Tag Archives: General John Hunt Morgan

Bequest In Will Becomes Ryder’s Cemetery In Lebanon

This old will has a gem of a piece of information.  In it Augustus Ryder gives money to buy land for a cemetery and its upkeep.  But it is also the first will written in the new Will Book 1 after the Marion County Courthouse burned when General John Hunt Morgan came to town July 5, 1863.  The original will was included in those books that became ashes on that date.  In many counties that suffered the loss of a courthouse it was very common for copies of wills, and other records, to be brought in and added to the new books to have those records on file.

On my first reading I thought perhaps Augustus Ryder was a soldier of the Civil War, who intended to take care of his sister Julia (she is the only family member named in the will) and use the rest of his estate for the betterment of the community – a new cemetery.  Augustus Ryder was civic minded, but I don’t believe he served during the war.  He was a German immigrant, born in 1812.  I can’t say when he came to this country, but in the 1850 census he is living in Marion County with John and Sally Yowell, aged 40, born in Germany and listed as a merchant.  John Yowell was a bookkeeper, aged 53, his wife, 57.  In 1860 Augustus is 47, a bookkeeper, living with Michael S. Ray.

My great-grandmother Mary Elizabeth Crow Coulter Alford is buried in Ryder’s Cemetery.   The cemetery is located on a hill on Highway 68, Main Street, in Lebanon, halfway between Sulphur Spring Road and Woodlawn Avenue.


Will Book 1, Page 1, Marion County, Kentucky

I, Augustus Ryder, of Marion County, Kentucky, do make and ordain this to be my last will and testament.

1st.  It is my will that all my just debts and funeral expenses be paid.

2nd. I will and bequeath to my sister Julia Ryder three thousand dollars and also my gold watch.

3rd. I will all the balance of my estate to be laid out in the purchase, enforcement and ornament of suitable cemetery grounds in the vicinity of Lebanon, for a funeral place for all denominations, Catholic and Protestant.

4th.  I appoint John Shuck and Thomas C. Woods, Executors, of this my last will and testament, this 30th day of November 1862.

  1. Ryder

Attest. James M. Fogle, N. J. Ray

The above is the substance and as near the form as I can remember of A. Ryder’s will drawn by me.

John Shuck

State of Kentucky, County of Marion

I, James M. Fuller, Clerk of Marion County Court, certify that the above and personal substances of the will of A. Ryder, deceased, was on August 10, 1863, presented to Marion County Court and proven by the oath of James M. Fogle, and N. S. Ray, subscribing witnesses thereto, to be the substance of the original will of Augustus Ryder, deceased, which was received in the County Clerk’s office and burned on July 5, 1863, which fact also attested by the oath of John Shuck.

Thereupon it is ordered that said substance of will marked in order form A is received as the last will and testament of Augustus Ryder, deceased.

Whereupon the same and this certificate are truly received in my office this August 31st, 1863.

James M. Fuller, Clerk

William S. Bond Confederate Soldier

Wm. S. Bond, November 21, 1844 – January 28, 1905.  Ann E. Bond, May 7, 1844 – January 28, 1912.  Mt. Hebron Cemetery, Anderson County, Kentucky.

The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

January 31, 1905

William S. Bond, Company F, 5th Kentucky Cavalry, Confederate States Army, November 21, 1844 – January 28, 1905.

Joseph Russell – Susan Moberly 1863 Marriage Bond – Marion County

Joseph Russell married Susan Moberly September 21, 1863, after receiving their marriage bond on September 19th.  Notice the two 25 cent revenue stamps on the document.  During the Civil War these stamps were used to fund the war effort – ranging from on cent to two hundred dollars.  These were used on all paper transactions.  They can also be found on photographs of this time period.  The gentleman shown on the stamp is Samuel D. Ingham, 1779-1869.  He was born in Pennsylvania, was a member of the House of Representatives and in 1829 President Andrew Jackson made him Secretary of the Treasury.

