Tag Archives: Revolutionary War Veteran

Rev. Philip W. Taylor Dies At The Age Of 93 – Shelby County

The Louisville Daily Courier, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Wednesday, February 6, 1856

A correspondent of the Frankfort Commonwealth furnishes that paper the following:

Rev. Philip W. Taylor, a native of Caroline County, Virginia, a soldier of the Revolution, and one of the early pioneers of Kentucky, died on the 24th, in Shelby County, Kentucky.  He was present at the surrender of Cornwallis, a soldier in Col. Mathews’ regiment.  In 1781 he came to Kentucky.  On his way down the river his boat was attacked by the Indians twenty miles above Louisville, and several of his companions killed and wounded, himself among the latter.  he knew, personally, Boone, Kenton, Todd, Harlan, and indeed all the pioneer heroes who settled the state.  He was for many years a justice of the peace in the county of Shelby, for two years its high sheriff, and for sixty years a minister of the gospel.  He was, perhaps, the last of the pioneer fathers, and in him was severed the last link that bound the busy, bustling generation of today to that stern old warrior race who conquered and settled our beautiful state.


Mr. Taylor’s death was listed in the deaths of 1856 for Shelby County.  Philip W. Taylor, 93, January 24th.  Cause of death – fell off porch?  The last word is very hard to read.

Thank goodness for old newspapers who have been saved – they give us glimpses of life from long ago.

Bennett Greenwell Revolutionary War Pension Application

Sacred to the memory of Bennett Greenwell, born December 7, 1761, died July 12, 1838, aged 77 years.  ‘May he rest in peace.’  Revolutionary Soldier, Bennett Greenwell, 1777-1781, placed by Lady Washington Chapter, DAR, Houston, Texas.  St. Francis Catholic Cemetery, Scott County, Kentucky.

Bennett Greenwell, a citizen of Scott County, Kentucky, was born in St. Mary’s County, Maryland, in 1761, and served his country during the American Revolution years of 1777 to the close of the war in 1781.

During those years, at the age of 16-21, he risked his life guarding a portion of the Maryland coast along the Potomac River – from Poplar Hill Creek to Flood’s Creek (notated in purple in the middle of the photo).  He kept horses at the ready to take expresses of information to those troops nearby.  The British gun vessel Roebuck was very detrimental to American navy ships, so it was important to know its location.  I could not find information on the Foy, but Mr. Greenwell’s spelling of its name may not have been correct.  This was the most interesting revolutionary account by a pensioner that I have read.

State of Kentucky, Franklin County

On this 6th day of February 1833, personally appeared before the Honorable Samuel Todd, sole Judge of the Franklin Circuit Court, now in session in the capital in Frankfort, Bennett Greenwell, a resident of the County of Scott and State of Kentucky, aged seventy-one years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath, make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June the 7th 1832.

That he entered the service of the United States and served as herein stated:

That, on the 8th day of December 1777, he entered the service of the United States as a volunteer, in Captain John Greenwell’s company of volunteer militia, who acted as

minute men in the Maryland Militia, that Captain John Greenwell, with his company, was engaged from December 1777, until the close of the Revolutionary War, in guarding that part of Maryland, which lies between the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers on the Chesapeake Bay; that the said Bennet Greenwell was stationed, by Captain John Greenwell, on that part of the Potomac which lies between Poplar Hill Creek and Flood’s Creek, being about two miles on said river; that the duty assigned to him was to guard that portion of the Potomac, keep a good lookout for the British rebels and give immediate notice to Captain John Greenwell’s company of militia, or to Captain Shelton’s company of light horse, or to any other troops that might be nearest to his station when it should become necessary for him to give the alarm; that he kept two horses constantly in the stable, to be always ready to carry the expresses

during the whole of the time he was in the service, which was from the 8th of December 1777 until the close of the war, in October 1781; that he frequently carried expresses during the period intervened between December 1777 and October 1781; that whilst he as engaged in watching the Potomac and carrying expresses as aforesaid, several British vessels sailed up the Potomac and committed depredations on the inhabitants upon the Maryland shore, that he recollects particularly two British 174 gun vessels, the Roebuck and the Foy, which frequently sailed up the Potomac, that on one occasion they burnt the house of Hubert Blackstone at the mouth of Clement’s Bay (the other purple line), which empties in to the Potomac at Blackstone’s Island (the green island circled) and the crew took a great many beeves and nails from the island; at another time they burnt William Gwider’s house at Piney Point neck (circled bottom right); that on all of these occasions he carried his expresses to the nearest company to his said station; several of these expresses were carried to Captain John Greenwell,

