Tag Archives: Fauquier County Virginia

Violetta Mauzy Emancipates Slaves in 1832 Will – Mercer County

Violetta Bradford was born about 1760, in Fauquier County, Virginia, to Daniel Bradford and Alice Morgan.  The family included eleven children, Violetta being number seven.  She married Thomas Mauzy December 8, 1805.  He died in Orange County, Virginia, in 1827.  Violetta made her way to Kentucky – possibly with one of her brothers – living in Mercer County.  Fielding and Enoch Bradford died in Scott County and John died in Fayette.

According to the November 20, 1983, Advocate Messenger, of Danville, Boyle County, Mrs. Violetta Mauzy was buried in a cemetery that includes graves of the city’s first settlers.  The area is known as McDowell Park, and is adjacent to the Presbyterian Church on West Main Street, and bordered by College and Walnut Streets.  Many of the original graves were moved to Bellevue Cemetery when it was opened in 1848.  The stones left have inscriptions that have faded away over time.  It mentions that a list of the marked graves at McDowell Park, compiled by the historical society are in the possession of Mrs. Bosley.  Mrs. Violetta Mauzy is on this list.

Several aspects of this will make it very interesting.  Violetta emancipates her five slaves, the first item mentioned in the will.  After giving $100 bequests to her brothers and sisters living spouses, or other relatives.  Brother Fielding Bradford is the only living brother in 1832 when the will was written.  This gives a nice list of her siblings, and who many of them married.  Also a nephew and two great-nephews are named.

Will of Violetta Bradford Mauzy

Mercer County Will Book 11, pages 377-378

In the name of God, amen.  I, Violetta Mauzy, being of sound mind and disposing memory, aged about seventy-three years, and in a good state of health, thank God for the same, wishing to dispose of my worldly affairs, conscious of the certainty of death and the uncertainty of how long I am to live, do make and ordain this my last will and testament to wit.

In primis.  It is my will and desire that all my slaves, to wit – Adam, Mark, David, Lydia and Chany, the child of Lydia, be emancipated and set free, and should either of the women have any children they are also to be free.  And I want it here understood that should I die before Chany arrives at the age of twenty-one years her (to wit Chany’s mother) mother is to have her until she arrives at the age of twenty-one years.

2nd.  It is my will and desire that the children of my sister, Mary Allin, deceased, (of Virginia), Charles Allin excepted, have one hundred dollars in cash to be equally divided between them.

3rd.  I give and bequeath to the wife of my brother, John Bradford, deceased, one hundred dollars in cash to do with as she thinks proper.

4th.  I give and bequeath to Frances Bradford, the wife of my brother, William Bradford, deceased, one hundred dollars to do with as she thinks proper.

5th.  I give and bequeath to the two grandchildren of my brother, Charles Bradford, deceased, by the name of Finley, one hundred dollars in cash.

6th.  I give and bequeath to Mary Bradford, the widow of my brother, Enoch Bradford, one hundred dollars in cash to do with as she may think proper.

7th.  I give and bequeath to my brother, Fielding Bradford, one hundred dollars, counting what his son Morgan owes me as a part of it, which he is to collect of his son, but should he, Morgan, pay me, then my brother Fielding to have the hundred dollars entirely out of my estate.

8th.  It is my will and desire that George Hume, the husband of my sister, Kitty, deceased, have one hundred dollars in cash.

9th.  I will to Chany, daughter of Lydia, first above named, one bed, bedstead and furniture, and all my own clothing, and, also, I give to Chany all my household furniture of every description.

10th.  It is my will and desire that should there be anything left after paying the funeral expenses, then the above-named Negroes are to have it to be equally divided between them.  I do hereby appoint my friend, George Hume, the executor of this my last will and testament.  In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 26th day of March 1832.