General John Hunt Morgan burned the Marion County Courthouse July 5, 1863.  This bond is from pages 24 and 25 of the new marriage book.

Marriage Bond

The Commonwealth of Kentucky

Be it known, that we, Joseph Russell, as principal, and Joseph Moberly as surety, are jointly and severally bound to the Commonwealth of Kentucky, in the sum of one hundred dollars.

The Condition of this Bond is as follows:

That, whereas Marriage is intended to be solemnized between the above bound Joseph Russell and Susan Moberly.  Now, if there is no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage, this bond shall be void, otherwise it shall remain in full force and effect.

Dated at Lebanon, Marion County, this 19th day of September 1863.

Joseph Russell, Joseph Moberly

Attest:  J. M. Fedler, Clerk

The date of marriage, Monday, September 21st 1863.  The groom resides in Marion County, is 58 years old, has been married once before.  He is a farmer, born in Washington County, parents born in Virginia.

The brides resides in Marion County, is 39 years old, this is her first marriage.  She was born in Washington County, as well as her mother, her father was born in Maryland.  Remarks – Bride’s consent proven by oath of father who appears in person before me.

To be married at Joseph Moberly’s on 21st day of September 1863.

I certify that the above is correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.  Witness my hand, this 19th day of September 1863.

Joseph Russell

Attest.  J. M. Fedler.

Wilson-Lindsey 1863 Marriage Bond

Marion County was formed from Washington County in 1834, so earlier records will be found there.  During the Civil War, John Hunt Morgan and his raiders came through Marion County in 1863, and during the Battle of Lebanon, his brother, Lt. Tom Morgan was killed.  In retribution much of the town of Lebanon was torched, including the courthouse where the historical records went up in flames.  This occurred July 5, 1863.  This marriage bond is one of the first recorded after that date.

Marriage Bond
The Commonwealth of Kentucky

Be it known, that we, Fletcher Wilson as principal, and John R. Thomas as surety, are jointly and severally bound to the Commonwealth of Kentucky, in the sum of one hundred dollars.

The Condition of This Bond is as follows:

That, whereas Marriage is intended to be solemnized between the above bound Fletcher Wilson and Catherine H. Lindsey.  Now, if there is no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage, this bond shall be void, otherwise it shall remain in full force and effect.

Dated at Lebanon, Marion County, this 22nd day of September 1863.

Fletcher Wilson, J. R. Thomas

Attest:  John R. Wheat, Deputy Clerk, Marion County Court

  1. Date of marriage – Wednesday, September 23rd
  2. Name of groom – Fletcher Wilson
  3. Residence of groom – Marion County
  4. Age of groom – thirty-seven years
  5. No. of marriage of groom – second time
  6. Occupation – farmer
  7. Birth-place of groom – Washington County, Kentucky
  8. Birth-place of groom’s father – Washington County, Kentucky
  9. Birth-place of groom’s mother – Washington County, Kentucky
  10. Name of bride – Catherine H. Lindsey
  11. Residence of bride – Marion County
  12. Age of bride – thirty-eight years
  13. No. of marriage of bride – first time
  14. Birth-place of bride – Washington County, Kentucky
  15. Birth-place of bride’s father – U.S.
  16. Birth-place of bride’s mother – Washington County, Kentucky
  17. Remarks, bride’s consent proven by oath of J. R. Thomas

To be married at the residence of the bride on 23rd day of September 1863.

I certify that the above is correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.  Witness my hand, this 22nd day of September 1863.

Fletcher Wilson

Attest:  John R. Wheat, Deputy Clerk


First Marriage Bond in Marion County after the Burning of the Courthouse

One of the most sorrowful phrases a genealogist might hear is, ‘The courthouse burned in . . .’  Such is the phrase we must start with in Marion County.  Marion was formed from Washington County on January 25, 1834.  So any marriage certificate, will, deed, etc., before that date will be in Washington County.  For the first 29 1/2 years of its existence as a county, the Marion County records are lost to us.

