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1902 Weddings From The Kentucky Irish American

The Kentucky Irish American, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Saturday, June 28, 1902

The marriage bells rang joyously Wednesday for the nuptials of Pat Cahill and Annie O’Brien, Edward Farrell and Catherine Dunn, and Philip Beck and Josie Steimle.  The three ceremonies were celebrated in the presence of large gatherings of friends, all the young people well known and popular.

A pretty but simple wedding took place Wednesday evening, when Miss Elizabeth Holmes became the bride of Charles W. Miller, with the Ahreus & Ott Company.  The ceremony was witnessed by a large number of friends, whose hearty congratulations go with the newly married couple.  An elegant wedding supper and reception followed at the residence of the bride’s mother, Mrs. Annie E. Holmes, 2132 Indiana Avenue.

At. St. Paul’s Church Tuesday the marriage of Miss Mary J. McGuire and Edward A. Buey was solemnized, Rev. Father York officiating.  Both bride and groom are well known and popular and many friends were present at the ceremony.  The bride is the amiable and handsome daughter of Frank McGuire, with the Standard Oil Company, and the groom holds a good position with the Chess-Wymond Company.  A largely attended reception followed at the residence of the bride’s parents.

The marriage of Miss Ann Nowak and William Elliott, Jr., was solemnized at St. Augustine’s Church in Jeffersonville, Rev. Father O’Connell performing the ceremony.  Both are well known and highly respected in that city, and a large number of friends and relatives were present to witness the union.  After the wedding a reception was held at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. William Elliott, 834 Walnut Street.  They are now spending their honeymoon in St. Louis, and on return will reside in Jeffersonville.

Wednesday morning at the Dominican church Miss Mary A. Tobin, the attractive and accomplished daughter of Thomas Tobin, West Oak Street, and William F. Hoffman were married by Rev. Father Fowler with nuptial mass.  The wedding was a quiet one, the only attendants being Messrs. Herman Russman and John Roberts.  Both bride and groom are well known and have a wide circle of friends who rejoice at their union.  The former was attired in a pretty white Paris muslin costume, with a large picture hat.  Immediately after the ceremony the young people left for an extended wedding trip.  The lucky groom holds a good position with the firm of Hilpp, Richardson & Co.

Pretty and simple were the characteristics of the wedding of Miss Catherine Glynn and Will Mackin at the Dominican church Tuesday at noon.  James Duane and Sam Joyce were the ushers.  The bridal party entered the church to the strains of Mendelssohn’s wedding march, played by Miss Aggie Richter, of St. Cecilia’s Church, and were met at the altar by Rev. Father Fowler, who performed the ceremony uniting their lives.  The bride wore an exquisite costume of Paris muslin and lace, with white veil, and carried a shower bouquet of white carnations, while the groom was attired in the conventional black.  After the ceremony the newly wedded young people were given an elegant wedding dinner and reception at the residence of the bride’s uncle, Patrick Glynn, West Oak Street, where large numbers called to tender congratulations and wishes for a life blessed with happiness and success.  They will return next week from their wedding trip.

Among the many marriages this season that which attracted the most attention in Italian and Catholic society circles was the forget-me-not wedding of Morgan J. Parlin and Miss Catherine A. Mazzoni, solemnized Wednesday afternoon at the Cathedral, Rev. Dr. Schuhmann Performing the ceremony.  The lovely bride, who is the daughter of Charles Mazzoni, wore a beautiful gown of white lace over blue taffeta, and was attended by her sister, Miss Pearl Mazzoni, as maid of honor.  Mr. Parlin is a popular employee of the firm of W. B. Belknap and one of the best known young men in the city.  Ralph Campbell was the best man, and Messrs. John Mazzoni, Anthony Montedonico, James Delaney and Morgan Grimes were the ushers.  After the church ceremony the bridal party and about fifty friends repaired to Key’s reception parlors at Seventh and Jefferson, where an elegant wedding supper was served in ten courses.  The happy pair are now spending their honeymoon in St. Louis.

Hon. Phil B. and Martha Thompson Celebrate Golden Wedding

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Wednesday, November 2, 1892

A Golden Wedding

Hon. And Mrs. Phil B. Thompson, of Harrodsburg, To Celebrate Theirs Tonight

They Were Wedded Fifty Years Ago At the Home of the Bride, On Her Father’s Plantation In Mississippi, Near Natchez, On the Bluff.

