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Bennett Greenwell Revolutionary War Pension Application

Sacred to the memory of Bennett Greenwell, born December 7, 1761, died July 12, 1838, aged 77 years.  ‘May he rest in peace.’  Revolutionary Soldier, Bennett Greenwell, 1777-1781, placed by Lady Washington Chapter, DAR, Houston, Texas.  St. Francis Catholic Cemetery, Scott County, Kentucky.

Bennett Greenwell, a citizen of Scott County, Kentucky, was born in St. Mary’s County, Maryland, in 1761, and served his country during the American Revolution years of 1777 to the close of the war in 1781.

During those years, at the age of 16-21, he risked his life guarding a portion of the Maryland coast along the Potomac River – from Poplar Hill Creek to Flood’s Creek (notated in purple in the middle of the photo).  He kept horses at the ready to take expresses of information to those troops nearby.  The British gun vessel Roebuck was very detrimental to American navy ships, so it was important to know its location.  I could not find information on the Foy, but Mr. Greenwell’s spelling of its name may not have been correct.  This was the most interesting revolutionary account by a pensioner that I have read.

State of Kentucky, Franklin County

On this 6th day of February 1833, personally appeared before the Honorable Samuel Todd, sole Judge of the Franklin Circuit Court, now in session in the capital in Frankfort, Bennett Greenwell, a resident of the County of Scott and State of Kentucky, aged seventy-one years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath, make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June the 7th 1832.

That he entered the service of the United States and served as herein stated:

That, on the 8th day of December 1777, he entered the service of the United States as a volunteer, in Captain John Greenwell’s company of volunteer militia, who acted as

minute men in the Maryland Militia, that Captain John Greenwell, with his company, was engaged from December 1777, until the close of the Revolutionary War, in guarding that part of Maryland, which lies between the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers on the Chesapeake Bay; that the said Bennet Greenwell was stationed, by Captain John Greenwell, on that part of the Potomac which lies between Poplar Hill Creek and Flood’s Creek, being about two miles on said river; that the duty assigned to him was to guard that portion of the Potomac, keep a good lookout for the British rebels and give immediate notice to Captain John Greenwell’s company of militia, or to Captain Shelton’s company of light horse, or to any other troops that might be nearest to his station when it should become necessary for him to give the alarm; that he kept two horses constantly in the stable, to be always ready to carry the expresses

during the whole of the time he was in the service, which was from the 8th of December 1777 until the close of the war, in October 1781; that he frequently carried expresses during the period intervened between December 1777 and October 1781; that whilst he as engaged in watching the Potomac and carrying expresses as aforesaid, several British vessels sailed up the Potomac and committed depredations on the inhabitants upon the Maryland shore, that he recollects particularly two British 174 gun vessels, the Roebuck and the Foy, which frequently sailed up the Potomac, that on one occasion they burnt the house of Hubert Blackstone at the mouth of Clement’s Bay (the other purple line), which empties in to the Potomac at Blackstone’s Island (the green island circled) and the crew took a great many beeves and nails from the island; at another time they burnt William Gwider’s house at Piney Point neck (circled bottom right); that on all of these occasions he carried his expresses to the nearest company to his said station; several of these expresses were carried to Captain John Greenwell,

several to Captain Charles Shelton, who commanded the light horse; several to Bennet Raighly, the lieutenant in said troop of horse and several to Bennett Coombs, the lieutenant of Captain John Greenwell’s company of volunteer militia.  During the whole of the period from December 1777 until the close of the war, as aforesaid, he was engaged as one of Captain Greenwell’s company, and by his orders, in watching the two miles on the Potomac and in all necessary occasions carrying expresses.  He further states that he never received any written discharge from the service; but that after the news was received of the capture of Cornwallis, Captain John Greenwell, who was his relative, told him that the war was over and that he was discharged.  He has no documentary evidence and knows of no person by whom he can positively prove the aforesaid services, except William Fenwick of Franklin County, Kentucky, who is about seventy-five years of age; whose testimony he will attach to this statement.