Violetta Mauzy

Test.  John C. Miller, Joseph Miller

Mercer County, September County Court 1841

The foregoing last will and testament of Violetta Mauzy, deceased, was this day produced into court and the handwriting of said decedent proved by the oaths of Bita [?] Bradford and Frederick Yager, and ordered to be recorded.  Att. Thomas Allin

List of siblings mentioned in will –

  • John Bradford married Mary
  • William Bradford married Frances
  • Charles Bradford – two grandchildren last name Finley
  • Enoch Bradford married Mary
  • Fielding Bradford – son Morgan Bradford
  • Kitty Bradford married George Hume

Calien Crosby Family Buried at Grove Hill Cemetery in Shelbyville

Calien Crosby, 1806-1893.  Eliza Crosby, 1815-1908.  Grove Hill Cemetery, Shelbyville, Shelby County, Kentucky.

Calien Crosby and Eliza Mount were married on June 2, 1843, in Oldham County, Kentucky.  Calien was the son of John Uriel Crosby, a veteran of the Revolutionary War, and Nancy Ashby Peters.  Eliza was the daughter of John Mount and Lydia Jennings.  The following license gives much pertinent information.

State of Kentucky

Oldham County Court Clerk’s Office

To any minister of the Gospel, or other person legally authorized to celebrate the rites of Matrimony –

You are hereby authorized to join together in the Holy bond of Matrimony, according to the usages and customs of your church, Mr. Calien Crosby and Miss Eliza Mount, of this county, daughter of John Mount, deceased, she being of lawful age.

The said Calien Crosby having executed Bond with security, in my office, according to law.

Witness my hand as Clerk of said Court, this 29th day of May 1843.

William D. Mitchell, per Brent Hopkins

In 1850 the couple and their children are residing in Shelby County, and that is where they remain for the rest of their lives.  In the 1850 census Calien is 43, a farmer, with parents born in Virginia.  Eliza is 32, her parents also born in Virginia.  Children Mary Frances, 5; Lydia A., 3; and John Mount, 2, are living in the household.  Calien’s parents live with the family, John, 93; and Nancy, 84.

John Uriel Crosby, as mentioned before, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, born in Fauquier County, Virginia, in 1755.  From The History of Shelby County Kentucky, by George L. Willis, Sr., it says that John Crosby and wife, Nancy, were among the thirteen charter members of the Antioch Church, located in Shelby County, about three and one-half miles north of Simpsonville.  John and Nancy are buried in what was called the Crosby Cemetery in that area.  Only two others are buried in this cemetery, son Gnoaeth Crosby, and Andrew Todd.

In the 1860 census there is an additional child, Charles Peters Crosby, who is 5.  In 1870 the two daughters have married, leaving John, 21; and Charles, 15; in the household.

In 1880 Charles, 24, remains with his parents.  Daughter Lydia A. Payne, 32, is also living with them, along with her children – Eliza, 10; Carrie, 8; Lulie, 6; and Robert C., 3.

John Mount Crosby died in 1891, leaving a young wife, Mary.  He is followed two years later by the death of Calien Crosby.

In his will, Calien Crosby left wife Eliza 150 acres and any other land remaining after the children receive their shares.  This included the home residence and outbuildings.  She was also to receive one third of all personal property in addition to 45 head of sheep, 25 head of hogs, 18 head of cattle and 4 head of horses and colts.

Daughter Mary Frances Crosby married Steven Henry McMakin.  She was to receive 101 acres of land to be used by the couple during their natural lives, then return to the original Crosby estate.

Daughter Lydia Payne and her children received 100 acres of land.

The heirs of son John Mount Crosby were to receive 64 acres of land.  This ‘in addition to what I have previously paid for him on his home tract makes him equal with my other children’.  The land will remain in the hands of the executors until the children come of age.

Son Charles Peters Crosby was to receive 115 acres of land, and will be able to purchase the land left to wife Eliza at a private sale after her death.

Son Charles, and son-in-law Steven McMakin, were named executors.  The will was written September 5, 1891, two years before he died.

It was previously mentioned that daughter Lydia, and her children, lived in her parents household during 1880.  She married Jilson H. Payne October 22, 1868.   In the 1910 census she is listed as divorced – perhaps the reason for living with her parents in earlier years.  In 1910 she is 63, living on her own income.  Daughter Eliza is 39, and is a dressmaker.  Son Robert, 32, and brother, Charles Peters Crosby, 54, are both farmers.