Harrodsburg, Ky., Nov. 1 – (Special) – The social event of the week in Central Kentucky, and one that is attracting great attention, will be the celebration of the golden wedding of the Hon. and Mrs. Phil B. Thompson, of this place, to occur tomorrow evening between the hours of 7 and 11 at their elegant and handsome residence, on East Lexington Avenue, this date being the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage.

The marriage of Phil B. Thompson and Miss Martha Montgomery was solemnized on the 2nd day of November 1842, at the residence of the bride’s father on his large plantation, near Natchez, Mississippi.  They immediately, after their marriage, came to Harrodsburg, the home of the groom, where fifty years of blissful and happy married life, unruffled by a single incident of domestic infelicity, have been spent.

Mrs. Martha Montgomery Thompson is the daughter of the late Davis Montgomery, of Mississippi, who at the time of his death was one of the wealthiest plantation owners in the south.  She was born in August 1824, and reared near Natchez, Mississippi.  She is a very devout member of the Christian church and has been since 1846.  In the interests of the church, together with the many charitable societies of which she is a member, she has spent a great deal of time, and is known throughout the State among the members of her church and societies as one of the ablest supporters and most liberal contributors.  Being a lady of remarkable vivacity, endowed with brilliant social qualities and possessed of a kind and generous nature, it is needless to say that she has been the gem of happiness in her home for a half century, and has presided over the household of her talented and honored husband with that queenly dignity, cultured taste and devotion for which Kentucky women are so famous.

The Hon. Phil B. Thompson, Sr., was born in Harrodsburg, on January 8, 1821, and is a son of John B. Thompson, the once noted lawyer, now deceased.  He has three brothers and four sisters.  The brothers are Judge James H. Thompson, of Hillsborough, Ohio; J. B. Thompson, who was in 1857 United States Senator from Kentucky, and Charles Thompson, who, with the exception of the first, are deceased.  The sisters are Mrs. M. T. Davis, Harrodsburg, Ky.; Mrs. A. P. Tribble and Mrs. Susan Massie, Columbus, Ohio, and Mrs. Kate Dun, Mechanicsburg, Ohio.

Mr. Thompson was educated at Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 1838.  In the fall of 1838 he began the study of law under his senior brother, John B. Thompson, and was admitted to the bar in 1840.  He immediately commenced the practice of law, which he continued until October 1846, when he was mustered into service at Louisville, as a volunteer of the Mexican War.  Leaving a young wife and three small children at home, he, with that same unswerving allegiance to duty that has characterized him through life, heeded his country’s call, and marched to battle to save it from invasion by a foreign power.  He was Captain of Company C of Col. McKee’s regiment, and stood within a few feet of Col. Clay when he was shot at the Battle of Buena Vista.  Having serviced in this war with distinction, he was mustered out at New Orleans in July 1847.  He returned to Harrodsburg and again began the practice of his profession.  In 1851 he was elected Commonwealth’s Attorney for his Judicial district, serving until 1856.  In September 1861, he entered the Southern army, was a member of the Provisional Government of 1862, served during the war under the command of Gen. Bragg and Gen. S. B. Buckner, and returned home in 1865, when he again resumed the practice which he has ever since continued, it being conceded at all that he has since that time been the leading attorney of the very able bar at this place.

The name and fame of P. B. Thompson is familiar to every court and lawyer in Kentucky, and to many all through the South.  He has been publicly recognized for a quarter of a century as one of the most brilliant, successful and famous criminal lawyers in the State.  There are but few counties in the State, and none in Central Kentucky, whose courts and juries have not, at some time during his long career of successful practice, listened to and felt the wonderful power of his magnetic oratory.

Of the many cases in which he has been engaged, one was the defense of Tom Buford, charged with the killing of Judge John Elliott, at Frankfort, Ky., the case being tried in Owen County.  Another was the defense of James Arnold, charged with the killing of Robert Little, at Richmond, Ky.  His associate counsel in this case was Hon. Dan Voorhees, Hon. W. O. Bradley, Hon. Curtis Burnam and Hon. James B. McCreary.

Mr. Thompson served in the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1885-1886, was the Chairman of the Criminal Law Committee, and is the author of the bill permitting the defendant to testify in criminal cases.  He has never sought political distinction and has an aversion for politics.  He is a Democrat, and with his remarkable intellect, magnetic bearing, genial sociability and indomitable courage, had he preferred to enter the political arena, rather than enjoy the quiet, peaceful and successful practice of law, there is no doubt but that he would have attained high honors.