several to Captain Charles Shelton, who commanded the light horse; several to Bennet Raighly, the lieutenant in said troop of horse and several to Bennett Coombs, the lieutenant of Captain John Greenwell’s company of volunteer militia.  During the whole of the period from December 1777 until the close of the war, as aforesaid, he was engaged as one of Captain Greenwell’s company, and by his orders, in watching the two miles on the Potomac and in all necessary occasions carrying expresses.  He further states that he never received any written discharge from the service; but that after the news was received of the capture of Cornwallis, Captain John Greenwell, who was his relative, told him that the war was over and that he was discharged.  He has no documentary evidence and knows of no person by whom he can positively prove the aforesaid services, except William Fenwick of Franklin County, Kentucky, who is about seventy-five years of age; whose testimony he will attach to this statement.

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or

annuity, except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency of the United States.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Bennett Greenwell

Questions put to the applicant by the Court:

Where and in what year were you born?  Answer, I was born in the County of St. Mary in the State of Maryland on the 7th day of December 1761.

Have you any record of your age and if so where is it?  Answer, I have none, but my father had which was in the possession of my brother Joseph in 1810 when I was last in Maryland, and I then took a copy from it, which I have examined and know it to be as stated above.

Where were you living when called into the service?  Where have you lived since the revolution?  And where do you now live?  Answer, I lived when called into the service in St. Mary’s County in Maryland, where I resided until 1795, when I moved to Kentucky and settled on the

waters of Elkhorn in Scott County, Kentucky, where I have resided ever since.

How were you called into the service?  Were you drafted?  Or did you volunteer?  Or were you a substitute and, if so, for whom?  Answer, I volunteered.

State the names of some of the regular officers, who were with the troops where you served; such continental and militia regiments as you can recollect, and the general circumstances of your service.  Answer, there were no regular officers with the troops where I served and no regiments wither of continental troops or militia.  The only troops where I served were the light horse cavalry, and volunteers or militia, to act as light troops, to fly from point to point, as occasion might require, to repel the predatory invasions from the British shipping along the Maryland shore of the Chesapeake Bay, between the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers, and also along the Maryland shore of both those rivers.

Did you ever receive a discharge for the service, and if so, by whom was it given and what has become of it?  Answer, I never received any other discharge than a verbal one from Captain John Greenwell

at the close of the war.

State the names of persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood, and who can testify as to your character for veracity, and their belief of your services as a soldier of the revolution.  Answer, I am well acquainted with Col. Richard M. Johnson, who is now in congress; I am acquainted with Mr. William Fenwick, who can testify as to my service as a soldier in the revolution, and with Mr. Samuel P. Weisiger, Major J. J. Belt, Stephen Fenwick and many others who can testify as to my character for veracity.

We, William Fenwick, Joseph J. Belt, Stephen Fenwick and Joseph Smith, citizens residing in the county of Franklin and State aforesaid, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Bennett Greenwell, who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration; that we believe him to be seventy-one years of age; that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution, and that we

concur in that opinion.

Sworn and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

William Fenwick, J. Smith, Joseph J. Belt, Stephen Fenwick

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation of the matter and putting the interrogations prescribed by the War Department; that the above named applicant, was a revolutionary soldier and served as he stated, and the Court further certifies that it appears to them that William Fenwick, Joseph Smith, Joseph Belt and Stephen Fenwick, who have signed the preceding certificate are residents of the County of Franklin and state aforesaid, and as credible persons and that their statement is entitled to credit.

State of Kentucky, Franklin County

I, Philip Sargent, clerk of the Franklin Circuit Court, in the State of Kentucky, do certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Bennet Greenwell for a pension.

In testimony whereof, I have hereto set my hand as clerk and affixed the seal of said Court this 6th day of February 1833.

Philip Sargent.

Bennett Greenwell received a pension of $40 per year for his military service during the Revolutionary War.

Will of Revolutionary Soldier Thomas Moore – Mercer County

Thomas Moore, Capt. Gen. Clarks VA Regt., Revolutionary War, 1754-February 25, 1835.  Kaskaskia, Vincennes.  Old Mud Cemetery, Mercer County, Kentucky.

Thomas Moore is one of the Revolutionary War heroes buried in Old Mud Cemetery in Mercer County.   His eight children are listed in his will – sons John Moore, Samuel Moore and Thomas H. Moore; and his five daughters, Ann Worley, Polly Harrod, Isabella Bingham, Nancy Newlin and Elizabeth Bass.