During the Civil War there were many battles in the state of Kentucky, even though we were a border state.  During July of 1863 General John Hunt Morgan began one of his raids through Kentucky, and on the 5th of the month arrived at the small town of Lebanon.  When the Union soldiers of the town heard the Confederates were coming Lt. Col. Charles Hanson ordered his small band of 350-400 men behind barricades of overturned wagons and anything else that could be used.  As in many cases of the border states Lt. Col. Hanson had a brother that was a Confederate general.  Morgan gave the chance for surrender, but the troops would not.  In the ensuing fray three men from Lebanon were killed, several wounded, one of which later died from those wounds.

After the final surrender, Morgan was enraged that his nineteen year old brother, Lt. Thomas Morgan, was killed.  He burned twenty buildings in the town, including the courthouse.  One of the older homes in Lebanon, now known as Myrtledene, which serves as a bed and breakfast, was the headquarters for General Morgan while he was in Lebanon.  After the death of his brother he charged into the home on his horse and rode up the staircase, imprinting the stairs with the hooves of his horse.  Those imprints remained until the 1950’s when the imprints were sanded out and the staircase covered in carpet!  When I was a young girl I always wanted to visit that house to see the evidence of General Morgan’s ride – never realizing it had already been erased!

Nineteen days after the battle, the first marriage bond was issued to Samuel Cameron and Sarah J. Shofner.  Could there have been other marriages within those 19 days?  Possibly, but this is the first marriage bond in the new courthouse books.  The form for the marriage bonds in Marion County are different from those of Washington – luckily they give us more information about about the couple, including the age and place of birth, including place of birth of mother and father, and occupation of the groom.

img_0888When I visited Lebanon last Thursday I went to the new Courthouse, built just a few years ago.  It’s quite a beautiful building, located at 223 North Spalding Avenue.

img_0894The old courthouse is now the Marion County Heritage Center, which houses the Marion County Historical Society and several other history related centers.  A couple of years ago I attended a book signing for Marion County authors that was held there!

Marion County is also known for its Ham Days event held the last full weekend in September.  Ritchey and I plan to be there on the 24th of the month for the country ham breakfast, arts and crafts and just a day of fun!

scan201Marriage Bond

The Commonwealth of Kentucky

Be it known, that we, Samuel Cameron as principal, and James Moffet as surety, are jointly and severally bound to the Commonwealth of Kentucky, in the sum of One Hundred Dollars.

The Condition of this Bond is as follows:

That, whereas Marriage is intended to be solemnized between the above bound Samuel Cameron and Miss Sarah J. Shofner.  Now, if there is no lawful cause to obstruct said marriage, this bond shall be void, otherwise it shall remain in full force and effect.

Dated at Lebanon, Marion County, this 24th day of July 1863.

Samuel Cameron, James Moffet

Attest:  James R. Henry, Deputy Clerk, Marion County Court

scan207Date of marriage was July 25, 1863.  Samuel Cameron, aged 21 years on the 1st of June 1863, first marriage, farmer and soldier, born in Spencer County, Indiana, parents born in Kentucky.

Sarah J. Shofner, 22 years old, first marriage, born in Green County, Kentucky, parents born in the United States.  Brides consent proven by oath of James Moffet, subscribing witness.

To be married at James Moffet’s on 25 day of July 1863.

I certify that the above is correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.  Witness my hand, this 24 day of July 1863.

Samuel Cameron

Attest:  James Moffett


Hillside Cemetery – Bracken County

IMG_4263Hillside Cemetery in Augusta, Bracken County, Kentucky, is an apt name!  Some of the graves are on the steep side of the hill – not sure how a funeral procession could easily maneuver a casket to its burial site!  The above picture was taken about halfway up the hill to give you a view of the beautiful Ohio River!

IMG_4329 1Turn around and this is the view!  Straight up!  Some of the stones have props to keep them upright – but after years of weather they are starting to lean.

