Tag Archives: Ann Mason

How Can City Directories Help Genealogy Research?

William Franklin Linton standing in front of his grocery store about 1899.


City directories are a marvelous source of genealogy information.  Not only do they list who lives in a particular city, and their residential address, but it lists their place of work and that address as well!  I have used city directories in several instances, not only to prove where people lived, but to prove they weren’t living in a particular city.

The following examples are from Louisville, Kentucky.  This was research complied for my dear friend Richard Linton about ten years ago.

The Linton’s listed below are the grandsons of Moses Linton and Nancy Pead.  Moses was the son of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, and came to Kentucky a few years before his father made the move from Loudoun County, Virginia, to Washington County, in 1818.  Moses moved to neighboring Nelson County, but later in life moved back to Washington County, although his children remained in Nelson and raised their families.  In the book I’m reading on Frankfort, Kentucky, they spoke about how the Depression of 1893 hit the state hard.  Perhaps these men who had worked as farmers for years, with their fathers, felt a new location and a different job would help them support their families.

The cast of characters:  William Yerby Linton, Moses Fillmore Linton and Benjamin Clark Linton – all sons of Moses Linton and Nancy Pead.  Those who moved to Louisville, Kentucky:

  • James Monreo Linton – son of William Yerby Linton
  • William Franklin Linton, John Kennedy Linton, Joseph F. Linton – sons of Moses Fillmore Linton.
  • James Fenton Linton – son of Benjamin Clark Linton

Now let’s see how jobs and home addresses change throughout this six year period.

1894 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. and James Fenton Linton), grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • James Fenton Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 226 7th
  • James Kennedy Linton, packer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 511 22nd
  • James Monroe Linton, engineer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 226 7th
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 2401 Slevin

1895 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. Linton) grocers, 1324 W. Broadway
  • John Kennedy Linton, packer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2401 Slevin
  • Joseph Fenton Linton (J. F. and J. M. Linton), grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • Joseph Fenton and James Monroe Linton (J.F. & J. M. Linton) grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • James Monroe Linton (J. F. and J. M. Linton) business 2401 Slevin
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 1324 W. Broadway

1898 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. Linton) grocers, 1324 W. Broadway
  • James Monroe Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove, residence 1816 Todd
  • John Kennedy Linton, porter, Robinson-Pettet Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, driver, Bridge-McDowell Company, residence 2828 Cleveland Avenue
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 1324 W. Broadway

1899 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • James M. Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2136 Duncan
  • John Kennedy Linton, porter, Robinson-Pettet Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, grocer, 1628 W. Madison
  • William F. Linton, grocer, 1324 W. Broadway

1900 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • James M. Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2136 Duncan
  • John Kennedy Linton, packer, Carter Dry Goods Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, clerk, W. F. Linton, residence 1851 Lytle
  • William F. Linton, grocer, residence 1322 W. Broadway

1819 Tax Receipt For Edward Barbour Edwards

Today I have an original 1819 tax receipt for Edward Barbour Edwards to share with you.  Edward was my fourth great-grandfather, the eldest son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber, born in Maryland, April 21, 1768.  The family moved to Loudoun County, Virginia, where Edward sold purchased from Elizabeth Pitzer in 1792, to George Smith in 1795.  This was about the time he married Nancy Linton, daughter Captain John Linton and his wife Ann Mason.

Edward B. Edwards moved with his family to Washington County, Kentucky, in November of 1816 – two years before his father-in-law, John Linton, makes the move.  On November 27, 1816, Edward B. Edwards made oath ‘he removed to Kentucky with intention to become a citizen, that he brought with him four slaves named Stephen, Hannah, Poland and Charles, and not with intent to sell.’  These must be the four Negro slaves he paid taxes on in the above tax receipt.

When Edward and Nancy Edwards moved to Washington County in 1816, they brought six children with them – Susan ( my third great-grandmother), the eldest, was 19, John was 16, Catherine was 12, Jonathan was 11, Benjamin was 7, and Mary Jane was 2.  Two more children were born in Kentucky, Martha, the next year, 1817, and Sarah five years later.