Lydia Crosby Payne died September 3, 1923, of tuberculosis.  She was 77 years of age.  Both parents are listed on the death certificate, as well as place of burial, Grove Hill Cemetery.  Son Robert Payne was the informant.  On the death certificate it says she was a widow.

The Crosby family is buried in a beautiful plot in Grove Hill Cemetery.  The trees are tall and old, their branches surrounding part of the gravestone.  Notice the smaller stones in back of the large one – those are for Lydia Crosby Payne, some of her children, and other members of the Crosby family.  With such shade they were too difficult to photograph.


Biography of Major Isaac N. Cardwell

from Kentucky – A History of the State, Perrin, 1888

Clark County

Major Isaac N. Cardwell, a native of Knox County, Tennessee, was born September 27, 1827.  John Cardwell, his father, was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, in 1790.  He acquired a common-school education in youth, and adopted his father’s vocation in life, farming.  He came to Knox County, Tennessee, in 1812, where he followed agricultural pursuits, living on his father’s farm in that county.  In 1822 he was married to Miss Ara W., daughter of Colonel Thomas Watkins, a wealthy planter, who had a family of eleven children, of whom Ara was the seventh.  In 1831 John Cardwell removed to Jefferson County, Tennessee, where he purchased land and farmed, remaining until 1840, when he came to Breathitt County, Kentucky.  He entered general merchandising, and was Postmaster at Jackson, Breathitt County, from 1844 until 1877.  Mr. and Mrs. Cardwell were the parents of six children, viz.:  John W., William D., Isaac N., Thomas P., Miranda E. (Little) and A. E., the last named two of whom are dead.  John Cardwell served in the War of 1812, and drew a pension for that service during the latter part of his life.  He and Mrs. Cardwell were both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in politics he was a Whig.  He died in 1877, in his eighty-seventh year.

Perrin Cardwell, grandfather of our subject, was also born in Fauquier County, Virginia, and was of English origin.  He emigrated in an early day to Knox County, Tennessee, where he died in 1850, in the ninety-eighth year of his age, leaving a widow, Mrs. Elizabeth (Warsham) Cardwell, and nine children, viz.:  John, William, Daniel, George, Martha (Watkins), Susan (Nutty), Maria (Jourolman) and Louisa (Jourolman).  Perrin Cardwell was in life a wealthy planter and a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Judge Cardwell was educated at the Tennessee University, graduating in 1850.  He read law with Judge Reese at Knoxville, Tennessee, and was admitted to the bar in September, 1850.  He came to Kentucky in 1858, and located at Booneville, the county seat of Owsley County, where he practiced law very successfully until 1861, when he was commissioned by President Lincoln as Major of the Seventh Kentucky Infantry (Federal service).  He served until February 1863, when on account of rheumatism he was compelled to resign.  Returning home he remained in Lexington until the fall of 1864, when he removed to Estill County and opened a law office at Irvine.  He served two terms in the Kentucky Legislature as Representative of that county, in 1872-73 and 1881-82.  He served during the last year of the Mexican War as Orderly Sergeant of Captain John J. Reese’s company of the Fifth Tennessee Infantry.  In 1860, just before the beginning of the late Civil War, he was commissioned by Governor Beriah Magoffin as Colonel of the Militia in Owsley County. In 1884 he left Estill County, and settled in Winchester, Clark County, where he has since been practicing law.

Judge Cardwell has been twice married.  His first wife died in July, 1881, leaving one child, Lena (Fox), of Madison County, Kentucky.  He was next married in Frankfort, in November, 1882, to Miss Jennie Todd, daughter of Harry I. and Jane B. (Davidson) Todd, both Kentuckians.  Mrs. Cardwell is a granddaughter of Governor Crittenden, was born and raised in Frankfort, and is a member of the Presbyterian Church.  Mr. Cardwell, who is not connected with any religious organization, and with no secret organization except the Masonic order, is politically a Republican.  His mother is still living, and is in the eighty-seventh year of her age.