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or

annuity, except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency of the United States.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Bennett Greenwell

Questions put to the applicant by the Court:

Where and in what year were you born?  Answer, I was born in the County of St. Mary in the State of Maryland on the 7th day of December 1761.

Have you any record of your age and if so where is it?  Answer, I have none, but my father had which was in the possession of my brother Joseph in 1810 when I was last in Maryland, and I then took a copy from it, which I have examined and know it to be as stated above.

Where were you living when called into the service?  Where have you lived since the revolution?  And where do you now live?  Answer, I lived when called into the service in St. Mary’s County in Maryland, where I resided until 1795, when I moved to Kentucky and settled on the

waters of Elkhorn in Scott County, Kentucky, where I have resided ever since.

How were you called into the service?  Were you drafted?  Or did you volunteer?  Or were you a substitute and, if so, for whom?  Answer, I volunteered.

State the names of some of the regular officers, who were with the troops where you served; such continental and militia regiments as you can recollect, and the general circumstances of your service.  Answer, there were no regular officers with the troops where I served and no regiments wither of continental troops or militia.  The only troops where I served were the light horse cavalry, and volunteers or militia, to act as light troops, to fly from point to point, as occasion might require, to repel the predatory invasions from the British shipping along the Maryland shore of the Chesapeake Bay, between the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers, and also along the Maryland shore of both those rivers.

Did you ever receive a discharge for the service, and if so, by whom was it given and what has become of it?  Answer, I never received any other discharge than a verbal one from Captain John Greenwell

at the close of the war.

State the names of persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood, and who can testify as to your character for veracity, and their belief of your services as a soldier of the revolution.  Answer, I am well acquainted with Col. Richard M. Johnson, who is now in congress; I am acquainted with Mr. William Fenwick, who can testify as to my service as a soldier in the revolution, and with Mr. Samuel P. Weisiger, Major J. J. Belt, Stephen Fenwick and many others who can testify as to my character for veracity.

We, William Fenwick, Joseph J. Belt, Stephen Fenwick and Joseph Smith, citizens residing in the county of Franklin and State aforesaid, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Bennett Greenwell, who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration; that we believe him to be seventy-one years of age; that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution, and that we

concur in that opinion.

Sworn and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

William Fenwick, J. Smith, Joseph J. Belt, Stephen Fenwick

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation of the matter and putting the interrogations prescribed by the War Department; that the above named applicant, was a revolutionary soldier and served as he stated, and the Court further certifies that it appears to them that William Fenwick, Joseph Smith, Joseph Belt and Stephen Fenwick, who have signed the preceding certificate are residents of the County of Franklin and state aforesaid, and as credible persons and that their statement is entitled to credit.

State of Kentucky, Franklin County

I, Philip Sargent, clerk of the Franklin Circuit Court, in the State of Kentucky, do certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Bennet Greenwell for a pension.

In testimony whereof, I have hereto set my hand as clerk and affixed the seal of said Court this 6th day of February 1833.

Philip Sargent.

Bennett Greenwell received a pension of $40 per year for his military service during the Revolutionary War.

Civil War Pension Application for Widow of Captain John W. Hill

John W. Hill, of Hartford, Ohio County, Kentucky, enlisted in the Civil War in August of 1862.  His wife, of three years, Mary Elizabeth Stevens, bore him one daughter, Antha Hill, before John was killed during the Battle of Knoxville, in 1863.  Mary married Alexander Ellis as her second husband in 1868.  After his death she requested a widow’s pension from her first husband.  Captain John W. Hill is buried in the National Cemetery in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Claimant’s Affidavit

State of Kentucky, County of Ohio

In the matter of the claim for restoration of pension of Mary E. Ellis, John W. Hill, Company G, 12th Kentucky Cavalry, #27064.

