Tag Archives: Ann Mason

Two Examples of Ambrotype Photographs

The second type of early photographs were ambrotype photos.  Ambrotypes look very similar to the later tintype photos.  An easy way to test them is to use a magnet – even through the case you can fell the attraction of the magnet with the iron used for the tintype.  The glass of the ambrotype feels no pull from the magnet.

An ambrotype was created on a piece of glass – and looked like a negative until a black background was added.  Begun about 1855, the earlier ambrotypes had the photograph on one piece of glass, with an additional piece of glass covered with a tar-like pitch.  About 1858 the varnish covers the back of the glass with the photo on front or sometimes a colored class was used.  In 1859 the clear glass has a black cloth at the back of the image.  I have one with the double glass and one with the black varnish on back of the photo.

This photograph of my 4th great-grandmother, Nancy Linton Edwards, was probably taken about 1855.  There are two pieces of glass in the case – one with the photo, and another with the black pitch on back.  Unfortunately, the glass containing the photograph was broken, but it still gives us a good idea of her features.  Nancy was the daughter of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1778.  She married Edward Barber Edwards, with whom she raised a large family.  On the way through the Cumberland Gap, from Virginia to Kentucky, her horse was spooked by a cougar or bobcat, causing her to fall and break her leg.  She traveled in a litter the rest of the way to Washington County, and never walked again.

Nancy’s cotton cap was used by older women during the 1850’s, younger women using a bonnet.  She wears the older fashions of the 1840’s.  Looking at her white hair, face and neck you could easily guess her age of about 77.  But look at her fingers – they look long and very elegant.  There is just a hint of color in her cheeks.

As you can tell from this photo, the scan is not generally good unless you remove the photograph from the case, but I wanted you to see the mat that is used with this photograph.  It is called a nonpareil mat, due to the shape, and was used between 1850 and 1859.  The preserver (around the edge) is still rather simple, but a little more decorative than with the daguerreotype photos.

The case is lined with red velvet and is decorated on front and back with the same design.  The case is 3 ¼ x 3 ¾.

This next ambrotype is a great photo of a youngish man with great hair and beard!  His collar and tie are from the 1850’s – as are the wide lapels of his coat and the overall larger look of the suit.  I believe this to be Edward Edwards Taylor, son of John Compton Taylor and Susan Clark Edwards, my 3rd great-grandparents.  Edward was a brother to my Catherine Elizabeth Taylor who married Edward Edwards Linton – a little confusing with those middle names!  This photo has only one piece of glass, with the varnish on back, so we can date this photo to about 1858.  In that year Edward, or ‘Ned’ as he was called, would have been 27 years of age.  Also, his ears look very much like those of his father, John Taylor.

The mat with this photo is oval, with much decoration.  The preserver, not shown in this photo, is also more decorated, with semi-reinforced corners.  The case is similar to Nancy Edwards’ case, but the photograph is smaller – 2 3/8 x 2 7/8.

Next up, tintypes!

John Wesley Linton Family Photo

Today I share with you a photo of John Wesley Linton and wife Emma Adelaide Proctor, and two of their children.  With a bit of thought and research I believe I can tell you which of their five children are in the photo.  Let’s start with a little history.

John Wesley Linton’s grandfather was Benjamin Franklin Linton, who was born June 16, 1777, in Loudoun County, Virginia, the son of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason.  Benjamin F. Linton married Lucy Crewdson, April 12, 1805, in Fluvanna County, Virginia.  Even though his parents and other brothers and sisters moved to the Washington/Nelson County area in Kentucky, Benjamin settled in Logan County, Kentucky.

Benjamin and Lucy had twelve children – Mildred L., Moses Lewis, Nany M., John, Thomas Crewdson, William Crewdson, Elizabeth, Benjamin Burkette, John Newman, Lucy Crewdson, Burkette Lewis and George Thomas Linton.  Most of the older children moved away from Logan County, the younger ones stayed in Logan County.

Mildred married her cousin John L. Edwards, who lived in Washington County, Kentucky.  They are buried in the Linton Cemetery, along with the Captain and other members of the family.