Three bright boys, now in the prime of manhood, blessed the union of this venerable couple.  The are Dr. Davis Thompson, of Chicago; Hon. John B. Thompson, Jr., of this place, one of the most noted lawyers in Kentucky, and proprietor of the Old Fort Springs Distillery here; and Hon. Phil B. Thompson, Jr., ex-member of Congress of this district and now practicing law in New York, of whom it is said by people able to judge that few brighter intellects ever graced the halls of Congress or the United States bar.

Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Thompson have three grandchildren and one great-grandchild.

Prominent among the people from a distance who are invited and expected to attend the wedding are:  Hon. Dan Voorhees, Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn and wife, Hon. R. P. Jacobs and wife, Hon. Joseph Lewis, Hon. W. L. Jackson, Jr., and wife, Hon. P. W. Hardin and wife, ex-Gov. S. B. Buckner and wife, Hon. John S. Branaugh and wife, Hon. Chas. Pierce, Hon. M. J. Durham and wife, Hon. J. C. Wickliffe and wife, Hon. J. J. McAfee and wife, Rev. W. P. Harvey and wife, Hon. E. J. Polk and wife, Hon. Richard Wintersmith and Hon. W. L. Davis.

There are about three hundred invitations issued and an elaborate supper will be served.  President John Williams, of Daughters’ College, Harrodsburg, will deliver the address of the evening, and while it is being delivered Mr. and Mrs. Thompson will stand under an arch constructed of holly and mistletoe, suspended from which will be cotton stalks with the bowls in bloom, and a hand of tobacco, the cotton being emblematic of the industrial product of the bride’s native state, the tobacco that of the groom’s.  Hon. Phil B. Thompson will hold in his arms their beautiful great-grandbaby, of whom they are so fond.  An old colored servant will stand at the rear of the parlor, he being the only living witness to their wedding of 1842.

Bowman’s Celebrate Golden Wedding in 1892

Funny that I should find the golden wedding anniversary of a couple from Mercer County in the Mount Sterling newspaper!  But then, good things are sometimes found when searching for something else!  Bellevue, home of the Bowman family, is located on Hwy 152 just outside the city of Burgin. 

The Mt. Sterling Advocate, Montgomery County, Kentucky

Tuesday, October 11, 1892

Mr. Dudley Mitchem Bowman and Mrs. Virginia Smith Bowman, of Mercer County, celebrated their ‘golden wedding’, on Thursday, September 29th, at their home, Bellevue, near Burgin.  From the Danville correspondent of the Louisville Times, we extract the following:

September 29, 1842, a large and fashionable assemblage met at Avondale, in Mercer County, the home of Abram Smith, Esq., to witness the marriage of his daughter, Virginia, then in her seventeenth year, to Dudley Mitchem Bowman, the son of a neighbor, the Hon. John Bowman.  Avondale was then, as it is now, a lovely country home, where a bounteous, graceful hospitality was dispensed, and it is interesting to know that it yet remains in the family and is none the less celebrated for perpetuating its old-time reputation.

The ceremony of fifty years ago was spoken by the Rev. Thomas Smith, one of the pioneers in Campbell and Stone’s reformation, then just beginning.  The bridesmaids were Miss Peachy Smith, now Mrs. Simeon Drake, of Chicago, and Miss Johanna Smith, a sister of the bride who married Mr. McCann.  The groomsmen were Abram Hite Bowman, brother to the groom, and Ben Campbell, yet living in Mercer County.

This marriage united two of the most widely known and respected families of the Commonwealth, names associated with the early conquest of the land from the savages and identified with its erection into an independent state.

In the colonial annals of Virginia are found their names in places of civil and military distinction.  They came from the Shenandoah Valley, in Virginia, and Zachariah Smith and Abram Bowman were among the first to make a new home in the wilderness of Kentucky; the former at ‘Ingleside’, near Danville, and Bowman in Fayette County, only a few miles further away.

A few years thereafter the estate known as ‘Bellevue’, the present town, came into the possession of John Bowman, father of the present owner, by bequest from an uncle.  John Bowman was a man or more than ordinary culture for his time, a lawyer by education and a pupil of Henry Clay.  His wife was Sarah Mitchem, of Woodford County, daughter of Dudley Mitchem, from whom have come the Woolfolk’s, Hayden’s, Bannon’s and other families well-known in Louisville, Lexington and the southwest.  Their children were the late John Bryan Bowman, for many years Regent of Kentucky University; the late Abram Hite Bowman, many of whose descendants now live in Louisville and various parts of the state, and Dudley Mitchem Bowman, the present owner of ‘Bellevue’.  It is a rarely beautiful old country home, nearly a century old and substantially built.  The arched windows and picturesque fans over the doors, beautiful hand-carved wood mantels and window frames, take one back to the architecture and house decorations of old Colonial days.  The walls are covered with portraits of the former owners and occupants of the home.  Mr. Bowman tells with justifiable pride that only Indians and Bowman’s ever owned the place.  It has been for a century the seat of a princely hospitality, and it was an interesting occasion, the celebration of a golden wedding, that brought under its roof the descendants of the pioneers of a century ago.