On this 27th day of April 1905, personally appeared before me a notary public within and for the County and State aforesaid, Mary E. Ellis, the claimant, who, after being first duly sworn by me, declares as follows:  Claimant says she has only been married one time since the death of the soldier, John W. Hill, and that was to Alexander Ellis, and he died on the 29th March 1905, and that she is now a widow.  Claimant says her late husband, Mr. Ellis, died not render any military or naval service and that claimant is not in receipt of pension from the U.S.  Claimant says she has the following property.  Claimant says she has a life estate in about 90 or 100 acres of land situated near Hartford, Kentucky, of the value of about $1,000.  And that the same is encumbered by a mortgage debt of about $700, one horse and one mule of the value of $130, two milk cows worth

$35, hogs worth $10, household and kitchen furniture worth $50, one road wagon worth $15.  Claimant says her income from all sources for month or years since April 8th 1905 has been very little and the total value of her land will not exceed $75 per year and that she has no person legally bound for her support.  Claimant says her post office is Hartford, Kentucky.

Mary E. Ellis

Subscribed and sworn so before me, the above day and date, by the affidavit, Mary E. Ellis, and I hereby certify that affidavit well knew the condition of the affidavit before and executed same and that she is creditable and that I am not concerned in this case whatever.

S. K. Cox, Notary Public, Ohio County, Kentucky

As Mary E. Hill, now Ellis, of Hartford, Ohio County, Kentucky, widow of John W. Hill, Captain, Company G, 12th Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry, the rate of $20 per month, commencing April 8, 1905.  Captain John W. Hill enlisted August 20, 1862, killed November 18, 1863.  Claimant’s marriage to soldier, January 17, 1859.  Claimant remarried March 31, 1868.  Second husband died March 29, 1905.

John W. Hill, Captain of Company G, 12th Kentucky Cavalry, was killed in action near Knoxville, Tennessee, November 18, 1863.  Company was there and then in action.

Thomas Kyle – Minister and Revolutionary War Veteran

A few days ago I published some Mercer County marriage returns by a Rev. Thomas Kyle.  I have found that he was also a Revolutionary War soldier, and is buried in the Old Mud Cemetery, along with many other veterans.  Thomas Kyle was a son of James Kyle and Mary McArthur, of Pennsylvania.  At the young age of seventeen he joined the Revolutionary army and fought in many battles.  He came to Kentucky about 1800.  The following is his request for pension for his military service.

State of Kentucky – Mercer County Court

On this 6th day of May 1833 personally appeared in open court Thomas Kyle, Sr., a resident citizen and clergyman in Mercer County and State of Kentucky, aged seventy-five years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declarations in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June the 7th 1832.

That he left home in July 1775, then in his seventeenth year, and entered the army at Bunker Hill and in a very short time thereafter we fought the battle, this was his own voluntary act, he belongs to no particular detachment in this battle, he then remained with the main army until the Battle of Long Island when I became detached to General Putnam and rode as an express for him until the Battle of White Springs, after which we were driven out of the York State and through the Jersey State across the Delaware into Pennsylvania, when we received reinforcements and re-crossed the Delaware and came up with the Hessians at Trenton and defeated them with dreadful loss, and in a few days after we defeated the British at Princeton from which place we marched to Kingston and tore up the bridge and got to Somerset that night and the next morning we drew rations the first that we had got for three days.  General Washington then went into winter quarters with the main army at Morristown and Putnam with his detachment at Princeton.  Then I returned home to rest and get some clothing.  And in the winter of 1777, I volunteered for a militia tour under my friend and acquaintance Captain James Gibson of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and marched to Philadelphia and got our arms repaired and from thence we marched to Princeton and I saw General Putnam whose headquarters was in a Stockton brick house, and remained with him upwards of