Moses Lewis Linton married Ann Rachel Booker, from Washington County, became a doctor and moved his family to St. Louis, Missouri.  He taught at the university and was very widely known for his medical skills, as well as his charitable work.  In the new St. Louis Cathedral he is memorialized on the ceiling as a founding member of the St. Vincent de Paul Society.

Nancy Mason Linton married John Mize and lived in Logan County.

John Linton, also a doctor, moved to Iowa and lived among the Indians of that area, treating them and learning their ways.  He is featured in the Garnavillo Iowa Museum, with many of his doctor’s tools, vials, medicines, and other items.

I’m not sure where Thomas Crewdson Linton lived, or who he married.

William Crewdson moved farther than any of his siblings.  He kept moving west, finally making it to California, where he lived until his death.

The other children all lived in Logan County.  Benjamin Burkette Linton married Nancy Jane Newman.  They are the parents of John Wesley Linton, featured in the photo.  John Wesley Linton was born November 14, 1843.  He joined the southern cause during the Civil War, and was part of the Orphan Brigade.  So many members of his company died that he vowed if he returned home he would plant cedar trees for each and every one who did not return.  True to his word, John Wesley did plant those trees – and many are still growing on his farm today!

After the war, John Wesley Linton married Emma Adelaide Proctor on November 11, 1869.  The couple had five children, Benjamin Proctor, John Warder, James Thomas, Lucy N. and Hugh Walter Linton.  Unfortunately, Lucy died at the age of 22 in 1903.  The four sons lived until the 1940’s – Benjamin Proctor Linton died January 19, 1941; the other three brothers died in 1945 – the youngest, Hugh Walter Linton, died March 21; James Thomas Linton died November 13; and two weeks later John Warder Linton died November 27.

Now, back to the photo.  Looking at the clothing and examining the card leads me to believe this photograph was taken about 1883-1885.  The card has an uneven scalloped edge which is appropriate to that time period.  There is no image printed on the back, but a small, photo-like image is glued to the back.  If you look careful you can see Genelli, St. Louis, printed under the photo of the woman.  I found Genelli, Hubert Brothers, Proprietors, running a photographic studio at 923 Olive Street from 1885.

John Wesley Linton and his family lived in Logan County, Kentucky, near the town of Russellville.  But they had family who lived in St. Louis!  Dr. Moses Lewis Linton had died by this date, but his children lived there.  I’m convinced this was taken during a visit to cousins.

Our next obstacle – which two children are shown in the photo?  My guess would be James Thomas and Lucy.  If you enlarge the photo you can definitely see the child standing with her hand on her father’s shoulder is a little girl.  She wears a ring on the middle finger of her right hand, and a small necklace, and her hair is styled very similar to her mother’s.  The little boy looks a few years older.  In 1885 Lucy would have been five and Thomas, eight.  It could also be that the photo was taken a year or two earlier.  There is no photographer’s name at the bottom of the card, and that could be due to setting up shop.  Either way, I feel very confident in naming the two wee ones.  The older boys could have been left at home with relatives; and Hugh, who was born in February of 1883, may have been too young to travel.  Another reason to date this photo to 1884 was the death of Ann Rachel Booker Linton, Moses’ wife, March 5, 1884.

Always check the small clues that may help you date photographs.  They will help you get close to the date.

How Can City Directories Help Genealogy Research?

William Franklin Linton standing in front of his grocery store about 1899.

 

City directories are a marvelous source of genealogy information.  Not only do they list who lives in a particular city, and their residential address, but it lists their place of work and that address as well!  I have used city directories in several instances, not only to prove where people lived, but to prove they weren’t living in a particular city.

The following examples are from Louisville, Kentucky.  This was research complied for my dear friend Richard Linton about ten years ago.

The Linton’s listed below are the grandsons of Moses Linton and Nancy Pead.  Moses was the son of Captain John Linton and Ann Mason, and came to Kentucky a few years before his father made the move from Loudoun County, Virginia, to Washington County, in 1818.  Moses moved to neighboring Nelson County, but later in life moved back to Washington County, although his children remained in Nelson and raised their families.  In the book I’m reading on Frankfort, Kentucky, they spoke about how the Depression of 1893 hit the state hard.  Perhaps these men who had worked as farmers for years, with their fathers, felt a new location and a different job would help them support their families.