Now let’s examine the tax receipt.  There are three tithes at 62 1/2 cents each – Edward, son John and ?  Perhaps a brother or nephew of Edward came to Kentucky with them.  Edward owns four horses that are taxed, and 1,706 acres of 3 rate land.  I’m not sure what that means – good or bad!  A middle of the road standard?  The total valuation is 18,960 dollars.  I wish this number were broken down a bit more, but the total tax due was 13 dollars and 75 cents.  Thomas Hind, D.S.W.C. signed the receipt for A. E. Gibbons, S.W.C.

On February 4th of last year I shared a tax receipt of Edward Barber Edwards from 1816 – for Loudoun County, Virginia.  Click here to view that post.


Who Reads the Western American Newspaper In 1805?

np1Who reads The Western American Newspaper in 1805?  What today sounds like someone from California, or at least Arizona, in 1805 we are talking about Bardstown, Kentucky – Nelson County!  How times change, and talk of western lands in one century is definitely not the same in another! Personal information was found in ads that were run in the paper.  Most of the other written words were about the laws of Kentucky, items concerning the court, and in one, the second Inaugural Address of Thomas Jefferson!  In 1805 it wasn’t quite as easy to visit Washington for the inauguration, or watch it on television!

I found this newspaper while searching for something else, but couldn’t believe my luck!  Several extended family members are mentioned!

np4-1On page four of the January 11, 1805, paper is an advertisement to be inoculated for the ‘Cow Pox’ by Dr. Burr Harrison.  He has ‘just received the genuine infection from Philadelphia.’  Notice the insertion of ‘f’ for ‘s’ – makes it a bit difficult to read.  Burr Harrison was a descendant of the family of Susannah Harrison who married Moses Linton.  I descend from his second marriage with Susannah Hancock.

np4-2On the same page is a list of letters remaining in the Bardstown Post Office.  If they are not collected by April 1st they will go to the dead letter file.  Benjamin Mason, Joseph Lewis, Mrs. Anne Lewis, are all in my lines.  I can’t imagine why they didn’t pick up their mail.  Getting a letter was a rare treat in those days.  News from loved ones was a treasure to read and re-read many times.

np3-3On page three is a notice of leave by George Berry and Willis Hairgrove, to lay out a town on their land in Logan County, on big Muddy Creek, a branch of Green River.  I found Muddy Creek on the map.  It is rather long, but the only town on it today is where it starts on the Green River, a little town called Mining City, now in Butler County.  I can’t say if this is the town, or if Mr. Berry and Mr. Hairgrove were able to sell lots in their town, or if the project fell through.  Some of my Linton family went to Logan County.

np3-2David McClellan was in need of lots of butter in 1805.  Was he starting a bakery?  ‘I will contract for any quantity (not exceeding 2000 weight) of good Butter to be delivered in this place, any time between this and the first of April next, for which I will give a generous price in Cash or Merchandize – Any person on whose punctuality I can rely, that will contract for 100 weight or upwards, may receive their pay at any time, by giving their obligations to deliver the Butter in the time above specified.’

np3-1 Benjamin Mason, nephew of my fifth great-grandmother, Ann Mason, who married Captain John Linton, is requesting to hire a Negro woman for one year.  He lives 3 1/2 miles from Bardstown.

np2-2On page one was this advertisement wanting furs.  William King, located at Mr. J. McMeekin’s Store, is going to open a furriers business in Bardstown, and offers the highest prices in merchandise for skins that will be used in his business – bear, black and red foxes, martins, minks, fishers (?), wolverines, raccoons, wild cats, black and spotted tame cats, rabbits, etc.

np2-1Several ads like this were on the first page.  Plum Run is located near Fairfield in northern Nelson County close to the Spencer County border.  Nicholas Minor, who was a Justice of Peace for Nelson County, was married into the Linton/Mason families.  It is so interesting to find these little tidbits to make the lives of our ancestors come alive.  Each time we find a little piece of information that person becomes more of a real person, that lived, worked and loved just as we do today.


Edward B. Edwards 1821 Receipt

Scan_Pic1484 2Edward Barber Edwards, the son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber, was born in Maryland April 21, 1768.  He and his family moved to Loudoun County, Virginia, where he met and married Nancy Linton, daughter of Captain John Hancock Linton and Ann Mason.  In 1818 Captain John moved with all his family to Washington County, Kentucky, sharing his 2,000 acres of land with his children.