A notable feature of this delightful reunion was the singularly appropriate remarks of the Rev. Owsley Goodloe.  Two conspicuous figures were Uncle Louis and Aunt Caroline, former slaves, whose marriage antedated that of Mr. and Mrs. Bowman by six years.  At the wedding fifty years ago Uncle Louis had the distinction of driving the carriage and Aunt Caroline was the maid in waiting to the bride.

Owing to the death of a lovely daughter, Mrs. Caroline Bowman Ringo, the guests were limited to the family and a few intimate friends.  Among those present were:  Mrs. Mary Watters Bowman, widow of the eldest son; John Bryan and son and daughter; Mrs. Jennie Bowman Cassell ad two daughters, Dudley M. Jr., and wife, nee Mary Dunlap; Mrs. Nannie Bowman Moore and five children, and Mr. Abram Smith Bowman of Fairlawn, Lexington; Miss Nannie Smith, sister of Mrs. Bowman; Mrs. Mary D. Bowman, Mrs. John Augustus Williams, Mr. Phil B. Thompson, Rev. Strother Cook, Mr. Ben C. Allin and wife, who have been married nearly sixty-five years; Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Riker, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Bowman, Mrs. Rebecca Jones, Mr. and Mrs. James Kunniano, Mr. and Mrs. William Roland and Miss Vivion.

Mr. and Mrs. Bowman, though rapidly approaching that age which marks the evening of life, are yet hale and hearty, and give promise of being able to celebrate many more anniversaries of their marriage.

At their deaths, Dudley Mitchem Bowman and Virginia Smith Bowman were buried in Spring Hill Cemetery, Harrodsburg, Mercer County, Kentucky.

William B. and Mary Angeline Handley

 Mary A., wife of W. B. Handley, born August 23, 1840, died December 28, 1930.  William B. Handley, born January 24, 1836, died December 24, 1904.

The Owensboro Messenger, Daviess County, Kentucky

Sunday, December 25, 1904

An Aged Citizen Dies – W. B. Handley, Ill Only Three Days At St. Lawrence

W. B. Handley, sixty-eight years of age, died at his home at St. Lawrence, at 2 o’clock Saturday afternoon  He had been ill for only three days of pneumonia.  The funeral will be held from St. Martin (s/b St. Lawrence) Church at 8 o’clock Monday morning, and interment will be made in the church cemetery.  He is survived by a widow and three children.  They are Mrs. Kate Wood, Mrs. Belle Connor and Mrs. Annie Henning.

The Owensboro Messenger, Daviess County, Kentucky

Tuesday, December 27, 1904

Knottsville – Mr. W. B. Handley, one of the most prominent and highly esteemed citizens of the eastern part of the county, was buried from St. Lawrence Church Monday morning at 9 o’clock.  Father Clements paid a most eloquent tribute to his character as a father, a husband, a citizen and a Christian.  Mr. Handley was in his sixty-ninth year and is survived by his wife and three daughters, Mrs. J. W. Wood, of Owensboro; Mrs. Lee Henning and Mrs. Thomas Connor, of St. Lawrence.  Mrs. J. C. Blandford, of West Louisville, was a sister.  he was stricken with pneumonia on Tuesday afternoon and died the following Saturday at 4 o’clock.

William B. Handley married Mary Angeline Russell in 1860.  The couple had eight children, two boys who died as infants, Martin Kendrick and Charles J., and six girls – Mary Catherine, Isabella Florence, Anna Elizabeth, Rosa Alice, Maria Josephine and Ida J.  Josephine died in 1892 at the age of 17, and Ida died in 1900 at the age of 22.  Rosa died in 1903, aged 32; I’m not sure if she married.  Three married daughters are survivors at the time of their father’s death in 1904.  However, two of those sisters died in 1906 – Mary Catherine Handley Wood, September 9th, of complications of diseases, leaving five children; and Anna Elizabeth Handley Henning, November 18th, of typhoid; she left three children.