The land for the city of Augusta was originally a Revolutionary War grant given to Captain Philip Buckner, who visited the area in 1781.  In 1786 he returned with 40 Virginia families.  He gave land for the city and it was named for his home – Augusta County, Virginia.  Augusta is still small – in the 2010 census there was a population of 1,190.


Catherine Contee Keith, wife of Dr. A. D. Keith, born in Alexandria, Virginia, August 21, 1783, died December 23, 1860, aged 77 years, 4 months and 2 days.


Our mother, Alcey, wife of Joshua Furber, born March 31, 1786, died November 17, 1867.


William Orr, born December 26, 1796, died September 27, 1869.


Susan, wife of William Orr, died November 28, 1852, aged 62 years, 7 months and 20 days.

IMG_4306This is a memorial to the Union soldiers who died during the Civil War.  The Grand Army of the Republic was a fraternal organization of Union veterans of the war.  Small markers are often beside veterans’ graves.

IMG_4307 1During war the hammer and anvil symbolism deals with the total destruction or capture of an enemy force.  In a cemetery the anvil represents martyrdom and the hammer the power of creation.

The Battle of Augusta was fought September 27, 1862, when Colonel Basil Duke led part of General John Hunt Morgan’s raiders to Augusta to take the war across the Ohio River and into the northern states.  After two Union gunboats were driven off due to bombardment, Duke expected a quick surrender.  But the Home Guard met the Confederates with a hail of gunfire, and eventually hand to hand fighting as the rebels forced their way into homes and businesses.  Duke wrote, “The hand-to-hand fighting in the houses . . . was the fiercest and hottest I ever saw.  I witnessed in some of them the floors piled with corpses and blood trickling down the stairways.”  Although the Home Guard eventually surrendered, the number of  Confederate casualties made Duke abandon the idea of taking the war to Northern soil.  Therefore the citizens stand at the Battle of Augusta kept the Confederate invasion confined to Kentucky in 1862.

For more information on the battle you might like to read Morgan’s Cavalry and the Home Guard at Augusta, Kentucky.


Alex Case, born July 16, 1813, died July 27, 1894.


Johnson B. Moneyhon, born September 27, 1811, died February 24, 1872.

IMG_4318 1H. Jane, wife of W. J. Rankins, born December 1, 1831, died July 22, 1878.  Charles Henry, son of W. J. and H. J. Rankins, born December 3, 1872, died October 6, 1872.


This was taken from the top of the knoll.  It is a very narrow space, perhaps twenty or thirty feet (I’m not great at estimations!), and each side slopes down as you can see on the right.  This is only a quick view of Hillside Cemetery – we will return again on another day.


Joseph Thomas Curd and Malinda Corn Curd Buried at Shawnee Run Baptist

When searching for the obituary of Malinda Curd I became very confused!  I found two, one from 1911 and one from 1912.  The first listed her as Mrs. Joseph Curd, the second as Mrs. Malinda Curd.  I checked my photos and the person I was looking for died in 1911.  To make a small story short – she died December 26th of 1911.  One obituary was written within a couple of days; the next obituary, in the January 12, 1912, issue of The Harrodsburg Herald!  Sometimes a quick glance is not enough!

What a lovely stone!  One of the Woodmen of the World – a beautiful joining of two lives – as two trees!

IMG_9281from The Harrodsburg Herald, Mercer County, Kentucky

Friday, December 29, 1911

Death of a Good Woman

Mrs. Joseph Curd, one of the best known, best loved women of the Curdsville vicinity, died Wednesday morning, after a lingering illness, of a complication of diseases.  Funeral services were conducted at the home by Rev. W. D. Moore and the interment took place in the family burying ground nearby.  Mrs. Curd was about 64 years of age and had been a life long member of the Shawnee Run Baptist Church.  She was a kind, gentle woman, a good neighbor and a friend to all.  She is survived by her aged husband to whom the sympathy of the entire community and his wide circle of friends goes out, and two sons, John and A. W. Curd, and two daughters, Mrs. D. King and Mrs. James Campbell