The cast of characters:  William Yerby Linton, Moses Fillmore Linton and Benjamin Clark Linton – all sons of Moses Linton and Nancy Pead.  Those who moved to Louisville, Kentucky:

  • James Monreo Linton – son of William Yerby Linton
  • William Franklin Linton, John Kennedy Linton, Joseph F. Linton – sons of Moses Fillmore Linton.
  • James Fenton Linton – son of Benjamin Clark Linton

Now let’s see how jobs and home addresses change throughout this six year period.

1894 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. and James Fenton Linton), grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • James Fenton Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 226 7th
  • James Kennedy Linton, packer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 511 22nd
  • James Monroe Linton, engineer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 226 7th
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 2401 Slevin

1895 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. Linton) grocers, 1324 W. Broadway
  • John Kennedy Linton, packer Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2401 Slevin
  • Joseph Fenton Linton (J. F. and J. M. Linton), grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • Joseph Fenton and James Monroe Linton (J.F. & J. M. Linton) grocers, 2401 Slevin
  • James Monroe Linton (J. F. and J. M. Linton) business 2401 Slevin
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 1324 W. Broadway

1898 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • Linton Brothers (William F. Linton) grocers, 1324 W. Broadway
  • James Monroe Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove, residence 1816 Todd
  • John Kennedy Linton, porter, Robinson-Pettet Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, driver, Bridge-McDowell Company, residence 2828 Cleveland Avenue
  • William F. Linton (Linton Brothers) residence 1324 W. Broadway

1899 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • James M. Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2136 Duncan
  • John Kennedy Linton, porter, Robinson-Pettet Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, grocer, 1628 W. Madison
  • William F. Linton, grocer, 1324 W. Broadway

1900 City Directory – Louisville, Kentucky

  • James M. Linton, packer, Louisville Tin and Stove Company, residence 2136 Duncan
  • John Kennedy Linton, packer, Carter Dry Goods Company, residence 511 22nd
  • Joseph Fenton Linton, clerk, W. F. Linton, residence 1851 Lytle
  • William F. Linton, grocer, residence 1322 W. Broadway

1819 Tax Receipt For Edward Barbour Edwards

Today I have an original 1819 tax receipt for Edward Barbour Edwards to share with you.  Edward was my fourth great-grandfather, the eldest son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber, born in Maryland, April 21, 1768.  The family moved to Loudoun County, Virginia, where Edward sold purchased from Elizabeth Pitzer in 1792, to George Smith in 1795.  This was about the time he married Nancy Linton, daughter Captain John Linton and his wife Ann Mason.

Edward B. Edwards moved with his family to Washington County, Kentucky, in November of 1816 – two years before his father-in-law, John Linton, makes the move.  On November 27, 1816, Edward B. Edwards made oath ‘he removed to Kentucky with intention to become a citizen, that he brought with him four slaves named Stephen, Hannah, Poland and Charles, and not with intent to sell.’  These must be the four Negro slaves he paid taxes on in the above tax receipt.

When Edward and Nancy Edwards moved to Washington County in 1816, they brought six children with them – Susan ( my third great-grandmother), the eldest, was 19, John was 16, Catherine was 12, Jonathan was 11, Benjamin was 7, and Mary Jane was 2.  Two more children were born in Kentucky, Martha, the next year, 1817, and Sarah five years later.

Now let’s examine the tax receipt.  There are three tithes at 62 1/2 cents each – Edward, son John and ?  Perhaps a brother or nephew of Edward came to Kentucky with them.  Edward owns four horses that are taxed, and 1,706 acres of 3 rate land.  I’m not sure what that means – good or bad!  A middle of the road standard?  The total valuation is 18,960 dollars.  I wish this number were broken down a bit more, but the total tax due was 13 dollars and 75 cents.  Thomas Hind, D.S.W.C. signed the receipt for A. E. Gibbons, S.W.C.

On February 4th of last year I shared a tax receipt of Edward Barber Edwards from 1816 – for Loudoun County, Virginia.  Click here to view that post.