four months when we were honorably discharged by General Putnam from his brigade, and we returned home.  The British having come around and landed at the head of Elkton and marched in the direction of Brandywine.  I without delay joined the detachment of General Armstrong and marched and we met the enemy at Brandywine when we were defeated.  I remained with the army until after the Battle of Germantown, both which battles were fought in 1777, after which I returned home, and in the year aforesaid, I cannot recollect the month, I joined Captain Crouch’s Company of volunteers and served a militia tour of three months during this tour we were marched to a place called White March Mills above Germantown, from this place we marched under General Irvine and attacked the British at Chestnut Hill and were defeated with the loss of General Irvine taken prisoner and 15 or 20 killed and wounded and we retreated into this country and our tour of three months having expired we were discharged at Lancaster in Pennsylvania and returned home.  And in the year 1778 or 9, I cannot recollect which, I volunteered with Captains Brady and Campleton and marched up the western branch of the Susquehanna, when the Indians had broke out and were committing murders and depredations upon the inhabitants and succeeded in rescuing the inhabitants.  During this time we suffered very much being exposed to all kinds of weather.  Again in the year 1779 I volunteered and under Captain Campleton a tour of three months our principal station was at Wallace Mills.  We marched up the eastern branch of the Susquehanna and acted as security and spies against the Indians and built stockades and block houses and gathered in the inhabitants.  He states that he would have had sufficient evidence of his service during the War of the Revolution, but he met with the

loss of having his house burned up together with money and papers he will recollect of having his discharges filed away in his desk, and that he has no documentary evidence of his service.  He hereby relinquishes every other claim whatever to a pension except this present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Thomas Kyle

We, Jesse Head, a clergyman residing in Mercer County, and Peter Huff, residing in the same county and state, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Thomas Kyle, a faithful and pious clergyman, who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration that we believe him to be the age he states himself to be in his declaration, and we do know that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a brave and faithful soldier of the Revolution.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Jesse Head, Peter Huff

Mercer County May County Court 1833

And the said Court do hereby declare this a pension after the investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogation prescribed by the War Department that the above named application was a Revolutionary soldier and served as he states and that the Court further certifies that it appears to them that Jesse Head, who has signed the preceding certificate is a clergyman resident in Mercer County and that Peter Huff, who has also signed the same is a resident citizen in said county and is a credible person and that their statement is entitled to credit, and we do further certify that Thomas Kyle, the applicant for a pension herein, and Jesse Head, a clergyman, and Peter Huff, severally came into Court and swore to the statements by them respectively subscribed.

I, Thomas Allin Jr., Clerk of the Mercer County Court, do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Thomas Kyle for a pension.

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office this 6th day of May 1833.  Thomas Allin, Jr., Clerk Mercer County Court


Statement shewing the service of Thomas Kyle, Mercer County Kentucky

Entered July 1775, private, given one year of service.  Fought during the battles of bunker Hill, Long Island, Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine and Germantown.

Thomas Kyle, Private, General Putnam’s Brigade, Pennsylvania Line, Revolutionary War.  1757-1846.  Bunker Hill, Trenton, Germantown.  Old Mud Cemetery, Mercer County, Kentucky.

John Lambert Pension Application

from Pioneer History of Washington County, Kentucky, by Baylor

John Lambert, S 16443, S.C. State of Kentucky, Mercer County, June 9, 1832

The above soldier a resident of Washington County, Kentucky, age 72 and would be 73 in February next, born in Albemarle County, Virginia, and resided in the county of Bedford in the same state when the war was commenced, called into service in the month of April 1781 volunteered in Captain Clemons Company of Nose Wards (?) battalion and marched to Salisburg on my way to 96 in South Carolina, one tour of three months, and upon reaching Salisburg I was detached and joined the company of Captain Jeremiah Pate and marched on to 96 and joined General Gree’s army and finding that we could not take 96 we marched back to Broad River from which place my company returned home at the expiration of my term and I was discharged on the 1st of August 1781.  I volunteered in Captain Charles Calloway’s Company in Colonel William Campbell’s regiment, commanded at the time by Major Arthur Campbell.  The colonel being sick we marched to Little York against Lord Cornwallis and aided in his capture.  I was present at the surrender of Cornwallis October 1781.