Edward and Nancy Edwards had eight children:  Susan Clark, John L., Catherine Kitural, Jonathan Joseph, Benjamin M., Mary Jane, Martha L. and Sarah Barber Edwards.  Edward and Nancy are my 4th great-grandparents.  I descend from their daughter Susan who married John Cotton Taylor.

Edward died in 1824; Nancy lived on with her children until 1861.

The above receipt was found in my great-grandmother’s genealogy – Frances Barber Linton was the granddaughter of John and Susan Edwards Taylor.  The receipt reads as follows:  Received this 5th day of April, 1821, of Mr. Edward B. Edwards sixteen dollars fifty cents, it being the full amount of his account up to this date for Elias Davison, Sr., Elias Davison, Jr.

The Davison’s were store owners, selling merchandise to local residents.  In the Pioneer History of Washington County, Kentucky it says ‘Local merchants, including the firm of H. & A. McElroy, E. Davison, and others, after exchanging store goods for whiskey, furs and other articles of easy sale on the southern markets, would load their stores on flat boats at Fredericktown and start with their cargoes down the Beech Fork to Salt River, thence to the Ohio and on down to New Orleans.  Having disposed of their goods at New Orleans, they would oftentimes take passage on a sailing vessel up the coast to Philadelphia where they would proceed to invest in such articles of merchandise as were needful to replenish stores here at home.  To get the eastern-bought goods out here to Springfield was a tedious task.  They were shipped by boat down the Ohio to Louisville, from which point they were hauled in wagons to Springfield.  The entire trip frequently required six months.  Generally the trip and the trading for all the local merchants was made by one representative.’

Captain John Linton

IMG_9938In memory of John Linton who departed this life December 4, 1836 in the 86th year of his age, Linton Graveyard, Washington County, Kentucky

Have been thinking about Captain John Hancock Linton this morning – my 4th and 5th great-grandfather.  I descend from two of his children – daughter Nancy and son William.  Moses Linton and Susannah Hancock were his parents.  Moses was first married to Susannah Harrison, daughter of Thomas Harrison, with whom he had at least two children, William and Thomas.  After her death he married Susannah Hancock.  The two sons from his previous marriage lived with them, and were still alive when Moses died in 1752.  William and Thomas Linton became wards of their guardian, Burr Harrison, their uncle.   Moses and Susanna Hancock had three children – Catherine, John and Moses.  After Moses Linton died in 1752 his widow married John Berkeley, and with him had at least two children, Elizabeth and Scarlett Berkeley.  So there we have it – a complicated family – but really no more so than in today’s society!

By the time Captain John Linton became of age, he rescinded his inheritance in favor of his step-father, John Berkeley, for his education and upbringing.  In the release of rights he lists himself as the ‘only surviving son and heir at law to my father, Moses Linton, late of the County of Fairfax, Gentleman, deceased, and eldest son and heir apparent to my mother’.  When John married Ann Mason about 1770, his younger brother Moses lived with him, and was listed with John on the tax lists, but evidently died by 1775.  His sister, Catherine Jennings Linton, married Joseph Lewis, son of Vincent Lewis and Ann Longworth.  They are the only two children of Moses Linton to live to adulthood, marry and have descendants.

When Loudoun County, Virginia, was formed from Fairfax County in 1752, the Linton’s, Berkeley’s, Lewis’, Mason’s and extended families lived in that portion.  A few records of these families from Loudoun County:

Deed Book A – I, John Berkeley, of Loudoun County, for consideration of seventy pounds current money of Virginia, paid by Charles Tyler of the same county, sold one Negro woman, together with her two children, 15th of October 1757.  In the presence of Daniel Hutchison, James Dozer, Richard Keen and Benjamin Berkeley.  (Charles Tyler was the step-uncle of Captain John).

Deed Book C – Indenture made the 8th/9th March 1762 between Benjamin Shreve and Ann, his wife, and John Berkeley, 218 acres of land bounded by land of Richard Brett, deceased, for fifty pounds current money paid by John Berkeley.  (Susanna Hancock was named in the will of Richard Brett).

Deed Book K – I, John Berkeley, in consideration of the sum of eighty pounds current money to me in hand paid by Joseph Lewis, sell unto him one Negro slave named Lettice and one Negro slave named Abraham, January 30, 1775.

Deed Book K – I, John Berkeley, inconsideration of the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds current money to me in hand paid by John Linton, sell unto him the three following slaves, Aaron, Milly and Charlotte, January 30, 1775.