 

Who Reads the Western American Newspaper In 1805?

np1Who reads The Western American Newspaper in 1805?  What today sounds like someone from California, or at least Arizona, in 1805 we are talking about Bardstown, Kentucky – Nelson County!  How times change, and talk of western lands in one century is definitely not the same in another! Personal information was found in ads that were run in the paper.  Most of the other written words were about the laws of Kentucky, items concerning the court, and in one, the second Inaugural Address of Thomas Jefferson!  In 1805 it wasn’t quite as easy to visit Washington for the inauguration, or watch it on television!

I found this newspaper while searching for something else, but couldn’t believe my luck!  Several extended family members are mentioned!

np4-1On page four of the January 11, 1805, paper is an advertisement to be inoculated for the ‘Cow Pox’ by Dr. Burr Harrison.  He has ‘just received the genuine infection from Philadelphia.’  Notice the insertion of ‘f’ for ‘s’ – makes it a bit difficult to read.  Burr Harrison was a descendant of the family of Susannah Harrison who married Moses Linton.  I descend from his second marriage with Susannah Hancock.

np4-2On the same page is a list of letters remaining in the Bardstown Post Office.  If they are not collected by April 1st they will go to the dead letter file.  Benjamin Mason, Joseph Lewis, Mrs. Anne Lewis, are all in my lines.  I can’t imagine why they didn’t pick up their mail.  Getting a letter was a rare treat in those days.  News from loved ones was a treasure to read and re-read many times.

np3-3On page three is a notice of leave by George Berry and Willis Hairgrove, to lay out a town on their land in Logan County, on big Muddy Creek, a branch of Green River.  I found Muddy Creek on the map.  It is rather long, but the only town on it today is where it starts on the Green River, a little town called Mining City, now in Butler County.  I can’t say if this is the town, or if Mr. Berry and Mr. Hairgrove were able to sell lots in their town, or if the project fell through.  Some of my Linton family went to Logan County.

np3-2David McClellan was in need of lots of butter in 1805.  Was he starting a bakery?  ‘I will contract for any quantity (not exceeding 2000 weight) of good Butter to be delivered in this place, any time between this and the first of April next, for which I will give a generous price in Cash or Merchandize – Any person on whose punctuality I can rely, that will contract for 100 weight or upwards, may receive their pay at any time, by giving their obligations to deliver the Butter in the time above specified.’

np3-1 Benjamin Mason, nephew of my fifth great-grandmother, Ann Mason, who married Captain John Linton, is requesting to hire a Negro woman for one year.  He lives 3 1/2 miles from Bardstown.

np2-2On page one was this advertisement wanting furs.  William King, located at Mr. J. McMeekin’s Store, is going to open a furriers business in Bardstown, and offers the highest prices in merchandise for skins that will be used in his business – bear, black and red foxes, martins, minks, fishers (?), wolverines, raccoons, wild cats, black and spotted tame cats, rabbits, etc.

np2-1Several ads like this were on the first page.  Plum Run is located near Fairfield in northern Nelson County close to the Spencer County border.  Nicholas Minor, who was a Justice of Peace for Nelson County, was married into the Linton/Mason families.  It is so interesting to find these little tidbits to make the lives of our ancestors come alive.  Each time we find a little piece of information that person becomes more of a real person, that lived, worked and loved just as we do today.

 

Edward B. Edwards 1821 Receipt

Scan_Pic1484 2Edward Barber Edwards, the son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Barber, was born in Maryland April 21, 1768.  He and his family moved to Loudoun County, Virginia, where he met and married Nancy Linton, daughter of Captain John Hancock Linton and Ann Mason.  In 1818 Captain John moved with all his family to Washington County, Kentucky, sharing his 2,000 acres of land with his children.

Edward and Nancy Edwards had eight children:  Susan Clark, John L., Catherine Kitural, Jonathan Joseph, Benjamin M., Mary Jane, Martha L. and Sarah Barber Edwards.  Edward and Nancy are my 4th great-grandparents.  I descend from their daughter Susan who married John Cotton Taylor.

Edward died in 1824; Nancy lived on with her children until 1861.

The above receipt was found in my great-grandmother’s genealogy – Frances Barber Linton was the granddaughter of John and Susan Edwards Taylor.  The receipt reads as follows:  Received this 5th day of April, 1821, of Mr. Edward B. Edwards sixteen dollars fifty cents, it being the full amount of his account up to this date for Elias Davison, Sr., Elias Davison, Jr.