Thomas Moore’s Will

Mercer County Will Book 10, Pages 534-535

I, Thomas Moore, of the State of Kentucky and County of Mercer, make this writing my last will and testament.  To wit, I hereby appoint my sons John and Thomas H. Moore my executors to this my will.  I hereby give to my wife, Elizabeth Moore, during her natural life, of my tract of land whereon I now live, beginning at the orchard fence on the north of the Shawnee Run Road, thence with said fence north-west to my little meadow, thence with the fence or the little meadow, a north-east coast to my original line, to adjoin Harris, thence with said line, south-west to Overstreet’s line, thence with Overstreet to the Shawnee Run Road, thence with the Shawnee Run Road to the beginning.  My will is that my wife shall have her choice of my horses, together with three of my best cows, also twelve her choice of my stock of hogs, also her choice of my sheep, together with all my household and kitchen furniture, so long as she may continue my widow, together with the rent that may be due me on the year of my decease.  The residue of my personal estate to be sold and equally divided among the legal heirs of my five daughters.  My will is that my tract be equally divided between my three sons, John Moore, Samuel Moore and Thomas H. Moore, in consideration that each of my sons shall pay two hundred and fifty dollars to be divided equally between the legal heirs of my five daughters, that is 150 dollars to the heirs of my daughter Ann Worley, the same to the heirs of my daughter Polly Harrod, the same to the legal heirs of Isabella Bingham.  Further my will is that the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars be paid to the legal heirs of my daughter Nancy Newlin, also the same amount equally divided between all the legal heirs of my daughter Elizabeth Bass.  My will is that my plantation over my wife’s dower be rented during my wife’s life with the proceeds thereof divided between the heirs of my five daughters.  It is to be understood that the divisions of the land take place at the decease of my wife, then each son is to pay the two hundred and fifty dollars.  In testimony hereof I set

my hand and seal this 29th August eighteen hundred and thirty four.

Thomas Moore

Test.  Frederick Harris, George Dodd, Peter Stopher

Mercer County                     March County Court 1835

The foregoing last will and testament of Thomas Moore, deceased, was this day produced into court and proved by the oaths of Frederick Harris and Peter Stopher, two subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded, which is done accordingly.

Attest.  Thomas Allin

Foree Family Buried In New Castle Cemetery – Henry County

Peter Foree, Revolutionary War Soldier, born 1745, died March 20, 1844.  New Castle Cemetery, Henry County, Kentucky.

The Foree family is well established in the early days of Henry County.  Peter Foree, a Revolutionary War veteran, and grandfather of the Thomas Pryor Foree of the biography below, has not only a DAR marker on his grave, but the chapter of the LaGrange D.A.R. is named for him – Peter Foree D.A.R. Chapter.  The Foree’s have the gift of longevity – Peter lived for 99 years, as did his son, Peter, the father of Thomas.

Peter Foree, born Jun 4, 1783, died October 2, 1881.

In the 1850 census of Henry County, Peter Foree is 66, and was born in Virginia.  His wife Nancy is also 66.  They have one daughter, Fannie, 26, living with them.  Thomas P. Foree is 33 in this census, and lives with his wife, Ann, 25, and young daughter, Nancy, 1.  This is the only census in which he is not living with his father.  Thomas Foree married Anna Ball February 8, 1848.  They had three children, Nancy, Peter and Pryor, before her death in 1853.  Son Pryor also died the same year.  Son Peter died in 1884.  Daughter Nancy married in 1880, but quickly divorced.  She lived with her father until his death.

Susan Roberts, wife of Thomas P. Foree, born July 13, 1832, died January 23, 1879.

In 1874 Thomas Foree married Susan Roberts.  She lived only a few years, passing away in 1879.

Peter G. Foree, born April 6, 1851, died January 21, 1884.

During the census years of 1860, 1870 and 1880, three or four generations lived in one household.  Peter Foree, the eldest, with his son Thomas, Thomas’ children Peter and Nancy, and other nieces and grandnieces.  In 1900, two of Thomas’ grandsons, children of his deceased son Peter, lived with him.  Several members of the Foree extended family were married at Thomas Foree’s home.  It must have been a happy, welcoming home with lots of people and lots of love.

Fannie Foree, wife of G. C. Castleman, born March 16, 1824, died March 5, 1891.

Thomas Foree had only one sibling that lived to maturity – Fannie Foree who married G. C. Castleman.  She is listed on the large stone marking the resting places of the Foree family.