Pension Applications – Graves County, Kentucky

Pension Applications – Graves County, Kentucky

Walter Adams

The said applicant had served as a private in the North Carolina militia. He was placed on the pension roll August 17, 1832. He was 79 years old as of March 4, 1831. He was residing in Graves County, Kentucky, when he applied for a pension May 16, 1833, while at the age of 78 years. He stated that he had been born in Fauquier County, Virginia, January 12, 1755. He further added that he had enlisted in Rowan County, North Carolina, in April 1777. He further added that since the end of the Revolutionary War he had lived in Graves County, Kentucky, moving to Kentucky in May 1833, from Rowan County, North Carolina. An affidavit of a fellow soldier, Al Cracken, was also made May 11, 1833, in Kentucky. The said affiant was then at the age of 78 years. He stated that he had been acquainted with the said Walter Adams in Rowan County, North Carolina.

John Brimmage

The said applicant served as a private in the Maryland militia and he was 73 years old as of May 10, 1834. He was residing in Graves County, Kentucky, when he applied for a pension April 15, 1834, at the age of 73 years. He also stated that he had been born in Queen Anne County, Maryland, June 8, 1760. He further added that he had enlisted in Anson County, North Carolina, in July 1781. Prior to the Revolutionary War he had resided in Queen Anne County, Maryland, Anson County, North Carolina, and also Effingham County, Georgia. He further added that since the end of the Revolutionary War, he had resided in Pendleton County, South Carolina. The said soldier also stated that he also resided in Lincoln County, Tennessee, since the war, and had moved to Kentucky from that county in 1795.

David Clark

The above named soldier was residing in Graves County, Kentucky, when he applied for a pension on the United States Roll. He had enlisted in Surry County, North Carolina, in 1776. Prior to the Revolutionary War had resided in Surry County, North Carolina, Pendleton County, South Carolina, and Christian County, Kentucky. After the war he lived in Weakley County, Tennessee, and then Graves County, Kentucky. His children are George, Charles, Mary, William, James, Susan, Silas, Harry, Elizabeth and John Clark. His widow, Charity Clark, filed her claim for a widow’s pension December 3, 1840, while she was a resident of Graves County, Kentucky. She stated that her maiden name was Charity Boon. They were married in Lincoln County, South Carolina, in 1778.

Judge Elijah R. Eskridge Biography

from Breckinridge County, Kentucky – Biographies

Judge Elijah R. Eskridge was born in Grayson County, Kentucky, September 19, 1813, and is a son of George and Elizabeth (Robinson) Eskridge, natives of Virginia.  The Eskridge family originally came from Ireland and settled in Virginia in colonial times, and George Eskridge (subject’s father), born in Fauquier County, was a Revolutionary soldier, serving five years.  He enlisted when but fifteen years old, participated in many of the battles for liberty, and arose to the rank of lieutenant.  In 1807 he came to Kentucky and settled in Mason County, but the next year came to Grayson County and located at the falls of Rough Creek, where he died in August, 1827.  His wife, Elizabeth Robinson, died in Hardinsburg July 21, 1844.  She was the mother of eleven children, only two of whom are living:  Elijah, the subject, and Henry Eskridge.  By a previous marriage with Miss Kenner, Mr. Eskridge had three children.  Judge Eskridge, the subject, was thrown upon his own resources at the age of thirteen years, and in 1827 came to Hardinsburg, where he learned the cabinet-maker’s trade, which he carried on successfully for over forty years, during that time running the only shop in the town and the largest one in the county.  He retired from business in 1872, and since that date has been engaged in farming.  His early education was limited to the pioneer schools of the time, but he has been a constant reader, and is well informed on all ordinary subjects.  He has always been an active business man, and has held several official positions.  He was a justice of the peace under the old constitution from 1837, and upon the adoption of the new one in 1850; was elected to the same office at each returning election until 1862, when he was elected county judge, holding the position for a term of four years.  In 1867 he was again elected justice of the peace, and held the same until 1882.  He was appointed United States commissioner for the county during the war, an office he filled with great impartiality.  He is at present bridge commissioner of the county, and is a notary public.  Judge Eskridge was married in January, 1832, to Elizabeth M., a daughter of Rev. James and Sallie (Morris) Taylor, of Hardinsburg.  To this marriage were born the following:  Letitia, wife of John P. Haswell; James G., Morris, Marian, wife of Zenith Butler; Roscoe, Alfred, Jennie, wife of G. Williams; Melville and Sallie A.  Mrs. Eskridge died March 20, 1873, aged fifty-eight years.  He was next married, September 30, 1877, to Mrs. Virginia F. May, widow of Samuel May, Esq., and daughter of George W. and Sallie (Dowell) St. Clair, of Breckinridge County.  They have one child, Mary Elizabeth Eskridge.  Judge Eskridge was originally a Whig, and since the dissolution of that party he has voted Republican.  He was a strong Union man during the war, and with such men as Bruner, Allen, Haswell and others, stood manfully by the old flag and made a valiant struggle for the preservation of the Government.  He is one of four or five of the old citizens of Hardinsburg who still survive.  Jo Allen, Philip Lightfoot, Rev. James Taylor, Morris Hensley, Charles Hambleton, John McClarty, Jefferson Jennings, Francis Peyton, Williamson Cos, sleep with their fathers, and when Uncle Vivian Daniel, Judge Kincheloe, Col. Allen and Mr. Eskridge die, the last of the old guard will have passed away.