The Davison’s were store owners, selling merchandise to local residents.  In the Pioneer History of Washington County, Kentucky it says ‘Local merchants, including the firm of H. & A. McElroy, E. Davison, and others, after exchanging store goods for whiskey, furs and other articles of easy sale on the southern markets, would load their stores on flat boats at Fredericktown and start with their cargoes down the Beech Fork to Salt River, thence to the Ohio and on down to New Orleans.  Having disposed of their goods at New Orleans, they would oftentimes take passage on a sailing vessel up the coast to Philadelphia where they would proceed to invest in such articles of merchandise as were needful to replenish stores here at home.  To get the eastern-bought goods out here to Springfield was a tedious task.  They were shipped by boat down the Ohio to Louisville, from which point they were hauled in wagons to Springfield.  The entire trip frequently required six months.  Generally the trip and the trading for all the local merchants was made by one representative.’

Captain John Linton

IMG_9938In memory of John Linton who departed this life December 4, 1836 in the 86th year of his age, Linton Graveyard, Washington County, Kentucky

Have been thinking about Captain John Hancock Linton this morning – my 4th and 5th great-grandfather.  I descend from two of his children – daughter Nancy and son William.  Moses Linton and Susannah Hancock were his parents.  Moses was first married to Susannah Harrison, daughter of Thomas Harrison, with whom he had at least two children, William and Thomas.  After her death he married Susannah Hancock.  The two sons from his previous marriage lived with them, and were still alive when Moses died in 1752.  William and Thomas Linton became wards of their guardian, Burr Harrison, their uncle.   Moses and Susanna Hancock had three children – Catherine, John and Moses.  After Moses Linton died in 1752 his widow married John Berkeley, and with him had at least two children, Elizabeth and Scarlett Berkeley.  So there we have it – a complicated family – but really no more so than in today’s society!

By the time Captain John Linton became of age, he rescinded his inheritance in favor of his step-father, John Berkeley, for his education and upbringing.  In the release of rights he lists himself as the ‘only surviving son and heir at law to my father, Moses Linton, late of the County of Fairfax, Gentleman, deceased, and eldest son and heir apparent to my mother’.  When John married Ann Mason about 1770, his younger brother Moses lived with him, and was listed with John on the tax lists, but evidently died by 1775.  His sister, Catherine Jennings Linton, married Joseph Lewis, son of Vincent Lewis and Ann Longworth.  They are the only two children of Moses Linton to live to adulthood, marry and have descendants.

When Loudoun County, Virginia, was formed from Fairfax County in 1752, the Linton’s, Berkeley’s, Lewis’, Mason’s and extended families lived in that portion.  A few records of these families from Loudoun County:

Deed Book A – I, John Berkeley, of Loudoun County, for consideration of seventy pounds current money of Virginia, paid by Charles Tyler of the same county, sold one Negro woman, together with her two children, 15th of October 1757.  In the presence of Daniel Hutchison, James Dozer, Richard Keen and Benjamin Berkeley.  (Charles Tyler was the step-uncle of Captain John).

Deed Book C – Indenture made the 8th/9th March 1762 between Benjamin Shreve and Ann, his wife, and John Berkeley, 218 acres of land bounded by land of Richard Brett, deceased, for fifty pounds current money paid by John Berkeley.  (Susanna Hancock was named in the will of Richard Brett).

Deed Book K – I, John Berkeley, in consideration of the sum of eighty pounds current money to me in hand paid by Joseph Lewis, sell unto him one Negro slave named Lettice and one Negro slave named Abraham, January 30, 1775.

Deed Book K – I, John Berkeley, inconsideration of the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds current money to me in hand paid by John Linton, sell unto him the three following slaves, Aaron, Milly and Charlotte, January 30, 1775.

Deeds 1795-1796 – Indenture made this 14th day of September 1795, between Edward B. Edwards (married Captain John Linton’s daughter Nancy, my 4th great-grandparents) for the sum of one hundred pounds current money sells to George Smith a tract of land on Church Road.

Deed Book L – I, Vincent Lewis, for natural love and affection which I have and bear to my son, Joseph Lewis, hath released unto him a parcel of land on the main road, part of where I now live, 16th day of January 1776.