The Owensboro Messenger, Daviess County, Kentucky

Tuesday, December 30, 1930

Mrs. William B. Handley – Mrs. Mary Angeline Handley, 90 years old, the oldest and one of the best-known women of the St. Lawrence section, died at 11:45 o’clock, Sunday night.  Mrs. Handley had exceptionally good health until a week ago when she contracted bronchial pneumonia.  She was born at Lebanon, Kentucky, August 23, 1840, the daughter of Joseph and Catherine Russell.  In 1861, she was married to the late Esq. William Handley, and to this union eight children were born, all deceased.  she is survived by eleven grandchildren and twelve great-grandchildren.  For the past ten years, Mrs. Handley made her home with her granddaughter, Mrs. M. A. Henderson.  The funeral will be held at 9 o’clock this morning at St. Lawrence Catholic Church with a Requiem High Mass offered by Rev. F. X. Laemmle.  Burial will be in the church cemetery.

Joseph and Catherine Russell, parents of Mary Angeline Russell Handley, are buried in St. Charles Catholic Cemetery in Marion County.

Ben Hardin – Famous Lawyer of Bardstown

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Tuesday Morning, December 18, 1900


Former Residence of Old Ben Hardin

In Suburbs of Bardstown

The Place Where The Famous Lawyer Lived and Died

[Bardstown Record]

One of Kentucky’s historic residences is ‘Edgewood,’ the former home of Ben Hardin, in his day one of Kentucky’s greatest lawyers.  This old homestead is situated in the suburbs of Bardstown, and is a large and irregular structure built entirely of brick.  It was originally a one-storied building, with two rooms in front.  To this an addition was made on the left, comprising a wide hall and front room and chambers in rear with similar apartments above.  These added rooms and the hall are unusually large and airy.  The hall is entered by a large door in front, and contains a massive old-fashioned staircase, connecting with the upper story.  The present occupant, Hon. Lud. McKay, has added a handsome veranda to the house, which greatly improves its general appearance.

This dwelling was erected between 1819-1822 by Mr. Hardin on land that was contained in the original pre-emption of Bardstown.  The tract contains about two hundred and fifty acres of as fine soil as there is in Nelson County.  A wide lawn in front of the residence stretches down to one of the streets of the town, and is liberally shaded with a fine growth of forest trees.

Ben Hardin, who erected and long occupied the residence, was born in Pennsylvania, February 29, 1784, and at the age of four years was brought to Kentucky by his parents, who settled in Nelson County.  At an early age he was placed in the school of Dr. Priestly, then the most able educator in the West.  At the age of twenty, young Hardin began the study of law, which he soon mastered and was admitted to the bar of Bardstown.  His first case was one in which a large tract of land was involved.  He was alone on his side and opposed by several of the most distinguished lawyers of the day.  However, he won his case and his fame was made, and from that time on he never lacked for clients.  Readers of the Standard are familiar with the history of Mr. Hardin; his public services; his numerous debates in Congress with Henry Clay; how he was dubbed the ‘Kitchen Knife’ by John Randolph, and the ‘Red Fox’ by some other equally as great man.  Suffice it to say that he was one of the shrewdest and most successful attorneys that ever practiced his profession within the domains of this old Commonwealth.

In early life Mr. Hardin was married to Elizabeth Barbour, daughter of Col. Ambrose Barbour, of Washington County, one of Kentucky’s most distinguished pioneers.  She is described as a handsome woman, with many admirable traits of character.  Seven children were the result of this union – three sons and four daughters.

The latter were Lucinda, who married John Helm, afterward Governor of Kentucky; Emily, who married Dr. Palmer, a prominent physician of Washington County; Kate, who married Thomas Riley, a prominent attorney of Bardstown, and Sallie, who married Thomas W. Dixon, a Kentuckian living in the West.  Of the sons, William died of a fever in childhood; James and Rowan married in early life – the former a Miss Chinn; the latter a Miss Cartmell.  James died a short time after his marriage.  Rowan became an able lawyer; served in the State Legislature, and in 1851 was appointed by President Fillmore Secretary of Legation to Guatemala.  During the year it is supposed he was assassinated in the mountains of the Isthmus of Darien, as a skeleton was discovered and identified as his by some papers that were found in the vicinity.

Old Ben Hardin’s home life was always a happy one.  His doors were always open, and he dispensed the most lavish hospitality to all who came beneath his roof.  Many distinguished men were entertained by him at his residence, among whom may be mentioned Gen. William Preston, ex-Senator Garland, Bishop Kavanaugh, Judge John Rowan, gov. William Duvall, and many others who afterward became men of national reputation.  Mr. Hardin’s death occurred in September 1852, and was the result of a fall from a horse which he received as he was journeying from Bardstown to Lebanon to attend court.  He was buried in an old grave yard in a field near the pike leading from Springfield to Lebanon, by the side of his mother.  His grave is marked by an unpretentious stone bearing the simple inscription: ‘Ben Hardin, of Bardstown.’  Mrs. Hardin had preceded her husband to the grave in August, her death being hastened by constant attendance upon Mr. Hardin.  She is buried in the old pioneer cemetery here, in the midst of children and relatives.  A marble shaft, that has been sadly disfigured by vandals, marks her last resting place.  The only inscription is bears is ‘Elizabeth Barbour Hardin, wife of Ben Hardin.’