Deeds 1795-1796 – Indenture made this 14th day of September 1795, between Edward B. Edwards (married Captain John Linton’s daughter Nancy, my 4th great-grandparents) for the sum of one hundred pounds current money sells to George Smith a tract of land on Church Road.

Deed Book L – I, Vincent Lewis, for natural love and affection which I have and bear to my son, Joseph Lewis, hath released unto him a parcel of land on the main road, part of where I now live, 16th day of January 1776.

Northern Neck Land Grants – William Berkeley

The two William Berkeley Northern Neck land grants below are of special interest to me since they involve my 6th great-grandfather, William Berkeley.  William married Elizabeth Hancock about 1723 and had the following children:  John, Reuben, Alethea, Benjamin, William, Samuel, Ann, Jane, Eleanor and Elizabeth Berkeley.  Daughter Elizabeth Berkeley married Benjamin Mason, son of George Mason and Anne Anaple Wigginton.  Their daughter Ann married Captain John Hancock Linton in Loudoun County, Virginia (formed from Fairfax County) about 1770.  The fact that William Berkeley’s property on Accotink Creek was adjacent to a Mr. Mason gives rise to the question – was it Benjamin Mason’s father who owned this land?   Another interesting fact is that Colonel John Tayloe bought part of the second Berkeley grant.  Copies of wills of Martin Scarlett and Edward Barton, ancestors of Captain John Hancock Linton, were found in the Tayloe papers.  Interesting coincidences?  I like to think they are clues leading the way to understanding this portion of the Northern Neck of Virginia on which my ancestors once lived!

Fairfax County, Virginia – Northern Neck Land Grants

#165 William Berkeley, 531 acres, February 17, 1728, C:141, North side of Accotink Creek, adjacent to McCarty and Mason.

There is a cancelled deed to John Edy (NN B:192) dated February 27, 1728/9.  The deed for this property was cancelled because he was unable to pay the composition and office charges.  This was a rambling grant that interfered with many adjacent grants.  (Belvoir Neck survey, part of a map of plats belonging and adjoining to those of George Washington, Fairfax County.)

William Berkeley, Senior, sold May 20, 1760, for 36.12 pounds to George William Fairfax 183 acres of the north side of Accotink Creek. (Fairfax Deeds D:678)

A William Berkeley agreed with the Truro Parish Vestry April 12, 1737, to build a mansion house upon the Glebe. The work was to be finished October 31, 1738. In July 1743 William Berkeley, Senior, and Vincent Lewis were ordered to procession all the patented lands between Cub Run and Popeshead (Minutes of the Vestry, Truro Parish Virginia, 1732-1785, pp. 15, 40).

In 1741 the inhabitants of the Belvoir neighborhood who made a survey of Charles Green’s 320 acre grant included:  Hugh West, Thomas Owsley, Zephaniah Wade, John Manley, William Berkeley and Charles Griffin (NN E:299).

A William Berkeley is listed on Rev. Charles Green’s list of tithables of Truro Parish for 1749 with two tithables and three black tithables.  Also listed is William Berkeley, Jr., with one tithable and Burgess Berkeley also with one tithable.  William Berkeley’s will (Fairfax Wills B:309) dated November 25, 1761, and admitted to record February 16, 1762, lists sons:  Benjamin, William, John, Samuel and Rueben.  A William Berkeley was not on any surviving voting list of Fairfax County 1744-1768, but John, Samuel and Benjamin voted between 1755 and 1765.

William Berkeley was the Plaintiff in at least three law suits during a ten year period (1746-1755 – RS 1:16, 32, 48).  William Berkeley had leased 200 acres of land from John Waugh February 10, 1730 and the Defendant, Paul Turley, had a lease from John Waugh for 200 acres dated October 17, 1733.  They could not agree on their dividing line.  After ten years of contention the case was taken before the General Court and the outcome is not recorded.  (A jury decided for Paul Turley after the second case.  Fairfax Court Order Books 1749-1754, p. 215) and Turley eventually purchased the property (Fairfax Deeds M:290).  On the three surveys the Plaintiff’s house is not shown.  It is possible that this was a “Quarters” plantation.