I do not know of any person by whom I can prove this last tour, I further state that besides Mr. Joshua Richardson and Richard Bunch, who was with me, I am acquainted with Caleb Sims and William Kelly who are my neighbors and who can testify as to my character as a man of veracity.  I also relinquish all claim to a pension or annuity except the present.

Joshua Richardson and Richard Bunch made affidavit that said John Lambert is the identical man that with whom they marched in April 1781 as a soldier in Captain Clemons Company of the Virginia militia of Major Ward’s Battalion in North Carolina, and from thence to the siege of 96 which later fact is well known to said Joshua Richardson who accompanied the said Lambert and returned home with him at the expiration of his tour of the three months to the said Richard Bunch knows that he was a soldier as far as Salisbury at which place he was detached and he also knows that said Lambert did not return until the expiration of his time.  The other tour of three months at the capture of Lord Cornwallis.  We were not with him, but we have often heard Mr. Lambert speak of it not long afterwards and of his having performed that tour, many years ago, so we have no doubt as he is a man of the truth and reputed to have been a soldier.





Isaac and Chloe Ballard Alexander Family

This information was copied from the Revolutionary War Pension Application of Isaac and Chloe Ballard Alexander from Mercer County, Kentucky.  Checking on Ancestry.com I found that Isaac Shelby Alexander was born in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, June 7, 1756.  He married Chloe Ballard in Wilkes County, North Carolina, December 1, 1789.  Isaac died August 10, 1838, in Mercer County, Kentucky.  Daughter Polly Alexander married Thomas Jeffries December 9, 1817, in Mercer County.

  • Sally Alexander was born December 11, 1790
  • Joshua Alexander was born March 9, 1793
  • Reuben Alexander was born December 19, 1797
  • Polly Alexander was born October 16, 1800
  • Elizabeth Alexander was born September 14, 1802
  • William Alexander was born January 15, 1805
  • Nancy Alexander was born October 1, 1807
  • Jesse Alexander was born November 28, 1809
  • Isaac Alexander was born August 17, 1812
  • Jeremiah Alexander was born October 25, 1815
  • William Jeffries was born July 27, 1824
  • Jeremiah Jeffries was born September 11, 1826
  • James Harry Jeffries was born July 9, 1828
  • Josiah A. Jeffries was born August 4, 1830
  • Nancy Jeffries was born October 6, 1834

George K. Campbell, Pension Application

There is always good information to be found in pension applications. This particular one gives the name of the daughters of George Campbell, his wife, their marriage date and where they lived. Notice in the third paragraph the information was given at Washington City on December 21, 1818 – what we now know as Washington, D.C. Interesting to see the use of its name at that time!

George K. Campbell

Sergeant U.S. Infantry

January term 1829 on motion of John North, satisfactory proof having been made to the court, it is ordered to be certified that Amelia Ann Campbell and Louisa Strother Campbell are heirs and legal representatives of George K. Campbell.

March term – 1817. On the motion of Nancy Campbell, it is ordered that John North be appointed guardian for Amelia Campbell and Louisa Campbell, infants and heirs of Nancy Campbell and George K. Campbell, and that the said North enters into bond in the penalty of $200 with Robert Coleman, his security entered into and acknowledged bond in the penalty of $200 conditioned according to same.