Ritchey and I have visited the Pioneer Cemetery in Bardstown, but we did not see a stone for Elizabeth Barbour Hardin.

Archibald Woods, Sr. – Revolutionary War Veteran

The Richmond Climax, Madison County, Kentucky

Wednesday, January 3, 1900

Historic Ancestor

Archibald Woods, Sr., of Madison County, Kentucky

Archibald Woods, known in after life as “Senior,” to distinguish him from a son of that name, who was a prominent lawyer of Madison County, Kentucky, was the fourth son of Col. William Woods, of Virginia, and Susannah Wallace his wife.  He was born in what is now Albemarle County, Virginia, on the 27th of January 1749, and was married on the 5th of August 1773, to Miss Mourning Shelton, a daughter of William Shelton and Lucy Harris – Lucy Harris being the daughter of Major Robert Harris and Mourning Glenn; and Robert Harris, the son of William Harris and Temperance Overton.  William Harris was the only son of Robert Harris, an immigrant from Wales in 1651, who married a widow Rice (nee Claiborne).  Temperance Overton was the daughter of William Overton and Mary Waters, and William Overton was the son of Col. Overton, who commanded a brigade of Ironsides at Dunbar, under Cromwell.

In 1774, Archibald Woods, Sr., moved to Monroe County, Virginia, being then a resident of Montgomery County, Virginia.  He entered the military service of the United States, as Captain of Virginia militia and at once set out from what is now Monroe County, Virginia, under Col. Russell, on a march of 200 miles to the relief of Fort Watauga.  This expedition lasted about six weeks and the return march was hastened by an express bringing the intelligence that the Shawnee Indians had commenced hostilities.  On reaching home he found the people forted, and he was placed in command of the fort and local defenses until spring.  After this, except during intervals of inclement winter weather, he was almost constantly employed in the frontier defenses – first under Col. Samuel Lewis, then under Col. Andrew Donnelly, and lastly under Col. James Henderson, until after the surrender of Cornwallis in 1781.  He then surrendered his commission as Captain of Virginia militia to the Greenbriar County Court, and never saw it afterward.

He first came to Kentucky in December 1781.  He returned to Virginia in February 1782, and removed with his family to Estill Station, Madison County, Kentucky, in the fall of that year.  The next year, 1783, he made his first Kentucky crop on Pumpkin Run where he had contracted with Col. Estill for 400 acres of land, including a spring represented to be everlasting, but, the spring going dry that year, the contract with Col. Estill was cancelled, and in January 1784 he bought land on Dreaming Creek, a few miles north of the present site of Richmond, where he built Woods’ Fort and lived between 25 and 26 years.  The first land he bought in Madison County is described by him in a deposition as “1,000 acres of as good land as any in the Estill Station survey,” and the price paid for it was a rifle gun.

The original commission of Patrick Henry, Governor of Virginia, appointed him with nine others, “Gentlemen Justices of the Peace” for Madison County, Kentucky, to take effect August 1, 1785 – the natal day of that county – is still preserved in the possession of Judge William Chenault, of Richmond, Kentucky.  The same document also appoints the same persons “Gentlemen Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer,” with full jurisdiction to try and punish slaves for all penal and criminal offenses – including the infliction of capital punishment.

He was still a magistrate in 1798 and as such voted for the removal of the county seat from the Old Town, or Millford, and presided at the court that established and named the town of Richmond, making it the county seat and became one of its first Trustees.  He was appointed sheriff of Madison County, May 4, 1801.