Professor Moses Lewis Linton

Dr. Moses Lewis Linton was the son of Benjamin Franklin Linton and Lucy Crewdson, the grandson of Captain John Hancock Linton and Ann Nancy Mason.  Dr. Linton married Ann Rachel Booker 25 Oct 1837 in Washington County, Kentucky.  They had 11 children:  an infant who died at the age of 2 weeks, John Hancock, Paul Booker, Ann Rachel, Benjamin, Francis Lewis, Mary Elizabeth, Amelia Matilda, Margaret Booker and Caroline Pope Linton.

The Saint Louis Medical and Surgical Journal

January and February 1867

Biographical Sketch of Professor Moses Lewis Linton, A.M., M.D., LL.D.

The following brief outline of the history of Dr. Linton is given to our readers almost under the shadow of his expressed disapproval; yet, since he is Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine in the St. Louis Medical College, and senior editor of the St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal, whose pages have been under the guidance of his great pen for at least a quarter of a century, the profession and our readers have a claim upon him; I assume, therefore, the responsibility of presenting to them some of his more prominent features.

Dr. Linton was born in Nelson County, Kentucky, April 12th, 1808, and is, therefore, in the fifty-ninth year of his life.

His father, Benjamin Linton, was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, on the 10th day of June, 1777.  He emigrated from his native State at an early day, to Nelson County, Kentucky, where he lived a quiet life, following the avocation of a farmer for many years, and there died in a ripe old age, respected by all about him for the many excellences of his character.

That his father was a man of worth and enterprise, possessed of daring and force of character, is sufficiently evidenced by the fact that he was a pioneer, and in a time when the word meant something.  Very early indeed we find him in a new territory, sparsely settled and wild – an adventurer – struggling amidst the perils of that early period, and with him his family shared their part, which no doubt has had much to do in forming the characteristic man before us.

The period of his birth was an auspicious one in the history of our country, and the footprints of his successful pathway, direct us to his realization of its bright promise.  It is well to be born in a heroic age when all the surroundings lead to greatness.  Who may question the fact that his early training had much to do in the development of his courage, moral strength, and force of character, his penetration and quickness of perception, and his ready command of facts, that have made his name so prominent as a disputant, polemic and professional!  In spirit, we may say justly, he is still a boy, full of wit and poetry, yet “a man as is a man,” in all the great attributes.  In the gift of such a son to times so urgently demanding him, a father and the profession may truly be proud.

Of his early history and education we know but little.  We presume it was in accordance with the times, limited in all the favorable opportunities of our day.  These he used, however, with benefit, and by patient effort has attained the high position of a self-made scholar.