Kentucky – A History of the State, Perrin, Battle & Kniffin, 1887

Henry County

T. P. Foree was born in Henry County, Kentucky, December 1, 1817, a son of Peter and Nancy (Tool) Foree. Peter was born in North Carolina in 1783, married a Miss Sallie Pryor, engaged in agricultural pursuits all his life, and died in 1882, in his ninety-ninth year. He was in the War of 1812.  His father, also named Peter, was a native of France.  Mrs. Nancy Foree was born in Virginia, a daughter of William Tool.  Our subject is one of a family of six children, but one living besides himself, Fannie Castleman.  Mr. Foree married, in 1848, Miss Annie Ball, of Henry County, and three children blessed their union, but one living, Nannie.  Mrs. Foree died in 1852, and in 1874 he married Miss Lou Roberts, of Jessamine County, Kentucky, daughter of Rankin Roberts.  Mr. Foree is considered one of the most extensive and successful farmers in the county, owns over 1,000 acres of land near New Castle, and is also engaged in stock raising.  He is a gentleman of genial disposition, of varied information and fine business ability, and is held in high esteem by all who know him.

William B. Wallace – Revolutionary War Veteran

William B. Wallace, 1st Lieut, Woodford’s 1 VA Brigade, Revolutionary War, July 8, 1765 – Jun 21, 1833.  Salt River Baptist Cemetery, Anderson County, Kentucky.

William B. Wallace was a First Lieutenant in Woodford’s First Virginia Brigade in the Revolutionary War.  In a letter dated October 28, 1938, to Mrs. L. Prentice Bradley of Morganfield, Kentucky, from A. D. Hiller, Executive Assistant to the Administrator of the Kentucky Agency, he states that William B. Wallace was a Lieutenant in the 1st Regiment of Artillery, also in September 1775, in Colonel William Woodford’s Second Virginia Regiment.  He was allowed two hundred acres of bounty land for his service during the Revolutionary War (Warrant #2441 – 200 acres – issued March 27, 1794), and was also allowed a pension at the rate of $400 per year, under the Act of May 15, 1828 (Certificate #153, issued August 3, 1829), at which time he was a resident of Kentucky.

William Brown Wallace died June 21, 1833, during the cholera epidemic; his wife, Barbara Fox Wallace, followed him within a few or hours or days.

Will of William L. Martin – Larue County

William L. Martin was featured in an earlier post – so much information was on his gravestone!  William was the son of Hartwell Martin and Sallie Porter.  The family was from Charles City County in Virginia.  William L. was born there May 26, 1782, on the banks of the James River. 

In 1807 William Martin married Sarah Shofner, daughter of Henry Shofner and Cloe Hart.  Henry was a veteran of the Revolutionary War. 

William and Sarah had only one child – Henry Martin – born March 22, 1808.  He married Mary Dearen on December 24, 1828, and had many children, including seven listed in their grandfather’s will – William D., Harriet A., Henry P., James W.,  Paschal W., Sally A. and Corrintha C. Martin.  William D. must have been the oldest.  He lived with his grandparents in 1850, where the census of Larue County lists him as 20, and as a student.

William L.’s wife, Sarah, was the recipient of his entire estate.  She died in 1886 at the age of 94 years.  After her death her son and grandchildren received their inheritance.

Will of William L. Martin

Larue County Will Book 1, Pages 83-84

In the name of God, amen.  I, William L. Martin, being feeble in body but sound in mind and memory feel it to be my duty to dispose of my worldly effects that the good Lord hath seen cause to bless me with, do therefore make and publish this my last will and testament in the following words and forms.

It is my will and desire that all of my just debts be paid and that my body be decently interred after my death and that the residue of my estate be disposed of in the following manner.

First.  I will and bequeath all that I am possessed of consisting of all my lands, Negroes and perishable property and cash rates of money to my beloved wife Sarah Martin for and during her natural lifetime and in the event she should marry again she is only to have one third of my estate for her natural lifetime and further more she is to have the right to sell any of the property and convey the same at anytime she may think proper.

Second.  It is further my will and desire that my beloved grandson, William D. Martin, have, and I do hereby give to him my farm, the one on which I now live in the County of Larue in the State of Kentucky, he to have possession of the same at the death of my wife, and I also give to him my black woman Malvina, my girl, Martha Jane, the boy John, the boy Tam and the boy Davy, and my said grandson named aforesaid is to have possession of the Negroes named above at the death of my wife.