Friday, January 12, 1912

Mrs. Malinda Curd, wife of J. T. Curd, died at her home, some three miles from Burgin, Tuesday afternoon, December 26th, at 20 minutes past 5 o’clock.  She was born, May 3, 1841, and was, therefore, in the 71st year of her age.  Her maiden name was Poore, her father’s family consisting of seven children, only two of whom are now living, Mrs. Hackley and Mrs. Hamilton, of Garrard County.  She was married to J. T. Curd, at her father’s home, by Rev. S. Cook, May 1st, 1862, and had she lived a few months longer, they would have walked the path of life together 50 years.  The troubles incident to life were theirs, just as they belong to all, but truly this union was a happy one.  They lived for each other, and were never happier than when in each others company.  To them were born 5 children, four of whom survive her, A. W. and John R. Curd, Mrs. James Campbell and Mrs. W. D. King, all of them of Mercer County.  The other daughter, Mrs. Sarah Campbell, died some few years ago.

Mrs. Curd became a member of Shawnee Run Church, of which her husband for many years has been a deacon, about 40 years ago, having been baptized by the same preacher who married her, Rev. S. Cook.  for 18 years I have been her pastor and I can truly say she has been faithful to her Lord and to the church.  She loved the house of God and was always there when it was possible.

She was extremely unselfish, living for the welfare of her family and community.  She always had a good word for everyone.  She saw virtues instead of vices.  She was kind to all, cheerful to the last, and deeply pious.  Mrs. Curd was indeed a devoted wife, a good mother, and a kind friend.  The hungry never left her door unfed.  None knew her but to love her.  Her pastor will sadly miss her, as well as all who knew her.  She was buried in the Shawnee Run burial ground December 28th, after services by the writer, in the presence of a large concourse of friends and relatives.             W. D. Moore

IMG_9282from The Harrodsburg Herald, Mercer County, Kentucky

Friday, July 5, 1935

Joseph Thomas Curd, highly esteemed citizen of east Mercer County, who had almost reached the century mark, died Thursday, June 28, at his home near Curdsville.  He was a native of this county and had lived his entire life in the same section.  Born March 15, 1839, he was nearing his 100th birthday with remarkable vigor, until recently the years took their toll of his strength.  About 86 years ago he united with the Shawnee Run Baptist Church, in which he has been an honored member and for over 50 years a deacon.  He attended services regularly until about a year ago.  He was the son of John and Mary Munday Curd.

He enlisted in the Union Army in the War Between the States in May 1862, leaving a wife of three weeks, who was Miss Malinda Corn, Garrard County.  He was assigned to Company F, 11th Kentucky Cavalry, under Captain Frank Wolford and was in many skirmishes in Kentucky, several against the men of General John Hunt Morgan.  He also took part in the Battle of Knoxville.  He received an honorable discharge in June, 1865.

Following the death of his first wife, December 26, 1911, he was married to Miss Ann Witt, of Boyle County, in 1913, who died April 19, 1930.  Surviving are four children by his first marriage, Mrs. W. D. King, with whom he made his home; Mrs. James Campbell, Burgin; J. R. Curd, of Danville; Col. A. W. Curd, of Tucson, Arizona, who arrived here a few days before his father died.  Fourteen grandchildren and the same number of great-grandchildren also survive.

The funeral was held at 10 o’clock Saturday morning at the Shawnee Run Baptist Church, near Burgin, conducted by the Rev. W. D. Moore, of Anderson County, a former pastor for over 30 years of Shawnee Run Church, and a long time personal friend of “Uncle Jody”.  The Rev. G. Whitcomb Ellers, pastor of the Harrodsburg Baptist Church, assisted in the service.  Burial was in Shawnee Run Cemetery.

IMG_9280Joseph T. Curd, March 15, 1839 – June 27, 1935.    Malinda, his wife, May 3, 1841 – December 26, 1911.  Shawnee Run Baptist Cemetery, Mercer County, Kentucky.