When quite young his attention was turned to the study of medicine, upon which he entered under the teaching of Dr. Polin, of Springfield, Kentucky, who was a ripe scholar in the various departments of learning, and to whose personal influence and classical instructions Dr. Linton attributes much, if not all, of his professional advancement.  Indeed, it is not infrequent to hear him speak of his preceptor with the youthful enthusiasm of his pupilage.  The admiration and veneration he entertained for this pure and worthy man are those of a son to a father, and still undiminished by the lapse of years.

During the session of 1832, he attended his first course of lectures in the Transylvania University.  Here his second course was also passed, when he was graduated, with marked honor, on the first day of March, 1835.

Soon after his graduation, he located at Springfield, Kentucky, and pursued the practice of his profession until the spring of 1839, when he started on a visit to Europe.

During his absence of a little over one year, he spent most of the time in Paris, though he visited London, Edinburgh, and Dublin, in which cities he was very kindly received and treated by Sir Astley Cooper, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Syme and Dr. Stokes.

He spent several weeks in Ireland, in County Down, with the friends of Dr. Polin, and often speaks of the time passed in this rural district, of the Emerald Isle, as one of the happiest periods of his life.

He returned from Europe in the autumn of 1840, and in 1842 received letters requesting him to accept the Chair of Obstetrics in the St. Louis University.  He accepted, and came to St. Louis in the fall of 1842, and entered upon the duties of a medical teacher.  In 1844, he was transferred to the Chair of Theory and Practice of Medicine, which he has occupied to the present time with acknowledged ability.

Dr. Linton’s life has been very remarkable to the present time and a complete success, incessant of labor and full of award, while his pathway has been full of the rich fruits of his constant activity and generous efforts.  To the advancement of the profession and the interest of the community in which he has lived, his personal ease and pleasure have ever appeared subordiante.

His personal worth stands out in bold relief in the abundant acts of his generous life, shown to the poor and suffering, among whom he has had a wide field of usefulness.  No less prominent is the Christian charity, that he always manifests to the erring and unfortunate.  Indeed, the entire course of his life has been full of philanthropy, and practical rather than conspicuous or eventful.  Here, indeed, we find his most noticeable traits, for his history has scarcely any startling event to break the monotony of his thirty-four years of practice.  We may only look upon the extent of his work and attainments to know his excellence and greatness.  His way has been right on as a stream, quietly and steadily gathering power and blessing for the profession and the world; twenty-five years of this time have been given to teaching the medical sciences, and to the interest of medical journalism; during which long period he has been the constant senior editor of this Serial.  He has here performed a work that has taken the greater part of his time and strength, yet in the midst of this great labor he did not deny himself the pleasure of entering the field of general literature, where he has also attained a commendable appreciation; of which his versatility of learning in history, philosophy, the classics and politics, gained by patient and extensive reading, is ample evidence, and the the award of which, is his honorable and pre-eminent name in the profession, while the alumni popularly call him the “Old Philosopher”.

Dr. Linton has received many public expressions of favor and appreciation at the hands of students.  Indeed, he has always been a favorite of the alumni, and has commanded the affection of every class to which he has lectured during the long period of his labors.  As an instance, we may refer to the request of the class of 1856, to have him sit for his portrait, which was presented to him, and has since hung in the O’Fallon Hall of the College.

On this occasion Professor Charles A. Pope made the following, among other appropriate remarks, regarding him:  “He is the Nestor of the faculty, our senior in years, in worth, in wisdom, in reputation.  We were fellow students in Paris, and I can safely assert that no American then abroad profited more than he.  Dr. Linton is a rough diamond; beneath his plain and simple exterior, beats a warm heart, full of goodness, purity, and usefulness; and to every noble attribute of the heart he joins those of the head.  His mind unites in a rare degree the useful with the ornamental; the solid with the beautiful.  He is in truth the philosopher and poet.  Self-educated and self-reliant, poor but indefatigable, he has by his own unaided efforts, successfully surmounted every obstacle, and has acquired proficiency in all the knowledge and acquirements that adorn the scholar.”

Long may he be with us to reflect his light upon our path!