Washington City, December 21, 1818. Having been for many years intimately acquainted with George K. and Nancy Campbell, who reside in my neighborhood, I do certify that the two children, Amelia Campbell and Louisa Campbell, mentioned in the within certificate are the only heirs left by the said George K. and Nancy Campbell, deceased, and Nancy Campbell still remains his widow, this 1818. Signed, Anthony New. Nancy Campbell applied for pension May 12, 1853, in Christian County, Kentucky, at the age of 63, resident of the aforesaid county and state, states she is the widow of George K. Campbell, deceased, who was a sergeant in the war declared by the United States against Great Britain in 1812, that her said husband enlisted under Lieutenant Riley at Hopkinsville, Christian County, Kentucky, in the summer or fall of the year 1814, and died while on his way to New Orleans, near Natchez, from sickness incurred while in the service of the United States and in the line of his duty, states that she received five years half pay under the Act of 1816, which was drawn by John North, the guardian of her children and appropriated to their use, that is the original certificate of pension or draft in her possession and she does not know where it is to be found, states she was married to the said Campbell, in Christian County, Kentucky, on the eleventh day of December 1806, personally appeared before me, A. G. Slaughter on the 12th day of May, 1853, personally by Finnias Ewing, a Presbyterian Minister, that her name before marriage to the said Campbell was Nancy Strother , on the 12th day of May, 1853, personally appeared before me, A. G. Slaughter, a resident of Christian County, Kentucky, states that he has been acquainted with Mrs. Nancy Campbell for 26 years and that she has always been reputed and believed to be the widow of George K. Campbell, who was a soldier in the War of 1812 and who died while in the services on his way to New Orleans from sickness incurred while in the service and in the line of duty and I hereby certify that A. G. Slaughter is a reliable witness. Signed, James Richardson, Justice of the Peace.

Affidavit of Richard D. Bradley said that George K. Campbell enlisted in the army at Hopkinsville, Kentucky, about 1814.

A certified copy of the marriage record is filed with the papers showing that they were married December 8, 1806, George Campbell to Ann Strother. It shows that the consent of the guardian was given, but did not give the name of guardian; the person officiating was Finnias Ewing.

George K. Campbell belonged to the 7th regiment of the U. S. Infantry and died near Natchez, Mississippi, on his way to New Orleans, while in the military service of the United States, on December 3, 1814.

W. T. and Amelia A. Rawlins were neighbors of the widow Nancy Campbell, 1870.

Jeremiah Searcy, Pension Application

Jeremiah Searcy, S 25,811, South Carolina

Washington County, Kentucky.  The petition of Jeremiah Searcy, formerly a citizen of South Carolina and a citizen of Madison County, Kentucky, showeth your petitioner was a soldier in the 2nd regiment South Carolina Continental Troops, commanded by General William Moultrie during the Revolutionary War and was present and assisted in the defense of Fort Moultrie in Sullivan’s Island in 1776.  Received an injury in his left leg and was discharged September 1778 as incurable and his leg was amputated by Dr. James Davis of Union District, but now a resident of Columbia.  Your petitioner hath come from Kentucky to South Carolina where he removed sometime since in order to collect proof of his services to support his claim.  He thinks all of the officers under him he served are dead except Captain DuBoise of Camden, whose testimony accompanied this petition.  By Captain R. B. Baker, who lives on the sea-coast of South Carolina Union District.  We the subscribers do hereby certify that we have been acquainted with the Jeremiah Searcy and we believe him to be upright and endeavoring to support himself and family and we believe him to be honest.  This June 6, 1814.

Signed by William Rice, William Long, David Johnson, John Mochell, Joseph Hughes, Colonel James Moag, Major Joshua Palmer, McMeans, Colonel B. Babe, Elijah Dawkins, John Thompson and Daniel White.

Affidavit of Isaac DuBoise, former lieutenant, made in Camden, South Carolina, said he did not remember the said Jeremiah Searcy during the Revolutionary War, but is convinced after conversation with him that he was in the said war.  Some very large papers, very difficult to read is filed – made in South Carolina.

State of Kentucky.   Anderson County, Kentucky, personally appeared on May 19, 1853, before J.P. in this county, one James Searcy, who being sworn according to law, states that he and Jeremiah Searcy, John Searcy, Richard Searcy, the children and the heirs of Jeremiah Searcy and Sarah Searcy.  States that his father was a Revolutionary War soldier under Captain Harleston and Colonel Moultry, and while in said service was wounded and received an invalid’s pension on that account.  His father Jeremiah Searcy died 1830 and his father Jeremiah Searcy was married to Sarah Martin, his mother, as appears by the family Bible, on July 11, 1790.  She died September 11, 1853.  He makes this application for the pension which was still due his mother when she died and for the land which was still due his father.