Family Stories

Confederate Civil War Veterans From Washington County

How I would love to have met this Mr. Baylor!  He and I think alike when it comes to history and preserving it and saving family histories!  I personally know of the Revolutionary War applications of which he speaks – I looked through those several years ago and copied a few.  So in that respect Mr. Orval was incorrect – it wasn’t 125 years – it was just about 75 years since he last touched the packet, before I came along and showed the same interest!

from Pioneer History of Washington County, Kentucky, by Orval W. Baylor

November 29, 1934

Veterans of 1861-1865

After placing the old declaration of Thomas Fitzgerald among the other papers that had kept it company for about a century and a quarter, and where it will probably remain for another hundred years or more, I next turned my attention to a bundle marked “Confederate Pension Applications”.

No pensions have been provided by the Federal Government for the men who fought under the Stars and Bars of the Southern Confederacy, but the State of Kentucky did provide for her sons who saw service in the army of the Lost Cause.

There was quite a bit of Southern sentiment in Washington County before and during the War Between the States and the number of men who joined the confederate Army from Washington County was fairly representative of the county’s population.  Some men, like Patrick Simms and Oscar Walker, went into the Confederate Army early in the year 1861.  They joined General John H. Morgan’s command.  Some others got into the service when Bragg’s Army passed through the county in 1862, and still others made their way at various times, to join the Southern troops in Tennessee and Virginia.

From the Pension Applications spread out before me, I select a few names and jot down parts of the declarations of the several veterans.

Patrick Simms

Patrick Simms, born in Washington County November 22, 1835; married Nannie Craycroft; enlisted at Bowling Green, Kentucky, October 6, 1861, and was assigned to Co. A, 6th Ky. Infty.  Commissioned Captain by General John H. Morgan, September 1862, and ordered to raise a company of mounted men, which he did.  Among the men who served under him was his old boyhood chum and schoolmate, Oscar Walker.  Simms was captured and imprisoned for eight months at Johnson’s Island.  After his release he joined his command and served until the time of the general surrender in April, 1865.

John T. Craycroft

John T. Craycroft, born in Washington County October 26, 1840; died in Cincinnati, Ohio, November 29, 1913; married Maria Bullock, at Fairfield, Kentucky, October 26, 1865; enlisted in Co. A, 6th Ky. Vol. Infty., familiarly known as the Orphan Brigade.  Served to the close of the war.  Participates in the battles of Chicamauga and Dallas, Georgia, and was wounded in the latter engagement.  Shelton Jeffries, a companion-in-arms, said he saw Craycroft lying on the battlefield at Dallas, “desperately wounded and placed him under the protection of branches of a cedar tree from rays of the sun, being unable to assist himself.”  When the Confederate forces were surrendered by Gen. Joseph E. Johnson, in April, 1865, he was paroled but immediately thereafter he was arrested at Dalton, Georgia, his parole was taken from him, and he was taken to Chattanooga, where he was imprisoned for two days.  He was then taken to Nashville where the oath of allegiance was administered to him and he was released.

W. B. Spears

W. B. Spears, born in Washington County, April 5, 1825; enlisted in Co. A, 6th Ky. Vol. Infty., October, 1862, served during the period of the war.  Paroled at Washington, Georgia, April 1865; arrested and imprisoned at Chattanooga; taken to Nashville where he took the oath and was released.

S. A. Mudd

S. A. Mudd, born Washington County, 1843; enlisted October, 1862, and was assigned to the “Buckner Guard”.  Served for the period of the war and was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1865.  John T. Craycroft said he saw Mudd at Chicamauga and Dallas, and that “he saw me desperately wounded and insisted on making me as comfortable as possible under the circumstances.”

John W. Burnett

John W. Burnett, born in Washington County, April 16, 1840; joined Bragg’s Army near Springfield, in 1862, and was sworn in at College Grove, Tennessee, after the Battle of Perryville.  Served as a member of the Buckner Guards and surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina, April, 1865.

John H. Canter

John H. Canter, born Washington County, November 15, 1839; enlisted in Morgan’s Command, Co. C, 3rd Ky. Reg., in 1862.  Was captured and imprisoned at Camp Douglass and released in March, 1865.  Made his way South and rejoined the army.  Surrendered in West Virginia and took the oath of allegiance when “we were forced to” at Cumberland Gap, June, 1865.

James Cokendolpher

James Cokendolpher, born Chaplin, Kentucky, 1845; enlisted at Munfordsville, October, 1862, in the Old Squadron, Co. B, 2nd Ky. Cavalry, C.S.A., and served under General John H. Morgan.  Was captured at the time Morgan made his famous raid across the Ohio into Indiana and Ohio and was imprisoned for nearly two years at Camp Douglass.  Exchanged early in 1865 and rejoined the army in the South.  Surrendered at Christianbury, Virginia.  John H. Purdy said he was with Cokendolpher all the time.

2 replies »

  1. Love all your wonderful postings. By any chance do you have anything on the McElroy families of Washington and Marion Counties of KY? I’m especially interested in Robert Finley McElroy and his wife, Sarah Finley nee McElroy as we are now living in what I believe (from old deeds) is the home they built in 1871. I’m trying to find proof for the Historical Registry. Census records aren’t doing it unfortunately. They never had children. Facing the house the right wing was added in early 2000’s by previous owner. The builder did a fantastic job of matching.

    It is about 3 or 4 miles south of downtown Springfield. And was mentioned in a book as being one of the most beautiful farms.

    Mrs McMurtry & her husband bought it in December of 1937 and lived in it for years. She just turned 103 this Fall. She broke a hip and has been recovering.

    Thank you for any help.​ And may you and your family have a Blessed Christmas. Julie

    [image: Billy Ray Chitwood on]

    Billy Ray Chitwood

    Billy Ray Chitwood

    On Mon, Dec 14, 2015 at 6:05 AM, Kentucky Kindred Genealogy wrote:

    > Kentucky Kindred Genealogical Research posted: “How I would love to have > met this Mr. Baylor! He and I think alike when it comes to history and > preserving it and saving family histories! I personally know of the > Revolutionary War applications of which he speaks – I looked through those > several years “

  2. Could you post just the names of others so we can see if we need to explore further? Thanks, and Merry Christmas. Thanks for all your hard work. Roslyn

    Sent from my iPad


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