After a long litigation and possession of a quarter of a century, he was finally evicted of his home and land on Dreaming Creek in a suit brought by one Patrick, and being disgusted with the land-laws of Kentucky that in the afternoon of his life, took from him his home and the bulk of his estate, on a mere technicality, he moved with his family in the fall of 1809 to Williamson County, on Beans Creek, middle Tennessee.  In that state his wife, Mourning Woods, died September 7, 1817, aged 61 years and 8 months.  On January 30, 1818, he married Dorcas Henderson and lived for a time in Franklin County, Tennessee.  This marriage proved a very unhappy one, and a separation having occurred, he returned to Madison County, Kentucky, in 1820.  In January 1833, being then a feeble old man of 84 years, and well-nigh stripped of his property, he filed an application at Washington for a pension for military service in the war of Independence, and was promptly granted a pension of $480 per annum, to date from March 4, 1831.  But for the affidavits of himself and witnesses then living, in this application, and the pension, no documentary proof could now be had of his military service except the Virginia military land warrant.  He died December 13, 1836, aged 87 years, 10 months and 17 days, at the residence of his son, Archibald Woods, Jr., Fort Estill, Madison County, Kentucky.  Archibald Woods, Sr., was a fine specimen of the old Virginia gentleman.  He maintained his carriages, horses and driver up to his death.  He was a man of marked intelligence, great personal pride and dignity.  The hospitality of his home was proverbial and his life public and private, was pitched on the highest ideals of manhood and patriotism.

Archibald Woods, born January 29, 1749, died December 17, 1836.  Richmond Cemetery, Madison County, Kentucky.

James Greenville Trimble and Joseph Proctor – Stories of Long Ago

I found this most interesting article while searching for the obituary of James Greenville Trimble (which I could not find).  Since he lived through so much history, and was given first hand accounts of early history, I wanted to share this with you.  It’s too bad he didn’t talk more about his adventures during the Civil War.  I thought it most interesting when he said he had lived under the administrations of twenty-four presidents!

The Mt. Sterling Advocate, Montgomery County, Kentucky

Tuesday, April 25, 1916

Heard Battle Story From Proctor’s Lips

J. G. Trimble Learned of Historic Event of 134 Years Ago from a Participant

The following article which appeared in Wednesday evening’s Louisville Port, will be of interest to local people.

A famous battle between Indians and white settlers, known in history as ‘Estill’s defeat,’ was fought on soil now included in Montgomery County, Kentucky, March 22, 1782.

That was 134 years ago, before the War of the Revolution was ended, before the United States was an established government, yet there is living in Mt. Sterling today a citizen who has heard the story from the lips of a man who took part in it.

Mr. James Greenville Trimble, head of the Mt. Sterling National Bank, is the Kentuckian who constitutes such a remarkable link between the present and long ago.  He is almost ninety-three years old, and he heard the story from Joseph Proctor, who lived to a great age and died in 1844.

Mr. Trimble has given the Evening Post an account of Proctor and his story of that battle in the following letter:

Editor Evening Post:

I notice in your issue of March 25th you published a letter written by the Hon Henry L. Stone, of your city, which is an extract from a short history of Montgomery County, prepared by the Hon Richard Reid, formerly of Mt. Sterling, in 1876, in which he gives a minute description of one of the greatest and hard fought battles (considering the number engaged) that was ever fought upon Kentucky soil.  He especially alludes, in a complimentary manner, to the gallant services performed by one of the soldiers, named Joseph Proctor, who was the last survivor of those who participated in that great battle, which is known in history as Estill’s Defeat, which took place 134 years ago.

I had the pleasure, as well as the honor, of being personally and intimately acquainted with Mr. Proctor, having lived in the same town and within 100 yards of him for two years, and I met with him almost every day.  He was a large man, six feet high, weighing about 180 pounds.  He was a local Methodist preacher, having been ordained by Bishop Francis Asbury (the first Methodist bishop ever in America, who was born in England, August 20, 1745, came to America in 1771, and died at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on March 31, 1816, 100 years ago).

My acquaintance with Mr. Proctor was during the last three years of his life.  His death occurred on December 2, 1844.  I attended his funeral and burial.  He was buried with military honors at Irvine, Kentucky.  A company of fifty militia fired their guns as his body was lowered into the grave.  He was buried in an old, dilapidated and unused cemetery, which has not been used for that purpose since, and there is not now a stone to mark his last resting place.  I would suggest that the descendants of the man who was carried on the shoulders of Proctor from the battlefield to Madison County, a distance of twenty-five miles, erect a monument to perpetuate his memory.  Captain Estill was honored with a marble monument at Richmond, Kentucky, which cost several thousand dollars.  Why not give one to Proctor, who was a very poor man, and had no property whatever?

During my residence of two years at Irvine, Kentucky, I had the position of Deputy Clerk of the Estill Circuit and County Courts, at the large salary of $100 a year and board.  Major Robert Clark (nephew of Gov. James Clark, whose home was at Winchester) was clerk of both courts, and he being one of the principal pillars of the Methodist church in that town, Proctor made the office his loafing place.  During the summer season and in favorable weather he would spend much of his time at our office, and the people of the town and county would often call to see him and hear him talk and relate the many thrilling scenes through which he had passed with the Indians, and the experiences he had with Daniel Boone, Simon Kenton, Calloway and many other pioneer heroes, which was always entertaining to the people and was a favorite subject with him for discussion.