154.  William Berkeley, 936 acres, March 28, 1727, NN B:57, Horsepen Run corner Francis Awbrey.

In a survey made May 5, 1740, John Warner shows this Berkeley tract divided into two parts.  One part is labeled Robert Carters part and the other Pophams part, now Colonel Tayloe’s (John Tayloe, 3242 acres, NN E:180).

In a Carter land book 436 cares “bought of William Berkeley, not to be found” is included with tracts of land thought to belong to a Company styled the Frying-Pan Company, of which said tracts Robert Carter of Westmoreland claimed one fourth part.  The 436 acres were part of Frying Pan tract (Carter division.  Fairfax Deeds B3:419).

The part labeled Pophams, now Colonel John Tayloe, was sold by William Berkeley April 3, 1729, to John Popham.  In 1740 the Administrators of John Popham, James and Rachel Maxwell, sold 500 acres to John Tayloe of Richmond County.  Popham in his will dated October 31, 1738, directed his Executors to dispose of the 500 acre tract.  William Durr and Evan Price refused to be administrators, so James Maxwell and his wife Rachel obtained letters of administration and sold the tract for 65 pounds (Prince William Deeds E:10).

John Tayloe sold his large grant to John Turberville and it is probable that he also sold the 500 acres of the Berkeley grant to Turberville.  Martha Corbin Turberville inherited land called Pophams (Will of John Turberville dated March 21, 1799, proved August 26, 1799, Westmoreland County Wills No. 20).

Hugh Linton’s Letter to Frances Barber Linton Montgomery

Hugh Linton and Frances Barber Linton Montgomery, my great-grandmother, were cousins.  They shared their love of genealogy through letters and visits.  Hugh lived in Hopkinsville, Christian County, in western Kentucky.  Frances lived in Washington County, in the center of the state.   That doesn’t sound like a far distance in our day and time, but in the 30’s and 40’s – during the Depression and World War II – it was very far.  I have letters from 1934 to April of 1945.  The last letter was from Hugh’s wife, Lydabel, informing Frances of Hugh’s death three weeks earlier.  Frances died four months later.  I treasure these letters – but what a marvelous thing to have the letters Great-Grandmother Frances wrote to Hugh!  I fear they are long lost!

The Carrico boy killed in the war, that Hugh speaks of, was my Uncle Robert.  My grandmother, Mary Alice Montgomery Carrico, was the daughter of Frances and Robert E. Lee Montgomery.  I believe Hugh has her confused with Margaret.

Ann Mason, mentioned in the letter, was the wife of Captain John Linton.  They moved their entire family – children and grandchildren – from Loudoun County, Virginia, to Washington County, Kentucky, in 1818.

I apologize for the look of the blog.  WordPress has changed and I no longer have the option to make my block paragraphs, or use additional fonts.

April 10, 1944

Mrs. R. L. Montgomery, Walnut Street, Springfield, Kentucky

Dear Cousin Frances,

In your letter written about the first of the year, you were kind enough to enclose a typewritten letter from Reverend Davis of your city about the Mason family, including the name of our ancestor, Ann Mason.

I am returning this letter which I have gone over very carefully several times.  I showed it to the banker downstairs, whose name is Mason and who is a cousin of the well known Jesse Jones, and used to hunt rabbits with him when he was a boy.  But this Mr. Mason couldn’t trace in his family tree any connection with your great-grandmother and my great-great-grandmother.

It was very sad to learn about the Carrico boy.  After learning that, I read in the Louisville paper about Thomas who was wounded in the Italian fighting and the paper said he was the son of Margaret.  This means, I am sure, that he was a brother of Robert.  I know these things have cast a shadow over the family and about the only thing we can be proud of is that they have had the courage and patriotism that a great many other boys have lacked.  I trust that Margaret is holding up well and that all of you know that you have our heartfelt sympathy in these troubles.  I trust Cousin Robert is getting along well, and the rest of the family.

If it hadn’t been for the gas shortage last summer when we were at Mammoth Cave a few days, we would have driven to Springfield to see you and your family.  Some day the war will be over and we hope to renew our very pleasant acquaintance.

My boy, Walter, is in Phoenix, Arizona, and has a baby about 15 months old, whom we have never been able to see, and if I can’t take Lydabel to see them before long, she is going to leave me and go anyway!

Lots of love and best wishes.  I beg to remain

Your Cousin,