan 1783 Marriage Bond and Consent

I do apologize for no post yesterday.  Saturday I planned this marriage bond and consent for Sunday, even scanned both.  I’m working on a cookbook and because so engrossed Saturday I worked until about 10:00 at night – it was just too late for a blog.  Life sometimes happens.

This marriage bond does not contain the day of the month it was written, but the consent gives the date of November 10th.  Lincoln County was still a part of Virginia at the time – notice the governor is Benjamin Harrison.

Know all by these presents that we, Charles McDougal and Stephen Archer, are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency, Benjamin Harrison, Esquire, Governor of Virginia, in the sum of fifty pounds current money to the payment whereof well and truly to be made to the said Governor and his successors, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this day of November 1783.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound Charles McDougal and Elizabeth Farquhan, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the said marriage then this obligation to be void, or else to remain in full force.

Charles McDougal, Stephen Archer

Sealed and delivered in the presence of Willis Green

Whereas Charles McDougal and my daughter, Elizabeth, being inclined to join in matrimony, you will please therefore grant license and in so doing you will oblige your servant.  Given under my hand and seal this 10 day of November 1783.

Robert Farquhan

Test.

Stephen Archer, Hugh Edmonson, Ash Edmonson

Robert Minor and Martha Skeen 1799 Marriage Bond and Consent

Robert Minor and Martha Skeen married in Jessamine County in October of 1799.  Their marriage bond was signed on October 7th and the marriage probably took place that day or shortly thereafter.

Elloner Skeen, Martha’s mother, gave consent for her daughter to marry Robert Minor.

Know all men by these presents that we, Robert Minor and John Moore, are held and firmly bound unto James Garrard, Esquire, in the sum of fifty pounds current money to which payment well and truly to be made to the said Governor or his successors.  We bind ourselves, our heirs, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seals and dated this 7th day of October 1799.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above bound Robert Minor and Martha Skeen, for which a license has issued.  Now if there be no lawful cause to obstruct the said marriage then the above obligation to be void, else to remain in full force.

Robert Minor, John Moore

Test. S. H. Woodson, Clerk

This is to certify that Elloner Skeen, do with my consent and will, allow my daughter, Martha Skeen to marry Robert Minor.

As witness my hand, please to give license, will oblige.  Elloner Skeen

Test. William Sheehan, John Moore