Mr. Proctor, on account of his advanced age, impaired health and other infirmities, did not preach any during my acquaintance with him, but he never failed to attend his weekly prayer-meetings and Sunday school, and occasionally he would deliver to each of them eloquent exhortations and able in prayer; I was never acquainted with a more devoted and consecrated Christian.  I am perhaps the only man now living who was personally acquainted with a soldier who participated in that bloody conflict which occurred 134 years ago.

Captain Estill, with his twenty-five men, overtook the Indians with a similar number at Hinkston Creek, a very small stream, not more than four or five miles to its head.  He found three of the Indians on the west side of the creek engaged in skinning a buffalo, the balance of them had passed over to the opposite side of the creek and were taking their rest.  The three Indians on the west side immediately joined their main body on the east side, and the firing then commenced; every man on both sides took a tree for protection, so far as was possible, with the creek between the conflicting sides.  When the fight continued for some time without any apparent result, Lieut. Miller, with six soldiers of Estill’s command, withdrew from the company, ostensibly for the purpose of crossing the creek above and getting into the rear of the Indians; but instead, they left for parts unknown and never did return.  This reduced Captain Estill’s fighting strength to eighteen against twenty-five.  It is supposed that the Indians suspected there had been a division of Captain Estill’s forces, on account of slack firing, and they, therefore, made a charge in a body across the creek, most of them with tomahawks and knives.

All of the real hard, hand-to-hand fighting took place on the west bank of the creek, the result of which is so well described by Col. Henry L. Stone in his letter which you published, and which corresponds with the history I have of it from Joseph Proctor.  I will, therefore, not allude to it, except to say that Captain James Estill, who was a very small man, came in contact with the largest Indian that belonged to the company, who would weight over 200 pounds, armed with butcher knives.  Mr. Proctor told me that he was standing nearby, but could give Estill no relief.  He witnessed the giving away of his arm, which had been broken a few months previous, which placed him completely in the power of the savage, who plunged a large butcher knife into his left side which penetrated his heart, and Captain Estill instantly fell dead at the feet of the savage.  Within ten seconds thereafter the trusty rifle of Joseph Proctor, with its deadly and unerring aim, placed the lifeless body of the big Indian by the side of the dead body of Captain Estill.  Mr. Proctor never did admit in my presence that he killed the Indian, but in speaking of the incident he would say, ‘I never heard of that big Indian killing anybody afterward, nor committing any depredations.’

A few years previous to his death, Mr. Proctor was brought to this county and taken over the supposed battle ground to see if he could identify the place where the battle occurred, but he was unable to do so.  In 1782, when the battle occurred, the county was a wilderness – nothing but timber and cane; whereas, at the time of his visit it was all cleared out and in cultivation and bluegrass.

I am a native of Morgan County, Kentucky, and was born in a log cabin on a farm upon which Hazel Green was afterward located, on the 15th day of June 1823.  I will, therefore, be ninety-three years of age on the 15th day of the coming June.  I continued to live in Hazel Green for fifty-three years, and since then I have resided in Mt. Sterling.  I have lived under the administrations of twenty-four presidents of the United States, commencing with James Monroe, and including Woodrow Wilson, who will be our next president.  This includes all the presidents we have had since the formation of our government, save four – Washington, Jefferson, John Adams and Madison.  Their political complexion was as follows:  Democrats, twelve; Republicans, ten; Whigs, three; Federalists, two; making twenty-seven.  Washington had no politics, but was president of all the people of the United States.  I have been a voter for seventy-two years, and during that time I have never held an office of any kind, and, with the exception of local and municipal elections, I have never scratched the Democratic ticket but once.  The first vote I ever cast for president and vice president was for James K. Polk and George M. Dallas.

I can say that which few men of my age can say.  My general health has always been good, and I have never felt the effects of old age.  On the 4th of June, 1907, I fell down the elevator shaft in the Louisville Hotel of your city and sustained injuries of such a character that I have never been able to walk alone without the aid of crutches, and were it not for my crippled condition, occasioned by that fall, I could now take daily horseback rides, of which I am very fond, of from forty to fifty miles a day, with ease.  At one time during the Civil War I rode on horseback one hundred miles without stopping forty minutes.

James Greenville Trimble