Thirdly, it is my will and desire that my beloved son, Henry Martin, have and I do hereby give and bequeath to him the farm and tract of land on which he now lives, situated on the Little South Fork of Nolin, Larue County, Kentucky, and also four hundred dollars in money to have the possession of property and money at the death of my wife.

Fourth.  It is my will and desire that my three granddaughters, Harriett A., Sarah A, and Corrintha C. Martin, have at the death of my wife and I hereby give to each of them one hundred dollars.

Fifthly.  It is further my will and desire that at the death of my wife that all of the residue of my property not disposed of above be sold and the proceeds after same and the residue of my money

or evidence of the same not disposed of above be equally divided between and I hereby give the same to my three grandsons, Henry P, James W. and Paschal W. Martin.

Sixth.  Lastly, I hereby appoint my beloved grandson, William D. Martin, and my beloved wife, Sarah Martin, my Executrix and Executor to carry this, my last will and testament into effect, and if the court will permit them it is my desire that they qualify as such without giving security.

Given under my hand this the 30th day of August 1855.

William L. Martin

Signed in the presence of W. B. Reade, J. H. Rodman, E. R. Burba

At a County Court began and held at the courthouse in Hodgensville, on the 26th day of October 1857, the foregoing instrument of writing purporting to be the last will and testament of William L. Martin, deceased, was produced in Court by William D. Martin, one of the executors therein named and offered for probate, the same was duly provided by the oaths of W. B. Reade and E. R. Burba, two of the subscribing witnesses thereto, whereupon the same was established and ordered to be recorded and I have on this 2nd day of December 1857 thus accorded the same.

E. R. Burba, Clerk

1791 Will of Daniel Brewer – Mercer County

Daniel Brewer, Pvt, Molyan’s Dragoons PA Line, Revolutionary War, July 5, 1719 – January 15, 1791.  Old Mud Meeting House Cemetery, Mercer County, Kentucky.

Daniel Brewer, a Revolutionary  Soldier, was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, also known as the Old Mud Meeting House.  He is buried in that cemetery, and has a beautiful bronze grave site, along with the other 30 other veterans buried there.

In his will Daniel names eight children, giving their names, as well as his daughters’ husband’s names.  Such a treasure!

Will of Daniel Brewer

Mercer County Will Book 1, Pages 49-50

In the name of God, amen.  I, Daniel Brewer, of the County of Mercer and District of Kentucky, being weak in body but of perfect mind and memory, calling to mind that it is ordered for all men once to die, do make this my last will and testament as follows.  Viz.  I give and bequeath to my eldest son, Abraham Brewer, my Bible and a cow, to him and his heirs forever.

Item.  I give and bequeath to my son, Daniel Brewer, my long gun, to him and his heirs forever.

It is further my will that the remainder of my estate, both real and personal as well as my lands in Pennsylvania, as my personal estate in Kentucky and Pennsylvania, be sold to the best and highest bidder by my executor, hereafter to be named, and the money arising there from

to be divided as followeth (viz.) To my daughter, Leah Stagg, wife of James Stagg, one eighth part to her and her heirs forever.

To my daughter, Susannah Demaree, wife of Samuel Demaree, one eighth part to her and her heirs forever.

To my son, Abraham Brewer, one eighth part to him and his heirs forever.

To my daughter, Rachel Commingo, wife of Henry Commingo, one eighth part to her and her heirs forever.

To my daughter, Mary Demaree, wife of Samuel Demaree, Jr., one eighth part to her and her heirs forever.

To my son, John Brewer, one eighth part to him and his heirs forever.

To my daughter, Phoebe Demaree, wife of Cornelius Demaree, one eighth part to her and her heirs forever.

To my son, Daniel Brewer, one eighth part to him and his heirs forever.

It is also my will that my wearing clothes be considered as excepted above and that my executor divide them equally between my sons, Abraham Brewer, John Brewer and Daniel Brewer, to them and their heirs forever.  It is also my will that my two sons, Abraham Brewer and John Brewer, and Samuel Demaree, Sr., do execute this my last will and testament.  In testimony where of I do here unto set my hand and affix my seal this fifteenth day of January one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one.

Daniel Brewer

Signed, sealed and acknowledged in the presence of us – Peter Demaree, Francis Monfort, John Demaree

At a Court held for Mercer County at the Courthouse on Tuesday, the 22nd day of February 1791

This last will and testament of Daniel Brewer, deceased, was exhibited into Court and proved by the oaths of Peter Demaree and Francis Monfort, two subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.

Teste. Thomas Allin, CC